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agad, aiged n f. aiged, Thes. ii 254.4 (Stowe Miss.), aigeth, ibid. 5 . Not found in O. Ir. glosses or in text of Laws
(see enech). n s. agad, LU 4514 . aghadh, Dán Dé vii 35 .
ind aiged , TBFr. 219 . aigead, Ériu xiii 58.1 . aideadh,
BB 427a50 . aghaidh (: samhail), DDána 42.6 . v s. aighidh,
5 ZCP xiii 174.9 . a s. agid, TBFr. 223 . aigid, Trip.² 313 .
agaid, Lism. L. 2968 . aghaidh, Aithd. D. 61.21 . acchaidh,
FM v 1640.16 . adhaigh, Ériu v 190.480 . adhaid (sic MS.),
ZCP vii 301 § 6 . aghaigh, Laws iv 258.1 Comm. agad, Dinds.
18 ( RC xv 312.15 ). aiged, Maund. 257 . g s. aigthi, CRR § 17 .
10 aichthi, TTebe 930 . aighthe, DDána 85.1 . Prov. vii 15 . d s.
aighid, Arch. iii 4.28 . n p. aigthi, Sc.M² 5 . d p. aichthib,
Rawl. 163b13 . aigthib, TTebe 4115 . agthib, TBC 4210 .
aghadh, aighedh f., IGT Decl. § 4 .
I (a) face, countenance: agad ḟochoel forlethan, LU 4514
15(TBC). ind aiged do chumtachtai the face for its comeliness,
TBFr. 219 . eter in ṁbrágit ┐ in n-agid ṅgil, 223 . aged
ethiopacda slemangorm aci, MU² 689 . niptar aigthi carat im
ḟleid, Sc.M² § 5 . comleithet a aigthi do derg-ór, CRR § 17 .
ag ínred a aichthi `tearing his face', TTebe 930 . dob iomdha
20aighthe giall ngonta, TD 11.32 . deōr tromthoirsi / co tī tar
abra ar n-aigthi-ni, Arch. iii 234.18 . dar a aighid, 4.28 .
a. ¤ fedil see fethal.
By metonymy of persons: a haighidh fhīr woman of the
true countenance
, ZCP xiii 174.9 . fer ard uas aichthib Emna /
25diar chomainm Tadg . . ., Rawl. 163b13 .
(b) surface: aigead gach airgit, Ériu xiii 58.1 (See xix 117-8 ).
ordlach i tiget cech lainde dib . . . co m-ba haiged oir uli
lais ár medon, Alex. 581 . dar aigthib sciath, TTebe 4115 .
mar chaoin aighthe cupa ó cheard, DDána 119.34 . ar
30aighidh mhín Mhaonmhuighe expanse , Ériu v 66.8 . a
haghaidh ghléigheal . . . (of a hill), TD 4.5 . ?ria n-aidche
agaig (leg. agaid), Ériu iv 162 § 25 . fa aghaidh na firminnte
across the face of the firmament, Aithd. D. 61.21 . ag cur
bhairr ┐ aighthe mo bhaisi deisi . . . palm of my right hand,
35 Parrth. Anma 1020 . ar aighthibh . . . an aigein, ML 48.10 .
(c) front: meitheal dar bh' aghaidh sinn súd we were in
advance of that working-party
, DDána 42.6 ; cf. baluid dia
lethagid in luirg, ┐ tanic dia lettáib, TBC 651 ( LL 8103 ).
(d) shape, form, appearance: aen dib a fuath duine, ┐ aroile
40a ndeilb dhuim, ┐ anaill a naigid ilair, Grail 3399 .
(e) honour (see 1 enech II): dar cend aigthe Conculainn
`for the sake of C.'s honour', RC xiv 428 § 52 . tuc Eochaidh a
aenrosc do dar ceann a aigti, BB 383a35 . ar son a einich .i.
ar son a aighthe, O'Cl. s.v. eineach. Cf. do tabairt aighti
45doib giving countenance to them, ZCP v 42.30 ( BCC 123 ).
Note also: ic fóbairt aigthe a feirgge for Troiánu, LL
236b22 ( TTr. 1458 ).
II In phrases implying motion, intention etc. (a) With follg.
FOR, FRI etc.: (a) dob aghaidh ar éttualang (of an impossible
50undertaking), FM v 1646.1 . agaid for Ath Cliath to attack A.
ALC i 2.19 . is tráth aighthe ar Allmhurchaibh, DDána 85.1 .
fa neimhleasg liom aghaidh air `I was in no wise loth to
approach it
', TD 11.7 . ní hésgaidh linn ort aigheadh, IGT
Decl. ex. 826 . a n-aighthe ar in sen-fhairrgi making for the
55sea
, Fl. Earls 58.7 . aghaidh dhamh-sa do fhios Bhriain,
Hard. ii 202.11 . déne prostrait ┐ t'aiged fri talmain face
downwards
, PH 454 . a agaid fria lochtaib, PH 8227 .
(b) With attá: ni bḟuil bur n-aighedh le clesaibh riderachta,
RC xxix 112 § 8 . is indess ro boí a aged [.i. do Temraig],
60 Trip.² 1011 . Note also: aghaidh gach droichsgéil amach!
all evil away from us! Dánta Gr. 9.1 .
(c) do-beir a. ¤ co, fri turns towards, makes for: tucsat agaid
a long gu . . . turned their ships towards, Lism. L. 2968 . mad
cucainni dobera Conch. ┐ Ulaid a n-agaid if C. and the U.
65make for us
, CRR § 21 . tugaisse aghaidh ar Ifearnn, Aithd.
D. 70.21 . do bhert a aghaidh ar uaithnibh `he directed his
course by Uaithne
', FM vi 2144.20 . tuc an toiced a haghaidh
ar in rí, fortune turned her face towards the king, Expugn.
Hib. § 64 . tug R. / aighidh ar an lucht rosling `R. has
70turned to the people who had defeated him
', Studies 1919,
256.3 . tucsat a naigid innaenfecht for Leth Cuind attacked,
SG 369.2 . ( LL 299b1 ). tugadar a n-aighthe ar airgne ┐ ar
éadála . . . do thiomsughadh turned their attention to, Maguires
of F. § 13 . ro thriallsat . . . aghaidh do thabhairt ar dhol a
75nulltoibh `attempted to effect their passage', FM v 1854. 13 .
gibe ealadha ara ttiobhra duine aghaidh whatever science a
person may turn to
, Rule of Tall. § 67 . tug a aghaidh res an
uile he faced everybody, DDána 15.9 . Note also: tar Carrthaigh
. . . / cuir aghaidh na himeirche tar cuan L. face the band over
80the shore of L.
, DDána 74.49 .
III In prepositional phrases. (a) before, in front of (with
AR, FOR, FRI, I N-, LA): nemhsgathmhar ar a. ¤ a eascarad
`undaunted before his enemies', Rel. Celt. ii 196.6 . an tan
curtar ar aigid na gréne é when it is exposed to the sun, O'Gr.
85Cat. 259.8 . magh . . . do bī ar a n-agaid before them, ML²
1039 . ercid is-in less ar bar n-agaid, PH 4371 . for agid
Tripolim, Rawl. 71b6 . Eoin re haghaidh an leanaibh in the
presence of
, Dán Dé xi 18 . fuair cricha na hEtáile re [a]
aghaidh before him, CCath. 1225 . dogní munterus fri-a
n-aichthibh they pretend friendship to their faces (opposed to
5 behind their backs), PH 7704 . rucait i n-agid ríg Lochlainne
they were brought before the kings of N., CRR § 13 . Peadar
abstal na aghaidh / do shéan Iosa `in His presence', A. Ó
Dálaigh li 11 . do radh go im agaid `to my face', MR 76.14 .
Cf. an president . . . do shuidhe lé hacchaidh Sruthra `laid
10siege to S.
,' FM v 1640.16 .
(b) towards, in the direction of (with i n-): tainic . . . N . . .
ana aigid-seom, Trip.² 313 . na daine do rala do na aigidh
who met him, Laws iii 178.12 Comm. erigid-siu 'na agaid
go to him, TTebe 4179 . dodechaid bó dasachtach ina agaid
15`came towards him', RC ii 398 § 37 . guais don tí nach tabhair
lón / i n-aghaidh na dtrí dtionól (of Judgement Day), Dán
Dé xxii 32 .
(c) against (with FRI, I N-): táinic Seth . . . is misi ann re
aguidh `where I was awaiting him', Ériu iv 116 § 21 . do
20ordaigedar . . . a forairedha do c[h]ur re h-agaid Eōgain
on the watch for E., ML² 445 . roeiridh an abhond ré aigid
the river rose against him, TTebe 3582 . ba tearc d'Ultaibh re
a aghaidh `few of the Ulaid would resist him', Aithd. D. 8.4 .
ro chansat-side brechta druidechta ina agid, LU 4028 ( SC
25 § 48 ). in fer ro bai ina adaig i.e. his opponent, Laws iii 218.7
Comm. i n-agthib na srotha sain against the current, TBC
4210 . ata comaimserdhacht ina adhaigh sin there is a
synchronism contradicting that
, Ériu iv 144 n.19 . is amlaidh
ata in leiges a n-aiged na nadura, RC xlix 25.z .
30 Up (of a slope, steps, etc. with I N-): cloch mulind do chur
ana agaid shlebe to roll a millstone up a hill, TTebe 1669 .
a n-aghaidh in staigri upstairs, Fl. Earls 218.16 . anagaid
aird uphill, Maund. 31 . cuirid i n-a. ¤ opposes, contradicts:
doirbh leis an gcorp cor 'n-a aghaidh, Dán Dé xix 3 . doreir
35baramhla na ndaeine nglic nach fuil cur ina agaid accamsa
`to which I do not object', Maund. 157 . gan ar breith do neach
dhíobh freasabhra ná cur 'n-a aghaidh, Keat. iii 102 . ro
chuir ina acchaidh a aindliccheadh ┐ a eccóir fair `upbraided
him
', FM vi 1972. 10 . do-icc i n-a. ¤ : na tecait i n-agaid in
40rechta atharda, IT i 170.9 . ní fetar teacht a n-agaid chainti
an chumachtaigh sin, TTebe 1075 . tāinic O . . . . i n-a aghaidh
sin O. disputed that, ML² 612 .
(d) for (with FRI, I N-): iasg i n-aibhnibh re a aghaidh `for
him the fish fill the rivers
', Aithd. D. 36.3 . aingeal re haghaidh
45gach aoin, Dán Dé xxiii 3 . dogēn-sa in cētna at agaid I shall
do the same for you
, ZCP xiii 181.z . i n-aghaidh mo dhísle
dhuid / m'ḟaghail is tríbhse tánuig in return for, TD 14.37 .
(e) for the purpose of (with FRI, LA): fri agad bretha ┐
cocerta, Dinds. 18 ( RC xv 412.15 ). aingeal re haghaidh
50smachta an angel to correct (Michael), Dán Dé xiv 4 . fri
h-aighid a biata `to prepare food for them', MR 50.18 . go
mbeittis i náon ionadh re hacchaid báis an fhior-naoimh,
BNnÉ 273 § 246 . lé haghaidh Somhairle do cennsucchadh,
FM v 1820.12 .
55(f) on the point of, about to (with FRI and vn.): atámúid re
hadhaigh catha do chur we are about to give battle, Ériu v
190.480 . do bí M. . . . le haghaid sil éorna do chur, BNnÉ
232 § 146 . re haiged techta duinne cum in gleannasa `before
we entered
', Maund. 257 .
60(g) as an offset to, corresponding to, instead of, etc. (with
I N-): ro badur bessa ac na mnáib sin a n-aghaid mathusa na
fer sin as a counterpart to, Acall. 7310 . cid fodera foimeilt in
ferainn do dul a n-aghaigh na eineclainni annsin? `what is
the reason that the use of the land goes (is set) against the honor
65price in that case?
' Laws iv 258.1 Comm. 'na aigid sin in
compensation for that
, TTebe 1633 . Aed mac T. do athrigad
. . . ┐ Aed mac F. do rigad doib ina adaig in his place, Ann.
Conn. 1350.9 . luagh i n-aghaidh th'anshóigh, Dán Dé xii 12 .
bliadhain i n-aghaidh na h-uaire a maireann an t-éiclips
70uirre féin a year for every hour, Corp. Astron. 158.4 . i n-aghaidh
a ndearna dhóibh / do shaothar is do sheanmóir in return for,
Dán Dé xi 24 .
(h) In Laws Comm. in phr. ar a a. ¤ féin (exact sense un-
certain): o bus orgain airlechta in druith ar a aigid fein a
75aenar, cin adhbar, cin bidbanas `of his own accord', iii 158.8 .
a lan dic ar a aighidh fein, 244.y. eneclann don triur is uaisli
bis and ar a naigid uodein `on their own account', i 164.21 .
.x. samaisci ar a n-aigid bodein `at their own natural value',
v 66.28 .
80 IV In adverbial phrases. (a) a. ¤ i n-a. (FRI, AR, DO etc.)
face to face (with). atáit dá clar-cisdi mora ann in n-agaid a
n-agaid, Todd Nenn. 94.x . ragab tilaig agid i n-agid dona
sluagaib, TBC 4557 . agid fri agid is Glenn Mamra directly
facing
, Rawl. 73a31 = is and ata sein aigid d'aigid fri glend
85Mambra, BB 6a9 . ag feitheamh na Tríonnóide aghaidh ar
aghaidh face to face, O'Hussey TC 54.16 . In Laws Comm. of
things set off against each other: a da nindlighedh aghaidh
inaghaidh, Laws ii 140.12, 78.29, i 114.5 .
(b) ar a. ¤ forward, ahead: buille air aghaidh a step forward,
Donl. vi 19 . do chum gnothuighe móra ar nanama do chur
5air aghaidh `to help on the great affair of our salvation', 444.19 .
ag dul ar aghaidh going forward, TSh. 10793 . Sometimes with
poss. referring to subj. of prec. vb. toircidh . . . ar bar n-
aghaidh, `right a head', Cog. 86.14 . triall do b'áil ar a haghaidh,
Aithd. D. 81.2 . ara aghthib ┐ ara culaib forwards and backwards,
10 CCath. 3612 .
(c) In Laws Comm. do a. ¤ , for a. ¤ of improper motion of
flail: in cet sceinm do leth da aghaidh forwards, Laws iii 222.8
Comm. ata leth aithgin ann for a aighidh when it slips
forward
, y. noco naithfegtar acht aighidh nama account is
15taken only of slipping forward
, 224.2 .
Compds. With adjj.: abach . . . agedban, CCath. 4099 .
occlaech . . . agedchain fairfaced , CCath. 6026 . Aeneas . . .
fer imlethan aideadhdherg red-faced , BB 427a50 . gach inad
uiscidhe, agaid-fhliuch flooded , MR 256.15 . da óclach . . .
20agaidhgeala, TBC 4346 v.l. in allchnocoip agadlethnaibh
broadfaced, CCath. 5634 . ind fir athlaim agedmóir broad-faced ,
LL 20345 . With noun: dá lethantrosdán . . . ag imachar a
haighedhcnám front bones (shin-bones?), Caithr. Thoirdh.
104.y .

25 ágad n man (B. na f): nī geoin á. ¤ .i. nī aithnienn fer, ZCP v
485 § 1 .

ága(e) xsee áige.

agaid xsee agad.

agailt xsee acallam.

30 ? agailtech: ind accedula . . . foghnaidh co mor a naigid na tene
diadh ┐ a brisiud ┐ agailtec trid ┐ a cur amail ceirin, 23 Q 5,
5.13 .

agairc n(Lat. loanword) agaric: agaricus fungus .i. an a. ¤ , 23 K
42. 335.10 . aseadh as a. ¤ ann .i. farcan an chroinn darab ainm
35 abies , 11 . sugh losa na feithlinne, ┐ a. ¤ , Rosa Ang. 40.15 . is
leighes benas risin craidhi, mar ata a. ¤ ┐ mirbolani, 144.26 .

agaldemathacha xsee acallmach.

ágamail adj i (2 ág) warlike, valiant: cipe comdaingen agamail ,
23 E 29, 70 a4 .

40 agar n(ágar?) (cf. ad-ágathar) fear: ni gabhadh aghar na imegla
hi, Etudes Celt. i 85.15 . atpertadar . . . nabudh a. ¤ leo na
Gregu uli, St. Ercuil 581 . d'aghar a aithennta for fear of his
being recognized
, Etudes Celt. ix 65.20 . is aghar lind ar
tregan dó, Ériu viii 58.8 . ?Attrib. g s. tresna murib . . .
45teinntidi aguir (adur, MS.), RC xxviii 316 § 23 .

Agar n.pr. f. Hagar. g s. mac Abraim ┐ Agáre, Rawl. 72b12 .

agarb xsee acarb.

agart adj m. (Engl. loanword) haggard: dóigheadh a' halla mōr in
stābla ┐ in t-agurt, Cín Lae Ó Meall. 47.1 . gur loisgeadh a
50n-agairt a dtighthe, 39.5 .

agarthaige x agarthóir see acarthaige, etc.

ágasta adjalso áigesta (cf. ad-ágathar, áigsech and Ped. ii 22 ).
to be feared, fearful, dreadful: teagdais i naghathar in fuilech
formag cnete .i. [i]n[i]d aigesta .i. egail lasinti . . . a cned do
55tormac in which it is to be feared, Ériu xii 18 § 23 and gl.
trūagh .i. . . . āgusta dō gurab trū (i.e. one who dreads being
`trú'), Corm. Y 1238 . as aghasta in set-sa suas . . . nidait as
aghusta, Lism. L. 4454 . is aidesda leis eg, O'C. 1245 (H
3.18, p. 500). Perh. also: magh .i. mō is āghusta ē oldās in
60fid, Corm. Y 898 . is luath ágasta a n-érim `their motion is
quick and agile
', MR 82.15 . Compar. is grannu ┐ is aigestu,
Rawl. 80b46 . As subst. n terror, object of dread: do lamaib
namut ┐ cecha agesta, Ir. Lit. 34.25 .

agastar xsee adastar.

65 -ágathar x etc. see ad-ágathar.

? agda n(ag): rochan fuirre ind a. ¤ `the owner of kine chanted over
her
', Met. Dinds. iv 200.5 (hardly for in Dagda, cf. Dinds.
113 , RC xvi 65 ).

ágda(e) adj io, iā (2 ág) warlike, contentious: aghda .i. cathaighth-
70each, O'Cl. in animm ághda n-s-dilsig di-a hairfitedaib
collaidib, PH 4624 . iarsind úath-blaid ágda (: sámda)
`according to the terrible tale', Met. Dinds. iv 198.34 . In mock
n.pr. Agdha mac Erchora, Anecd. ii 64.4 .

agenmar xsee 2 aigen.

75 aggarb xsee acarb.

agglas adj(ad + glas): a slega aible arda agglasa very blue ,
ZCP x 303.1 .

ágmaire n iā, f. (ágmar) combativeness, valour: a lunni ┐ a
ágmairi . . . in meic, TBC 1804 . ar gaiscedh . . . ar aghmuire,
80 AU ii 464.17 . re haduath na n-arm . . . ┐ re hadmaire a
n-innill the warlikeness of their array, CCath. 4997 .

ágmar adj o, ā (2 ág) (a) warlike, valorous: rob ághmar é, Cóir
Anm. 100 . Eogan agmar innsaighthech, Fen. 398.17 . fer . . .
aghmur fri hionnsaighidh brave to attack, FM vi 1996.2 . le
85fíanaib ágmura airmderga Ērenn, Fianaig. 52.2 clanna
agmara Israel, BB 239b30 . á. ¤ in t-áth Áth Commair, Met.
Dinds. iv 42.27 . Ailech á. ¤ , Arch. Hib. ii 48 § 1 . oll-chath
á. ¤ MR 180.z . Compar. triar aile bud ágmaire, Ériu v 223.56 .
(b) dangerous, terrible (cf. 3 ág): eóin etecha ingnecha
ágmara, LU 2422 . neithi imdha agmura adhuat[h]mura,
5 CCath. 5913 . tuc . . . .xxx. crecht n-ághmur n-inothrais ar a
cheile, Acall. 6967 . Compar. mar . . . is ágmaire ┐ is aigbeli
. . . ro fédadar a n-airig , MR 222 .y .