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1 eól n o, m. later also iúl (confusion of d s. and n s.); gen.
eóil, íuil, iúil. n
I (a) knowledge (of a person or thing); acquaintance
15(with person or thing); experience (in), skill: eol .i. eolas,
O'Cl. i fuithriu aesa iúil seers (?) RC xxvi 26.102 . aingeal
dorad a eol damh an angel made him known to me BNnÉ
7.25 . dlighidh eól ar uile chumhachtuibh connsuineadh
IGT, Introd. 2.14 . ben nár chuir eól ar an éra who has
20not learnt to refuse
Studies 1920, 419 . sgaraidh remh'eol
know me no more Buile S. 16.19 . dorad dó...sgaith a
heóil 'sa hionmhuine (poesy to a poet; possibly this is
meaning b), Studies, 1923, 422 . dom iúl, ní fhuil...guais
is aidhbhsighe so far as I know, to my knowledge TSh. 2091 .
25 Cf. is éraise in rét in tserc | téit a héol cen immitecht
(where a he. may mean knowledge of it or out of knowledge,
into oblivion; astray
) IT i 225.10 , and: romcobrat ar eol,
let them aid me for acquaintance sake (?) Molling 48 .
In phrase: is e. ¤ dom, I know, am experienced, skilled:
30 in eól dúib a dindṡenchas ? Met. Dinds. iv 58.2 ; 146.1 .
LL 150a49 . as eol dam...cétna breithem ruc in cétbrith,
Ériu iv 134.26 ; 136.2 . mas eol do budhen a gabail if
he himself knows how to take it
Laws ii 18.12 Comm. níor
eol dí a cáin do chomhall (of Eve), Dán Dé vii 32 .
35 ní heól do leigheas do dhéanamh = curare nescit TSh.
8172.6466 .
With oc: eól a ḟatha acainne the reason whereof is
known to us
Met. Dinds. iv 172.8 .
(b) esp. lore, history (here perhaps: etir sruthu íuil
40 RC xxvi 26.99 ): ceann ar seiniúil `head of our ancient
lore
' Studies 1920, 98 . innisidh eóil na hÉireann narrator
of Ireland's lore
TD 3.29 . tobar lomnán d'ḟírṡreibh eóil
(of a book of historical tales) 25.28 . ná ceil gach iúl dá
n-úarais (to a book stored with various kinds of learning),
45 Studies 1919, 440 .
(c) that which is known or familiar, esp. of places,
accustomed surroundings, home: eol .i. gnáth, ut est;
ránic coa euol fén an fer | tar gach ler, Im. Br. i 41
(< Harl. 5280, 49b2 ) = ZCP iv 160 n. 2 . mo brogad ḟor
50mara mūr | mu c[h]ūl do t[h]ochar frim ēol ZCP x 45.16 .
ni tharga co bráth dia echtra coa eol he will never return home
from his adventure
Dinds. 97 (= sheol SG ii 471.41 < LL
170b ). Met. Dinds. iv 144.10 . ag imsoi dia eol (.i. agh
impos ina eol conicce in baile asa tuccad hi) (of a cow
55which strays back to its former home), Laws v 268.18 ( 25 ).
re huaman a himana...da hiul agus da hoirrsleibtib firaicinti
fein from fear of being driven from her familiar place and
her own kindly mountain pastures
(of a cow) YBL 340b30
= Celt. Rev. iv 108.13 . am úathad im eól `I am alone in
60my home
' Buile S. 24.25 . d'iarraidh m'eóil `to seek tidings
of me
' (to seek my home ?) TD 39.11 . Gen. as attrib.: om
íathaib iúil from my homelands Ériu v 209.37 . IT iii
14 § 31 . ar ttaistel iuil is ainiuil [sic leg.] journeying through
places known and unknown
BNnÉ 199.30 .
65 Cf. mo disi a n-eol Mumhan (.i. mo bheithsi a n-iath
Muimhnech) ZCP v 488.6 . Hence, perhaps: sa glaineól
.i. sa glainfheronn, Leb. Gab. i 102 n. 10 .
In npr.: Eochaid Iúil IT i 220.20 . tír Echach Iuil
(eóil ? : sceoil) 217.12 . cneit Echach Iúil (: biuil) 222.16 .
5(d) information, direction, guidance; right way: ro
imtighset rompa for iul na hingine by the maiden's
guidance
ZCP iv 383.9 . beir eol d'E... | is an tír guide
E.
GF, Ir. Monthly 1919, 283 . sa tslighe dhírigh 'na
ndál...dorinne an t-iúl guided A. Ó Dálaigh iii 7 . seolais
10[probably ṡeolas is the right reading] an uile ar an iúl
[a n-i. text] in the right path xii 2 . dobhéara ar iúl i 8.
clann nach foil ar iúl erring children iii 5 . réadla eoil
na hóghachta virginity's guiding star x 2 . gan ḟear
n-eoil without a guide vi 4 . Rel. Celt. ii 226.20 . ní cóir
15an dall gan fear n-iúil, A. Ó Dálaigh vi 3 . do dénoim eoil
don fedain | le treoir...ngeinealaig, Hy Fiachr. 278.13 .
téid a leith eóil na huaime goes in the direction of (?)
IGT, Decl. ex. 1165 .
Cf. ní sirthir riamh eól aithnidh, ex. 1299 .
20 II As adj., knowing, acquainted with, versed in: am
eól...in cech airm | 'sin sceól, Met. Dinds. iii 266.3 . bamsa
heól...do sceól in chlíath-átha 314.3 .
Cf. eol ┐ aneol...eola aneola, O'Mulc. 404 .

? 2 eól n grief (?): sunna damh i n-eol, Molling 48 ,
25rendered `here I am in grief' RC xxviii 71 .

éola, éula this has been found only in O. Ir. and is
by Strachan ( Ériu i 11 ) taken as gen. of eól; but acc.
to Ped. ii 99 and Thurn., Hdb. § 360 , it is n s. of éolig,
éulig, see éolach. adj knowing, skilled (in), n expert (absol.
30or with gen. or prep.): am éula (gl. didici) Wb 24b15 .
madda eola if thou art wise IT i 81.16 . is eola
cāch, Arch. iii 297 § 56 . As attrib.: in t-oís éula
wise folk Wb 3c4 . anmchara umal eóla, Ériu ii 64 § 5 .
With gen.: ropo eola-som na huile fetarlice he was skilled
35in the whole Old Testament
Wb 30c17 . Cf. ba eola axal
n-angel (.i. ba heolach i n-imacallmaib aingel. no ba heolach
isind aingiul dianid ainm Axal) ACC 47 ( RC xx 180 ).
With fri: ar is hé as eola fri aidgne ind athar (gl. misit
Deus Spiritum filii sui in corda vestra) Wb 19d7 . With
40 i n-: is héside as éola and Wb 6b25 . crop éula i fiuss et
æcnu (gl. oportet...esse...doctorem) 28b23 . nabad eola i
n-ar cintaib who would not be skilled in our faults 33b21 .
inna timthrechta ind labrada innid eula nech the speech in
which one is skilled
Ml 42c4 . fobith as n-eola ina pennait
45`versed in his penance' Laws iv 356.3 . bat eolai in gech
berlæ, Ériu viii 173.20 .

éolach, éulach, adj o-ā (the n s. is not found in the earlier O.
Ir. Glosses; acc. to Thurn., Hdb. § 360 ; Ped. ii 99 , the O. Ir.
n s. is éola (q.v.), n p. eolig, to which in Ml a new n s. eulach
50is formed). knowing, learned, skilled (in), acquainted with;
absol. or with gen. or prep. n
(a) in general sense (absol.): is eulach (gl. expertus)
Ml 49a28 . eolach inti asidfet wise is he who recounts
it
IT i 217.6 . ícaid cach n-eolach every wise man is a
55healer
(?) Arch. iii 228.83 . aineolach i n-agaid eoluig,
Laws v 252x Comm. In pl. the learned: eulaig (gl. experti)
Ml 134a7 . amal adfiadat ind eolaigh = periti Todd Lect. v
45.4 . na heolaig PH 7794.7300 . éolaig in tsenchassa
BDD 68 . ba mé in t-éolach aneólach (said by a survivor
60of the flood, on emerging after its subsidence) LL 376b42 .
d p. donaib eulachaib (gl. expertis) Ml 131c15 . is
uathadh dona heolchuibh aga bfuil fios RC xxix 116.11 .
v p. abraid, a éolcho , Todd Lect. vi 10.14 . a éolchu Elga
ZCP xiii 131 § 1 . a eolcha Erenn ii 357.26 . g p. genelach
65Lége...do réir na n-eólach according to the men of learning
Met. Dinds. iv 248.23 . As attrib.: in liaig eolach PH
4222 . aisneis cach ugdair eolaig MR 166.10 . na forcet-
laide eolcha PH 6816 . co máigistrib eolchaib 3462 . With
gen.: armbat eolig forcitil that they may be versed in
5teaching
Wb 31d15 . ba heolach goibnechta he, Three
Hom. 108.32 = LB 32a45 . éolaige rebraid, aneolaige
réire (women are) skilled in pleasure-seeking, unskilled in
obedience
Tec. Corm. § 16.79 .
Compar.: rig bus ecnaide ┐ bus eolchu indai PH 3969 .
10 ar cend neich bid éolchu ┐ bid síne andás, Ériu iv 126.15 .
cia as eolcha anaid ? who is more learned than thou ? ix 176
§ 1 .
With i n-: ammin éulig and (gl. non ignoramus cogita-
tiones eius) Wb 14d28 . adib éolig and (gl. scitis) 26b12 .
15 33c19 (eolaig). condan éolich ir-rúnaib deachte 15b19 .
Met. Dinds. iv 56.210 . ro búi i farrad Echach corbo
eolach i n-écsi RC xxvi 8.4 . eolach i ndligedh mara skilled
in the law of the sea
(i.e. in seamanship) Laws iii 210.25 .
am éolach in cech breithemnos...dorónad, Ériu iv 134.24 .
20 am é. ¤ ina fesaib ┐ ina táintib ┐ ina toglaib 128.23 . Duan.
Ḟ. i 25.5 . nech bus eólchu 'na n-aisneis `better versed in
the account thereof
' Met. Dinds. iii 304.8 . fer roeolach a
mberla ┐ a filidecht, Auraic. 5470 . eólach hi Laidin FM
v 1630.5 . bat eoluigh-sium i togail cathrach skilled in
25destroying cities
Marco P. 132 . C. do bhí eolach san
Bhreitheamhnas Tuaithe, Keat. iii 115 .
With for: eolach...for a modhuibh, Marco P. 116 .
(b) esp. knowing, acquainted with a locality (way, place,
person, etc.), absol. or with gen. or prep.: nidat eolach
30 thou knowest not the way TBC 993 . amm eolach 1751 .
1699 . ua uathad eolaig inn usci si few knew of TTebe 1753 .
isim eolach-sa co dunad Euaindir `I know the way to the
fortress of E.
' Aen. 2084 . With i n-: nim eolach-sa i crích
mo phopa Conchobair etir TBC 1210 . FM vi 1922.3 .
35 piloit fessach no eolach sa chuan sin, Fl. Earls 12.8 . am
éolach isin Gréic. atchonnarc a láechu, TTr.² 409 . rop
eolach i nErinn eiside FM vi 2088.1 . Transf., of things:
na longa budh éolchu acco the ships that best knew the way
(i.e. whose commanders best knew) CCath. 1413 .
40 gan beim orrtha 'gá n-eolchaib those who knew them
YBL 389b3 = Ir. Monthly 1921, 160 .
(c) Hence as subst. a guide: in carpat cen araid cen
eolach o Ard Machai co Sleibti, Trip. 248.21 . mani dig
[ind anim] le heolchu aingel with angels as guides FA 15
45(= RC xxvi 148.17 ). BNnÉ 149.12 . maith tra, or I. frisna
héolchu, cid as nesam dún sund ? BDD 70 . teid...eolac re
cach cetirn...dib sechnoin na cathrach BB 442a37 . a
túsigh conaire ┐ a eolaigh sligedh, CCath. 4761 . badar
drocheolaig ria F. ┐ tucsad i n-aimréidib hé RC xxiv 46.7 .
50 a n-eolaig robatar remib, Alex. 692 . frisna heolchu batar oc
imthús dóib 683 . noch dho bhí na éolach ag an muinntir
do chuir lámha a Níosa, Acts i 16 . ó's é is treóraighe ┐ is
eólach dhúinn...go neamh, TSh. 10035 .
(d) known, familiar: cf. air ni bi eulach (gl. non talis est
55qualis articulatae vocis oratio) `it is not knowledgeable'
(Thes.) Ml 42c9 . aithris dó...bás na bhfear óir dob eolach
dhó féin iad, Maguires of F. § 33 . dob eolach dhuinn cuiger
mac an R. Mhoirsin we were acquainted with Rel. Celt. ii
216.26 . Cf. ni fríoth tuath gan dudhchusach do chlannuiph
60E...acht an tuath eolach aitheachda sin .i. Tuath Ruisen
a hainm well-known (?) Hy Fiachr. 156 = Lec. 168a27 .
(e) of things requiring skill, cunning, curious (rare) : do
dhénamh gach aon ghné oibre eóluigh, Exod. xxxv 33 .
Cf. eólgach.