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65 esáin n driving out; expulsion: easain .i. innarbadh,
O'C. 509 = Laws iv 344 n. See KM, Wortk. 169 . issedh
log enech dia air, dia diguin, dia esain, etc. Laws iv 300.
2 . itir a mbiathad ┐ a n-esain, itir a nguin ┐ a ndiguin
ib. 344.10 . dia e. ¤ , 346.1 , 7 , 26 ; 348.4 , 9 . dia
5sarugud sceo aighthe esain 346.21 ; 348.11 . Cf. dia
sarughudh sceo ai esain 348.17 . dia ésain dia ainmed
346.9 .

es(s)air n f. (abstr. of as-ser-n-) (1) (a) strewing, litter ;
applied to straw or rushes used for floor-covering, bedding ,
10 etc.: easair ` litter for cattle, also a strawpallet ' P. O'C. `the
bed of corn-sheaves laid on the barn floor to be threshed
is also
called easair' J. Fleming (RIA slips). aín nua dia essair
new straw for covering it (a wall) Laws iv 314.7 . dīrech
n-airidi, noes nua dia esair the stripping of a dais, new
(?) to cover it 314.3 (wrongly punctuated in edn.). ro
ésraít a tigi do bethi barrglas ┐ essair urárd úrluachra litter
of fresh rushes
TFerbe 66 . conaca dairthach fo
lán-essair glain LL 286a42 . The ex.: in tan do síned in
beist a bragit cosin n-esair FB 57 may belong to (2), but
20the meaning bedding would not be out of place. Of lining
for a grave (?): ro hadnacht cen esair, Met. Dinds. iii 114.
71 (see note p. 499 ib.). (b) of things strewn about in
disorder, an untidy litter, a mess: ro athchuiredar a n-airm
...┐ a cathberti...gurba hesair uathmar urscailti...cach laem-
25luirech ┐ láighnead ┐ lebar-sciath ro ḟá cert-lar
na cath-laithrech sin MR 314 y . re himad na n-easrach
n-uathmar n-urscailti 316.18 . Cf. o thictís a hesair áin,
Met. Dinds. ii 78.14 , where reading áig (with another
copy) we might render (slaughter-)heaps of battle.
30(2) food, meat (the origin of this sense is obscure; some
exx. suggest dismembered carcase which is on the whole the
most likely; the transl. dish would usually suit, but unless
the word is here a distinct one this cannot be an early
meaning, but may be a later development): esair bidh do
35roind do cách (one of the labours permitted on a Sunday),
O'D. 1950 . aighe do tuit don easair itir da tech a joint
which fell from the meat [the dismembered carcase
? or the
?] (when being conveyed) from house to house Laws ii
234.7 Comm. (Unterlage ZCP xiv 346 x ). ro fiafraig in
40ba herrlamh in esair, Lism. L. 1060 (referring to a
carcase of beef; the sentence corresponds to: narb
ullamh cuid na meithli BCC § 212 ). Cf. Cu C. trén a
gach mbeirn a bhuille | baoi ar n-easoir aicce go cian | nior
chomhraic a lamh ria riamh, 24 P 5, 79 = bai in esair aici
45co dian, Acall. 1118 (Cú C. doroinded biadh 1115 ). Here
also, perhaps: gleic fán easair fhalaimh, Dán-
fhocail 158 = O'Gr. Cat. 617 , where dish makes better
sense than O'Gr.'s rendering `kennel;' eser, q.v., seems to
be a distinct word.
50COMPD. ¤ chosairt trampling, stamping: ro craith in
sliab...risin n-esarchosairt doroine in fer...dia chossaib ┐
dia lámaib, Mer. Uil. 77 .

esairg-: xsee esorc-.

es(s)airm adj unarmed: essairm .i. cen arm, O'Mulc. 449 .
55 ócbad n-essairm, gillanrad diairm CRR 38 . Cf. cianernn
immue nesairm IT iii 52.2 .

es(s)al n m. ass: bainne essail, Maund. 218 . See asal.

? es(s)am: n no lingtis suass frisind eassam, Sn. u.
MacR. § 11 (< YBL 12a23 = frísin coraid 12a16 ). Possibly
60 eas-sain, cf. 3 es(s).

es(s)amain adj(omun) fearless, bold, daring: am essamin
do thabirt testassa airibsi I am bold to give evidence Wb
16a26 . (with gen.) am essamin se precepte fearless in
23b7 . cia fiu esámain (gl. quam temerarium) Ml
65 27d8 . nibbát ecal ocal opond esamain be neither timid nor
violent, precipitate and rash IT i 213.19 . is esamain (the
question) is a bold one
(?) Anecd. ii 12.3 . (Adv.) tanic co
hesamain ┐ confergach i n-agaid Patraic, Trip. 456.1 . co
dána ┐ co hesamain PH 5137 . Compar.: it essamnu de
5 they are the more fearless Wb 23b12 . esamnu (gl.
audentior) Ml 29a12 . esamnu...du écnduch dǽ bolder to
blaspheme God
ib. 11 . Cf. esamain .i. lasamain, ut est oc
esamain airbert i cuairt, O'Dav. 772 (cf. 799 ). esomain
(essomuin v.l.) .i. obann no lasamain, ut est is esomain
10naillech .i. is lasamain fri tabairt luighi `he is a sudden
, i.e. he is on fire to take an oath' 781 . pnAs
sobriquet: mac Elcaib Essamain `son of E. the fearless'
Aisl. MC 75.8 ; 119.24 (Esomain). Cf. es(s)omon.