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60 esba(e) n io, m. (bae good, profit) uselessness, vanity,
folly; idleness, play, wantonness: easba .i. diomhaoines,
O'Cl. BCC § 399 . mad espe dom a nopridchim if it be useless
Wb 19d17 . bad n-esbae dam du frecur ceill-siu that
it is useless for me to worship Thee
Ml 132b3 . fretech cech
65espi `renunciation of every vanity' Mon. Tall. § 56 . is espa
(.i. is feles) a techt TBC² 169 (= LU 56b22 ). esba .i.
filus, O'C. 1388 < H 3.18, 630 . ba hespa ecóir imlúad
trenḟir ri comai cluchi LL 228a36 = TTr. 819 . guide
cech maicc lére...ní hespae, Fél. Epil. 430 . oc cles-
5rad ┐ oc espai dona slogaib = variis lusit artibus
(of a pet fox) Todd Lect. v 85.14 = IT i 46.25 .
dia ndernur uabur no esba commit arrogance or folly
LL 279a30 . u. na hespa 33 . YBL 164a5 . érniud mo
chesta...corop espa olloman a poet's sport (?) LL 141b29 .
10In Laws, with ref. to acts performed without serious
intention, in the course of play, sport, heedless trifling (opp.
to torba, which refers to an act committed in course of
business): in torba no in t-esba iii 96.13 . re bec-
deithbirius no re espa 250.27 Comm. mas re hesba atait
15maraen `if both are (riding) for amusement' 258.10 Comm.
a n-esbo `their idle offences' v 150.26 Comm. Of an
idle person; one at play: slan don torbach in t-esba the
person on business is exempt as regards the idler
(if he ac-
cidentally injure the latter) iii 258.16 Comm. gen. as attrib.:
20 raind espai wanton staves LL 110a32 . RC xxiv 46.1 .
TFrag. 34.11 . fri forluamain n-espai `idle volatility' Ériu
vii 172.18 . Cf. Ailill Cethech...cethech .i. beimnech ut
dicitur bemnech fer espai, Rawl. 124a15 . bá saethar n-espa
dóib tíchtain a vain labor LL 220b22 = TTr. 255 . dercad
25espo, Aisl. Tund. 95.16 . gan ridh [reith v.l.] n-espo
frivolous running (on Sunday) Anecd. iii 21.5 . re heirim
n-espa...re heirim torba riding for amusement...on
business
Laws iii 258.15 Comm. scian espa useless
dagger
(a contemptuous epithet) IT iii 102 § 191 =
30 Bruchst. § 73 . In stricter sense useless, invalid:
teora nadmand aspa invalid covenants Laws iv 54.6 . i
n-esba idle, unoccupied: na bi a n-espa, is ed timarna in
Ri, | lubra, legad, ernaigthi, denadh egin na ni ZCP vii
310.22 . forcetul nó scribend nó cecip tarba, arna beither
35ind-espa...ut Dominus ait: non apparebis ante me
vacu[u]s iii 29.31 . Cf. comhcetlud a n-espaibh BNnÉ
305.28 v.l. im raind a tíri d'espaib | dorigset mor d'imres-
naib SR 5125 .

esbach adj o-ā (esbae) I Useless, vain, purposeless:
40 imchomarc (n-)espach an idle question Ml 35c26 . is
gním n-espach `a deed unprofitable' Met. Dinds. iv 16.9
(Dubthir). is esbach in tsuil glan fil at cind-sa gan a
beith...i bhfail fhir, Lism. L. 1334 = Three Hom. 64.22 .
hespach do neoch a thriall useless for any to set out on it
45 TBC 414 . esbach sin that is foolish (to no purpose) Thes.
ii 307.19 ( Hy ii pref .). espach sin that is folly (of the
act of destroying a town) BCC § 77 . ba esbach comrac ris
CRR 55 . mairg na dingne córa friu fobíth is esbach a
n-écoir do dénam LL 234b15 = TTr. 1303 . ní espach linne
50in flaithius Rómhánach do discáiliudh fódaigh nach beith
tarcaisne neich fort-sa, CCath. 636 .
II Idle, unoccupied: espach no deid (gl. otiosus) Ml
35c25 . Esp. in Laws, Comm. n an idler (stander-by, dis-
engaged person
), oft. opposed to torbach profitable worker: Laws
55iii 242.14 , 23 . nocon fuil dethbir [torbaig] no esbaig iii
482. 3 . slainti espaig ┐ etarbaig idlers and unprofitable
workers
iii 166 z ; 224.10 . is iat ata espaigh and, daine
rocotail iar cur in íaraind isin teinidh 190.23 (cf.: is iat
ata torbaigh and, daíne rocotail ria cur in iaraind isin t.,
60 l. 21 ). ar na huile esbachuib uile 242.16 .
Cf. is marb Conn... | ┐ Cormac ┐ Art | easbach an mac
is an t-úa, Fianaig. 42.8 , where we should perhaps take the
meaning to be useless, unavailing i.e. their valour no longer
avails
(since they are dead), but cf. follg.
65 III without good, unfortunate (?): espach éc ríg Mugna
LL 32b12 ; 20 = BB 56a29 ; 37 . do thuitset isin cath... |
clanda C.... | is sluagh na P. gerb easbach, Caithr. Cell. 80 .