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1 esbaid, esbud f. (ess + both, buith, vn. of subst.
vb.) lack, loss, deficiency, defect: ogṡlan gin on gin ainim
35gin esbuid ZCP iv 42.4 . cen turbadh ┐ gen espud, Laws i
262.21 . bla easbaidhe; crich incoisce easbaigh talman .i.
fan no seisc...no lathrach seanroda `a defect mark i.e. a
district defined by want of land
i.e. a declivity or a sedgy
place...or track of an old road
' iv 144.7 . is mor for
40n-essbaid im gaes your want of wisdom SR 1245 . 2895 .
fuilledh a n-esbadh supplying their defects (omissions; of the
pagan laws) Laws i 38.19 . do dhealbh Dia...an teagh-sain |
ní fhoil...easbhaidh ann, Dán Dé xxxi 2 . chum easbhuidhe
want, indigence Prov. xxi 5 . xiv 23 . Affliction, injury:
45 doilghius im na [h]esbadhaib sæghalla temporal losses
ZCP iv 384.7 . na huilc ┐ na hesbadha [sic MS] móra sin
aga ndenamh ag na haithechthuathuibh, Ériu v 76.20 .
Fianaig. 70.27 . tar eis áir ┐ esbadha do tabairt ar
Midechaib RC xviii 164.9 . fíor-thairrngire na n-olc ┐ na
50n-easbadh, TSh. 6683 . Especially of loss by death, losses
in battle, slayings: sé mili...esbaid Gréc o Troianaib LL
144a11 . co fintáis a n-esbada oc B. that they might find
out (the number of) their losses
(i.e. their slain) BDD 68 .
ni fes méd a n-esbadha RC xviii 299.12 . re himut a n-
55esfadha, TTebe 3868 . ro adhnaicset clanna N. a n-easbada
buried their slain ZCP xiv 241.14 . Mac M. do écc...
┐ ba moir-easbaidh eside a great loss FM iii 334.5 . tri
hesbada cutruma tucad ar Eirinn...┐ issí seo in
cethramad esbaid... .i. Find, Acall. 5275 . (Med.)
60 scrufuile .i. easbada ┐ cnuic bragad `neck defects and neck
lumps
' (of scrofula) O'Gr. Cat. 196.27 . easbadha bragh-
at `scrofula, King's evil' BNnÉ 147.38 (ii 344) .
(accalife)...a cur amal ceirin ar na heasbudhuibh ┐ fóiridh
iad, 23 K 42, 327.22 .
65With gen. of thing wanting or missing: secht cēt dēc
cen essbaid n-oenfir...rosmarb C., Rawl. 85b18 = RC xxxvi
262 . esbaid daim na bó loss of ox or cow CRR 4 .
comlantius cecha huilc la hesbaid cech maithiusa FA 20
(LB). PH 3638 . 6167 . essbuid cecha maithiusa 4344 .
5 tre esbhuigh an indḟuartha = propter privationem eventationis
Reg. San. c. iv . esbaidh díleaghtha, TSh. 1574 . o fuair
esbaid a ingine `discovered the loss of his daughter' TTebe 20 .
iomarcaidh no easbaidh sunnartha excess or insufficiency of
definition
IGT, Introd. 2.26 . d(i) e. ¤ for lack of: go
10rachadh cluain, d'easbhaidh ḟear | gan bhuain TD 27.32
d'easbaidh na ngrás, TSh. 7835 . Cf. d'easbaidh gan an
creideamh do bheith aca from the fault that they had not
belief
7835 . ar (for) e. ¤ missing, lost: co mbeth se ar
esbaid tri n-aidhci missing for three nights Laws v 324.11
15Comm. [in lucht] rochuatar for easbaidh o A. who had gone
astray from A.
Aen. 327 . áiremh ar easbuidh a
reckoning with a deficiency
ZCP xiv 232.1 . d(i) ¤ or d(o)
e. lacking to: nech hi pairilís ┐ cos ┐ lamh dia easbaidh ,
lacking (the use of) foot and hand BNnÉ 10.1 . nach
20biadh a mac...da easbaidh would not lose his son FM iii
634.19 . ropo lór in fer marb diar n-esbud, Death-tales
26.2 (as lór aoinfer do esbaid oirn v.l.) = LL 118b27 (in the
v.l. e. seems used as vn.; cf. iongna do ḟuilngeadar... | a n-
eighriocht orra d'easbhoidh TD 24.10 ). i n-e. ¤ (1)
25 missing, lacking, absent from: ni bai ní a n-easbaidh acht a
mbeith can gein there was nothing lacking save that they
were without children
ZCP vii 307.20 . ní roibhe ní a n-
esbaidh fer nÉrenn re lind an rígh sin, Ériu iii 150.9 .
ní fuil ní...ina esbaid acht fín, Maund. 159 . gan dul go
30Tír T. | go mbeinn bliadhain 'na heasbaidh a year away
from it
Ir. Monthly 1921, 28 . fuair sí... | gach ní dhá
n-uair 'na heasbhaidh everything she needed TD 15.32 . (2)
in want: níor dhiúlt sise...neach i n-easbhaidh, Dánta
Gr.² 87.59 . With ar (for) of pers. etc., want, lack: intíí er
35a mbí esbuid na ngrás PH 7754 . nach aithnend in
esbuid indus do beth esbuid uirri ann 7466 . tucsat biad
cuca...┐ ni boi esbaid fair acht slicht a mbeoil amain ann
the food was not diminished Arch. iii 224.34 . má tá
easbhaidh | ar an ndúnadh GF, Ir. Monthly 1919, 106 .
40 ni bhiadh easbhaidh orm TD 11.2 . ní rabhattar...acht
easbhaidh ar tri céd did not amount to three hundred FM
vi 2316 x . With d(i): as espuid dia airmitin a loss to his
dignity
Anecd. ii 67.11 . With ó: nad rabi ní bad esbaid
úad FB 4 . a hesbaid uathib its having failed them PH
45 7013 . In: in testa esbuid uaibsi a hEmain have you lost
anything from E.
? ZCP v 501.31 the first prep. completes
the verb. Note the following superficially similar con-
struction, with a different sense: easbhaidh ón toigh ní
theasdá `no privation is wanting there' Dán Dé v 39 .

50 2 *esbaid (originally a compd. vb., cf. do-está and
1 esbaid) is wanting, lacking: pres. ind. [torothair] ara
n-esbat araile baill a cuirp to whom some members are
lacking
LU 34bz (= RC xxv 238 ). fut. conna heseba
nach ní fortho 35a1 ( RC xxv 238 ). cip é chometas
55fírinni ni esseba nach maith aire ZCP xi 88 § 8 (= nicon
tesseba 81 § 9 ). Cf. na esbiad fer im druimne Concobair
TBC² 3076 (rhet.) = imdesfíaid TBC 4963 .

esbaigid v cuts off, slays: do hesbhaighedh óicc ┐ do
mudhaighedh mílidh FM v 1566 w . cethrar mac an R.
60do mharbhadh...┐...ní i n-aonló ro hesbaighit 1774 x .

esbal n o, m. (a later form of apstal) esbal esbhal IGT,
Decl. § 11 . Apostle: is e Pátraic is esbal for Eirinn, Lism. L
627 . in da esbal déc 624 . ris an dá esbal .x., Mac Aingil
81.18 . taisi Lúcais espail , Maund. 18 . dalta Rígh na n-esbal
65Eóin IGT, Decl. ex. 390 (: desgadh). Dán Dé xv 29 .
O'Hussey, T.C. 15.12 . mur adubradar na hespail ZCP vi
84.7 . Issu Christ gona espulaibh BCC § 257 . an ė nách
easbol meisi ? 1 Cor. ix 1 (but: na hasbuil , Mark vi 30 ).