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30 eter, etir prep. with acc. Lenites in Mid. Ir. Forms:
eter Wb 10b21 . 12b12 . 13c26 . 14b10 . 15a29 . 21b15 .
26d5 . 27c15 ; 36 . 28d27 . LU 11a36 ; 41 . Rawl. 48bz .
25b37 . 71a19 . etir Wb 28d25 ; 31 . Ml 18d24 . 19d2 ;
20 . 25d1 . 34d20 . 35a19 . 37d10 . 38b1 . 38d13 . 39a7 .
35 39c12 . 47c18 . 53d12 . 56b33 . 58a11 . 69a18 . 76c5 .
92a13 . 97a7 . 102a7 . 103b15 ; 16 . 103d14 . 114b17
122d7 . 136c1 ; 3 ; 4 . 137c8 . 140a2 . Sg 72a2 . LU
3a11 . LL 220b42 . 230a11 . Rawl. 49b37 . etar Sg
212a11 . eadar, Mon. Tall. § 30 . itar Sg 203a16 . hitar
40 203b9 . 212a15 . idir BB 289a24 . YBL 401a26 .
With pron. suff.: 1 s. etrom Sg 217b11 . etrum Hy
vii 48 . adrumsa BCC § 179 . 2 s. etrut TBC 884 .
etrutsa LB 174a43 . adrut, Ériu iii 164.26 . adrud
164.25 . adrad IGT, Decl. ex. 2060 . eadrad, Matt.
45 xviii 15 . 3 s. etir Wb 28b3 . LU 44a28 . 1 pl. etronn
Wb 15a32 . Rawl. 65a21 . etrunn Wb 31a11 . étrunn
Ml 38c28 . eadrainn YBL 401b2 . eadroinn TD 15.1 .
atruinn IT iii 242.242 . With emph. suff.: etrunni Wb
12b12 . etruinde YBL 276c10 . eadruinne, Acts xv 9 .
50 2 pl. etruib Wb 24c22 . 27b18 ; 21 . LU 107b42 . LL
260a39 . etruibsi LB 223bx . eadruibh IGT, Decl. ex.
1041 . eadraibh TD 2.47 . Matt. xvi 8 . atraibh, CCath.
1669 . 3 pl. etarru Wb 7d10 . Sg 163b6 . 200b7 . 209b33 .
217b9 . Ml 72c9 . 78b11 . 112a8 . 119d10 . LU 6b9 . LL
55 402b27 . ettarru Wb 33b18 . etarro Sg 150b6 . 151b5 .
LU 27b24 . 30a17 . etorro LU 43b33 . eturra LB
223b52 . atarru 236b6 . eatorra TBC 2214 . TD 9.13 .
Matt. xv 7 . etarruib IT i 76.18 v.l. etoroib, Hib. Min.
17.291 .
60 I Between (two individuals or groups) (a) of spatial,
also of personal, moral and reciprocal relations. For con-
venience of reference the exx. in this subsection are classi-
fied as follows: (a) the objects of the prep. are denoted
respectively by the suff. or independent pron. and a subst.;
65(b) the objj. are denoted by suff. pron.; (c) each of the objj.
is a subst. (sg. or pl.) or each is a pron.; (d) the objj. are
denoted by a dual subst.; (e) a pl. or collect. subst.
(a) ni fil fiál etronn et Crist Wb 15a32 . Corm. Y 989 .
etir fessin et doíni (gl. mediator Dei et hominum) Wb 28b3 .
5 robbet etrom ocus phein, Hy v 96 . daratailc itir ┐ a brat
TBC² 1278 . sliab Ḟ. etrut ┐ Emain TBC 884 . ná léig
edrom as mfeithiomh LB 200.21 . ná leig beind...adrad ┐
Eire IGT, Decl. ex. 2060 . cindus edrud ┐ an Cristaidhi?
how goes it between thee and the Christian? ZCP vi 287.4 .
10 lig edruinde ┐ cāch leave us to settle with everybody 36.2 .
ná léig eadrainn is aoinneach do not leave me to contend
alone with any
TD 30.4 (see léicid). ro suid eidir e ┐ rig
Ulad MR 66.8 . tarla imresain iter se ┐ mac rechtaire
na T., BCC § 168 . do bi fairce itir se ┐ an t-inadh sin
15 § 271 . The pl. pron. is often used idiomatically, including
by anticipation the second obj. with the first: dorigne Ioib
leathsmacht mor etarru ┐ Mercuir between him and M. BB
4a20 . releic comdílsi etarru ┐ in snechta between him and
the snow
Moling 7.67 . tuc [an ingen] a láimh etorra ┐ a
20léinid, Acall. 3710 (`between herself and her smock' SG ii
198.5 ). ro suid eturru ┐ rig Ulad between him and the
king
FDG 583 ( = eidir e ocus r. MR 66.8 ). atorchair
eturra ┐ Coin C. he and C. fought Ériu i 124.18 . iii 166.37 .
contudchaidside etarru ┐ cranna `came between her and
25[her] spearshafts' iv 22.20 . tic M. do saigid a brathar
┐ doroinde sith celgi etarro ┐ a clann between him and her
children
RC xxiv 178.12 . cein robúi A. a nirt comoralta
epistle etorru ┐ D., Alex. 802 = Anecd. v 1.6 . In O. Ir.
the subst. immediately following the conjunction is regularly
30nom. Only when the article precedes is it acc. (etarru ┐
ingréin Ml 112a8 ). See KZ liii 83 ff .; In: is e comartha
robui etarru si ┐ Coin C., Ériu, ii 22.19 , the scribe may have
considered si ┐ C. as explanatory of the pron. (b) ber brith
étrunn (inter me et inimicos meos) Ml 38c28 . dorigénsat
35dechor etarru Wb 7d10 . Hib. Min. 8.276 . roboí com-
mant n-etarru du denum uilc Ml 78b11 . is cían etarru
119d10 . ni cian etruib TBC 1652 . cuing airgit etarru
(of two birds) CC 2 LU. is bec duit etorro they are much
the same (in relation) to you
7 LU. atá Slíab F. etruib
40(i.e. between thee and Emain, but this may belong to the
idiomatic use noted below) LU 4866 . nothogfaindse etruib
far ndís between you both IT i 72.18 . ar in ccompantas
fil edrainn TBC 2220 . nocho betis beóil bána | etraind is
airm ilága there would not be white lips and weapons
45between us
4105 . ní maith etraib re haitrib aeninaid `you
do not find it easy to live together
' Ériu viii 4.27 . gan
aoinneach ann eatorra TD 9.12 ; 35 . bágh na healadhna
eadruinn 23.5 . fearr...iná' lot eadroibh than that it should
be destroyed (in the contest) between you
2.43 . suil bheas
50aimhréidh eatarra lest there be disagreement between them
24.3 . Cf. runn dergōir itir suidiu between these latter
(two) IT i 137.15 ( CC 2 Eg.). With ellipse of second
obj.: cisalpina... .i. in Gallia cenalpande. cen Alpai
ṅ-etarru Sg 217b9 . (cis Rhenum) .i. cen Rian ṅ-etrom
55 217b10 . tocuiriur etrum indiu inna huli nert so Hy vii 48 .
ní gar dogebhthar an ingin...fuil muir ┐ tír adrud sea and
land are between thee (and her
) Ériu iii 164.25 . ata fairgi
mor adrut ib. 26 . With a slightly different construction:
consáiter etrunni mad tú between me and thee IT iii 244.1
60(see KZ xlviii 52 ). See also end of c below. (c) in
maceries roboí eter Dia et duine...et roboí eter corpu et
anmana Wb 21b15 . dechur fil eter lanamnas et ógi
10b21 . dechur itir doíni ┐ idlu Ml 138c1 . triasin
imresain fil etrum ┐ tu, MacCarthy 70.6 . rocroth M. a
65brat eter Coin C. ┐ Faind IT i 227.1 ( = LU 50b ). cathir
fil etir Ninues ┐ Thala LU 1b25 . co torchair eter Ailill ┐
Medb FB 61 . facbail obele itir bu ┐ laega, Laws i 232.5 .
tainic itir in ingin ┐ a hédach RC vi 175.6 . tiocfa an
lán eadruibh is é IGT, Decl. ex. 1041 . ná leig eadrainn
5agus inn protect me from myself Dán Dé xxii 17 . na
hoiléinsi thoir | atá idir Ḟódla is Alboin TD 24.6 .
imthigh agus spreag é eadrad féin agus é féin amháin tell
him his fault between thee and him alone
Matt. xviii 15 .
éidirdhealughadh eadruinne ┐ iad, Acts xv 9 . naoi
10n-iomaire eatorra agus é, Keat. ii 5202 . Of disputes, etc.
cumusc...etir cenel nEogain ┐ Ultu AU 892 . scanner etir
ḟiru M. ┐ Airghiallu 1050 . rofhás...cosnam eter na
Gregaib ┐ na Latintu PH 322 . RC xviii 167.23 . BB
12a4 . cath eter Tuathaib D. ┐ Fomoraib 11b38 =
15 MacCarthy 292 . a fil eter findruini ocus dergór as gold
exceeds findruine
FB 58 . a mbí idir ór is umha TD 7.21 .
idir mhéid meanma is mhíne | bhios aicill na hairdrighe
20.4 . The subst. may be represented by a vn. phrase:
idir bheith ard is ísioll | do-chuaidh (i.e. he took a mean
20course) TD 20.38 . With omission of second obj. before
the dependent gen. which distinguishes it from the first:
dechur etir deacht maic ┐ athar Ml 24d25 . dorronad síid
eter muntir nime et talman Wb 26d5 . do denamh sithe itir
feruib Erend ┐ Alban BCC § 318 . With idiomatic ellipse
25of second obj.: romboí fial amirisse eter a cride between
their hearts and him
Wb 15a29 (see also end of b above).
(d) atá coitchennas itar indi brethir so Sg 203a16 . in criss
tessaigthe... | eter na da mesraigthe SR 160 . súil cháirech
eter da rethi IT i 82.1 . crandcaingil eter cach da claiss
30 FA 13 LU. rond argit eter cach dá en CC 2 LU. ro
crochad Crist eter na dá latrand PH 1209 . an sruth...
idir in dá sluagh BCC § 174 . co ruc itir a dha laimh air
309 . ass eter dā thēcht `milk of medium thickness' Aisl.
MC 101.9 . (e) C. ro crochad eter na latrandu PH 2257 .
35 cid atá etir na clarlestraib LU 3a11 . urba itir fēraib,
Laws i 232.6 . filleadh bruit edir dheimhis IGT, Decl.
ex. 1374 . Cf. an t-eidirdhealughadh ata idir pheannaide
gach droinge, Rule of T. § 52 . (b) of intervals of time:
atá etarro immedon Sg 151b5 . dos ánic dunebad eter da
40domnach LU 15b26 . it cóic deich lathe airmither eter
cháisc...┐ sollamain in cengcaigis PH 5415 . robatar
indsin etir da thráth din ló LL 122b8 = RC iii 184 . eadar
dí nodlaic, Mon. Tall. § 30 . canith M. etir cach [da] salm
...`sancte M.' § 8 . etir theirt ┐ medhoin laei AU 916 .
45 ca med lā | idir m'ēg san tē thesdā between my death and
his who has gone
YBL 401a26 .
II Among (the members of a group) with pl. or collect.:
óentad etruib immanetar Wb 27b21 . amal file óentid eter
baullu coirp duini 12b12 . a ndorogbid etruib 27b18 .
50 cinirbo etruib robammarni 24c22 . etir tuaith among lay-
folk
28d25 . etir na trogai (gl. inter aerumnas) Ml 38d13 .
eter tonna [t(h)onnaib v.l.] trethain, Fél. Nov. 23 . atá
imfrecrae etir inna cethri fersu Ml 58a11 . hua[n] chom-
chétbaid són roboí etir inna cenéla du ulc frit 103d14 . ní
55berat fírbrithemnachta etir in n-aís dutiagat inna reir
103b16 . eter libru (.i. ...eter lebraib) LU 11a36 (ACC).
eter scolaib 11a41 . dot fastad eiter tuaid ;...nit bera-sam
eiter tuaid to detain thee among the laity. He shall not
carry thee off among the laity
Mon. Tall. § 66 . in tan
60doberthar in cauradmir etruib FB 59 . dá charpat rempe
┐ da charpat na diaid ┐ da charpat cechtar a da tǽb ┐
carpat eturru ar medon TBC 696 . luid...etorru ar medón
went into the midst of them 900 . tarrustar [Ísu] eturra
[sic leg.] ar medón PH 6673.6823 , etc. fáid eter fháidib...
65apstal eter apstalu 879 . atbertsat etarru buden LB 2a46
(= PH 118 ). ba hed atberdis-sen atarru fessin 236b6 .
co tucam aichne fair iter [itir?] cách that we may recognise
him among all others
175b28 = PH 1965 . dorat im-
cossaít eter na mná FB 21 . dodeochatar na noib so...
5i n-ógbrathirsi etir na cenela ZCP viii 315.19 . a mbith i
scrin eturru that they might have them in a shrine (a saint's
relics) BColm. 96.7 . do tocbatar a muindtir fen an duine
...etorra ass in luing BCC § 259 . bai imchosnum...eter a
coic macaib RC xxiv 176.7 . robad astrach...eter sídaib
10 would journey among fairy-mounds IT i 215.22 . eatorra
do hoileadh mé TD 3.47 . eidir ṡaorchlannaibh ṡíol N. |
do bhínn 28.21 . ré bliadhna...dúinn...idir ḟiadhaibh
Éirionn `in the wilds' 15.10 . rorand in doman a tri eter
a triur mac BB 11a19 (= MacCarthy 286 ). do randad
15Eriu eter na coigeadhachaib BB 13a5 = MacCarthy 304.1 .
itir gach ní da raibhe scribtha and, adubhairt se... BCC §
243 § 216 . With rel. part. before verb: ond áes tuaithe
eterarrobæ Wb 28b32 .
III Followed by two or more objj. connected by ocus
20(or is) both...(and), including...(and) (cf. trian dib fria
clais, trian fria croit, trian etir clais ┐ croit, Hib. Min.
9.280 ): with a s.: etir maith et saich both good and bad
Wb 8c20 . eter ógi et lanamnas 9d26 . cense fri cách
eter carit et escarit 30b27 . eter soír et doír, eter mug et
25coimdid 27c15 . cech rét...etir glan ┐ anglan Ml 69a18 .
ɔdib innon in fogor hitar hothad ┐ hilar Sg 203b9 .
a n-étguda eter chorcair ┐ gorm ┐ dub..., buide 7 brecc,
etc. TBC 66 . a tairbirt uili...eter mnaí is fer SR 5648 .
lucht na cathrach etir ṡen ┐ óc LL 230a7 (= TTr. 944 ).
30 PH 186 . no churfed in Troe fó gin gai...etir ḟer ┐ mnaí
mac ┐ ingin LL 229b38 (= TTr. 928 ). Studies 1920, 566 .
slán eter chorp ┐ anmain PH 419 . na cressa...eter úacht
ocus tess FA 26 . rofegsatar in tír | etir min ocus anmín
SR 4670 . roderscaigestar a tech so eter adbur ┐ elathain,
35etir cháimi ┐ chumtachtæ FB 1 . oc iarraid mna do
dinguala etir cruth ┐ deilb ┐ ecuscc IT i 119.1 . Ériu i
218.15 . ro sirsit hErinn ule itir thes ┐ túaid IT i 119.6 .
rodalaitseom etir anair ┐ aniar 99.7 . Content. xxviii 8 .
dolluid [in sindach] fon caillid ┐ sloig Laigen eter chois ┐
40ech ┐ choin inna degaid IT i 46.27 = LB 65b55 . as tú
an beó... | do-ní idir eó ┐ énlaith IGT, Decl. ex. 651 .
idir éasga is ghaoith is ghréin | ...ag diall ruibh TD 21.43 .
co ro lládh a n-ár etir ergabail ┐ marbadh RC xvii 355 .
ag breith breithe eter beth a tocht ┐ ag labhra BNnÉ
45 123.11 (in: a thindscra...itir ingen ┐ decelt, etc. YBL
32a25 = TBC² 1635 , ingen may be a scribal slip). Cf.
tinne da mer do miter itir a tiug ┐ a tana, da dorn itir ┐ a
tiug, a do itir ┐ a tana, da mer itir ┐ eipe a droma, ocht
nduirn a fot ┐ ceithri duirn a leithit, Laws ii 246.3 ,
50where: itir ┐ a tiug, itir ┐ a tana, lit. between it and its fat
(lean), may mean including its fat (lean). tinne tri mer itir
a tiug ┐ a tana 248.10 . Cf. however ZCP xiv 352 . With
a p.: etar fileda ┐ aís ndénma sairse chenæ Sg 212a11 .
trian in tsluaig... | eter angle is archangle SR 1838 . airnisi
55in gobann huili etir bulgu ┐ urdu ┐ indeoin ZCP viii
304.36 . dia mbetís eter biu ┐ marbu Ulaid i n-oenbali
the U. both living and dead LL 109b3 . marbad in
tslóig archena etir maccu ┐ ingena, senóre ┐ sentuinne 230a
11 = TTr. 947 With d p.: eidir themploibh ┐ mhainistrechoip
60...tri tempaill is dá fichit, Fl. Earls 98.12 . With a p. and
a s.: eter mo chuimregasa et líin dia pridchimm Wb 27c36 .
Cf. oc imarbaig eter a feraib ocus siat fesni FB 29 , where
the construction is loose (see ZCP iii 418 ).
IV In: etir in n-inilligud (gl. intra tutum) Ml 47c18 ,
65the prep. is used = Lat. intra `within'; but this is an
isolated case and prob. due to confusion betw. intra and
inter on part of glossator.