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15 ech n o, m. n s. in t-ech , Met. Dinds. iii 454 . v s. a eich ,
TTebe 3494 . g s. ind eich , Met. Dinds. iii 456 . eich FB 69
etc. eith IGT Decl. p. 115 n. 15 , 116 n. 19 . (g s. ech,
Aen. 446 etc. is probably only a spelling variant). d s. eoch
FB 31 . LL 47b10 . each YBL 8a4 . n p. ind eich ZCP
20 viii 106.23 . ind hich , Ériu vi 134.21 . na heich 135.49 .
TBC 1246 . eith, Lec. 376a15 , 22 = BR p. 74 , 76 . eochu
Lism. L. 562 . g p. ech Ml 16b12 . 43d1 . IT i 125.14
etc. a p. eochu TBC 1244 . FB 39 . (as n p. Lism. L. 562 ).
eocho TBC 1134 . TBC² 700. TTebe 1382 . eocha (v.l.
25 echu) Trip. 144.10 . ZCP viii 106.25 . TTebe 1083 etc.
echa, Triads 236 . d p. echaib TBC 1344 . Met. Dinds. iii
454 . eachaibh (: beathaidh) TD 25.25 . eochaiph BNnÉ
239 § 169 . a du. dá ech FB 45 . ZCP viii 106.20 . See
IGT, Decl. § 171 .
30 A horse (incl. mare or gelding) genly. of chariot or
saddle-horse, dist. from capall: iomad capall, beaccan
d'eachaibh FM iii 558.2 . The common use of the fem.
pron. with ech in certain contexts implies that mares
were preferred for riding or driving; the masc. decl.
35of the word is however always retained. ainm fuasnada...
ech the name of a perturbation of horses (ref. to fremitus
= `neighing') Ml 16b12 . cēt n-ech srianach IT i 125.14 .
eich uaibhreacha TSh. 5963 . ni madriadsam ar n-echa
we had better never have tamed our steeds Triads 236 .
40 nach ech riadar isin domnach is ech tened bís hi ngabul
a marcaig a n-iffirn, Ériu ii 194 . in t-ech boi fona carpat
RC xii 346.24 . na dá ech filet fón charput FB 45 . léic
na eocho ar férgeilt TBC 1134 . ar eoch ard on a high
steed
RC xx 10 § 7 = LL 47b10 . ic dul ar a ech mounting
45his horse
Cog. 144.15 . dochuaidh ar a each ar fud sráide
an longphuirt rode his horse Keat. iii 3128 . do ling...ar a
each 3227 . éirghidh ar bhar n-eachaibh 3228 . each fae
a horse under him Laws ii 154.18 Comm. LL 303a31 .
má tá...gur chuiris srian | rem each... | cia an neach dar
50dolta ar a druim | dá socra each gan udhuim, Timthire
1917 VII iii 43 . eich dá ngníomh `exercising of
steeds
' TD 11.20 . eich...ag dol i gcoimhling 11.12 .
muilenn im-tai ech, O'Mulc. 816 . Interchanging with
gerrán : fúacrais Ercoil comlond dó féin ┐ dá eoch
55forro...marbais gerran Ercoil ech Loegairi FB 69 . indara
hech ..ocus sē lugaid...in t-ech aile ocus sé casmongach
TBC² 1975 . With fem. pron.: tainic each Colmáin...go
M...┐ do chuir fona carpat féin í BNnÉ 239 § 69 . is
isi an t-ech oirdherc B iv 2, 95a = O'Gr. Cat. 488 . ba
60suaichnich am egcosc inn eich sin .i. gabair gormglasa...is
cuma conriadad si muir ┐ tir, TTebe 2282 . co tuiced int
ech a n-ebairt-sium ria ┐ ro an ris ┐ dochuaid-sium fuirri
3498 . D. do mharbhadh dia eoch fein ag cor crú fuirre
FM iv 900.8 .
65Attrib. gen.: tána eich LL 295b35 = SG 361.24 .
In O'Dav. 501 the correct reading is probably: in cullach
eich (as in F) the stallion , cf. the compd. ech-cullach
below.
Defined by follg. adj. or gen. subst.: ech aige `a race (?)-
5 horse' (i.e. for chariot-racing?) Laws v 406.6 . luaithe ech
aighe nem medon mīs míthime .i. comluath é ┐ int ech
innṡaighther isin aenach a mī medhonach int samraid,
Anecd. v 25. 7 . cf. ech fri aige, dam fri har, Laws i 122.10 .
e. ¤ bagáiste baggage-horse: dona hechaibh bagaisde, Rel.
10Celt. ii 198 (Bk. of Clan R.). e. ¤ anríata an unbroken
horse : LL 302a22 . e. ¤ bretnach a British (Welsh)
horse: ór derg tuarastul in trír | ra taeb ech mbretnach
mblathmín LL 49b6 . in t-ech bretnach (sufficient
ransom for a life), Laws v 438.8 Comm. (cf. 220.22 ).
15 Aisl. MC 45.16 . AU 1029 = FM ii 818 . —e. ¤ buada
a winning horse: is ech buada dar mag reid | fer ad-
cosnaid flaith Dé máir LL 284b42 . conacatar marcach for
each mbuadha RC x 62 z . Lism. L. 2090 .—e. ¤ crannda
wooden horse: i mbroind in ech cranda Aen. 446 .
20 e. ¤ díla a charger (?) see díl. e. ¤ gerr `gelding' BColmáin
88.9 ; 90.16 . e. ¤ imchair a saddle-horse, riding-horse:
m'each iomchuir ag triall ré tal | dob ionchuir srian dá
seoladh (sic leg.) Timthire 1917, VII iii 43 . Contrasted with
e. ¤ díla: an t-each díola nach díol damh | 's an t-each iomchair
25gan iomchar (sic leg.) Tribes of Irel. 48 . e. ¤ immrimme
`a riding steed' Laws iv 308.22 (opp. to capul fognuma) ii
160.19 . Cf. i n-imrim do eich .i. sliastai, i 168.11 . each
fae i n-aimsir imrime ii 154.18 . e. ¤ riata a broken-in or
trained horse
FB 31 . .l. each riata la C. fri har ┐
30trebad in talman, Fél. Oeng.¹ lxi (Mar. 5) tri heich duba
daigriata, Lec. 378da 22 = BR 160 . Cf. riagh éineich san
bfaithchi, one of the services which Lugh offers to perform
at Tara, Ridgeway Essays 326 § 32 , see note. e. ¤ sliasta
riding-horse Laws iv 322.8 . i 168.11 . e. ¤ uisci a water-
35horse (a goblin): ech usci robói isind loch, Triads 236 .
RC xii 346 , 348 . e. ¤ uiscide: eich uscide, Alex. 679 (usci
BB) crocodiles (?).
COMPDS. ech-adba? in carbad fuil i n-eachadhba-
dhaib na n-ech sin ZCP viii 549.29 (= TBC 1815 v.l.).
40 ¤ adbul mighty in horses: i nhErind hechadbail ZCP
viii 270.12 .
¤ ba: see echba.
¤ bachlach horse-boy, groom (?): n p.; nícon bia acht
eachbachlaich uait (a malediction), Ériu viii 157.33 .
45 ¤ bán white of steeds, having white steeds: cétrí Herenn
echbáne LL 127a39 (= MacCarthy 150 ).
¤ bél horse-mouth, horse-lipped , as npr. or epithet:
Echbēl mac Dedad, ScM 7 . Echde Echbél ZCP ix 191.1
(= Ériu ii 32 ). co Eochu Echbél RC xxvi 8 = LL 186a13 .
50 cland Echach Echbeóil LL 138a37 (see Thurn., Ir. Held.
443 ). Dinds. 53 . Erge Echbél ZCP viii 326.5 .
¤ cenn: horse-headed: Eochaid Eachcend BB 44b31 .
¤ cullach stallion: im echccullach for eochu .i. i
naimsir echmarta, Laws i 144.4 .
55 ¤ cummascda centaur, horse-mongrel: popul tora-
thardha na Centauri ┐. na nEchcumusccda .i. each ┐ duine
a cummascc aenpersainne inntip, CCath. 3839 (possibly na
n-ech c., and not a compd.).
¤ dian of swift steeds: g s m. m. Ailill echdéin RC
60 xx 140 .
? ¤ díle ? bíastai granni dracondai cucund dofutitis |
tréna a n-amainsi echdíli cíadcutís LU 114b17 (Siaburch.
om. Anecd. iii 54 - 5 ).
¤ dillat horsecloth: marcach for each...eachdillat maith
65cumtachta foa suidhiu RC x 62 z . eochdillat, Aen. 2112 .
¤ flesc rod, horsewhip (cf. 1 echlasc): dobert béim dind
echfleisc dó SC 8 . ech a cengal die echfleisc RC xiii 7.14 .
pn ¤ lúath mounted on, or possessing swift steeds: as
epithet: Conall Echlúath, Cóir Anm. 163 . Rawl. 145d38 .
5 ¤ mairc: see thres.
¤ mairt covering a mare: doluid [in cullach]...co mbói
eter scuru Enna Aignig do saigid echmarta, Dinds. 107 . i
n-aimsir echmarta, Laws i 144.5 Comm.
¤ míne tameness of steeds: rob iarla co n-echmine
10 possessing tame steeds (?) BB 59a6 .
¤ mór great in steeds, rich in steeds: flathius Mael
Sechnaill echmóir, Arch. Hib. ii 85 § 46 = LL 185a49 .
¤ réid: see eichréid.
¤ rúathar: aimsir echruathair (one of the seasons in
15which roads are cleansed), Corm. Y 1082 ; as npr. m.:
Echrúathar BDD 117 .
¤ semmara plant name, horse-clover: maculta treis-
folium (maculatum trifolium?) .i. in eachṡemar RC ix 237 .
echṡemmar LB 101 m. inf. corona regia .i. an eachṡeamar
20 23 K 42, 415 = Academy 1896, 406b .
¤ srian bridle: coīcait n-echsrian ZCP viii 310.22 .
Laws iv 326.11 , 328.9 .
¤ tháid horse-thief: ní ria a enech...ar echu echthadat
he shall not sell his honour for the steeds of a horse-thief
25 ZCP xi 86 § 43 . co luga echthádat, Tec. Cor. § 27.15 .
im loingsechaibh ┐ im echtadait ┐ im macu tiri, Laws i
160.2 Comm. echtaitiu (a p.) iii 22.18 Comm. ecthaighe,
ii 270.5 Comm.
¤ thress a horse-contest, horse-race: tucait...dá ech...
30i n-ech-thress curad, Met. Dinds. iv 126 . bla each echtres
....i. slan dona hechaib in tres echda doniat eturru budein
`horse-fight' Laws iii 294.15 . co ndernad óenuch ┐
echtressa leo ann IT i 128.15 (corresp. to: ic gním
óenaig ech-thressa, Met. Dinds. iii 350 ). oegidacht Úa
35nDrona de | ocus ech-thress Ossairge (proverbial expres-
sions?), Met. Dinds. iii 22 . Dinds. 18 . echtres Ratha
Line BB 268a24 (=echrais BR 22 ). Cf. echtres .i.
echmairc, O'Dav. 805 .

2 ech adj pure (?): ech .i. glan. ut est i n-echbrethaib Áine
40ingine Iugaini .i....a mbrethaib glana Aine, O'Dav. 813 .
¤ echaid horseman , see oínechaid.

echaire n io, m. horse-keeper, groom: gl. mulio Pcr
16a1 . Sg 33b3 . echere, Trip. 200.5 . cid cossin n-echaire
théisi LL 251a40 = TBFr. § 22 .

45 echall? n as a test of arable land: leicter e. ¤ ina rind na
toiglean dris na droigean...a moing nach a lai `if a bridle-
horse be let into its top grass no briar, etc., will stick in its
mane or its tail
' Laws iv 276.9 Comm. Meyer, Wortk. 186 ,
suggests a compd. of ech and iall (flock), which is unlikely;
50 cf. Welsh ebawl a colt, a young horse under two years.

echba n mortality of horses: ...ut dicitur coinba, echba,
duineba amol iss ainm do bas ba ZCP iii 245.31 .

1 echda adj io-iā belonging to a horse, equine: dam...co
n-ucht echda IT iii 247 = LL 247a29 . monga echda BDD
55 130 . co moing eachdha, Snedgus u. Mac R. § 35 = YBL
12b33 . beist n-ingnad...cend echdha dubh fuirre BB
495a30 ( Alex. 744 ). comrith n-echda an equestrian race
TTebe 2305 . in tres echda (= ech-thress) Laws iii 294.
16 . euchu eithdiu (= echdu) `horsely horses' ZCP ii 315 .

60 2 echda: xsee 1 echta.

Echde npr., m.: Aird Echdi, erca Echdi ZCP ix 191 .
Ériu ii 32 . A. Echdai, Corm. Y 585 . Acc. to Meyer,
Wortk. 41 , Aird E. ¤ corresponds to Ptolemy's Ἐπίδιον
Ἄκρον. Thurneysen, Ir. Held. 433 , considers that the
65 npr. was extracted from the place-name.