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écmacht adj I powerless: écmacht arindí nád cumaing
maith do denom (gl. nequam) Sg 50a14 . Cf. is ed nuall
60n-ecmacht annsin la Feine, bruidhem im a cuirm, ilach iar
mbuadugad do memraib flatha, Laws v 358.4 (nuall n-e. ¤
shouting without power i.e. empty or idle noise?). Cf. the
people-name pn Fir Ool n-écmacht men of weak liquor(?): do
feraib Ool n-ecmacht do suidib, Rawl. 118b7 . co firu Ol
65n-ecmacht 142b20 . 149b23 . See Ir. Held. 76 .
II In an obj. sense impossible, that which is not feasible:
is écmacht doib denum neich condegar cuccu it is impossible
for them to do what is asked of them
(gl. impossibile factu)
Ml 48a7 . rod bia...acht ni bes ecmacht dun, O'C.
5Transcr. 776 = Laws i 72.7 . is ead ecmacht caich, ni na
tuca the e. ¤ of each person is that which he cannot bring
Laws v 466 x . ni hicar ni i n-ecmacht (i.e. nothing is paid
when there is no power to pay) ib. cach n-ecmacht co slan
cuibse 156.17 (with gl.: cach ni is eccomachta don fir
10amuic[h], co slaintiugad a cubais don fir tall, na caemnacar
a denam indus bu dligthige 158.25 ). ecmachta ratha
things impossible as stock 222.1 . ecmachta tellaig 466 w .
is di ecmachtaib gell la Feine mucca, ar ni tuillet side acht
muicc i muin araile 404.17 . Hence, in a concrete
15sense, n a place difficult of access ( Ériu ix 40 ): rud mar
no ecmacht a great wood or an inaccessible place Laws iv
194.21 . as na frithib fogabait i n-ecmacht; ar [a]
annsacht doib in baile asa tucsat is aire is bec berar
uaithibh (`from the estrays which they find in an inaccessible
20situation; it is because of the difficulty of the place from
which they took them that so little is levied on them
' Ériu
ix 40 - 41 ) Laws iv 198.9 Comm.
Cf. the follg. from the tract on the Law of Asylum in
Eg. 88, 55ff. ( O'Gr. Cat. 101 ): is oghslán don ecmacht
25ainfis anfaitcis acht luighi nama, O'C. Transcr. 2642 .
Of the slaying of a refugee: is cutruma an luighi ata uadha
iarsna tri gneithibh so .i. ecmacht anfis anfaitchis. ecmacht
.i. nech segar dia ghuin no dia marbadh can cinta. Is é in
t-egmacht ar tús an fear robui ar an comairce ┐ rob
30uiriasacht docuaidh rompo d'fechsain na cuitichta
adconnairc seocha, ┐ as iat robui ann a biubudh, ┐ do
cuaidhsim dia marbadh, is [s]lan doibsim a marbadhsom
the e. ¤ is the man who was being safeguarded by consent,
and went on before them (his escort) to look at the company
35he saw passing by, and it was his enemies who were there,
and he went to slay them; (in that case) they are not held
guilty of slaying him
, ib. 2645-6 . Cf. Laws iv 228 .

écmailt adj i (neg. of comailt) I Unquiet, restless: arna
roib na éicmailt i n-ellug inna æcaillse lest there be aught
40unquiet
Wb 22c20 . écmailt (gl. inquies) Sg 102b2 .
ecmailt 66a14 . ecmalt .i. ni comailt, O'Mulc. 364 .
II Unaccustomed, unusual: airndib ecmailt á n-étach ┐
a mbiad ┐ a ndeug inna n-í prithchite hiris unusual Tur.
71 . traig ṅ-écmailt an unwonted foot (i.e. an amphimacer)
45 Sg 130b2 . Of persons, unaccustomed (to), unused (to):
at annsa dia n-eccmaltaibh baramhail forra ┐ it use dia
ngnaithchib hard for those who are not accustomed to them
...easy for those who are
TBC 5659 (St). III Insolent:
écmailt (gl. (hostis) insolens) Ml 93a14 . Compar.: écmailtiu
50(gl. insolentior) 136c9 .

écmailte n iā, f. (écmailt) insolence: issí écmailte in
choscair insin (gl. qui victoria insolenter usi) Ml 33c13 .
ind ecmailte (gl. insolentia) 31b21 . gen. inna écmailte
(gl. insultationis) 18d12 . cainduthracht...cen gái cen
55ethech cen éccmailti, Ériu vii 154.4 ( = ZCP iii 26.9 ).
anserci co n-ecmailti `lovelessness with insolence' 172.9 .

écmailtigidir v g (écmailt) is insolent: écmailtigidir
(gl. adulatorum laudibus insolescit) Ml 28a9 . pr. subj. pl. 3
arna ecmailtigetar (gl. ne insolescant) Ml 27c6 (ecmaitti-
60getar MS.). Cf. 82a6 .

1 ecmaing: xsee ecmong.

2 ecmaing: xsee acmaing.

écmais n i (later also with prothetic f-) I Absence:
éagmais Chríost = absentia Christi TSh. 6387 . easbaidh
65nó éagmais na fíréandachta 3319 . cáid cech n-écmais
omne ignotum pro mirabili SC 43 . Cf. laogh is oirdhearc
éagmais whose absence is noted (?) or whose repute (i.e.
knowledge by hearsay) is wonderful
(?) Hackett xlix 1 .
g s. as attrib. absent: fáitti tecta uaitsiu cot chairdib
5écmaissi CRR §§ 7.8 . 11.12 . grád écmaise love of one
absent or known only by report: uair nochan facaidh si ē
┐ grādh ēcmaisi tuc si dō ZCP xiii 169.12 . CF 107. Cóir
Anm. 38 . Ériu iii 152w . BCC § 113 . cētshercus ēcmaise
Aisl. MC 3.21 . Cf. TSh. 8612 , and grádh éagmais,
10 Keat. ii 5942 .
i n-é. ¤ (1) absolutely: a fiadnaise...i n-ecmais in the
presence (of the owner, etc.
)...in his absence Laws iii 212.6 ;
278.14 Comm. a n-aididh a fer ocus a n-ecmais ii 378.
18 ; 27 Comm. (2) with gen. or poss. (a) in the absence
15of: a n-écmais na mná = uxore absente Lat. L. 79.1 .
ina hecmais in her absence IT i 40.21 . TBC 817.835 .
TBC² 2492 . i n-ecmais a tigerna in his master's absence
Laws iii 230.19 ii 290.23 Comm. (= ZCP xiv 376 ).
CCath. 2214 . bheith i bhféagmhais a chéile separated
20 Dánta Gr.² 95.4 .
(b) separated from, out of the company of: nā bít it
écmais t'ḟian let not thy band be away from thee LL 297b11
= SG 365.11 . nach raibhe énuair do ló 'na hécmais,
Anecd. i 79.11 . Ériu i 96.31 . ag anmain 'na éagmhais,
25 Dán Dé vi 29 . Of place: nach mou na di trath atú ina
hécmais away from it (the city) PH 1060 . Anecd. i 79.7 .
ní bheitheá acht aonbhliadhain a bhféagmhais Eireann
ML 36.11 . a n-oilethre a bfhecmais mo tíri BCC § 67 .
§ 128 . TSh. 6041 . Similarly: bātar fri rē secht lā a
30n-ēcmais a corp (of temporarily disembodied spirits), Arch.
iii 225.1 . is fada ata Fer D. a n-egmais in comlaind
ZCP x 304.11 .
(c) of things, without, deprived of, lacking (with gen.
of obj.): ní dlíg læch a enecland dia mbé i n-ecmais a
35arm TBC² 1671 . TBC 4094 . a cuirp i n-écmais a cend
without heads 702 . 689 . a n-ecmais ceille codnaid `without
the sense of a grown man
' (of a minor) Laws v 510.22
Comm. a n-egmais mu cuind ┐ mo ceille do geallus[s]a
he I was wanting my sense when I promised it ZCP x
40303.23 . Aen. 902 . i n-ecmais ecnai without wisdom PH
6861 . is maith mor in almsa i n-écmais na háine eleemosyna
sine ieiunio bonum est 4971 . is marb in corp indecmais
in anma 8384 . badar imda maic rig...a n-egmais a
n-anma (i.e. dead, slain) RC xxiv 50 § 10 . ata (an firmamint)
45a n-egmuis gach uili cāil da cāilib na cethardūla without
any of the properties
ITS xiv 60.15 . ba dóig la C.i
n-ecmais a ḟessa ┐ a eolusa, ba hí Medb bói and C. thought,
in the absence of knowledge [information
], that it was M.
TBC 1561 . 2845 . 4444 (a formula, not in St). a bfegmuis
50t'eoluis thanagsa without thy guidance RC xxix 116.4 .
Prov. phr.: boegal i n-ecmais omain PH 3010 .
(d) lacking to (with gen. of pers. or thing deprived;
in a few of the exx. cited it would be possible to take 'na é.
as a stereotyped phr., absent , but this explanation is not
55well supported): is amlaid atracht F ... | ┐ a ech féin na
láim | slán uile etir chend iss choiss | bái cach anim 'na
écmais LL 207a47 = RC vii 302 and Duan. Ḟ. i p. 30 .
biaid do mind rig at egmais araen red chend, TTebe 854 .
imleagan oireachais Eireann um ḟeagmais ML 106.1 . an
60chundae uile do bheith 'na bhféagmhais, Maguires of F. § 90 .
gach ferann da mbaoi ina n-eccmais re fedh a n-aimhreitigh
all the lands which had been alienated FM iv 868.23 .
Laws iv 290.12 Comm. Maund. 130 . leth a cinn ina
fegmuis ZCP vi 53.12 . a lethbrócc ime ┐ a lethbrog
65eli na fecmais BCC § 282 .
(e) apart from, i.e. other than; except; not including,
besides, as well as: damad ac neoch dib i n-ecmais
a chéile robeith `if it belonged to one of them inde-
pendently of the other
' Laws iii 126.14 Comm. budh bean
5ḟir at égmhuissea of another man than thou IGT, Decl. ex.
1056 . as imdha...adba aili ocon Coimdhi a n-ecmais
na hindsi-seo, Lism. L. 3703. BNnÉ 234 § 153 . ba
haoibhne leis oirisiumh...ann inás ingach ionadh a nErinn
ina égmuis ITS xii 36.17 . except: na plaineid uili a
10n-egmuis an rē except the moon ITS xiv 86.28 ; 126.2 .
nach tainic...a fecmais daendachta Crist, duine bud ferr
inā é BCC § 216 . § 241 . i n-é. ¤ co except that; for
all that: atait siad fein neamhcumusca a n-egmais co
n-abartar a mbeth cumasca even though ITS xiv 14.14 .
15 secht cenela fichet i n-ecmais a fochenel besides their sub-
tribes
Rawl. 77b3 . Duan. Ḟ. i p. 16.23 . Ériu i 80.21 .
FM iii 424.4 . ma ta tech aile aice a n-ecmais in dūin sin
Laws v 170.7 Comm. ITS xiv 98.8 . Keat. iii 1039 .
deismirecht ar na huile dainib 'na egmuis `for all people
20besides himself
' Laws v 214.22 Comm. nach iad Dál
Riada amháin...acht dronga oile 'na n-éagmais Keat.
ii 5912 .
In ref. to a period of time: ar an satharn a n-eugmais
an chorgais a Saturday outside Lent Rule of T. § 72 =
25 echdar corgus, Mon. Tall. § 22 .
(f) outside, adjoining: o ná fuairsiot i fféccmais an
bhaile iatt FM vi 1966.9 . deich mile persa...ag a ttabairt
suass a ngioll ar in tig sin a ffegmuis na heguilsi ┐ innte
ier n-i[n]mhedhon in that house apart from the church and
30in the interior of the church
Fl. Earls 180.8 .
II Affectionate remembrance, longing, affection, love (?);
this meaning may have arisen from the associations of
écmais = absence, e.g. grád écmaise: dom shíorrún Raemonn
...tabhair cuimhniughadh géar éaghmaise is annsachta,
35 Hackett xxxv 3 (cf. TSh. 8612 ). a pháirt damh ní
áirmhim ná a aoibhe, | a éagmais ghnáith 's a ghrádh 's a
dhíoghrais, ib. xxxix 19 .