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1 ecna(e) n io, n. later f., rarely m. nom. ecne
15 Wb 7c15 . 8b3 . æcne 8a10 . écnæ Ml 51b7 . ecnae
O'Mulc. 361 . ecnæ Ml 128d9 . écna SR 7005 (unrimed).
(in, ind) ecna PH 6862.7106 . egna, O'Gr. Cat. 556.18 .
(an) eagna Prov. viii 1 . voc. a ḟírecnai, Hib. Min. 43.4 .
gen. ecni Sg 2a2 . écnai (imláin) SR 7038 . ecnai (eruill)
20 7058 . (in(d)) ecnai , Fél. Feb. 9 . PH 6861 . Lat. L. 110.6 .
ecna PH 3961 , etc. (na h)eagna , TSh. 1847 , etc. acc.
ecne Wb 8a14 . æccne 2a17 . ecnae Ml 89c5 . ecnai
PH 7103 . egna, Ériu iii 144 § 13 , etc. dat. æcnu Wb 8a10 .
écnu SR 7001 . 7025 (: frecru).
25 I Wisdom, knowledge, enlightenment , used to render Lat.
sapientia, and frequently of Divine wisdom or of spiritual
knowledge, but also applied to human learning in its widest
sense; of acquired knowledge ; rarely intelligence, skill
(see ex. fr. ZCP xi 151 below): philosophos .i. grádhuigh-
30theoir na heagna, Keat. ii 159 . is huad cach n-ecne (gl.
solo sapienti Deo) Wb 7c15 . aní nad comnactar doíni
tria n-ecne ( 1 Cor. i 25 ) 8a14 . nad fes cid as maith no
as olc...manidtarti écnae Dæ Ml 51b7 . ind ecna diadai
PH 7106 . hi cach ceniul fis ┐ ecni (gl. in omni studio)
35 Sg 2a2 . éula i fiuss et æcnu (gl. oportet episcopum...esse...
doctorem) Wb 28b23 . multitudo scientiae .i. immad fessa
┐ ecna PH 6237 . nad imradi ecna na crabad na suith,
Ériu vii 138.6 . buith cen æccne (gl. non est intelligens)
Wb 2a17 . tucad roga | do Solum... | da ruc egna
40d'ardrogain Solomon took wisdom as his choice Ériu iii
144 § 13 . PH 3961 . SR 7005 . o rath ecna ┐ fhatsine
PH 3659 . 4490 . tús na heagna omhan Dé (= initium
sapientiae timor Domini) A. Ó Dálaigh xlii 1 . luid do
ḟogluim ecnai cusin uasal-epscop (= sapientiam addiscens),
45 Lat. L. 110.6 . Arch. iii 12.5 . sinnsear la fine, feabta
la flaith, ecna la heclais, Laws iv 372.1 . secht ngraidh
ecna dno docuisin .i. rosai ocus saidh, anruth ocus sruth
do aill, ocus fursaintid, etc. 354.22 . imusfreccrat
gradha ecna ocus eclasa fri gradha file ocus Féne; acht is
50ecna mathair cacha dana dib conid as a bais uile hebhait
356.25 . egna gan fhos | fregra abaid gan eolos `wisdom
without stability
' (of superficial attainments), O'Gr. Cat. 556.
18 . damad derb leis dul go grod | ...ni dingnad egna na
modh | ar egla a dul don shaeghul ZCP vii 301 . go raibhe
55'na ollamh i n-eagna agus i n-eolus, Keat. ii 2059 . ná
meas m'eagna ar m'óige...is sine ná m'aois m'fhoghluim,
Dánfhocail § 114 . éolus...eagna knowledge...knowledge
Prov. xviii 15 . gach uile eagna all wisdom xviii 1 . Cf.
iar seanchaidib na gaedilgi annso anuas.iar senchus in ecna
60imurro so sís, Laws i 34.24 Comm.
Of an erudite work (?): d'ēis a dhēnta sa dhīola | le
Dia ag deanamh eissīogha | bhur n-egna dobeir gan bhuil
| (a) fir na hegna d'iarroidh `poetry' (acquired knowledge?)
ZCP x 267 § 5 = Measgra D. 179 . pn
65In epithets: sruaim ṅ-ecnai (of St. Sechnall), Fél. Nov.
27 . sruaim ecna uaigh (St. Cainnech), Arch. iii 220.15 .
muir n-eccna (St. Colum C.) ZCP viii 197 § 13 .
In the follg. ex. the meaning is apparently understand-
ing, intelligence>skill: anmanda mōr | co n-ecnu ōg clessa
5combraiss ZCP xi 151 § 39 = Anecd. i 55.8 , see note on
eagnamh and eangnamh in Gadelica i 297 n.1 (cf. ITS
xxiv 149 ). Cf. co n-écnu óg, in ref. to Solomon, SR 7001 . pn
Personified: Ecna mac na trí ṅDea ṅDana, Imm. in da
Th. 139 ( RC xxvi 30 ). Ergna mac Ecnai 138 . see also
10cit. above fr. Laws iv 356 .
II Of persons,adj wise, enlightened ; as subst. a wise man,
philosopher, sage: n s. æcne (gl. sapiens) Wb 9c14 . 8d10 .
mainba æcne lib if I be not wise in your opinion 17c10 .
is and is ecne et is fissid cách, iar n-etarcnu Crist (gl. in quo
15sunt omnes thesauri sapientiae et scientiae) 26d25 . cith sui
cid espoc cith ecna, Ériu vii 138.6 . is angel is ecna
nóeb | cech óen dogní toil ind ríg | IT i 319.13 = LL
284b33 . g s. isnaib inscib...ind aecni words of the sage
Cam. 38a ( Thes. ii 246.25 ). n p. nitat æcni huili all are
20not wise
Wb 8a17 . act rísam nem bimmi æcni et bimmi
foirbthi uili 12c9 . d p. arnaib huilib geintib écnib (gl.
Graecis opp. to barbaris) 1b6 . nech di æcnib in domuin
8b4 . Of things: is ecnae ind ord preceuptae se Ml 68c9 .
Compar.: cenn caich...besa ecna who is wiser than he
25 Laws iv 374.4 (see ZCP xiv 369 ).

2 ecna(e) adj manifest, clear, visible: ní ecne dúnn (gl.
per fidem ambulamus et non per speciem; `it is not know-
ledge to us
', Thes., but the meaning seems to be it is not
known
or manifest, visible, to us) Wb 15c18 . d s. ecnu
30(gl. scitā [figurā]) Ml 129d1 . nir faei i tig as mbi eggna
suillsi tenead immach...┐ i mbi ecnai dammuig visible
YBL 92a50 = BDD 16 . LU 99a33 . is ecna in mír sin
doberat inna mbéolo co teit sech a n-imlind sís BDD 94 .
búi dia domne co narbo hecno don anuim a ḟorcend, Aisl.
35Tund. 97.22 . conadcorastar i ṅgen ṅgaire acht naptar
ecnái a scaim RC xiii 438.12 = LL 288b18 . ecna do thír
ocus muir, Met. Dinds. iv 306.38 . Cf. andath .i. dub,
ut est fri hoile ecnam andath doberar, O'Dav. 52 , which
may be an ex. of the superl. ecna .i. follus, O'Dav. 785 ,
40seems from what follows to be a mistake for ecnach.

écna n eating, consuming? écna .i. caitheamh; báoi an
giolla ag écna a choda .i. ag caitheamh, etc., O'Cl.

1 ecnach adj(1 ecnae) wise, learned: egnach ó Fherna
(of Maedóc) BNnÉ 252 § 207 v.l.

45 2 ecnach adj o-ā (2 ecnae? quantity of initial uncertain)
clear, visible: is ecnach .i. is follus, H. 3.18. p. 532 . H 4.
22, 616 . ecna .i. follus ut est ┐ ni naisgther side fuirre
co[r] ecnach a mialtar .i. gurub follus `this is not fastened
upon her until her misfosterage is manifest
' O'Dav. 785 . hi
50tig as fa forréil soillsi...┐ imbi ecnach do maig RC xxii 392.
2 ( BDD 16 Eg.). ecnach nem ┐ grian fo gabal sky and sun
were visible between his legs
Ériu iv 138.26 . comtar
ecnáig a thruim ┐ a glainene his liver and...were visible RC
xiv 404.3 ( LL 108a ). TBC² 1943 . ba hécnach doip otā
55sin clogais ┐ ballaidhi na Romha they could see the belfries
and walls
Fl. Earls 168.1 . is follus ┐ is ecnach dona
huile dhaoinibh pictuir ┐ fidhair ghnuissi an Tigerna 214
y . mairidh aniu...go hécnach dona huilibh 200.14 .

écnach: xsee écndach.

60 ? écnacht: n luin ic ecnacht, Ériu vii 411 (v.l. luind
cendach, 197z ), apparently corrupt.

écnad? n co faca fis...co tart Adomnan chuige dia
hécnadh do `to explain ' Fen. 216.2 . Cf. 2 ecna(e), and
2 ecnaigid.

65 ecnaid adj i wise, learned , as subst. a sage, scholar: is
ferr in t-og eccnaidh nā in sen borb anecna = melior est
puer sapiens quam senex stultus Laws iv 378.2 . eter
ecnaidib ┐ anecnaidib, Thurn., Zu Ir. Hss. u. Litt. i 18 .
sean cach ecnaid, Arch. iii 228.82 . banscál ecnaid
5(: frecraib) SR 6961 (= mulier sapiens). ecnaid no drui
3231 . ro tinoiled a dhrúide ┐ a ecnaide PH 378 .
ecnaid cráibthech dot airli, Ériu i 197.10 . fo reir...
anmcharat ecnaid, Cáin Ad. § 34 . saethar ecnada 'na gin,
saethar buirb 'na laim the scholar labors with his mouth,
10the churl with his hand
Arch iii 314.27 . somilis fiad
borbaib, sérb fiad ecnaidib PH 4662 . amal atberait ind
ecnaid 7742 . fria suidib fria ecnadeib SR 3236 . (v p.) a
sruthi uaisle ecnaide PH 19 . don aos eagnoidh ealadhna,
Studies 1919, 440 . Luc. Fid. 390.13 . lasna hecnadaibh
15eolchu, Auraic. 2335 = lasna hegnadu eolcha 47 . in rig-
ecnaid (Solomon) PH 4060 . do Adamnán...do ard-ecnaid
iarthair domain LU 27a31 = FA 3 . Domhnall Ua M.,
aird-eccnaidh Laighean FM ii 1026.4 .
Cf. ind écnaide: etlaide (éttlaide) SR 8181.8389 .
20 Compar.: cona boi remut rig bus ecnaide ┐ bus eolchu
indai PH 3969 . eaccnaide Lism. L. 1088 . conid tre-
bairiu ┐ conid ecnaidiu more prudent and wiser RC xxv 244 .
3. cenn caich...besid n-uaisliu, besid trebaire, besid n-ecnuigiu
each one's chief is...one who is nobler, more prudent, wiser
25than he
Laws ii 278.23 ( ZCP xiv 369 ). As superl.: is é
Solam ba hecnaide do doinib domain PH 3953 . do bhí
C. ar na ríoghaibh is eagnaidhe do ghabh Éirinn, Keat. ii
4735 . See 2 ecnaide.