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fethal n o,m. acc. to Vendryes, RC xxix 204 `that which
indicates' (√ uet- ` declare '), hence (a) a characteristic
badge or emblem (of office or class), insignia (used both of
dress and ornaments): e fethol .i. a n-étach sacaird (gl.
85 ephoth) Tur 87 . f. ¤ līnda imbi (of a herald) TBC² 1112 .
f. ¤ maith an airdrigh tar cend a tuaithi (gl. on: sēt cacha
mārflatha, as a pledge), Laws v 244.22 Comm. f. ¤ connduala
(distinctive appurtenance of a chief's wife) 384.24 ; expld.
by: fethal comdala ... nó ... eccusc comduala .i. in merge
no in brat sída no in rinde, O'Dav. 992 , but see next ex.
5(b) a device or ornament on a shield: sceith co fethul chon-
duala LL 248b3 ( TBFr. 39 ). sce[i]th co fethluib conndualae
┐ con n-imlib findruini IT iii 239.139 . (c) a halidom , an
object regarded as sacred, and sometimes used for swearing
on; in Christian lit. esp. of the appurtenances of Divine
10 service . f. ¤ .i. cumdach comartha nó minn, ut est imdénatsom
la fethla `f. ¤ i.e. a shrine or mark, or relic, ut est, they prove
with relics
' O'Dav. 899 . fetal cach cumtach, Trans. Phil.
Soc. 1859, 209 . cūic prīmfethail cecha ec(ol)sa ... bachall ┐
menistir ┐ cros ┐ cloc ┐ catur (.i. soiscela), Trip. xxi .
15 soire ecalsi Dé ... cona fethlaib, Cáin Ad. 34 . sechip
f. ¤ foa tosar a ndubethech any emblem on which a down-
right perjury is sworn
Ériu vii 156 § 15 . f. ¤ na feart
(of a bell), Fen. 236.18 . le cois na ffethal ffertach
with the wonder-working insignia (of St. Maedóc's hali-
20doms) BNnÉ 246.10 . is deside rocumtaigit scrína ┐
[ḟ]ethla náem hErenn LL 274a7 . scrín Mancháin do
cumhdach ... feibh as deach ro cumhdaighedh feathal
a nErinn FM ii 1156.13 . crand do chor a fethlaib `casting
lots out of reliquaries
' IT iii 192.5 (= chalices ? Cf. dobertar
25na crunna i cailech for altōir, Cáin Ad. 46 ). Of pagan
halidoms used in attestation : etag ┐ iath anmann fethal
la gentiu, ut dicitur: dar an iath-sae ..., O'Mulc. 469 .
Fig. of a person: ba he ... an f. ¤ coisrecctha an righ nemdha
dognídh sídh ... eter Dia ┐ duine (of St. Barre) BNnÉ 20.22
30(cf. Lism.L. 2463 where same expression is used of Senán
and the word f. is glossed `mincúis'). f. ¤ co faebraighi (of
Christ) ZCP viii 203.26 . cartait glonn fri f. ¤ find FM ii
590.10 (poem), where f. ¤ seems to refer to the bishop Mael
Maedoc. (d) a valuable drinking-horn or cup (B. na f. ?
35 Cf. IT iii 192.5 above) : f. ¤ .i. corn cumdaigh argoid, Corm. Y
653 . O'Cl. (feathal). is he f. ¤ luigid (= luigi ?) sil Eogain
.i. bernan Emin, Ir. Texts iii 2.11 (probably a bell, see
bernán). na tri feathla is deach do boi a nEalga ZCP viii
103.1 (B. na f.) = na tri cuirn, Ériu ii 186.19 . Cf. f. ¤ .i. comdus
40(= comadas ?) ind dail, O'Mulc. 596 = Phil. Soc. 1859, 209 .
(e) distinctive shape or appearance, aspect, likeness: feuthal
.i. eugasg, Corm. Y 669 . feathal .i. éccosc no cuma, O'Cl.
gó go ffeathol ffior ┐ fior go bḟethal ngua, Ériu xiii 14.20 .
f. ¤ ferda TBC 5741 . fethol chuid Ailline RC xiii 222.43 (B.
45na f.) = delb cinn A., MS. Mat. 473 . biaid i fethol cech míl
he will assume the form of every animal Im. Br. § 53 . cidh
deghnie drochfethol? ol sé `what makes thee look so ill ?'
RC xii 64.15 (leg. -féth; -ol being due to dittography ? Cf.
5 féth). finnḟethal frestal `attendance of bright appearance'
50(of angels) ACC 22 ( RC xx 166 ). Cf. also: Foibne, feochair
in f. ¤ 'fierce of feature' Met. Dinds. iv 86y . goiridh Sesar
Cruithnigh .i. picti, do Brethnuibh do cuiredh aighidh fedil
do bhód ┐ do bhadar orra (= Caesar calls the Britons picti
because they tattooed their faces with woad and madder
) 24
55N 2, 162 = Todd, Nenn. vi 4 (Dubháltach Mac Fir Bhisigh).
If `fedil' = fethail (or fethal, g p.) it applies to the figures
of animals, etc., mentioned in the previous sentence.

féthamail adj i (3 féth) calm, peaceful: gaeth ḟethamail ḟír-
bláith LL 135az = Rawl. 77b40 . la hinailt finn fethamail
60 LL 144a37 . cid is dech do clerech ... ecosc fethamail LB
260b69 . frecmharc ḟéigh ḟéthamhail, Ériu xiii 25.8 . fri
forcital féthamail ZCP xi 82.11 . (Prohibited to a breithem :)
gan beith feigh, fethamail, fechemanta ..., Ir. Texts. iv
26z . Cf féchamail.

65 féthamla(e), féthemlae n iā,f. quietness, calmness: tuae ┐
fethamlae (fethemla v.l.), Ériu iii 100.3 . fosta féile fethamla
firmness, modesty, calmness Arch. iii 317 § 55 . co bféile, co
bfedemla 320 § 96 = ... co féthamla LB 261b25 . humaldoit
co fethamla ZCP iii 28.16 = ... co fethemlai, Ériu vii 174.10 .
70 fostadh, feithemla ZCP viii 231.25 .

? fethamlachas n u, o, m. expert knowledge or skill (?) : a fetam-
lacus do fhegad ar na dānaib ele, Laws v 94.2 Comm.
(transl. ` superintendence ' as if< fethem). g s. a dualgus
a ḟetamlacuis 92.28 Comm . `in right of his superintendence.'
75 Cf. fethemlacht.

fethan n hair, fur (?) : feathan no feathon .i. fionnfadh, O'Cl.

féthan n ā,f. (?) some attachment of a spear-shaft, scabbard
or chariot-pole, gen. made of metal; in case of a spear,
apparently a circular band or ring, which might be loosely
80 fitting: sleg ... co téora féthana firglana, fethan findarggit
ar n-ichtur, féthan óir buide ar medon fethan dergóir ar
n-uachtur LL 237b43 ( TTr. 1552 ). sleg ... co fethan óir
impi LU 10665 . sleg ... co fethan ┐ co fonascaib arcaid
TBC² 2343 . caindel rīgthaigi ina lāim, fethan aircit imbe ┐
85imrith iar craund co sleig sair, in cēin n-aile dorreith coticci
a dorn 3162 = c.r. na láim go féthanaib argait ┐ co fonascaib
óir ... immireithet impe na fethana argit sech na fonascaib
óir cachla céin o erlond gó indsma, iceind aill [ = in cēin
n-aili] ... it iat na fónasca óir immireithet sech na fethanaib
argit ó indsma go hirill TBC 5190 . tucad fethana fithnais
5féth fithnaisi v.l.) do chrannuibh ar sleg, Acall. 722
(`charmed withies for our spearshafts' SG ii 118 ; cf. 7916
cited under 1 féth, and Aisl. MC 93.10 , cited under 4 féth).
cloidmi ... co bfearbolccaibh ... ímpa ... co féthanaibh ōir ...
friu amuich TBC 4397 St = go frithathartaib LL. sithfe
10co féthain findruine LU 8671 ( FB 50 ). LU 10216 . síthbe co
fethan findruine 9262 = Anecd. iii 50.3 (feithen v.l.). trí
.lll. maglorg ... co fethnib iarind ` bands ' BDD 60 (feithnib,
fethánaib, cendaib v.l.). ? carpat féthgrind fethaine LU
8670 ( FB 50 = feithide, Eg. Cf. féthaide). Cf. fetha .i.
15fleasga no feathain, O'Cl. and: sleg ... co fethanaig argit
eter da n-iarnn BDD, App. 114 .