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2 fíad n u,m. (acc. to Ped., i 112 a derivative of fid `wood,'
orig. an adj. = ` wild ,' cf. W. gwydd `wild' and Lat. silva-
ticus < silva, a sense preserved in compds., but early applied
85to wild animals in particular, and used as subst.) Wild
animals, game, esp. deer , early coll. but later also distrib.:
f. ¤ foluaimnech skittish deer (?) ZCP v 22 § 11 . ní rontétlai
fíad dar fráech no quarry escaped him Met. Dinds. iii 158 .
oc seilg ar cach f. ¤ hunting every game LU 9888 ( Proc. RIA
iii 1893-6, 534 ). im chetguine muicce no aige no fíada no
5fiadmíla TBC 248 . a ndegaid ind ḟiada síde the fairy deer
Acall. 5324 . tecaid fíad alltaide ┐ loitidh ... uile 4211 .
fiad 4429 = dam allaith 4430 . f. ¤ cacha feda (.i. allaid), Laws
v 482y (484.20) . in duine tainic do gait in fiadha as in
cuithig iii 458.4 Comm . lánamain gacha fiadha ar bith
10 a pair of each (species of) wild animal (including birds, see
Duan. Ḟ. p. 20 ), Acall. 3615 . pl. na fiadhu wild animals
(oppd. to: na ceannda), Laws iv 120.6 Comm. no marbdais
na fiada ar luas LL 260a34 = IT i 72.12 . tangadur na fiada
amach isin muir ar teiched roim na conaib, Acall. 3234 .
15 lus na fiadh (gl. ferina) Ir. Gl. 183 . an fiadh (= cervus Ps.
xli 2 ), TSh. 4424 . fiadh .i. fiadhain ` wild, savage '; `a
deer
' (g s. fiaidh); fiadh fionn ` fallow deer ' P.O'C. ( Deut.
xiv 5 ). fiadh ruadh `a red deer ' ib. fiadh barr a stag BCC
§ 163 . § 297 . Compds. ¤ chapall wild horse: amhail do-ní
20fiadh-chapall don chapall mhín ó neamh-aithighe na cuinge,
TSh. 7450 . ¤ chat `a wild cat, a forest cat ' P.O'C. (possibly
a mistake for fid-chat, q.v.). ¤ cholum a wild pigeon (gl.
palumbem) Sg 70a16 . ¤ chorr a crane TBC² 1940 . ¤ chullach
`a wild boar ' P.O'C. Ps. lxxx 13 . ¤ ech a wild horse: g s.
25 fiadeich FB 37 Eg. ¤ fraech: Fódhla na fiadhfraech of
heathy wastes
BR 158.18 . ¤ graig a herd of deer (or wild
mares ?) ZCP viii 311.9 . fiaidhleitiús wild lettuce (ref. to
lactucis agrestibus Exod. xii 8 ) Eochairsgiath 98.3 . ¤ mag:
untilled plain: for fiadmaighibh, CCath. 866 . ¤ míl a wild
30 animal (esp. of the deer kind): inna huili fiadmila (gl.
omnia [cervorum] generis animalia) Ml 121c20 . (Of two
calves:) foréimdes comairle forru odergena fiadmíla díb
LL 165a50 . fiadmila bid i muine, Corm. Y 646 ( hares ?).
i n-adba oss ┐ ḟiadmíl ┐ sinnach TBC 5996 . feoil oss ┐
35fiadmil ┐ mathghaman, CCath. 2906 . snechta mór ... co
rola ár n-innili ┐ fiadhmhíl ┐ enlaithe ... FM ii 852.12
= conruslá ár ndaoine ┐ indele ┐ ḟiadhmhíol an mhara ┐
énlaithe ALC i 46 . f. fairrge a seal (?): mar clises fiadmil
... fomorda fairgi fa murbruchtaib ... min-eisc ` sea-monster '
40 MR 248.10 (cf. f. an mhara in last cit.). ¤ móin a bog, swamp:
fidh na fiadmoin (: iarnóin) IT iii 69 § 16 = Bruchst. i § 25 .
¤ muc wild pig: Dinds. 35 . pl. fíadmucca, Met. Dinds. iii
386.12 . fiadhmuc .i. muc fiadhain O'Cl. fíadrath stock granted by a wanderer or outlaw(?): f. .i. rath ernir i fidh eirnidh loingsech no fogluid no feinniuth, O'C. 879 ( H. 3. 18. 393b . See 2 rath. ¤ uball a wild
apple, crab-apple: FM iii 614.3 . fiad-ubull, Laws v 474.1 .
45 meitis fiadubla `as large as wild apples' Dinds. 62 . míach
fíadubull BDD 85 .

3 fíad n m. (development of 2 fíad) I Uncultivated land, a
waste spot: f. ¤ .i. fo fhid, O'Mulc. 533 (prob. applies both
to 2 and 3 fíad). fiadh .i. fíadhántas, O'Cl. fiadh .i. fearann,
50 ib. ( P.O'C. adds: `properly a wild woodland, wilderness ').
nacha-reilic siar no sair | asind ḟiad hi tarrasair SR 4788
(ref. to `locum angustum' Numb. xxii 26 ). ba caill ... in
f. ¤ mesta `the wild spot rich in mast' Met. Dinds. iii 136 .
an branar o théid a bfiadh `when once a fallow shall have
55run to weeds
' O'Gr. Cat. 614.16 . II In poetry with follg.
gen., a territory, land: f. ¤ finnḞódla ZCP x 341.4 . fiadh na
bhFionn (i.e. Ireland) TD 7.2 . tar cóig goirmḟiadhaibh
Gaoidheal (i.e. provinces) 9.10 . triar nach facaidh fiadh a
sean the land of their ancestors Keat. ii 4437 (poem). d'ḟiadh
60bhar sinnsear, O'Bruad. iii 88 .

4 fíad prep in phr. (I) AR F. ¤ before (cf. 1 fíad): is de ata Belach nEca
iar fiad ratha, Rawl. 132b53 = hi f. ¤ r., Ériu iii 141.211 . ro
ṡuidhestar ar mín Mhuighe hOi, ┐ ar fiadh Ratha Cruachan
` before ' ALC i 546.19 = Ann. Conn. 1309 § 3 (which omits
65 ar ... hOi ┐). Cf. Tir Mudain ... .i. a dilsi do rig Caisil cach
ni dogebad ar fiadh Mudain in la dogebad righe, O'C. 846
(< H 3. 18, 385a ).

5 fíad n [u,m. ?] honour, respect, reverence , esp. the honour
bestowed on a guest according to his rank: fiadh .i. airmitiu
70do cach fo gradh ┐ dar liumsa issí in comeirge hí: failti do
cach hí coitchinni; ise [sin] in dethbir respect paid to each
according to rank and methinks it is the rising (before him);
`fáilte' (is given) to all in common
O'Dav. 875 . Cf. tech i
mbí fiadh is fáilte, Ériu xiii 40.11 . ní ḟuarusa f. ¤ n-oíged
75 the honour due to a guest TBC 926 . Aisl. MC 23.24 . airm
in-nā robai fiadh nā airmhitiu, Ériu ii 136.11 . (the wicked
on Doomsday:) ní fuigbet fiadh ná failti iii 30.4 . Fergus
mac Rōich | di[a] dtart Meadbh fiadh is onōir `to whom
M. gave respect and honour
' Móirthimch. Érenn § 4 .
80 g s. ni airmither h ... ar ni litir fiadha , Auraic. 4545 (not a
letter of honour
, being merely an aspiration?. Or not a
present
, i.e., visible letter? Cf. 1 fíad). pl. tri fiada co
n-anḟiad (i.e. three inhospitable welcomes), Triads 70 .
Windisch, Wtb. s.v., sees a petrified d s. of this word in
85the phr. ar-muinethar (airmitiu) féid ; Ped. ii 80 , takes
this féid for locative.