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fíadnaise n (2 fíada) in O. Ir. io, n., in Mid. Ir. , f. n s. fiad-
45nisse Wb 1d6 . With art. a fiadnisse 13b16 . g s. ind fíadnissi
19c1 . a p. inna fiadnissai Ml 46c12 . (a) witness, testimony;
in Laws evidence, attestation . Transl. testimonium in Glosses.
In Corm. Y 645 and O'Mulc. 499 derived from prep. fíad
and nass perf. pass. of nasc— `bind.' ni óeinfer is coir da
50fiadnaise, it a do no a tri. fiadnaise didiu `fiad neoch naisi'
ar ni ōg nach cundrath ocnā bí fiadnaise fo bith coimeta
comne, Bürgschaft § 58 . da fer déc dorigne in ḟ. ¤ le hÍsu
gave evidence in favour of PH 2691 . ni dlegar a ṅgabail
i f. ¤ i n-ar n-agaid-ne to take them as evidence against us 2673 .
55 atait secht fiadnaise forgeallad gae `seven proofs which
attest the falsehood
' Laws iv 52.5 . mana fuil fiadnaise aice
co ndechaidh ann if he has no witness that he entered Bürgschaft
43.23 . táinic aingel De do denamh fhíadhnaise les
BCC § 155 . ag íarraidh fíadhnuisi a n-adhaidh Iósa, Mark
60 xiv 55 . isí mh' ḟiadhnoise I testify TD 7.12 . bíodh a fhiadh-
naise sin ar Herodotus san gceathramhadh leabhar, mar
a n-abair, etc., let H. bear witness to that Keat. i p. 228 .
bíodh a fhiadhnaise sin ar aní léaghthar ag Galiensis ...,
TSh. 350 . do-gheibhdis na daoine ré ḟada fán am soin;
65bíodh a ḟiadhnaise sin ar Éibhear ... do mhair cheithre
bliadhna is tri fichid, etc. Keat. ii 235 (common formula
in introducing a corroborative quotation, etc.). Cf. cuirim
ort a f. ¤ ZCP x 42.3 . biaid iomad do chomharthaibh ... ann
... do réir ḟiaghnaisi an naoimh Hieronimus according to
70St. Jerome
O'Hussey T.C. 67 . atámaoid ag denamh fiadh-
naise gur leghamar ... `we are bearing witness that we have
read
' (testimonium to O'Clery's Félire Uí Ghormáin),
Gorm. 2 . asé ḟéin bhús bhreithemh ┐ bhús ḟer fiaghnaisi
orainn, O'Hussey T.C. 67z . (b) a witnessing, being present
75at, hence presence; for transition cf. follg. exx. in which
f. ¤ is used as pred. with DO.: ra raidsetar fri T. ... techt far
in n-áth bad ḟiadnaissi dóib [f.i.a. ina ḟiadnaise St] that
was before them
TBC 2839 , cf. rothesc a trí cindu ... go
failet sin ríasc bhad ḟiadnaisi go rop íat na tri M. and sain
80 6026 ; bad ḟiadnaisi d'Fergus ra naidmthea sain that F.
should be witness to the compact
2927 . ra raidsetar cia bhud
ḟiadnaisi dona tarbaib 6130 = cia bhu coir (do bheith) i
bhfiaghnuisi gleaca na ttarbh v.l. See M. O Daly, Ériu
xiv 97 . fiadhnaisi (gl. praesto) Ir. Gl. 959 . lucht na fianaisi
85 those present ZCP x 306.28 . Cf. also: imthigidsi ar in sleib
fiadnusi, Acall. 6343 (`Mountain of Witness' Stokes; the
mountain before us
?). ní fer gualann rígh mhe ..., acht
fer fiadhnaisi rígh I am not a man to be beside the
king; I am one to be before a king
2362 . Esp. in
phrase I F. ¤ (with gen.) in presence of, before; (absol. )
5 present, in view, looking on: i fiadnaissi Patraic, Trip.
198.23 (fiadnaisiu v.l.). i fíadnaisi ind ríg LU 1995
( FA 6 ). am ḟiadhnuisi (= coram me) Lat. Lives 64 .
co tucthar in duine sin it ḟ. ¤ -siu PH 2600 . itconncabar bar
náimtiu do bádud in bar f. ¤ 1713 . teit ... dochum nime
10i n-a f. ¤ uli in sight of all 2114 . dobretha a cuit inna fíadnaisi
their food was placed before them LU 8967 ( FB 72 ). tucad
in chét-bargen ... i fiadnaisi in gillai conduaid, Ériu i 132y .
ro chaíestar C. ann sin a bhfiadhnaise Pátraic, Acall. 888 .
a fíadnaisi a éitsechta present at his death Ériu iv 160.24 .
15 ní ba gnáth sósar d'ḟeiss i fiadnaisi ṡinsir in tan sin for the
younger to be married before
(lit. in presence of) the elder
RC xiii 36w ( LL 294bz ). ni techtu dam dál fri fer ... hi
fiadnaisi na sethar as sinu andu LU 10321 . do lucht a
fiadnaisiu to those present CCath. 6154 . ba nós dóibh ... gan
20aoinneach do ṡuidhe i bhfiadhnaise acht gach aon do ṡuidhe
druim ré froigh that no one should sit facing another Keat. ii
3905 . gach beó ... bíaidh isin bf. ¤ will be present ZCP viii
210.16 . i n-écmais ┐ i fiadnaise, O'D. 925 (< H 3. 17, 657 ).
ro bói mo mathairsi ... acaind a fiadnaissi na himana present
25at the hurling
Acall. 4086 . ro éirgedur Tuáth D.D. i fiad-
naissi na himmana 7054 (`proceeded to look on at the hurling'
SG ii 250 ). (c) one who bears witness (late, and f. even when
applied to men): is fiadhnuisi an leachta so eadrum ┐
witness between me and thee Gen. xxxi 48 . fiadhnuisi
30bhrégach a false witness Prov. vi 19 . ó Iósa Críosd, an
ḟiádhnuise ḟíre, Rev. i 5 . pl. fiadhnuiseadha, Luke xxiv 48 .
See leth—, nú(a)-ḟíadnaise.

fíadnaisech, —asach adj o-ā (a) that bears witness, attests:
robsam fíadnaiseach fodeirc bearing clear testimony Ériu
35 iv 152.4 . míorbhaile fiadhnaiseacha ` witness-bearing '
Keat. ii 261 . (b) present: co moitheochair an Tighearna
... co fiadhnasach ad chroidhi = ipsum in corde tuo senties
adesse presentem Instructio 213.24 .

fíadnaisiugad n u,m. testifying, attesting: d'foillsiughadh
40┐ d'fianaisiughad na mírbailedh so, KMMiscell. 316.20 .

fíadnugad n u,m. (vn. of fíadnaigid): showing, proving:
d'aisneis ┐ d'ḟiadhnughadh ... illrūine na n-oghbriathar ...
sin MR 92.1 . ro gab ga ḟiadnugad orro a dígenn `to prove'
216.28 .

45 fíadrad n o, n., m. (2 fíad) game; hunting: fri seilg, fri f. ¤
SR 6281 . doluid ... do hairchis ar f. ¤ to trap game ZCP viii
310.40 . bímit ... a ndegaid an ḟiadhraidh, Acall. 886 .

fíadrath ind .i. rath ernir i fid heirnidh loingsech no fogluid
no feinniuth is fiadhrath in sin, O'C. 879 (< H 3. 18, 394a ).
50 Cf. fíad and see 2 rath.

fíadta: x see fíata.

fíadu n lord: see 1 fíada.

1 fíadugad n u,m. (vn. of 1 fíadaigid q.v.) cuilén caitt notn-
aile he comba haitt | o rogaib míadugud teit uait fri fiadugud
55 LB 164 marg. inf. (= will revert to his roving nature ? or
will go hunting ?).

2 fíadugad n u,m. (vn. of 2 fíadaigid) honoring, welcoming:
dligit filigh fiadhugud ZCP iv 468.2 . tucsat Fir R. f. ¤ ┐
tomaltus doibh xiv 264.6 . na haemh uile h'fiadhugodh
60 do not receive all with (equal) respect Acall. 589 . g s. do réir
fáilte is fiadhaighte BNnÉ 282.8 . Ironically of a hostile
reception: ba fuileach ... an fiadhugudh ro fersat cach
diobh fri aroile ZCP xiv 240.17 . bá he fiadhucchadh fuair
uatha ... a ledradh FM v 1618.5 .

65 1 fíafraigid n (later form of íarfaigid, q.v.) questioning, inquiring:
fíafroighidh IGT, Decl. § 150 . dá dtrian feasa fiafraighidh
inquiry is two-thirds of knowledge Studies 1924, 243 . is
móide ar an ḟolt in fiafraighidh `I marvel most at thy hair'
Ir. Monthly 1926, 163 § 2 . See fíarfaigid.

70 2 fíafraigid v questions, inquires: see iarmi-fóich.

fíafraigthech adj o-ā (fíafraigid) given to inquiry, inquisitive:
madh fiafruightheach budh feasach, Dánfhocail § 66 .
Maguires of F. § 32 .

1 fíal adj o-ā Ped. 1 315 , Thurn. Hbch. 34 , see an archaic spell-
75ing of this in: bad féal ... dogneid cach réit (gl. omnia
honeste ... fiant) Wb 13a29 (` faithfully ' Thes., where Stokes
suggests a derivation <O.Fr. feal<*fedalis). (a) decorous
becoming , seemly (of conduct or behaviour): adv. compar. ind
feliu (gl. verecundius) Ml 58b1 . bá fial dó buith arnaib ócaib
80céin dogēni calma. Is féli dō ... a imḟolach, in tan teches
it became him ... it is more becoming for him LU 5739
( TBC² 1266 = ba féile do TBC 1968 . féliu 1972 ). Of persons
modest; chaste: cedmuintera fialadh (= fiala) na tiagat
co cele atarruch ite mna annsin conoat a fele, O'C. 848
85(< H 3. 18, 385b ). (b) Of persons, well-bred, honourable,
noble (used of both sexes apparently in older sense of Engl.
gentle or Ital. gentile of such traits of bearing and conduct
as reveal noble nature and nurture (see féle), passing gradually
into sense of generous, hospitable , the usual later and modern
meaning: f. ¤ .i. maith, O'Cl. cen ócdaine, cen aes ṁbaeth |
5acht toga fer f. ¤ fírgaeth SR 4590 . techlach f. ¤ IT i 145.5 .
munter ḟ. ¤ TBC 5830 . in f. ¤ Fer dá lethe the modest man F.
Fél. Dec. 4 . la féil Flaind féil impir, Dec. 15 . ger f. ¤ Colaim
Cille ... adeirim ... feile goma sheacht Maodhócc that M.
is seven times as generous
BNnÉ 279.11 . nīsfil fo grēin
10fairind find fēil basid fēiliu, Arch. iii 297 . ruirigh Cloinne
hEoghain ḟél FM ii 962.10 (poem). v s. m. a Oisín ḟéil , Oss.
iv 10.8 . v s. f. a ingen ḟial IT i 70.4 . pl. mairfit Ulaid a
sescach dar cend a n-aenig [ = n-enech], ar it fíala Ulaid
TBC 1758 . cuslennaig ḟéil LL 29b45 . fēlithir dub-ēn `as
15generous as a crow
' O'Mulc. 310 (prov., cf. Titus Andronicus
ii 3.153 ). cia as ḟéliu i nHerinn ? `most hospitable' ZCP
iii 4 § 8 . cūicer is féile frīth riam | budh ḟerr um brat is um
biad, Acall. 2561 . Of things: o Abēl, fīrīal a dath ZCP iii
18.23 < Rawl. 68b52 (leg. fírḟíal ?). cét tinne ro ḟíala a
20hundred generous flitches
LL 300b23 ( SG 371 ). coibsen fiala
`sincere (frank) confessions' Ériu ii 55 § 5 . robsat fiala
fairsinge a foirghneamha ` hospitable ' MR 102z . brugh
fa f. ¤ fá bhiadhaibh 's fá mhaoinibh, Keat. Poems 861 .
Compds.: with subst.: ¤ ainech modest-faced (?), of
25 generous bearing (?): abair fris ba f. ( ¤ enech v.l.) ZCP
xi 96 § 55 (as pred. = honourable and generous ?). ¤ goit:
Adharcán corn bói ac Diarmait | dobeirthea a fialghoit do
mhnáibh, Acall. 136 (`generous drop ?' <Lat. gutta, Stokes;
= fíalghait noble plunder i.e. wine ?). ¤ garta noble generosity:
30 Mugain ... rochren f. cen faill LU 1277 = LL 145b21 .
¤ maisse: issi ar fialmasse iar fír | bith i fíadnaisse inn
ardríg LL 376a51 . ¤ slat a noble scion: ag fíalṡlait ḟóid
Eithne IGT, Decl. ex. 1124 . With adj., gen. forming
dwandwa-compds.: ¤ chas generous, curly-haired (?) one:
35 la Flann lasin f. ḟenech ZCP x 344 § 20 . ¤ chorcra modest-
blushing: a A., a ḟ., Acall. 6415 . ¤ dána generously bold (?):
Fiacha f. TBC² 2107 . TBC 2823 . ¤ garg generous and
stern: slóg ... na mac mór fialgharg, Acall. 1996 . ¤ nár
modestly-generous: ba f. fria hathchuingid hé, Acall. 2012
40(`delicately generous' SG ii 152 ). ¤ náirech id., ib. (v.l.).
superl. fer ba fialnáirige roboí a nEirinn Acall. 7965 . With
adj. formed from subst.: ¤ buidnech `of generous bands ':
Inber fialbuidneach Fele, Leb. Gab. i 272.21 . ¤ chrechach:
flaith[ius] Fiachach fialchrechaig LL 127b47 (`the generous
45raider
' MacCarthy 165 ).
Cf. 3 fíal.