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fían n ā,f. By Zimmer ( Zeits. f. deutsch. Alterthum
1891, 1 ff .) derived from ON fiandi `enemy' (see RC xii
295 ; 405 ); by D'A. de Jubainville, RC xxviii 249 , and
80Thurneysen, ZCP xv 262 , connected with the people-name
Féni; by Loth, RC xiii 507 , with `fine.' Acc. to Meyer,
Fianaig. vi ff . it is from an abstr. meaning ` driving, pur-
suing, hunting ,' which has in Irish taken a concrete meaning
and denotes `a band of warriors on the warpath .' Compare
85the mediaeval etymologists: fianna a venatione .i. on
tseilg dognidis isberthi fianna friu; no fianna .i. finedha,
ar is ina finib ┐ ina n-aicmibh nobidis ... no fianna .i. fein-
nedha rígh Erenn iat, Cóir Anm. 222 . The people-name
Féni is sometimes liable to be confused with the gen. of
fian from which it is not always clearly distinguishable,
5 e.g. airiseom óc féne LU 5089 . Cf. bearla na feinei `the
fians Irish
' Eg. Gl. 522 . (a) a band of roving men whose
principal occupations were hunting and war, also a troop
of professional fighting-men under a leader. In later appli-
cation esp. the warrior-bands under Finn son of Cumall,
10who are described as constituting a military caste: is e
ropa thaiseach teglaig ┐ ropa cheand deorad ┐ amhus ┐
cech ceithirne ar chena la Cormac Find mac Cumaill, conad
friusin atberat in daescarsluag `fianna Find' YBL 325a10 ff .
ro hindarbad Finn ... ┐ ro sgaraid na fiano fris. ar ba hiad-
15sein cetherna ┐ teglach in rig Cormaic. Is de ad-bertaei
fíana friu, ar ba siad fenidi ┐ milid in ri īad, Tochm. Ailbe 1 .
See Fianaig. ix ff ., Keat. ii p. 324 ff . Traditions of Finn
and his fianna are abundant in Irish and Scottish folklore.
In Keating's time cromlechs were called by the people
20 leapthacha na Féine `the beds of the Fian'. In Met. Dinds.
iii 280.49 : bátar fo diamair ... ic fiannaib, ic fomurib (of
the chief roads of Ireland), and Cog. 114.28 : i folach fo
thalmain inā fá dhiamhraibh díchealta ag fianaibh no ag
sithcuiraibh, the fíana appear as belonging to a remote
25past and coupled with semi-mythological beings. Cf.
opening pp. of Acall., where Finn's fíana are pictured as
giants of other days. fian .i. ceithearn, Stowe Gl. 406 .
Lec. Gl. M 114 . cona fein húathmair (of David's followers)
SR 6283 . cona féin, cona fairaind [ = foirind] 6356 . nech
30dabur feind ná dabur foirind, Acall. 5142 . for formnu féne
Forainn (of Pharaoh's host) SR 3992 . iugulavit me fian
maicc Maicc Con, Arm. 14a2 ( Thes. ii 267.38 . Trip. 324 ).
arna guin do fianaib Maic Con, Corm. Y 883 . Fiachra
Fobrecc fein co ngairg `with a fierce band of warriors' Hail
35Brigit § 13 ( LL 49b45 ). Find cona fein, Corm. Y 1018
(feind, Bodl.). docer la féin Cind tíre; la féin Luagne
aided Find RC xxiii 310 § 29 . fianna Find ... brecctais
rinne | ... fianna Fothaid Canainne ZCP viii 119 § 35 ( Rawl.
88b ). Find mac Cumaill ... in cētFinn ro tinoil fiana ar tús
40i nErinn LL 379a38 . eter ḟiannaib fer nAlban 261b3 . fíanna
fer nÉrend ┐ Alban BDD 144 (of reavers). fianna Eirenn,
Acall. 5284 . fianna feochra TBC 5683 . comérgid ... a
fianna; arise, warriors (leader addressing a band of reavers)
BDD 141 . mesir fiana iarna ngaluibh estimate warriors
45by their fighting
(or valor) Ériu xiii 41.33 ( O'Dav. 1037 ).
as mo thigh ro gab [Oisin] feind ┐ foirind (= took command
of a company, became leader of a `fían
') Acall. 2467 . Finn's
followers as a military caste are distinguished from the
agricultural class, the settled population: doronad crand-
50char idir in bhFéinn ┐ aes na treabaire cia dhíbh da roised
tūs do thabairt an chatha dona hallmharchaib, Acall. 1290
(`between the Fianna and the settled [i.e. non-nomadic] folk
lots were cast
' SG ii 132 ). Buanand mumi na fian ... i.
daghmathair ac foircetal gaiscid do fianuib, Corm. Y 104 .
55 fiana bātar i nEmain, | ir-Rāith Chruachan, i Temair RC
xxiii 304 § 1 (beginning an account of the deaths of famous
champions). Temair Berg, baile na fían, Ériu iv 92.2 .
se fichet findscél na fiann LL 145a49 . for ḟíana rochalma
ḟer nÉorpa, TTr.² 1691 . fiana ferrdha ... Franc, CCath.
60 5363 . d'ḟianaibh Fódla, d'amhsain Ile TD 16.55 . fian
Ghréagach `the soldiery of Greece' (i.e. the Fitzgeralds)
17.10 . see fénnid and fíanas. Here possibly belongs óc
féne one of a roving band, a `fian'-warrior (?): g p. airiseom
óc féne a resting place of fian-warriors LU 5089 . n p. inn
65óic ḟéinne TBC 4950 . (b) in wider sense a company, number
of persons: rioghraid Laighen ... f. ¤ mholuim LL 394.1 .
deich mic oile anba an ḟian ib. 4 . rī tarcai cech fēin SR
7163 . fian sceith (sciath v.l.) shield-bearers (?) Ériu vi 135.45 .
foḟuair féin fessaig findgil | im Chessair ingin Betha LL
70 5b5 . Of pieces in a game, chessmen: imat fian fidhcelda,
Anecd. ii 58.13 (cf. fíanchlár below). mar ḟéin na mbranán
TD ii 199.1 . (c) a warrior (late and rare): righḟeinnidh,
f. ¤ `a General ' Kirk = Eg. Gl. 523 . sir Sémus ... an fiann,
O'Gr. Cat. (1700) 584.28 .
75In BColm. 94.8 : a fían a saert[h]a ar cach cath; Plummer
suggests reading fiach = in payment of their exemption from
military service
, making the preceding sent. (ar is ... ann)
parenthetical.
Compds. ¤ bla: fri f. fechta ` warrior-shout of fighting'
80(? field of fight) Leb. Gab. i 68 = fri fianna fecta LL 6a6 =
re fiannaib fearta BB 24b46 . ¤ both a hunting-bothy .
a hut of branches or similar construction in a forest or wild
spot, an improvised shelter: fogeib in fianboith ┐ in mac ina
codlad innti RC v 199.3 . rosfuc leis dochum na fianboithi,
85 ib. 13 . d'iarraid ḟianbothe RC vii 296.96 ( LL 206b49 ).
dognitis fianbotha folachta foslongpuirt acci i ndairib,
Cog. 60.10 . i ffianboith folachtae i ccuas cairrgi FM v 1794.1 .
tógaibh fian-bhoith fíréandachta do chumhdach do choguais,
TSh. 2304 . Cf. ro ghabhsat longport fairsing fianbhothaigh
an encampment of huts (?) FM vi 2168.11 . See fulacht.
5 ¤ chara a comrade in arms; `a mutual friend, one who
protects and is protected' O'Don. Suppl. , from Eg. 88 f. 54d
( O'C. 2639 ) : dot fiancarait .i. fear snāidhes ┐ sṅāidithar
fear aile i n adhaigh [ = ina aghaidh ?] ┐ amail carait claoch-
moig iat ó dénait comairce a céile (cf. compact between Cú
10Chulainn and Conall Cernach : ciped chia dib nomarbtha ar
tús a digail dia cheiliu LL 122a8 ). nimrumart-sa mo f. Cú
Chulainn, LL 125b10 ( Ériu v 210.60 , where the speaker is a
woman). ¤ chlár a board for (chess-)men: mó a clārḟiacail ...
anda f. fidchille LL 210a56 ( Met. Dinds. iv 138 ). ¤ chluiche :
15In Laws v 150.11 ff . a distinction is made between `fian-
chluichi' and `ruidles-chluichi,' the latter being apparently
games proper for children. nocha uil ruidhles cluithi do
codhnacha ┐ nochan uil col cluithi do macaib bega. Ruidhles
cluithi na mac mbec is fiancluithi do codhnacha ┐ f. c. na
20mac mbec is col cluithi do codhnacha, Eg. 88 f. 28c ( O'C.
2368 ). slán d'fir in eich na huile neiche ... acht a riagail
re fiancluichi in codnaig uil uirre Laws iii 182.1 (on injuries
caused by a steed). fiach fianchluichi a fine for f.c. 192 20
Comm . (referring to a dog-fight) ; 250.27 ; 252.4 (ref. to
25boating mishaps, where it is transld. `foul-play'). Does
f. chluiche = idle sport without special aim, contr. with a
game played acc. to rules? ¤ choscur hunting-slaughter, kill-
ing game: a foraim, a fomsigi, a fíanchoscur (accomplish-
ments of Cú Chulainn) LU 4847 . 8453 ( FB 30 ). tairnic
30leo a bhfiadach ┐ a bhfianchoscar do dhénam, Acall. 187 .
selg ┐ ḟíanchosgur, Fianaig. 54.26 . ac seilg ┐ ac fianchoṡcur
56.24 . ag fiadach ┐ ag fianchosgur ZCP vi 38.13 . comus
ḟiadaig ┐ ḟiannchoscair Fiann Eirenn, Acall 5281 . ¤ deisel ?
fochloch f. (text doubtful) ZCP v 499 § 7 . ¤ ēirghe rising of
35 warriors to battle ; a raid: Anecd. ii 73.12 . ¤ erred warlike
accoutrements: LU 6384 = TBC 2525 . ¤ flescach a hunting
booth of osiers: na fianḟlescaig fo thuga `the roofed hunting-
booths of osier
' Met. Dinds iii 112.31 (= tech, Dinds. 29 ).
¤ gaisced 'fian'-valor: a[c] congbail in ḟiangaiscid, Acall.
40 5208 . ¤ gal : (as pred.) f. Find Find brave as warrior-bands
Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 20.5 . As npr. m. Fianghal, Caithr. CC
§ 33 , § 41 ; g s. Fianghail, —uil § 85 . Cf. nom. Fiangaile,
Rawl. 160b40 . Fiangaile gen. 160b32 . ¤ galach valiant: g p. m. fer
ngablach fíangalach BDD 32 . As npr. m. AU 737 . 754 . 799 .
45 FM 732 . 750 . gen. Fiangalaich, Rawl. 144c14 , 150a19 .
¤ glas `fian'-bolt, a pole, pike or spear (?) : tucait fianglasa
┐ airechra ochta ... risin luingsin ica cur ó chrích ... na
Greci LL 219b28 ( TTr. 188 ). acc srainedh araill da naimtib
uad ... do sonnaib ┐ d'fianglassaib sithremra cona n-irellaib
50iairn imma cennaib, CCath. 3591 . foscerditís d'a ḟianglasaib
isna tendtib flung (the serpents) from their pike-staffs (?)
Alex. 714 . ¤ rí (?) : Ält. Ir. Dichtg. 28.10 . ¤ sruth `f. ¤
-stream
', fian-lore (`Fiannica', Stern, ZCP i 471 ) : fian-
ṡruth Find, Met. Dinds. iii 20.1 = fianruth LL 216a19 . See
55 ZCP i 471 . fiandsroth fian Find u Baiscne YBL 119a36 =
fianruth fiand [sic] in so 325a marg. (prefixed to a list of
Finn's captains).

fíanach adj o-ā pertaining to or possessing warrior-bands or
hunters: cathir fledach ... f. ¤ (of Temair) LL 28b27 = Met.
60Dinds. i 32.62 . Dermait f. ¤ IT iii 44 § 61 . Ferg[al] F. ¤ , CRR
46 ( LL 177a10 ).

fíanachas n m. membership of a `fían' ; warrior's or hunter's
calling: rotascair Macc Muire mas | dosrascair re fían-
nachas RC xxiii 330.2 (of dead champions) = conosroscair
65fri fiannas LL 32a31 .

? fíanachta adj io-iā pertaining to a fian or the Fiana (possibly
a subst. g s f.) : cf. crand fulucht f. ¤ , Laws i 206.12 Comm.
in dord fiannachta, Acall. 6599 (v.l. fiansa). In both cases
fiansa is probably to be read, see fíanas.

70 fíanachtach adj o-ā like a fian-warrior, warlike: fiannachtach
.i. fiangnimach, Corm. Y 657 . As npr. m. : gen. Fian-
nachtaich, —aig, Rawl. 159b12 ; 129b54 .

fíanaige n io,m. a member of a fian ; a soldier: fianaide féig,
Met. Dinds. i 24.162 . ní baeghlaidter ... gilla nā fiannaigi,
75 Acall. 5461n . fianaidhe amra LL 379a46 . As adj. v s m.
a F. ¤ ḟiannaidi, TFerbe 536 .

fíanaigecht n ā,f. (a) service in a `fian' ; a warrior's calling:
fiannaighecht dob áil damh d'fogluim, Acall. 879 . na bith
a menma rissin fiannaigecht tre bithu 6039 (` Fianship '
80 SG ii 241 ). sna grádhaibh fá héigean do gach aon do ghabh-
áil sul do glacfaidhe i bhFiannaidheacht é, Keat. ii 5188 .
in comfad ber a f. ¤ as long as I shall be in fianry Acall. 5461 n .
Cf. dorala ... imfich debtha imon fianaigecht ┐ im ardmaer-
aigecht Eirenn idir Cumull ... ┐ Uirgrenn RC v 197.1 .
85 aire tucsat in cath ... | im fianaidecht na hErenn 198.8 .
In coll. sense : Mac L. ... aidlenn gaiscid na fiannaigechta
uile, Acall. 6586 . (b) fían- lore, (telling) stories of the fíana:
sgélaigecht ... is fiannaigecht SG 249.23 . trian [den oidhche]
chum fiannuigheachta ┐ chum sgealuigheachta ITS i 40.13 .
Cf. conid cath T.E. ainm in catha sin isin ḟiannaigecht,
5 Acall. 6526 , and mod. sgéal fiannaidheachta = a romance .