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fili n t, m. n s. fili Wb 31b19 . Sg 29a3 . LU 10942 , etc. a s.
85 filid 10944 . d s. filid Sg 140a1 . g s. filed 71b16 . n p. filid
63a14 . ind ḟilid 162a3 . Ml 26b10 . a p. fileda Sg 63b4 .
212a11 . g p. filed, Rawl. 124a46 . n s. file LU 10941 . Rawl.
156b5 . IGT, Decl. § 21 . n p. fileadha ( Keat. iii 1239 , etc.)
is proscribed as incorrect, IGT Decl. § 21. ex. 784 .
Orig. seer, diviner (cognate with Welsh gwelet, see Thurn.
5 Heldensage, 66 ), and in earlier documents generally implies
occult powers or knowledge : imbass forosnae .i. dofuaras-
caib sechip ret bas maith lasin filid ┐ bes adlaic dó d'foillsiugad,
Corm. Y 756 . is a Senc[h]as Mar ro airled comdire
do rig ┐ epscop ┐ aige rechta litre ┐ sua[i]d filed for-can di
10cendaib, Laws i 40.16 ( ZCP xvi 175 ), with gl. : .i. in sui
file[d] ... da faillsigend imad a sofesa ... co ndenand rand
can smuainedh .i. cen imradud Laws i 42x Comm. firt filed (a
miracle wrought by a poet) AU 1024 . See also ZCP xix
163 , IT iii 96 § 155 , Im. Brain i 46 , Corm. s.v. Mug eme ,
15 Coire Brecain ; RC xxvi 8 . For `fili' and `drui' as inter-
changeable terms see Plummer VSH i clxi , clxii . Poet
(historian, panegyrist, satirist), man of learning (the `fili'
in early times was not always sharply distinguished from
the `breithem' and `senchaid,' and seems originally to
20have united all three functions : ni dhligh cúairt no cen-
naighect | ar ni fili fíreólach | hi feidm eoluis ilcrothaigh |
manip co fēigh fessara | cīsa tenna is tuarustla | ... ; ni
dlig cuairt ... | file nach dron dechraighfes | sochur dochur
dílmaine | drēcht cech tīre thic ZCP iv 237 . BR. 236 . on
25uair dona ronuc Aimirgin Glungel cetbreth i nEre robu
la filedhu a n-oenur breithemnus, cusin Imacallaim in da
Tuar i nEmain Mache .i. Ferceirtne file ┐ Nede mac Adna
... Ba dorcha didiu in labrad ro labairset na filid [sic leg.]
isin fuigell sin ┐ nirbu reill donaib flaithib in brethemnus
30ronucsat ... Do allad didiu brethemnus [sic leg.] ar filedhaib
iar sin, acht a nduthaigh de, ┐ ro gab cach d'feraib Eirenn
a drecht don breithemnus, Laws i 18 Comm. Cf. dichetal
filed, one of the things by which law is preserved in tradition,
ZCP xvi 175 = Laws i 30 . canaid in breithem fassach
35firaicnid ┐ roscadh filed, da cois ina brethe in sin, Corm. Y
1224 . See also the tract on The Privileges ... of poets,
ed. E. J. Gwynn, Ériu xiii p. 2 ff .) : amal as ho molad ┐
adamrugud in choimded intinscana in salm sa [isamlaid]
forcentar dano amal dundgniat ind filid linni cid in sin Ml
40 26b10 . filidh (gl. poeta), Ir. Gl. 1 . Of Latin poets Sg 63a14 .
fili .i. fī a n-aoras ┐ lī a mmolas ┐ brecht a fuacras in file,
Corm. Y 600 . f. ¤ ... .i. seircid foglamo. nó ... fī fora aeir
┐ lī fora molad, O'Mulc. 537 . duarfine ... ainm d'filethaib
.i. fine duar .i. fine foccul, Corm. Y 445 . rosiachtus glún
45Amargin filed coro molaim ríg as cach feib i mbi LU 10298 .
rātha eturru secht ṅdruid, secht filid, secht n-ócthigirn.
na secht ṅdruid dia rímsad tría brichtu, na secht filid dia
ṅglámad ┐ dia n-erḟuacra (`the seven druids to bewitch (?)
them by means of spells; the seven poets to satirise them and
50denounce them
') Dinds. 161 . nemed .i. fili ... ar is a fid-
nemedaib fognitis filid a ngressa, O'Mulc. 830 . nem-uath
fri filedaib iarsinni aerait nech co n-epil de 830 f . asbert
in fili nodnaírfed ... ┐ no áerfad a athair ┐ a máthair ┐ a
senathair ┐ docechnad fora n-usciu conná gébtha iasc ina
55inberaib LU 10946 ( Im. Brain i 46 ). Applied to Virgil ,
Sg 29a3 ; Epimenides Wb 31b19 . ar ba faith, ar ba file
(of David), Hib. Min. 5. 157 . ro can in filid ┐ in faith .i.
Bec mac Dé, Cog. 10.22 . Find fili, mac Rosa LL 311b53 .
c56 . Rawl. 118b30 . gen. Find filed m. Rossa 117e28 .
60 Faifne file LL 160b11 . Ferchertne file, Rawl. 156b4 . ZCP
viii 326.1 . The `filid' was commonly attached to the house-
hold of a chief. The calling was hereditary and the office
of `fili' to the head of the clan was, in later times at any
rate, often the prerogative of a particular family : fili
65Conchobair in tAed, Death-tales 22 . Fergus Fínbel, file
Find, Dinds. 52 . Fergus Fínbél, fili na Féinde, Acall. 3017 .
file Chon Raoi, Feircheirtne a ainm, Keat. ii 3524 . clann
Fhir bhisigh .i. fileadha Ua nAmhalghaidh ┐ Cloinne Fiach-
rach, Hy Fiachr. 10 . adubhairt ris file do bheith 'na ardol-
70lamh aige féin ar aithris na ríogh roimhe, Keat. iii 1465 .
duais ḟiled is ruidles .i. a ndoberr [sic leg.] i logh natha
acht rop iar firinde ┐ choir mbeith in nath the poet's fee is
absolutely conveyed, that is, what is paid for a poem, provided
the poem be truthful and correct
ZCP xiii 20.19 ( Bürgschaft 7 ).
75 coic gne in berla tobaidi .i. berla fene ┐ fasaige na filed ┐
berla etarsgarta ┐ berla forttide [fortcide v.l.] na filed triasa
n-agaillit cach dib a chele, Auraic. 1303 . berla na filed,
part of the sixth year's course of the student-`fili' IT iii
38 .
80From early times the `filid' formed an important and
highly organized corporation classed among the `saer-
nemed' (privileged classes) : tri nemid uaisli ... .i. espoc
┐ flaith ┐ file, O'Don. 1631 (< H 5.15, 16b ). it e saernemead
filead and .i. ecalsi, flatha, filidh (.i. graid filedh), feine,
85 Laws v 14.10 . There were seven grades of fili, of which the
highest was the ollam filed : in t-ollam filedh iarna uirdned
ag rig tuath the fully qualified poet when appointed by the
king of territories
Laws i 42z Comm. ollamh fileadh ` master
poet ' Studies 1919, 74 . Cf. O'Don. 1214 ff ( H 2.15, p. 84 ).
in t-ollam sair ... adeitig lasin ugdar ni bud mo do na
5cutruma risin ollamain filed, no risin ollamain mberla no
risin fear legind, Laws v 92x Comm. secht ngrad filed :
ollam, ansrut[h], cli, canae, dos, mac fuirmid, focluc,
O'Mulc. 537 . IT iii 96 § 155 . RC xii 119 . See also Laws
iv 358 - 60 . v 26 ; 56 ff . is a ndanaibh defrighet ┐ dears-
10caighit gach grad filedh o raile i sos ┐ i segda ┐ i n-aircedal
BB 296b29 ( IT iii 6 n .). sé dá rádh go riacht tusa | ...
seacht ngradh na bfilidh ar fad ..., Gofraidh Mac an Bhaird,
23 L 17, 148b . The fili was at all periods distinguished from
the bard (q.v.), whose qualifications and status were in-
15ferior (in: a bhfilidh, dá ngairid báird, Keat. i 70 , he is render-
ing Camden : poetas, quos bardos vocant) : cescc cidh dlighedh
i ffil an bhairdne lasna filedhoibh ... ? amhail roghabh
rithim arradh Mettuir, as amhlaidh ataid na báird cona
mbairdne arradh na ffiledh, Ériu xiii 42.4 . dichlannaigfiter
20filid cona biat filid etir acht baird tantum , Rawl. 111b14
( RC xxvi 44 - 5 ). is aire tra na dlegait baird acht lethene-
clann na filedh uair na frithgh[n]at, uair ni [di]reanar a
ngradhaibh filedh neach na frit[h]gnat no o nach frit[h]gh-
ainter the reason bards are entitled to only half the honor-
25price of poets is that they do not serve
[ = practise their art],
for `dire '-fine is not paid for any in the grades of a poet who
do not serve or are not served
BB 296b33 . Amal forber cach
gradh filed seach araile im mod soís in oircidail toimside,
forber ... cach gradh dibsom [viz. the bards] seach aroile
30 IT iii 24 . fogluim na .uii. mad bliadna .i. brosnacha suad
.i. bairdne na mbard ┐ dlegair dond ḟilid a ḟis, ar is he accept
na sechtmad bliadna don ḟilid 39 . ni dír báird acht dír
fileadh | fis cach righ is a dhlighedh BR 182 . The fili in
his twelve-year course of study ( IT iii 31 ff .) had to master
35the various metrical tracts and oghams, memorize a mass
of verse and prose tales, and learn certain methods of
incantation : is hi ... foglaim na hochtmaide bliadna .i.
fiscomarca filed .i. duili berla ┐ clethchor choem ┐ reicne
roscadach ┐ laíde .i. tenm laída ┐ immas forosnai ( ZCP xix
40163 ) ┐ dichetal do chennaib na tuaithe ┐ dín[n]ṡenchus ┐
primscéla Hérend olchena fria n-aisneis do ríghaib ┐ flaithib
┐ dagdhoínib. Ar ni comlán in fili chena, sicut dixit poeta :
ni ba dúnad cen rígu. niba fili cen scéla IT iii 49 - 50 . in-
feded in fili scél cacha aidche do Mongán LU 10942 .
45Sometimes in sense a learned man, one skilled in literary
composition in Irish, dist. from the Latin author on one hand
and the unlearned Irishman on the other : a ngrad con-
deilg lasin Laitneoir is eatargoiri a n-ainm lasin filid `the
comparative degree of the Latinist
(writer of Latin) is named
50inflection by the [Irish] poet
' Auraic. 640 . possit ┐ comparait
┐ superlait lasin Laitneoir .i. fothugudh ┐ forran ┐ formoladh
lasin filid : maith ┐ fearr ┐ fearrson lasin nGaedeal 645 .
maith, etc. (.i. lasin nGaedel coitchend a n-ecmais in filed,
fothugad immorro lasidhe) 657 . ocht ndeich tra atrimet
55filidh na Goídilce the Gaelic poets reckon eight (metrical)
feet Corm. Y 447 .

filidecht n ā,f. (a) the art of the `fili'; poetry; also divi-
nation (see fili) : f. ¤ .i. écsi, Thr. Ir. Gl. 20 , s.v. féle (Corm.
LB). hi filedacht in poetry Sg 213a10 . g s. inna filidachtae
60 Ml 46b8 . is filideacht ealadnach ropui acu in tan sin et is
ierum aricht filideacht osgarda, Auraic. 2464 . f. ¤ ┐ brethem-
nas ┐ recht fer nErend LU 9777 ( RC vi 165 ). tasfenad
breithemnusa ┐ uile filidechta Eirenn, Laws i 16.1 . isna
teora brethaib .i. i fenechus ┐ i filidecht ┐ i legend v 92
65Comm . sui litri ┐ sui filidechta ┐ sui bérlai Feine, Corm. Y
970 . i cetheora rannaib fis filidechta 538 . Adna ... ollam
Herenn i necsi ┐ i filidecht, Rawl. 107b18 ( RC xxvi 8 ). do
bhádar ..., beag nach, trian bhfear nÉireann ré filidheacht
almost a third of the men of E. were practising poetry Keat.
70 iii 1227 . can dothéig? ... a hAlbain iar foglaim filidechta,
or ind ingen. In fil imbass forósna lat? or M. LU 4526 .
la f. ¤ ┐ oirfitiud PH 8337 . do tuathuib fian filidhachta
(i.e. of fiction or romance), Anecd. ii 65 . finn-sgéal fili-
dheachta (a fable, folktale), TSh. 7418 . Keat. ii 2336 . Dist.
75from `bairdne' (the art of the bard) : reim dano .i. re
huamma ai a hinni in tan is filideacht, re huam in tan is
bairdni .i. ni huaim tomais dligthig, Auraic. 780 . is he
augtartas filidechta na ṅGóedel ┐ is hé a hord : dí raínd déc
ínti ┐ acept bliadna in cech raind IT iii 31 . letheneclann na
80filidhechta dona bardaib 49 § 90 . go beith 'na ḟile dhó, ┐
go ndéineadh dá leabhar déag na filidheachta, Keat. ii
5196 . (b) a poetic composition; charm: gl. carmen Ir. Gl.
1002 ; poema 833 . filidechta drúidechta (= incantationes
magicas) Lat. Lives 9 .

85 filistín, -éin pn m. (<Lat. Philistina) a Philistine ; used in
SR as indecl. pl. ho filisnib Ml 2b10 , is probably a scribal
slip. aicme di filistinib Ml 56b6 (leg. filistindib ? see follg.).
dia rucsatar leo ind airc Filistín SR 5405 . for Felistín
5205 . for Ḟilistim (: grinn) 5604 . co fopartatar in slōg |
na Filistin, na nAmmon 5602 . fianna ... Filistín 5610 .
5 sluaig Felistin. 5624 . sluag na Filestein (: cēin) 6422 .
Reintroduced in classical Ir. : Felistínedha, Leb. Gab.
i 146.11 . lotar for techedh na bFelistin ib. 17 . do na
Philistinibh, Judges xiv 3 .