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fiurt n (firt, fert) u,m. (<Lat. virtus) n s. fiurt, Thes. ii 346.31
50( Hy v Comm.). a s. ? fert, Thes. ii 291.7 (Ml Poems). g s.
ferto Wb 12a9 . cf. ind fertae (gl. signi) Ml 16a9 . n p.
ferte Wb 24c5 . fertai Ml 112d8 . a p. firtu Wb 12b20 . firto,
Thes. ii 253.4 . g p. ferte Wb 12b15 . fertae Ml 17c9 . d p.
ho fertaib 64d15 . firt, fert (ón mírbhail) IGT, Decl. § 95
55(p. 127) . A wonderful work, a miracle , of something done
or caused by supernatural or occult means; common in
relig. lit.; in Glosses = Lat. signum, miraculum and in pl.
virtutes: uirtus .i. firt, Corm. Y 576 . firt a uirtute , O'Mulc.
543 . ni dénat firtu úili (gl. numquid omnes virtutes?) Wb
60 12b20 . is he seo firt is mou dorigne Ísu PH 4500 . firta ┐
mirbuli 945 . ferta ┐ mírbaile LU 2206 ( FA 28 ). tria firt
┐ mirbuilib Dia RC xvii 411.1 (Tig.). robo mór in fiurt do
Brigit, Thes. ii 346.31 . ic comardugud ind [ḟ]erta (= in
miraculi memoriam) Lat. Lives 52 . docífitt m'fiorta ┐ mo
65miorbuile BNnÉ 267.11 . tria fiortaibh Dé ┐ Caoimhghin
FM ii 716.8 . tre fertaib Coluim Cille, Ann. Conn. 1261 § 3 .
eochair ferta féile (= generosity works wonders) ZCP vi 270
§ 7 . A `deórad Dé' was expected to perform miracles:
on deorad De ge donethsen firt no da firt, ma doḟemid in
70tres firt noco n-amail tarba, Laws v 16.11 Comm. in deoraid
Dé ma dorinde tri ferta faillsighi ag tiachtain dochum
thire i fiadnaise righ ┐ tuaithi is saire do cona sedaib ┐ a
bairc ┐ mana derna act aen no dedhe dib is saire do cona
sedaib ┐ comroind bairci dlighthighi for a bairc, O'C. 1047
75(< H 3.18, 436b ). deora De ernaigther ferta .i. ailithir co
ndernadar a ferta tre urnaigthi, O'C. 1058 (< H 3.18, 438 ).
firt filed `a poet's miracle' [i.e. wrought by a poet] AU 1024 .
RC xvii 364 (Tig.). an darna fiort filidh doronadh for N.
`the second poetical miracle performed by N.' FM iv 818.8 .
80 f. ¤ féle a miracle of generosity, extraordinary generosity: firt
féli is ferr cach ní LL 207a1 . dús in bhfuigbit[h]i cornn tria
f. ¤ fele ann ZCP viii 102 x = tria firta na feile, Ériu ii 186.19 .
feart féile, Studies 1921, 258 § 11 . IGT, Decl. § 95 (feart,
firt). Transf. of supernatural beings: aingil nimhe ┐ ferta
85flaithemhnuis (perh. = Virtutes of Celestial Hierarchy),
Parrth. Anma 347.19 .
Compds.: ¤ fuil blood of virtue: a Mheic Dé ... atá
th'fhiortfhuil dá dáil, Studies 1931, 660 . ¤ linn liquor of
virtue: grása ... go bhfeara 'na firtlinn te ib. 662 .

flaigín n m. (Romance loan-word) a flagon: O'Bruad. iii 6 .
5 f. ¤ fíona, 2 Sam. vi 19 .

1 flaith n i,f. (cf. W. gwlad `land'). O.Ir. n s. ind flaith , Thes.
ii 295.12 . g s. inna flatho Wb 9d2 . Ml 137b5 . AU 749 .
flatha Ml 90a5 . n p. ardlathi Wb 1a3 . g p. flathae, Fél.
Nov. 27 . Later also masc. in sense II. flaith, g s. an ḟlatha
10(ó chiort), na flatha (ó chanamhuin), n a p. flaithe, g p. flaith-
eadh IGT, Decl. § 91 (g p. flath proscribed as incorrect, ex.
1639 ). Initial f sometimes omitted in MSS. when lenited:
Wb 1a3 . 30d4 . 31a3 ; saerlatha BB 362b29 (= Dinds. 21 ).
Cf. énlaith.
15 I (a) lordship, sovereignty, rule: f. ¤ ┐ brithemnacht Ml
133c10 . combad and nogabad f. ¤ (gl. tunc adeptus imperium)
113c7 . tairṅgire flatho dia chlaind som 137b5 . cartach a f. ¤
his rule is a rule of love LU 3404 ( SC 18 ). tāthut bithlaith
lasin Ríg LL 50a33 ( Hail Brigit § 26 ). ó gabais Ailill ... f. ¤
20 since A. began to reign TBFr. § 4 ( LL 248b10 ). is amlaid
domel Conchobar a f. ¤ enjoys his sovereignty LU 4858 =
domeil C. in rigi TBC 867 . gabais Cormac f. ¤ fer nhEirenn
ZCP viii 314.6 . tocart Fiacha Cormac a flaith Temra
F. ejected C. from the lordship of Temair ib. 8 . dí bliadain
25f. ¤ in maicc maith reign Arch. Hib. ii 84 (LL) = Rawl. 164a21 .
isin nomad bliadain déc do f. ¤ Tibir PH 2571 . isa tossach
flatha dait thy lordship is beginning ZCP viii 312.7 . (b) king-
dom, realm, esp. the kingdom of Heaven , absol. or with
qualifying adj. or gen., without art.: gl. regnum [Dei] Wb
30 30d4 . aromfoimfea inna laith 31a3 . lethcholba flatha Hy
iv 9 . ledcholbe flatho Wb 23d31 . dollaid [ = do ḟlaith]
ronsnāde slúagu Hy v 10 . f. ¤ Dé athar, Fél. Prol. 215 .
d'ascnam flatha Maicc Maire Hy v 12 . do ascnám flatha
Dé PH 7287 . hi f. ¤ nime Hy i 42 . in f. ¤ nemda PH 6095 .
35 for dind flatha finde, Fél. May 17 . ar thir na flatha findi,
Arch. iii 311.28 (these two exx. may belong to II). pl.
cet[h]oir flathae duine isan centur .i. oeti ┐ soinmige, slaine
┐ sochraiti four heavens on earth ZCP iii 453.16 . Cf. .4.
flatho nime iv 234.18 . a Rí rímter flaithi (` lords, princes '),
40 Fél. Prol. 286 ; Ep. 46 , may belong to this. Cf. dorīme an
Mac | aite ile lasin nAthair, Imm. M.D. § 3 Anecd. i 51 .
II Applied to persons, in O. Ir. fem., Mid. Ir. also masc.
(later regularly masc.; exceptions are rare, see IGT, Decl .
cited above). don f. ¤ ionḟuair TD 31.4 . feirinnsgne ...
45flaith: ... an flaith as cóir ann, IGT, Introd. § 21 . A ruler,
prince: f. ¤ .i. tighearna, O'Cl. is torbach du popul f. ¤ firian
leu Ml 90b11 . is bésad inna flatho doem e[t] dofich Wb
9d2 . tiugḟ. ¤ Med last prince of the Medes LL 131a11 = Trip.
534.4 . Eochaidh M., f. ¤ clann bhFiacrach, Lism.L. 4751 .
50 as treisi f. ¤ fiora a prince is stronger than subjects Hugh Roe²
26.5 (f. 14b) (for the proverb see also 2 flaith). do thuit
mac na flatha ... Oisin `O., the prince's son' Duan. Ḟ. ii
174 § 5 . Of Deity: a ḟ. ¤ síl Adaim! Ériu vi 115 . pl. ro-
creitset ardlathi in betho Wb 1a3 . atbath borg tromm
55Temra | la tairthim a flathe, Fél. Prol. 166 . In Irish social
organization a chief, lord, applied to the various degrees of
`aire' subordinate to the `rí'; for qualifications of the f. ¤ see
Laws ii 200 ff ., ZCP xiv 337 , Laws v 440 , Críth Gablach p. 91 .
f. ¤ ┐ aithech `lord and vassal' Thes. ii 238.12 ( Arm. 17a2 ).
60 flaith fria aicgillne a lord with his bond-tenants (one of the
recognized social connexions), Laws ii 344.2 ( Ir. Law 3 ).
is i lanamnacht athfegthair itir in flaith ┐ a cheile ib. Laws ii 344.10
Comm . secht ngraid flatha; flaith fria haicillni; aire
desa, ... aire ard, etc. v 24.10 . f. ¤ athuigh (one whose father
65had not been a chief) Laws ii 200.21 . f. ¤ ciniuil coir athur ┐
senathur (one whose father and grandfather had been
chiefs) 202.24 . cor moga cen a f. ¤ contract of a serf without
his lord
i 50z (one of the soluble contracts). dlegair i cuibrind
rīg raith | brethem is fili is f. ¤ , Arch. iii 223.20 . co maccaib
70flaithi fer nErenn sons of the Irish chiefs BDD 20 . Etáin
boí ocon dáil ... forsna flathi E. was dispensing (drink) to
the lords
LU 10894 . romarbsat riogha ... rioghdamhna ┐
rioghflatha Erenn, Cog. 42.10 . i n-éadach flaithe tuaithe
a district chief (ranking next to `ollam' and `rí') Keat.
75 ii 1919 . FÍR FLATHA, see fír. Transf. of a preeminent
person: Tadg f. ¤ na sgol TD 32.54 . ar lorg na flaithe
forasda fiorfoghlama J. B. Bossuet, Luc. Fid. 181.10 (the
use of f. ¤ with fem. adj. in gs. is proscribed as incorrect IGT,
Decl. § 91 ). COMPDS. (a) with nouns, expressing preeminence
80or exalted quality usually chief—, princely, lordly: ¤ bendacht
the blessing of lordship (i.e. good rule?) ZCP viii 560 .
¤ bile: flaithbhile Fáil `princely champion' TD 9.17 .
¤ br(i)ugaid a chieftain hospitaller (i.e. of chieftain rank):
Eoghan flathbrughaid, Acall. 1875 . flathbriugaid CRR 23 .
85 flaithbrucchaidh FM iii 492.1 (` farmer '). ¤ chenn: flaith-
cenn thíre Fiachrach ` chief ' FM iii 604.9 . ¤ einech `princely
honour
' Caithr. CC § 5 . ¤ fénnid chief and warrior: in
flaithféindidh Find, Acall. 19 . imon fflaith-feindidh Conainn,
Leb. Gab. i 78 . ¤ goba a chieftain smith: co tech Lochain
flaithgobann RC v 200.25 . ¤ inis lordly isle: Cl. A.B. 142.87 .
5 ¤ nia a prince and hero: frega f., Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 26.12 =
IT iii 39 § 30 . As npr. m.: Rawl. 141b30 (s.o. Nia). 151b3 .
AU 714 , 754 , 805 . f. Rawl. 123.21 (dau. of Forannān), gen.
Flaithniad, Rawl. 159a27 . 161a35 . ¤ niadh AU 754 . 771 .
780 . 782 . ¤ nia, Rawl. 120b3 . AU 811 . ¤ rí: Fergal ... f.
10sluagach sil Eogain SR 2360 . f. Conacht, Ériu v 234 . As
npr. m. Flaithri FM 836 . IGT, Decl. § 112 . Keat. ii 5256 .
gen. mac Flaithri AU 791 . Rawl. 153b1 . ¤ rí, Keat. ii 5291 .
See also flaithrí. ¤ ruire ` high-prince ' Met. Dinds. iv 320 .
(b) rarely with adj.: ua ¤ foclach Fergusa of kingly speech
15(epithet of Colum Cille) ZCP x 340 . ¤ gel: g s m. ind Rig
flaithgil ` bright-realmed ' Fél. Ep. 239 . As npr. m., Flaithgel
AU 792 . Flaithgheal FM 788 . Cf. gen. Flaithgile , Rawl.
160a5 (m.) . ¤ ólach feasting like a chief (?) Keat. Poems
794 .