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flid (flich) n m. name of a herb, chickweed ? f. ¤ do tegad ar
85licc te no i naighen (for a cure), Ir. Texts v 74.22 . fiadhaile,
fliodh ┐ neanntóg, Oss. iv 274.4 . Hippia minor .i. in flidh
RC ix 235 . Cf. flíoch (: tír) is fiadhaile, Cúirt 80 . fliodh,
fligh ` chickweed, stitchwort ' (`pronounced fuilig in
Munster') Hog. Luibhl. g s. sugh fleagha , Mackinnon Cat.
33.9 .

5 fliuch adj ( RC ii 332 , 411 ) (a) wet: gl. madidus Ir. Gl 675 .
rochí F. co mbo f. ¤ a brat BDD 92 . ro cháiestar C. ... curbo
f. ¤ blai ┐ bruinne dho, Acall. 889 . co nach tirim acht mad
f. ¤ , Laws i 48.15 . cuilche f. ¤ Hy ii 31 . Lat. Lives 63 (where
the Lat. text reads tunica pellicea). robúi a hétach fúar
10f. ¤ , Betha Muire É. § 7 ( Ét. Celt. i 84 ). sín fh. ¤ `wet weather'
ib. ba minic gruadha ... go f. ¤ derfadhach, Cog. 42.20 . is
é do-ní an tslighe fliuch salach, fearthain ..., TSh. 10738 .
d s. f. a smúit-theinidh fhlich 6373 . g s. f. tosach oidhche
flichthe (= fliche) FM v 1852.5 . As subst. damp ; wet
15 weather: tuitid isin f. ¤ , Laws v 270.28 Comm. fuaire nā
f. ¤ , Ir. Texts i 26 . Compar. lacha .i. lichiu quam alia[e]
aves , Corm. Y 829 = liuchiu .i. fliuch[u] hí quam aliae aves ,
Trans. Phil. Soc. 1859, 189 (< H 3.18, 72 ). (b) full (in B.
na f.) : caput f. ¤ (.i. lán) do greand a head covered with hair
20 ZCP v 484 .
Compds. ¤ caemna ` wet cheer', a bath, ablutions: f. folcthi
┐ fothraicthe RC xiv 416.5 . YBL 177a49 (= BB 257b40 ).
f. duib co bun clúas, Hib. Min. 67.1 . [bantracht] ag denum
fliuchchaemhna foilcthi (context shows that they were
25preparing a hot bath) MR 274.19 . ¤ dercc blear-eyed: gl.
lippus Sg 24a8 . meic Lia liuchdeircce SR 2996 (cf. ba fliuch
dercca Liaa LB 114a32 = YBL 285a9 ). ¤ doinenn wet
weather: fliuchdhoinenn mhor FM iv 1188 . AU 1037 .
¤ domain wet and deep: tar ḟughnochtaibh ḟliuchdhoimhne
30... na fairrge ML 46.27 . ¤ lepthach (lepa) : luighe fliuch-
leapthach `lying in a wet bed' Buile S. 92.13 . ¤ linntech :
having puddles: gur bo liuchlinntech ... gach inad full of
puddles
MR 256.14 . ¤ snechta sleet: flichshneachta, Fl.
Earls 54.13 .

35 fliuchad n u,o,m. the act of wetting: lān coid méich f. ¤ a chind
it took the full of a bushel to wet his head Ériu iv 26.11 . rocho-
tail fon sruth ... cen f. ¤ a éttaig, BColm. 104.11 . ni fuar
usci da f. ¤ ZCP v 24 § 10 . ar daigin a fliuch[th]a, Laws iii
212.4 Comm . Watering, irrigating: do ḟliuchadh an gháirdín,
40 Gen. ii 10 . Rarely rain (= fleochud, flechud) : bainni
fliucaid IT ii2 103.4 ( BB 496b45 ). feraid tromfhliuchadh
... forsin fairgi, Aen. 936 . The follg. ex. is obscure : ni
dingentaoi fliochadh dhó ... acht dia Domhnaigh (a Lenten
practice), Rule of Tallaght § 87 , where scribe adds : ni
45thuigim an fliuchadh sin, achd munab braiseach no broth-
chan as mian leis do thuigsin faoí ; ` seething ' Gwynn ;
perh. ablution .
See flechud.

fliuchaid v ā (fliuch) wets: ni ḟliuchaim ... gid mo adbrunnu
50 TBC 1307 . topur roflíuchadh ... uili dreach ín talman BB
16a12 . rotfliuchus I have wet you Triads 104 . fliuchthar
folt in D. ... i tondaib in trom-thuile, Met. Dinds. iii 208 =
Acall. 3847 . clúmh an bhrait ... nar fhliuch an lá doininne,
PBocht 20.27 . dā tī ferthain fliuchbuidir [ = —fuitir (:cui-
55tig)] if a shower come they will be wetted LB 108b72 ( GJ v 41 ).

fliuchaide adj io-iā (fliuch) damp, moist: inna fliuchaide ,
(gl. humidorum) Sg 73a1 . fóda fliuchaidi , CCath. 2521 .
Compar. (?) fliuchidi (gl. humectiora) Thes. ii 24.32 ( Bcr
34b7 ).

60 fliuchaidecht : x see flichidecht.

fliuchaidetu n m. wetness: bróen ┐ fliuchaidatu, Thes. ii
12.30 ( Bcr 18c2 ).

fliuchaigid v g (fliuch) becomes or is moist or wet (? blear-
eyed) : fliuchaigim (gl. lippio) Sg 10b3 .

65 ? fliuchnud : issí (sc. in cú) robhói ac f. ¤ níadh ZCP iii
433.22 (< Lism. 153b2 ) = ic f[ro]mud níad, Stokes Festschr.
8 § 9 ( LL 207b23 , where the bracketed letters are illegible).
Perhaps a proper name.

fliuchnus n m. (fliuch) wet, wet weather: doinend adhbail
70┐ f. ¤ mór in bhliadhainsi ALC i 38.26 .

flocus n m. (cf. Eng. flock) flock, bedding: leabaidh ḟlocais ,
MacAingil 355.17 . i bhflocus , Ó Bruad. iii 110 (: cothrom).

flondrusach adj o-ā Flemish: do chaiptinip Flonndrusacha ,
Fl. Earls 46.17 . Cf. Flondrus Flanders YBL 318b49 , Flón-
75dar, O Bruad. iii 220 (: brónach).

flúirse n f. abundance: f. ¤ ... don arán, Oss. vi 74.3 . iv 270.13 .
See O'Rahilly, Ériu ix 18 ff .

flúirsech adj o-ā abundant ; lavish: a bhuidhean ba ḟlúirseach
aráin, Oss. iii 234x . See prec.

80 flux, —a n (< Lat. fluxus) a flux: f. ¤ na bronn (= in excre-
mentis) 23 K 42, 15.20 . Ir. Texts i 51.1 . ré fluxa fola,
Acts xxviii 8 . ni ar slainti chuaidh dóibh in feolmhach soin
... acht ar thinnios ... (┐) f. ¤ , Ó Mealláin 24 .

fo, fa, (leniting) prep. with acc. and dat. Forms : fo
85 Wb 5b3 . 9c31 . Ml 14d4 . 27d7 . 28c12 . Sg 140a4 . 153b6 .
Acr 8b1 . Bcr 31c5 . SR 1596 . LU 1928 . 2970 . 4764 . 6615 .
LB 67b14 . 171b16 . 201a20 . fó LU 3806 . 6498 . 6899 .
10792 . 10779 . LB 54a50 . 244b25 . fu Ml 63b4 . 67c2 . 77b11 .
94a2 . Bcr 18d2 . fa LL 177b45 . LB 41b53 . 162b16 . 165b10 .
ba, bá 243a36 . ba, Maund. 237 . fá LU 9132 . (cf. secht
5cneslénti [sic leg.] ... bítís bá thétaib ... hi cústul fri gelcnes dó
LU 6413 ). faoí, Fl. Earls 70.30 . faoi, RSCl. 6a . fa (fá, ba)
is frequent in Mid. Ir. and is the regular form in Early Mod Ir.
(fáoi, fa fhior sin IGT, Introd. § 73 . ata m'ḟalluing ... fa ḟior
o beith faoi IGT, 24 P 8, 190 ), see exx. below. With nasal.
10 rel. part.: fua Ml 35a9 ; b16 . 38c3 . 45a3 . Fél. Prol. 86
(fa v.l.). foa Ml 59d7 . Marco P. 16 . fo Ml. 35b18 . Marco P.
136 . fó (ro) 18 . fá, TSh. 7542 . Mid. Ir. fo, fó, fá. With
art. fon(d) Ml 35a9 . 53b9 . 36b16 . Sg 14b1 . 73b3 . Fél. Oct.
15 . LU 3100 . 8461 . fón LU 1508 . 1797 . 8214 . Aisl. MC
15 103.3 . fónd LU 6092 . LL 71b1 . foind LU 6099 . fóa n—
(neut.) 8240 . fun Ml 65c9 . fan IGT, 24 P 8, 190 . O'Hussey
T.C. 68 . pl. fona. Incorrectly fosnaib LL 63bx ( TBC 1020 ).
With pron. suff.: 1 sg. foum (gl. íssum) Hy vi 4 Comm.
fóm LL 82b30 . fúm, Arch. iii 236 § 6 . TSh. 4226 . fúm,
20 fóm IGT, 24 P 8, 193 .
2 sg. fout SR 1734 (monos.). fót 835 . LU 2815 . fūd
ZCP vi 283.21 . fút, —d; fót, —d IGT, 24 P 8, 193 . fád
TD 10.20 .
3 s. m. n., acc. fo Ml 37a14 . foa LU 8849 . fua 8525 .
25 foí 2011 . LB 191b58 (fói). fóe LL 62b21 . 80a41 . foei
LB 7b44 . fáe, Lat. L. 46.10 . dat. (not distinguished in
Mid. Ir.) fou Ml 38c3 . 64a10 . 98c10 . Bodl. Dinds. s.v.
prull (foe Y). foú Ml 35b16 . fó LU 1483 (foo 5620 is possibly
acc. pl.). Trip. 222.6 . foa (fóu E) 240.14 . fáe, CCath.
30 1214 . foe, Aisl. MC 89.15 . fai, Lism.L. 1666 . fua LU
6424 . TBC 3378 . fáe (sin), CCath. 1477 . faoi IGT, Introd.
§ 73 . ata m'ḟalluing ... fa ḟior o beith faoi IGT, 24 P 8, 190 .
faoi, O'Hussey, T.C. 68 .
3 s. f. foí LU 6214 . ? fúe 7121 ( BDD 80 ). fóe (diss.),
35 Im. Br. § 6 (ref. to inis). foithi, Trip. 8.10 . Marco P. 16 .
Lism.L. 50 . fóthi LL 59.49 ; 267b27 . foithe, Aisl. MC
122.32 . Lism.L. 2220 . fuithe, Acall. 2756 . fúithe, TSh.
1679 . fáoithi IGT, Decl. ex. 432 . fúithe, fóithe, faoithe
IGT, 24 P 8, 193 .
40 1 pl. found TBC² 3578 . fúinn, Maund. 157 . TSh. 8033 .
fōin, fōind, Arch. iii 235 § 28 (: ōir). 237 § 23 (cōir). fúnn,
fúinn, fóinn, faoinn IGT, 24 P 8, 193 .
2 pl. fuibhsi, Acall. 2173 . faoibh, Studies 1921, 74 .
Luc. Fid. 366.6 . fúibh, fóibh, faoibh IGT, 24 P 8, 193 .
45 3 pl. acc. fóthu LL 63b21 . 85a24 . fúthu, Fianaig. 94.17 .
fūthu, CCath. 2445 (as dat. 1889 ). fōthu (as dat.) 3032 .
3189 . 4718 . fōtha 4834 . 5208 . fūtha (as dat.) Maund. 157 .
fútha, TSh. 1164 . Cf. fóu, Trip. 130.6 . foo LU 5620 .
dat. fóthib LU 1889 . LL 95b43 . fōthib (as acc.) 62b33 .
50 fóthib 222a23 ( TTr. 363 ). foíthib (as acc.) LU 6166 .
? foithib (: soithib), Met. Dinds. iv 86.76 . fūthaibh (as
acc.) Marco P. 91 . fuithibh (—uí—?) 100 . fúthaibh, TSh.
2270 (as acc. 2374 ). fúthuibh, faoithibh IGT, 24 P 8, 193 .
With poss. 1 sg. fóm LL 113b28 . LB 161bx . fom LB 6a19 .
55 191a9 . bám 179a42 . fám FDG 287 . TSh. 2145 . 2 sg.
fot LL 259b24 ; 32 . fót LU 3903 . 6090 . LL 259b36 . fád,
TSh. 7867 , - 74 . 3 s. foa Wb 32c13 . LU 10653 . 10661 .
10910 . fóa 5596 . LB 192b29 . fána, Keat. ii 6299 . TSh.
1576 . 4216 . fo (axail) BDD 148 U (foo Y). fo (smacht)
60 LB 178b54 .
1 pl. fóar Wb 9a1 . LB 172b3 . fo ar LB 171b37 . fánar,
TSh. 5591 (verse).
2 pl. fo bar Wb 23d11 .
3 pl. foa LU 6781 . fona BCC p. 396.23 . fana FDG 409 .
65 fána, TSh, 3067 .
I Of local relations. (a) under, beneath: used more exten-
sively than the corresponding Engl. prep., as the Irish
idiom, in speaking of two things one above another prefers
to say that B is under A rather than that A is over B: foum
70(gl. íssum) Hy vi 4 Comm. bieit a namait fo a chosaib som
under his feet Wb 32c13 . a tabairt fu chossa `their being
put under foot
' Ml 67c2 . lecca derca fo chossaib LU 2424 .
asin tiprait boí fón drochat 1797 . co n-accatar fón muir
fóthib annís dúine 1889 . gabais in mnaí foa lethoxail
75 took the woman under his arm 10910 . atnaig C. foí thrusts
him under it
5233 . da lurgain lomchaela fae, Thr. Ir.
Gl. 36 (Corm. s.v. prull). do chuir a lámh chlé faoi chum
éirghe dó, Comp. Con C. 81.10 . léigcitt a nglūine fútha
they kneel down Maund. 77 . gabais ... a chois foí LU 1503
80(`took him by the leg' MU 51 ). co mmema do fergara fót
6099 . ro thescsat a leth-iscait ... foei PH 554 . mani má
in talam fúe BDD 80 . mana maidi in talam found TBC²
3578 . in cloch no geissed fo chosaib cach ríg nogeibedh
Hérinn, Dinds. i § 13 = BB 350a18 . in tan ticedh ri Eirenn
85fuirre, do ghéised in lecc fái, Acall. 7999 . ro hecrait áine
┐ urluachair fóthu TBC 998 . mairg cois isa bond fa mbris
woe to the foot under whose sole it breaks Arch. iii 237 § 21 .
atá fó cach duma .l. fer LU 2873 . a lec na righ ... fút atát
cuirp na tri Tadg, Ériu ii 166.30 . líc ... foa n-adnaicthe na
gennte, Marco P. 16 . in ail fó ro hadnachta a sin 18 . fo
5Loch Echach LU 2970 . fo dílind, Ériu iv 130.17 . docuaidh
se fai an abhainn ... ┐ nir eirich se no gor baithed e BCC
§ 149 . (cf. no thogfaind mo chlíu | ma úir LU 9856 . ge
fía dig fa húir 9859 ). luid fo thalmain, Fél. May 20 . a
chor fo thalmain to bury PH 664 . mar fhágbhaid fá úir é,
10 TSh. 970 . droichet fo ngabhait longa under which ships
pass
Marco P. 136 . fo gréin (nim) under sun (heaven) i.e.
alive; in the world: nisfil fo grein fairind ... basid feiliu,
Arch. iii 297z . gan coimmeas ris fon g. ... acht tusa he has
no equal in the world but thee
Duan. Ḟ. ii 324 § 25 . ní fil
15fo nim ní ... na dingned LU 3911 ( SC 42 ). teglach fo teglach
ind ḟir | ni fil fo n. AU 894 . gan neach 'na n-aghoidh fo
neimh no one in the world against them Dúan. Ḟ. ii 164 § 35 .
dona daoinibh fá neamh, TSh. 2088 (= sub caelo ... homi-
nibus Actus iv 12 ). Esp. in sense of carrying, supporting:
20 droichet ..., xxx. uaithne fulaing fai, Marco P. 97 . beir
let licc ... fot suidi SR 1593 . is amlaid ... atá in rígsudi ...
co cethri colomnaib foi LU 2006 ( FA 7 ). cen fúndamit fái
PH 7816 . tū ag folang fóin supporting us beneath Arch.
iii 235.28 . ech ... foa suidiu LU 10661 . tri eich derga foa
25suidib BDD 30 (foithib, Eg. fosuidib DE). gerrán Patraic
foa (fóu, Eg.) P.'s nag was carrying it (of a load) Trip. 240.14 .
na dá ech filet fón charput LU 8590 . secht carpait ... ┐
ceithri heich dēc fūithibh ZCP vii 300.12 . fuaim nechraide
fó ríg the sound of steeds under a king's chariot BDD
30 50 . fuaim carbaid fo rígh BNnÉ 183.11 . in carpat
fil fónd ócláig TBC 1815 . carbad ... bhias faoi ... rothadha
fan charbad, O'Hussey T.C. 68 . in sdét robúi fae Sir G.
ZCP vi 56.32 . ber mul ... fud `have under thee a ... mule'
283.21 . confacatar in fer mbecc ... ┐ luingin creduma foi
35 in a skiff of bronze RC vi 183.4 . in cholcid boí foí the bed
he was on
LU 10478 . nirbo gnáth in corthe út fo enaib
that pillar was not wont to have birds on it LL 121b34 ( RC
iii 181 ). ech ... ina laige fo eri PH 5846 . baile a laighfedh
an damh fon ccarpat BNnÉ 32.1 . arna loscedsi ... in fer
40nobiad fóthi that it should not burn the man who carried it
(of a magic spear) MU² 741 ( LL 267b27 ). tuc gobal ... fo
a cinnu stuck their heads on a fork Dinds. 144 . do rad C. a
carpat fo leabhraibh Beraich loaded his chariot with B.'s
books
BNnÉ 31 y . asail berar fa lointibh la gach n-aen
45`asses laden with provisions are taken' Marco P. 20 . mac in
chruittiri fón cruit, Ériu ix 49 § 30 . fer fo bhíudh ... aroile
fo lionn, Hugh Roe² 11.26 (f. 6b) . focheirded id n-óir immi |
nád bāded fairge foa that the sea might not drown him while
he wore it
Met. Dinds. iii 104.23 . éicne ... is é fuillechta fo
50mil dressed with honey TBFr. § 23 . cuiridh fo shalann é
pickle it BNnÉ 74.8 . tuirtín fá luaith (= subcinericium
panem) TSh. 4926 . do chorpán fo chrú covered with gore
ML 110.13 ( ML² 1455 ). cona brugaib fo blāth flowering
meadows
SR 379 . boí [Mag Breg] fó a lí ┐ fó bláth cach datha
55 LU 10792 . finemhain fo torud ZCP v 24 § 2 . gort nach bi
fa barr that bears no crops Arch. iii 236 § 5 . clúana ... fá
sgingbheirt reóidh `meadows wrapped in a cloak of ice'
Ó Heódhusa, Studies 1921, 419 . dolluid in curach fo séol
trena mocoll under sail LU 1928 . laoidheang fa lán seóil
60 under full sail TD 20.30 . do bhí an domhan fa dhall chiach
7.33 . cotlud dó fón sāith sin LU 3451 ( SC 23 ). in ghein
fil fat bruindi in thy womb RC vi 175.55 . i taig fó glas LU
4764 . fuaratar in carcair fon iadhad doratsat forri PH
3696 . in carcair do beth fon ṅdúnad cetna 3698 . Cf. a
65mbeit[h] i mbuaile fo iadhu an oidhche (of cows), Laws iv
96.24 . corbo ecen clar fo dlutad uasu BB 390b1 . bheith
geimhlighthe fá ghéibheann ghrás nDé, TSh. 2201 . docuaid
C. fana corp fen san aiér in his own body BCC § 149 . an tan
... nach féadann ... an biadh ... do chongbháil fána chlí
70 cannot retain his food TSh. 1575 . comēt dam mo chride
... ni raib miscais foë let there be no hatred in it ZCP vi 259
§ 6 . dosrat fo chlaidiub put them to the sword SR 4148 . ce
atagtha fo claideb, Ériu ii 122.21 . dochuaidh Pol fo cloidhem
BB 10a3 ( MacCarthy 284 ). luidh fo lannaib fell by blades
75 BB 50b29 ( MacCarthy 422 ). tair fón claideb come under the
sword
(in token of submission) LU 9659 ( ZCP iii 212 ).
cárna samaisci do indarggain fo thál ┐ béuil TBFr. § 19 .
Often loosely used to denote an inferior position: tobert C.
a lue ... co mboí a n-imdorus isin tenlug fó LU 1483 ( MU²
80 964 , `the door fell down before him' MU 51 ). suidid fo glún
Conchobair (i.e. at C.'s feet ?) LU 5206 . ro slecht fo chossaib
Mártain at M.'s feet RC ii 400.16 . PH 1335 . tarrustar ...
fo chossa G. 1372 . fo chosaib Gamaliél ... ro alt [Pól] 1649 .
co mbí fo chrund bethad LU 1356 . bud iomdha ... mairbh
85fa ríoghnaibh roisgḟliucha `many will be the wet-eyed queens
over their dead
' TD 16.71 . do-chuaidh Ionas ... fá chrann,
TSh. 2477 . an tan bhíos ... fá láimh chlí Dé on God's left
hand
9891 . angcaire ... do léigean fúthaibh 2374 . fo
choimm: see coimm. fo chomair: see comair.
(b) of direction towards, into, through: a naslui grién foa
5fuined `when the sun goes away to its setting' Bcr 33b18 .
doluid fon caillid (= ad silvam) Lat. Lives 85 (dochuaid isin
caill Hy v 61 Comm. ). gur ling an t-each uaidh fán gcoill,
TSh. 1001 . ralotar fón fid CRR 37 . nach tan nosbert eol-
chaire fo rian roglass whenever homesickness brought them on
10the sea
Anecd. i 69.1 . amair raga sa ... asan curach fo thir
RC xiv 60.24 . docuaidh ... roime fon tír ZCP vi 51.9 .
dochuiremar an long fo tír isin oilén BNnÉ 49.35 . tunda
fina do cur fo tir cast on shore Ann. Conn. 1310 § 10 . dús in
táir cobair Ulad foo LU 5620 . buailis fá lár a chorp to the
15ground
TSh. 5586 . ro léig fo lár a ḟoghuil ... ┐ ro an acumsa
`abandoned' Fianaig. 76.8 . Cf. roínfid fuil féne fo don LU
6615 . teiched ... fo fhoithrib, Marco P. 55 . do theich fo
sliabh C., Comp. ConC. 79.1 . ni lamhann drochspirat techt
fa tech i mbí, Maund. 15 (c ?). teid fan ceol in the direction
20of the music
ZCP v 501 (cf. II j). tolotatar fon fes came to
the feast
RC xiii 223.50 . cromait ... fan cath bend to the
(i.e. engage in) battle
ZCP viii 224 . Cf. cuir aris fao cluasa
do chroidhi da eisteacht = ad iterum audiendum aures
cordis accommoda Instructio 119.28 . tigid fád lorg = sub
25tua vestigia TSh. 7867 . Cf. celebrait ... na ocht trath oc
molad ... in Coimded co claischétol aircaingel oc tíachtain
foí (the birds) sing the hours in praise of the Lord with the
quire of the archangels accompanying it
LU 2011 ( FA 7 ).
do-beir láim fo undertakes, attempts (see lám).
30(c) esp. of impact, collision, attack: benaid foo
LU 4874 . benaid fona maccu 4885 . buain fútha
meddling with them (?) Ériu v 71.6 . (see benaid, búain).
tarlaic urchur fuithib RC v 199.11 (see do-léici). ac
tabairt sádaid do crann a tsleigi fuithe, Acall. 2756 . buail-
35tear an long fá charraig against a rock TSh. 3759 . do-
bheir craos-ruathar ... fútha makes a hungry onslaught
on them
1164 . téit (imm-soí, etc.) f. turns on, attacks: cobair
cethra foa tiagat coin alltai helping cattle attacked by wolves
Ériu ii 210.2 . teit [in béist] fo thrédu Gargan ┐ ro marb
40dímór dib PH 7227 . amail teit ség fa mindtu MR 70.16 =
FDG 627 . do chu[a]idh fúthu ┐ tríthu, Fianaig. 94.17 .
ná deach faoibh fréamh ar ndoibheart ` assail ' Eoghan R.
Mhac an Bhaird, Studies 1921, 74 . imsoí foíthib ┐ marbthus
íat LU 6166 . imsói fothu, Met. Dinds. iii 258.29 . maitti
45a ndírím fó araill LU 6667 (`their forces rush at each other'
Faraday, Cattleraid of Cualnge, 96 ). no co roicher (ndeachar
v.l.) fo longphort fer nÉ., Comp. ConC. 94.16 . eirgidh fo
palas in rígh `attack' Fier. 131 . amhail choin ... do sgaoil-
fidhe fá shluaghaibh, TSh. 3122 . ionsoighidh foithib ...
50amhuil faolcoin fo chaorchaib, Hugh Roe 226.9 (f. 60a) .
lingid ... fótha dá n-óirleach, Keat. i 204.31 . co ngreis a
choin fona clerchiu, Lism.L. 276 . lecidh in rí na griba
futhaibh, Marco P. 91 . lór do chur cháich fa chéile enough
to set all at variance
TD 6.2 .
55(d) throughout, over, gen. of motion: ducuaid induc-
bal cruche Crist fun domun Ml 65c9 . fon domun for
cech leth (gl. longe lateque) 53b9 . seinter lat ... cornn
... | co roa a glōir fo secht nime SR 1368 . teid ...
do iarraid a legis fon doman RC xii 326.22 . ro closs
60fon ṁbith, Fél. Oct. 15 . dorónad coindmed na filed ... fo
Érind LU 360 . rocluinter ... a nggáir fón firmimint 2199 .
forodalta Conaille fo hÉrinn ZCP viii 330.29 . roscuir ...
a munter ... fon Eoraip sent his people all over Europe PH
267 . rosfuid Dia Michel fo na secht nimib, MacCarthy
65 68.9 ( LB 112bx ). co clos fona crichaib comfoicsibh, CCath.
1428 . fodlaidh baill an maic ... fo naemaib hErenn dis-
tributes the limbs ... amongst the saints
BColm. 92.13 . co
clos fosnaib tuathaib uili TBC 1020 . scél scáilter fa chách
amongst all CRR 54 . a clú ica irrdercugud fo cech popol,
70 CCath. 333 . do bhrúcht Loch Con fa thír over the land
Keat. i p. 162 . In : do himdergadh go mōr fa ghnúis ...
na hingine a deep blush came over Ériu v 84.14 , fa replaces
imm ; cf. ro himdergad imon ceand RC xxiv 64 § 26 , and
see (f) below. Cf. amal arrograd descad fo bairgin Wb
75 9b13 . laibhín ... faoi leaven mixed with it TSh. 8982 . foillech
di menadaich fa bargen, Ériu vii 140.15 (` leg. for,'
Ed.).
(e) on: .lll. mac fo chathaírib airgdidib BDD 105 Y.
Cf. faidhit din claraigh uasa mbarcuibh ... ni chuirid pic
80forro, acht ola ┐ cailc ┐ cnaib do mhingerred tritha, ┐ a
cur fuithib (`with this they pay their ships'), Marco P.
145 .
(f) about, around (contamination of IMM , see also
II l et seq. below): sciathrach scéith do gabáil fó brágit
85 round his neck CRR 17 . gab craidhi spideoigi ... ┐ cuir fa
braigid an ti ... take a robin's heart and hang it round the
neck of ...
, Ros. Angl. 234.7 . do cuiretar coroin fa chenn,
Maund. 16 . craicind ... leoman ba cathbar[r] ma [fo,
Eg.] cendaib on their heads TTebe 2672 . slabhra ... fána
chom, Keat. ii 6299 (= moa bragit, Rawl. 81a15 . ima
5b. YBL 127a25 ). do gabh crios fa a colainn ZCP i
62 § 45 . an bhfuil sróll ... fána chneas? TSh. 4216 . fá
bhrághaid 7549 . duine fá mbíd an dá ghéibheann úd 7542 .
coróin fána cheann 40 . fa (um, v.l.) dhruim píasda |
filltir slíasda flatha Fáil IGT, Decl. ex. 1226 . Hence hard
10by, near (?): ro marbsad lucht dā eathar fan Suca RC xviii
188.32 (Tig.). Cf. dodechad ... dot chursu fan lind TBC
3420 = mon lind TBC² 2628 , where under is possibly the
meaning. maidm ... do tabairt do Ch. fo Beol Atha S.
for Conallchaib, Ann. Conn. 1359 § 3 (= oc Áth S., FM).
15 II Of fig. and abstract relations, (a) under ; dofucfa ...
na mbia fo menmain a chéli cena falsigud o briathraib LU
2665 . Cf ailithre idan ... ticc co menicc fo menmain, Arch.
iii 321 § 1 . is messi ... dorat fó menmain Ailella do seircsiu
put love of thee into A's heart LU 10779 (= for Eriu xii 170.
2015 ). Especially with words denoting appearance, state,
condition, manner, attendant circumstances, classification :
dath ... fo chosmailius saphirr like sapphire Ml 84d4 . dolega
... fo chosmailius dilenn 62b20 . conrotacht ... a tech ...
fó chosmailius na Cráebrúadi LU 8045 . fon óenchummi
25 in one way Sg 14b1 . is cuma nóblighthea bai ┐ eillti fon
aenchumai cach dia ré linn, Cóir Anm. 26 . dotháet ass
fón cumma sin LU 6496 . fon cruth sa 3539 ( SC 29 ). atcessa
iat ... fon cruth sin LU 8770 ( FB 57 ). co n-ebairt fón n-innasa
so that he spake thus LU 2317 (cf. sections g, j below). esergi
30in ciniuda dóennai fon n-innas sa 2720 . fóa n-innas cetna
in the same manner 8240 ( FB 18 ). LU 9095 ( FB 84 ). fon innas
cétna LU 8797 ( FB 60 ). fon n-innus sin, Marco P. 85 . nodslaid
fón alt cétna beat him in the same way LU 3288 ( SC 8 ).
secht mbliadnai di fond alt sin in that condition LL 280a23
35( SG 415 ). a mbatar ... fon samail sin thus LU 3301 ( SC 10 ).
dorónad grianán ... fo chomardus imdaí Conchobair as high
as
LU 8062 ( FB 3 ). fo deilb diabuil in the form of a demon
SR 1739 . slabrada ... fo deilb natrach LU 2174 ( FA 25 ).
imad ... lecc lógmar innte fo chuma grene ┐ ésca LB 138b19 .
40 fo feib SR 375 . fo clith secretly 1281 . co mbatar blíadain
fo chleith, Met. Dinds. iii 390.79 . fo gné sub specie: fo
gné bairgine PH 5183 . fo bithphianaib SR 1740 . fo déraib
in tears Fél. Ep. 174 . Prol. 24 . sínset fo brón ... cosin
crích `pursued their way in ... grief' Met. Dinds. iii 390.73 .
45 luid C. fo luinni úad in indignation LU 6021 . caland fa scīs
a weary body Arch. iii 237 § 26 . gan duine fo fhodord dibh
`without one of them murmuring' Buile S. 108 § 54 . siu
nobeth fo athis rather than be disgraced LU 2932 . bía fónd
anim sin thou shalt carry that blemish 6092 . bánbéim na
50fagaib feith fo saoth .i. fo tinnes, O'Don. 826 ( H 3. 17,
590 - 1 ). beth fa essanóir PH 7387 . robúi B. fa anoir ZCP
vi 296.7 . cath ... ó a mbeid Gaoidhil fo mheabhoil, Dúan.
Ḟ. ii 160 . dolluid A. dochum a thíri fó chōri ┐ óentaid fri
U., LU 1551 . scarsat ... fo ṡīdh ┐ chaenchomhrac, Marco P.
55 151. 156 . bheith ag luiṅgseóireacht arthraigh ... fá phio-
ráideacht in piracy TSh. 2165 . bretnas ... cona ecor dé
ór fo ṡnīm plaited Anecd. i 61 § 91 (= co mbrephnib óir
LU 1809 ). fa áis na maighden `of the age' Maund. 253 .
nech ... fu grad epscoip of the rank of a bishop Ériu vii 140.1 .
60 fa marbhdataid ! mortifiyed RSCl. 91a . dí laogh fona dathaibh
uccat of those colors BNnÉ 10.27 . arrubert bith ann ... fo
glēre lesaigt[h]i bíd ┐ cormae, BColm. 84.5 . níl an flaitheas
so faoi ghluas acht moving Corp. Astron. 36.15 . eter com-
slechtaib na cethri sen find fichet fu aen fochanat in unison(?)
65 Rawl. 106b29 (cf. Rev. iv 4 , 10 ). a lan do laechaib ... fa
oengnim ┐ oengaisced fris fein equal in exploits ... to himself
MR 80.11 = FDG 733 . da mbeth fuath duine ... am chride, ┐
bás d'fhagbail fái-sin cen aithrige were hatred of anyone in
my heart, and I died thus, unrepentant
PH 7488 (but this
70may belong to section j, q.v.). Cf. fo réim on a course (?)
BDD 50 (sic leg.? Cf. dochuaid int en ... for foluamain
fon reim sin, Aen. 1133 ). fo ogi oiffrinn `at completeness
of offering
' ACC 93 (= LU 994 ).
(b) of grammatical function, in Glosses (a particular appli-
75cation of preceding): is fo huath[ud] ... a n-institutae
`institutae' is in the singular Ml 42b12 . is ainm naimsire
hisunt ... ciasu menciu fu dobrethir it is more frequent
adverbially
67a4 . is fo infinit dutiagar ... á mmanifestare
(the word) `manifestare' is construed as an infinitive 101c6 , 7 .
80 cid fo gním cid fo chésath dotiagar actively ... passively
Wb 6a29 . is fo foxlaid dutiagtar `they are construed abla-
tively
' Ml 106c3 . fo diultad as a negative Laws iv 68.29
Comm. Corm. Y 407 . ni fú indidit ata `irascemini' sunt
... acht is for imchomarc ata `in affirmation ... in interro-
85gation
' Ml 20b13 . fo neutur in the neuter Sg 90b 5 , 6 .
(c) of meaning underlying: inni bess fon fogur sin the
sense which is under that sound Wb 12d5 . a folad foṡuidigther
fond ṡun `the substance put under the word' Sg 73b3 . fun
trop són (gl. sub hac figure discribitur) Ml 66a4 . muna cíall
shiobhuil bhíos fúthaibh unless they are used with the sense
5of motion
(of certain prepositions) IGT, Introd. § 72 . Cf.
ni thuigim an fliuchadh sin, achd munab braiseach ... as
mian leis do thuigsin faoí, Rule of Tallaght § 87 . briathar
fá n-ab iontuigthe nach cóir, etc. from which we may infer
Eochairsgiath 9.20 .
10(d) under, subject to: fun inuilligud (gl. sub tutione)
Ml 30b23 . fu Moysi under Moses (as ruler) 63b4 . dos-
&mdot;béra fo chumachte in maicc Wb 13b30 . ni fó ar
máam ataid 9a1 . condumfel fo mám pectho 3c38 . ni
rabatar ... riam fo recht fetarlicce Wb 19d11 . bíd Sattan
15... fót cumachtu PH 3937 . biait fót ... airbri imdai arch-
aṅgel SR 835 . Pilait fua ro chés ar Fíada, Fél. Prol. 86 .
ingreim na nIúdaide fó Antoich under (the reign of) A.
PH 5499 . níor dúnadh dorus leasa | fa Bhéac `in the reign
of B.
' TD 32.39 . co mbet Cristaighi fa Idhalaib an uair
20sin mar attatt Idhail fútha-san aníu, Maund. 237 . úa na
rígh ... bhios fo shiol na Saxanach, Duan. Ḟ. ii 166.42 .
an lā ... dobēra cāch fuibh ┐ sibh os cāch, CCath. 5059 .
do ocaib ... biti fo anmchairtes under spiritual direction
Mon. Tall § 71 . slechtais ... fo ogreir Maolruaoin prostrated
25himself in complete submission to M. (under the absolute
will of
) § 77 . fo míscaid bretheman brátha LU 2289 ( FA
34 ). fo chis do Magnus fil si under tribute to M. Marco P.
3 . fo mhamus M. fuil si subject to M. 4 . na ... righ fil fo
mamus Naim 54 . cuiris M. faa smacht he 99 . dorad iathu
30E. ... fo smacht flaithiusa Muman RC xxiv 186.7 . gur
chuir faoi forgla an domhain subdued TD 13.40 . na daine
éadtroma ... do chonnmhail fa shilens an chlaustra = in
claustro sub disciplina Instructio 201.17 . co fuilitt fa
plánét Ṡáduirnn under (the rule of) Saturn Maund. 141 .
35 ar mbeith dhuit fá leigheas = sub medicamento TSh. 8190 .
mairg atá fá theas na teineadh 6416 (cit.). ré mbeith don
phobal I. fá éagcomhlann 6103 .
Téit fo submits to, undergoes; assumes: in tan diagmani
fo baithis. Wb 3a15 . tect fo smachtu rechto 19d11 . intí
40téte fo recht n-imdibi 20a12 . dochóid Ísu fo reacht n-
imdibe PH 5652 . in tan teit oen ... fo gradaib in choimded
takes holy orders 7157 . mane tē fó láim n-epscoip iar
mbathus unless he is confirmed Ériu i 218.24 (see lám).
fo-ácaib fo leaves at the discretion (mercy) of: do fágadh
45in faidhchi folum faī ZCP vi 31.2 . forḟacaib [in mac] isinn
inadsin fo na hethaidib left ... there exposed to the birds
RC xxiv 190 § 2 . fágbhaim fá bhreathnughadh gach aon-
duine, cia is córa ... ? TSh. 5002 (see fácbáil, fo-ácaib). fag
gach aindligheadh ... fa dheithidi ... in bhreitheamhan,
50 Instructio 200.22 . lectir fu mes nDe it is left to God's judg-
ment
Ériu vii 158.35 .
(e) under (a name, head, rubric, etc.): fond oinfailsigud
(gl. sub eodem ... argumento) Ml 36b16 . arroét Iosep ... Muire
... fo anmum chomaime under the name of wife PH 6917 .
55 gab fon aithne-si gach lá saire include under this command-
ment
7372 . atā cech uli ... fon aithne-si every ... is included
under this commandment
7542 . atā bán aithne-si ... cech ní
7609 . ní háirmighther Éire ... fan clíma ard Ireland is not
counted as belonging to
Maund. 157 . fo [o]en aicciund adfiadar
60`it [a compound] is pronounced under a single accent' Sg
74b8 . Cf. dosbert fobairt bidbad fó bidbadaib foraib LU
6498 (`the attack of an enemy among enemies' Faraday,
Cattleraid of Cualnge 92 ). Here seem to belong: ba fou
fachart[at]arsom Ml 64a10 . is fáei iarom latharsat légnide
65na mBretan innísin (introducing an explanation), Thr.
Ir. Gl. 9 (Cormac s.v. cruimther. Y has instead: is fair
iarom rolaset).
(f) under = less than; inferior to: faoi áois iomchubh-
aidh `before sufficient age' RSCl. 6a . an t-aonmhadh lá
70déag ... faoi nó ós a chionn the eleventh day or thereabouts
Corp. Astron. 4.12 . gion go raibhe créatúir san gcruinne
fá aingeal budh uaisle, TSh. 1100 . ba hē amāin faoi Dia
dusratt in Edāill ... fo chuing chreidmhe, Fl. Earls 100.14 .
faoí Dia acht in guibernoir ni himda persa ... is fessach
75 70.30 .
(g) according to, in accordance with , an extension of (d) and
(e) above; in Glosses gen. in combination with vbs. GAIBID
and DO-BEIR: fon cheill fuandrogab in faith in the sense in
which the prophet has uttered it
Ml 38c3 . cid fosodi[n]
80nogabad D. .i. foní fuantuic P. 35a9 . is fosodin rogabad
35b10 . bed foú nogabtis ... foní fuatabarr ib. 16 , 18 . as
sain ind fiugor fuandrogab in faith ┐ ind rún fuantaibret
in suuischelaichthi 45a3 . is fo dobertar inna anman fonna
inni fordi[n]grat names are given in accordance with the
85qualities they signify
37a14 . fo sin in that case, in accordance
with that Ml 42c24 , 46c14 , Sg 106a5 . is foa ... dothét cech
pennain ... fo meit an pectha every penance is determined by
the magnitude of the sin
RC xv 487y . pennith fon cinaid,
Ériu vii 158.2 . gu cumaid a ndeghghnima fon n-etargna
sin, Lism.L. 4612 . do suidhigedh na sluaig fo med i [ = a]
5n-uaisli, Fianaig 56.1 . mani fochlither a bruth ... fóa réir
fodein unless his ardor be attended to according to his own
pleasure
LU 8622 ( FB 46 ). direnar leithdire ... fo suire
cacha feda according to the rank of each tree Laws iv 168.21 .
dīre cāich fo miad `according to his dignity' i 40.13 . fothud
10... do cechtar da lina fo miad ii 378.5 . daithin na dáime
fana miad ┐ fana ngrad FDG 409 = MR 50z . doronsat
iomarbaigh ... fa ccumang according to their ability Leb.
Gab. i 248.25 . fam dhícheall to the best of my power A.
Ó Dálaigh x 2 . fá a ngníomrad mestar mic rígh, O'Gr. Cat.
15 358.5 . fuaratar fona mian í itir tess ┐ fhuacht as they liked
it
BCC p. 396.23 . Cf. in lucht dara betha a colann fo na
míanaib do frestal PH 7463 . rotheichset fo nertaib bāgh
by dint of courage (?) RC x 54. 2 v.l. ( Im. M.D. xxi ). Here,
perhaps: to-tēt meas fo aimseara BDD 28 Y (fó U), expl.
20by: téid an breitheamhnas ris an aimsir, O'Cl. s.v. meas (8) .
(h) like, corresponding to (extension of preceding. Cf. fo
bēsad fir trebuir `after the manner of a prudent man' Wb
29d23 . fo béesad fir téte do chath 9a3 ): ni thainicc riam
tegluch fóo ┐ nicon riccfo co brath IT iii 238.111 . orguin
25fón orguin dorat dún BDD 48 (.i. mar an argain, Stowe;
lit. in proportion to i.e. in requital of (?)cf. (q)). robad
orgain fo araile in sin 66 U (fon aile Y. ba argain már a
chéle hí, Stowe). ni fail mac rig ... fo Ceallach AU 894
(poem). ni taircell Eriu ... fer fo Mael ... Muru 886 (= mar
30 FM 884 ). flaith fial fo rig nAilbine as generous as FM 845 .
fo Choin Culaind comchosmail LU 8454 ( FB 30 = for, Eg.;
fri, Voss.). teaghlach fo theaglach an ḟir ni fil FM 890 =
AU 894 . fón bfleadhughadh út doronabair abhus forbia
mu fhleadhssa tall daibh like the feasting you have enjoyed
35here
Marco P. 12 .
(i) with numerals as multiplicative (an early use, perhaps
orig. implying motion, ZCP viii 33 - 34 ): fo dí twice Wb
24b22 . Ml 46a21 . a úaig dil fo dí doubly dear LU 9977
( PRIA iii 538 ). dammidethar fá dí LU 9132 ( FB 88 ). a óen
40fo deich ten times one Bcr 31c5 . fo thrí Wb 17d4 . rogabsat
... forro fo thrí in n-insi LU 221 . blegon inna mbo fo thri
Hy v 32 . dorónsat fa thrí LU 193 . fo aen a mbliadain
once a year Laws iv 350.19 Comm. Cluain maic N. do
argain fo thri ... fecht o Sil nA. ┐ fo dó hó Callraidhi RC
45 xvii 390.25 . AU 1050 . resíu goires in coilech fa dó PH
3196 . a sé fo chethair four times six LL 181b28 ( Arch. Hib.
ii 48 ). a chairdis Crist fó secht his seven-times gossip RC
xviii 14.19 . With compar.: aidbliu fo míle LU 2003 .
soillsi fo secht oltas grian FA 10 LB (= soillsithir ... andá
50 LU 2029 ). mó fá dheich ten times more IGT, Decl. ex. 1027 .
With co (later also co ba, co ma): confitebimur du ebert
cu fudi twice Ml 94a2 . co fo ṡecht LL 209b46 ( Ériu vii 220 ).
ro loisc Life co ba ṡecht, Arch. iii 304 § 4 . tri cēd ... co ma
thri thrice three hundred Fen. 354 . mo bhennacht gomá
55secht go Breifneachaibh BNnÉ 267.7 . gid scriptuir bes
go ma secht | in cech cill, Anecd. ii 38.1 .
(j) at, by (of occasion, conjuncture, etc. on or at which
something happens, orig. perhaps an extension of (d) above):
is fo forṅgartaid tra fosin dutiagar á manifestare ... is fo
60infinit dutiagar fu[n] dul so the (word) `manifestare' is
construed as an imperative in that case [ = under that inter-
pretation] ... as an infinitive in this case
Ml 101c6 - 7 . dochu-
amar i nEigeipt fo chuiriud Foraind at Pharaoh's in-
vitation
Ériu iv 140.21 . ar a gabail fo lige fo eirge for
65singing it at lying down and rising
Lib. Hymn. i 46.17 ; 5.30 .
lá lodmar fo gairm in ríg at the king's call LL 206b4
( RC vii 290.6 ). tiucfa se fa guth an cluic at the sound of the
bell
BCC § 220 . is fad thúarasgbhailsi tanag (= on hearing
of thy fame
) Ériu v 98.31 . tancadar fir Erenn fo thasc in
70rig (i.e. on the report of the king's death), Dinds. 136 .
in duine ticced fón n-égem LU 1908 . egis in gilla. doroich
Loegaire fua LU 8525 ( FB 38 ). eighthi in muccid, co tanic
tuath in da Maine fae BDD 20 . Cf. ro héged immumsa ...
tanacaisiu fon égim, Sc.M. 11 . fo sodain, fo sin usually
75means by that time but occasionally at (with) that: íachtais
in gilla—tic C. fo sodain LU 8537 , LU 8546 ( FB 39 , 40 ). ro
scáich noínnin Ulad fo sodain by that time LU 5899 . dolluid
E. immach fo sodain 8242 . tic F. fó sodain 5645 . dochuadar
amach fái sin RC xxiii 424.11 . tainic dereadh in lai fae
80sin, CCath. 2416 . rucsad forro fai sin, Ann. Conn. 1270 § 7 .
dorochair D. fóisede by that time RC xvi 280.16 ( Dinds. 161 ).
(k) during: fiu and fo domnach `rested there throughout
Sunday
' Trip. 156.19 (fó d., Trip.² 1825 ). Trip. 182.21 ( Trip.²
2143 ). fiusam fo domnach ann Trip. 174.7 ( Trip.² 2025 ).
85(l) Of approximate time of an occurrence, at, about (cf.
imm): fó athgin [taite v.l.] in erruigh ar chinn by the return of
spring CCath. 169 . C. do ēcc ... fo fel Lurint, Ann. Conn.
1243 § 8 (cf. F. ... d'ecc im feil Martain ib. § 7 ). sluagad ... la
maccaib rig C. ... fo fel Muri 1249 § 9 . fo fel cros doronadh
ALC ii 116 = Ann. Conn. 1405 § 15 . fá'n Nodloig-si, Ériu v
554.9 . na hanmunna tecuit fo dhomhnach a hifern on
Sundays RC xiv 48.19 . an tan fa ticfa, Fianaig. 74.9 .
dochuaidh ... fo ṡamhain ar cciontt hi ccenn Gall `went to
the English the ensuing Allhallowtide
' FM v 1622.6 . ón
am far scríobh Caesarius , Keat. i p. 48.14 . ón tráth fá
10dtánaig tar muir TD 2.58 . an uair fa dtigthí ar Ibh Táil
whenever ... were mentioned 3.48 . fá aimsir chinnte by a
certain time
TSh. p. 160 . ón tráth fár dhearbh lais as soon
as he was certain
2800 . Of space: ro ḟorcongair forra celcc
do inneall fá mhile do Ṡlicceach `within a mile of Sligo'
15 FM vi 1978.3 (see f above). Similarly in expressions like:
fo dered, fo deod, fo dechtsa, etc. (see dered, dead, fecht): go
fuighedh bās fa cend tri la within three days BCC § 257 .
muna bfacchadh fios ... faoi chenn bliaghna, Ériu iv 51.18 .
Cf. first cit. under (f), above.
20N.B.—In most of the exx. in the follg. sections FO (FA, FÁ
etc.) replaces imm.
(m) after words denoting cause or reason, in rel. construc-
tion with vb.; cia hádbar fa filet oc iarraid ... ? why are
they seeking ... ?
PH 2761 . cid imár adair Ísu, ┐ cid fa tuc
25anoir do ? 2611 . adbar bá ṅdlegar a sechna 7435 . issé
adhbur fa ndernatar ..., Maund. 10 . is dona hadhbharuibh
as mó fár chuir Ronán one of the chief reasons for which R.
put
Ériu v 74.17 . is é fath fa tangamar ZCP vi 50z . crét
fá tancabar ? PH 2924 . crét an fáth fa ndentar sin ?
30 RC xxix 124.12 . ni ḟuarais maith ... far mholta dhuit ...
iad for which they should be praised by thee ZCP viii 219 § 10 .
an dara hadhbhar fár fhuiling Dia ... another reason why
God allowed
... TSh. 3513 . an treas fáth fár thuit Ádhamh
3527 . With cop.: is é fáth fána doilghe this is the reason
35why
1132 . ciodh fár chóra ... ? Keat. ii 936 .
(n) in respect of, as regards: is iad so mogha fíre Fergusa
fo neart ┐ fo ghniomhradh, Ériu viii 136.16 . i gcuibhreann
na mbó fán bhféar `feeding on grass with cattle' TSh. 3464 .
fear mar Ghuaire fá dhúais d'ógaibh, Keat. Poems 211 .
40Esp. after adj.: réidh fá mhaoin lavish of 526 . brugh
fa fial fá bhiadhaibh 861 . líonmhar ... fá dhaoinibh popu-
lous
Keat. ii 937 . as bhuaine fa bhuanfholuibh 23 F 16,
195 (`in respect of long-enduring kindreds' O'Gr. Cat.
399 ). In asyntactical constr.: fan seanchas chuirim chug-
45aibh, congbhaidh é `as to the facts I bring forward' Content.
xxi 6 . About, concerning: bá thómos a thigi thancabair
`about the measure of his house' (Hennessy) MU² 855 ( LL
268b17 ). iar saruccadh Ruadain do Diarmait fa Aedh nG.
after D. had insulted R. in the matter of A. BNnÉ 88.18 .
50 cogadh ... fa chrích ... bhFáil fógrais É. TD 18.25 . damsa
ceart ... | fon gcloidheamsin `grant justice ... about that
sword
' Duan. Ḟ. ii 132 § 28 . an bhreath ... rug Solamh ...
fán gcloinn TD 2.48 . mun ní fá dtairge a theagosg in any-
thing in which thou attemptest to instruct him
15.51 . mór
55d'ulc ... do-righneadh fa (um v.l.) cheann an chnuic 4.1
(see cenn). síodh fan gcrann peace (i.e. forgiveness) for
the spear
Dán Dé iv 9 . súil Gaoidheal ruibh fad ríoghadh
TD 10.31 . go dtug sé ... tuarastal do thaoiseach ... fá
thoidheacht a reward for coming TSh. 259 . Esp. after words
60denoting mental action or emotion: cen chuimni fon ēc
without thought of death Arch. iii 239.16 . eagla ... fá thuitim,
TSh. 3520 . fonn ... fá bhás d'fhagháil 6059 . débhóision
... fána naomhaibh ┐ fa thaisibh na naomh, O'Hussey T.C.
144x . amharus ... fa ḟiadh gConnacht doubt about TD 21.42 .
65 budh ainfesach clēirigh fana fēiltiph fīre ZCP x 50.14 . ní
baránta inchreidthe é fa righ Lochlann do bheith, etc., it is
not a credible guarantee that
... Keat. i p. 46 . After a number
of vbs. (most of which are also used with IMM), e.g. of en-
treating, commanding, permitting, refusing, promising,
70preventing, of object of entreaty, etc.: roguid in coimdid
bá indechad forsin errig PH 792 . guidhim sibhsi fa guidhe
ar mo shon fa mo leiccen mar so I entreat you to pray for
me that I may be left as I am
BNnÉ 67.6 . guidhes Dia ...
fan documal sin do fortacht RC xii 332.21 . do ghuidhsiod
75... Dia fá gan eisean do mharthain that he might not live
Keat. iii 2138 . impidhe do chur ar an rígh fá shaordháil
do thabhairt dó, TSh. 4496 . tucc C. aonta fa theacht
agreed to come Anecd. iii 2.17 . cead do thabhairt do L. fa
chúanairt forba ... d'ḟaghail to allow L. to obtain Ériu v
8078.28 . glend nach érthar nech fa coinnmedh where no
one is refused entertainment
BNnÉ 131.15 . díol farbh'
éartha gach aoighe a payment which should be denied every
guest
TD 10.14 . is e Colum Cille bai 'na slanaigecht fona
techt ... doridisi C. was security for his return RC xxiv 62
85§ 23 . muna dtugadh móid don rígh fá bheith díleas dhó,
Keat. ii 5220 . rothairmisc tra in scel sin fa Polinices dul
prevented P. from going TTebe 2767 (= imm, see do-airmesca).
Of mocking: oc fanamut fa Ísu PH 2864 (= imm). do
fhochuitbiud fói (= immi) 3328 . dorindetar móran fonam-
haitt fói, Maund. 15 . ag gāire fan ḟéin laughing at the
5fian
CF 723 . occ gáiribh futha BNnÉ 76.35 . ag
fochuidmheadh fana seanchadhaibh, Keat. i 50.2 . Cf.
focherdat in macrad gāir foa LU 8849 . On account of:
dobermáit glóir do Dia fá éistecht riut, Ériu ii 146 § 165 =
RC xxiv 384.23 . éirghe amach i n-aghaidh a dtighearna
10fa n-a chíos féin d'iarraidh orra, Maguires of F. § 25 . Here
perhaps: t'enech d'ácbáil fo bíad LU 4353 . Of purpose,
aim: trosccadh ... do dhenamh frisin cCoimdedh fa
shoirbheachadh doibh that they might prosper BNnÉ 51x .
créd do dhénmais fa dhul tar an sruth what we should do
15to cross the stream
49x . a llāma sínti fon dhiubhracad ex-
tended for shooting
CCath. 5564 .
(o) along with, including (= imm): tucad ár forro fa
mac Maic U. ┐ im A. Hua M. including the son of Mac U.
and A.
RC xviii 189.12 (Tig.). tucc coecait each fa ech
20ngorm ZCP viii 221.5 . do loisgedh céad ech ... fa eachuibh
an airdríogha, Ériu i 24.134 . tucadur i raibe do braighdibh
ann leó, fa mac [U]i R. all the hostages including the son of
Ua R.
AU ii 488.5 . tuccadur a mbai do braigdib ... leo
fo mac .h. R., Ann. Conn. 1348 § 6 . cuit do galloclaechaib
25.h. C. do marbad doib fan Constapla .i. fa Mac R. 1342 § 3 .
... dar marbad seser mac rig fo Chorbmac .h. nE. 1365 § 4 .
(p) after vbs. of swearing, asseverating, etc. of that by
which oath, etc., is made (cf. tar BV); perhaps an extension
of (d) above. tongu-sa fom [bam, tar, dar v.l.] chumachta,
30 Ériu ii 196.18 . nech dothoing ethech fo cetharlebrai soscelai
vii 156.20 . luigimsea bam arm, v 72.11 . ind lec ... cech
oen dogní luga ṅ-eithig foithi who swears falsely by it Trip.
8.10 ( Trip.² 87 ). in luige thuccad fó ainmm Dia PH 7636 .
luige ... ba chnedaib Crist by the wounds of Christ 7324 .
35 tug ... a minna fon aendia ZCP vi 34.17 . dobheirim briathar
... fam chloidhemh, Ériu i 26.146 . doberimsi fam bréithir
gomadh ... ZCP x 277.34 . dobiur-sa fám gaisced ... nach
FDG 287 . gúidim tú fon Día da creididh ┐ fat faistedh
I adjure thee by Fier. 40 .
40(q) in distributive sense with numbers (perhaps orig.
in return for, cf. section h): dobheredh P. tri bhuille
fan aónbhuille dhó would give three blows for every one he got
Ériu v 182.334 . da bheim ... fo gach aoínbhéim, Duan.
Finn i 69.29 . biaidh an ghealach comhartha ar a haghaidh
45fo gach deich dá mbia san uimhir sin the moon will be
advanced one sign for each tenth of that number
Corp. Astron.
108z .
III Various idioms. (a) (1) ATÁ ... FÚM I intend: ... ní
fhuil | fúm acht inneal ar olcaibh I aim at nought but sin
50 A. Ó Dálaigh xxxix 13 . más faoisidin bliadhna atá fúd do
dénomh, Mac Aingil 151.13 . ris in drochrūn doui fuí,
Ériu v 98.8 . do bhríogh nach raibhe faoi an ceathramhadh
... do leigheas because He did not intend TSh. 1524 . Cf.
do bhí a bhara faoi fēin díoghaltas do dhéanamh he intended,
55purposed
6085 (see bara). an t-ógan agá mbí drochfhuadar
faoi who is bent on evil 5316 . (2) ATÁ FO is liable for (?) in
tan is innlaeg berar in bo amach is hegen beith fuithe no co
mbere laeg isin aige rogellad, O'C. 653 ; 1100 (< H 3.18,
316 ; 446 ) = masa indlaeg ... is egean beith fuithe O'C. 689
60(< H 3.18, 334 ). Cf. madh fo rāith dara ... beither O'C. 1100 .
in inbaidh ... bīthar fo rāith a hinnlaoghais ib. DO-ICC FO
(1) impugns: tecor fo coruib na druingi seo the contracts
of the group are impugned
Laws v 184.23 (see do-icc). (2) is
decided upon by: tainic fái a mhainistir ... d'fagbail he
65decided to leave
( RC xxv 396.31 . tainig fothaib a denam,
Fen. 348z . DO-TÉT FO: ní taīt Dia fo t[h]airngere conid-
chumscaiged `God does not come under a promise that He
should alter it
' Ml 109a5 . CUIRID ... FO (NECH) incites: an
pecadh sin ... do cur faoi to incite him to that sin BCC § 223 .
70 an merughadh sin do cuir an diabul fúd ib. CUIRIM FUM
I settle down: iar gcur fúm i gclúidh, O'Bruad. ii 248 .
DO-BEIR ... FO ...: daringni da nathraig ... eittecha ┐ dorat
foluamain fóthib for ammus lasoin made two serpents ...
winged, and sent them fluttering towards Jason
LL 222a23
75( TTr. 363 ). Cf. scarsit fóu ┐ L. `they parted from (?) him
and L.
' Trip. 130.6 ( Trip.² 1492 ).
(b) the form with 3 s. pron. suff. fó, foí (fáoi) occurs as
adv. in some expressions: cid fó cid for ... bem[m]e whether
we be beneath or above
Snedgus ┐ Mac R. § 7 ( YBL
80 12a10 ). ó tét grian fáe when the sun sets Maund. 246 .
iar ndol don ghréin fáoi `after the setting of the sun'
RSClára 15a . tré dhul fé do ghréin a bheatha, Ó Bruad.
ii 242 . coirt darach do berbadh ... go ndeach a trian faoi
till it is reduced (in bulk) by a third 23 K 42, 332.10 . amail
85dogentais in mbeirt | co mbad foe Hériu ardneirt Ireland
should be subject (to them
) Ériu iv 110.2 . mór míad dorad
damsa in rí, | dom ríar dorad fiadha faoi he subjugated
lands
(?) Arch. iii 304.22 . Here perhaps : ro thairc ferand
fō (: gó) LL 147a35 (`that has won good land' PRIA³ iii
551 ). cath slebe Fúait ria Fergal dosfanair fói, Arch. Hib.
5 ii 60 § 25 = LL 182bz . Cf. foí.
(c) fá mar as (of manner) : fá mar adeir an file, TSh.
2837 . fá mar dho níd na cearrbhaig ... go meinic, O'Hussey
T.C. 156 . Later also fé mar (< feib mar ?). See immar.
IV Fo enters into a number of stereotyped advbl.
10phrases, each of which will be found under the second
constituent : see bíth (-in), chomair, dáig(-in), deó(i)d,
dered, leith, sech, tharsna.
V Fo- enters into composition (a) with vbs. as preverb,
see Ped. ii 295 , Thurn. Hdb. § 829 , Sjoestedt-Jonval, Ét.
15Celt. iii 219 ff . In some Middle-Irish MSS it is wrongly
substituted for other preverbs, see Ériu xiv 129 ff . (b) with
nouns and adjs. generally either with diminutive sense
(with adj. = rather, somewhat , (e.g. fogel), q.v. or that of
subordination. Sometimes defining position (e.g. fochóel,
20 q.v.). Hence fo .i. bec nó derōil, O'Dav. 981 .