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fo-ceird prototonic forms of this verb are found only in
the fut. (ni focertiti , CCath. 2830 is late, and phonetically
35irregular. Cf. fotcicher ... nimchicher, cited below, II (a)),
in other tenses they are supplied by -cuirethar and -la;
the —ro— forms are regularly from -lá both in pres. and
past tenses. Cf. focress (.i. rolaad) Hy v 48 ; 72 ; 79 .
focreasa .i. rocurid, Lec. Gl. 87 .
40Forms: A ind. pres. 1 s. fosci[u]rtsa, Phil. Soc. Trans.
1859, 196 (< H 3.18, 75b ). 2 s. rel. focheirt (gl. seminas)
Wb 13c21 . fodosceirdi; foscerdi LB 219a19 ; 26 . 3 s.
foceirt Wb 32c11 . Trip.² 904 . faceird Ml 94c8 . focheird LU
8848 . foceird, O'Mulc. 527 . 1 pl. focertam Wb 15b4 .
45 3 pl. (rel.) fuchertat Ml 93a25 . focherdat LU 8848 . focerdat,
O'Mulc. 527 . imperf. 3 s. foscerdded, Rawl. 113a1 . focherded
LU 5005 . 3 pl. (rel.) fochertitís LU 7031 ( BDD 67 ;
focerdaitis Y). imperat. 1 pl. fuscerdam Wb 34a2 ( Ériu
xi 136 ). foncerddam LL 283a19 . subj. pres. 2 s. foceirr
50 Wb 13c24 . 3 s. foceirr, Laws v 320x . past 3 s. facherred
Ml 124b3 . focher[r]ad, Corm. Y 323 . fut. 1 s. fochichur
LU 5761 (= —iur TBC² 1290 ). —foíchur LL 251b20 ( TBFr.
§ 24 ). 3 s. focicherr Ml 87d6 . fotcicher LL 147a22 . fo
chiuchra LU 4583 . —foicher TBC² 706 (= —focher LU 5184 ).
55 3 pl. focichret RC xxvi 38 § 201 . LU 4462 . foscichret LL
289b7 - 8 . Cf. fasciugrat LL 119b26 (rhet.). sec. fut. 3 s.
fochichred LU 5291 . —foichred 6822 ( BDD 38 ). pret.
1 s. fochart LU 10987 . 3 s. focairt TBC² 3656 . LU 3279 .
Ériu ii 33.14 , 15 . 3 pl. fochartatár LU 1735 ( RC ix 480 :
60 Cf. fachartar Ml 64a10 ). Pass. pres. s. focertar, Thes. ii
249.10 . fochertar LU 5018 (= focherddar TBC² 529 .
fomcertor ZCP xv 301§4 . focerddar Sg 71a19 . fucertar
Wb 34a2 . pl. focerdatar Ml 96c11 . fócerddetar TBC 6145 .
imperf. s. focherte LL 106b34 . subj. past s. focertha BDD
65 85 D (focerta UY). fut. s. focicherthar LU 7129 ( BDD
81 ). focichertar IT ii 178.137 . —foic[h]ert[h]ar ZCP xii
235.16 . pl. fochichritar SR 8324 . pret. s. focres AI 2b8 .
focress Hy v 48 ; 72 ; 79 . LU 4618 . fochress 7060 ( BDD
72 ; focreas Y). pl. focressa LU 6924 ( BDD 54 ). The pret.
70 pass. rochres LL 77b19 ( TBC 2586 ), rochress LU 6439 .
bhacresa H 3.17 ; Eg. ( TBC p. 367 ) is by Windisch referred
to this verb.
Analogical forms: pret. 3 pl. facheirdset, —ar TBC 3630 .
3712 . focherdsat TBC p. 895 n. 11 . fochertsat, Hugh
75Roe 166.12 (f. 44b) .
B From —cuirethar: ind. pres. 3 pl. —cuiretar Bcr 32b11 .
imperat. 2 s. cuirthe Ml 56c5 . cuire Bcr 32c11 . LU 10821 .
IGT, Decl. ex. 460 . cure LU 4784 . LL 279b17 . 2 pl.
cuirid Wb 27b11 . subj. pres. 2 s. —coirther Wb 10a21 . 3 s.
80 —corathar Ml 68b9 . ZCP xi 84.32 (= coradar LL 294a1 ).
past 3 s. —corad LU 4724 . Met. Dinds. iv 132.17 . pret. 3 s.
—corastar Ml 39a3 . LU 4919 . LL 117b34 . TBFr. § 20 .
Pass. past subj. s. —corthe LU 4762 (—coirthe, Eg., —coirthi
Y).
85 C From —lá: ind. pres. 1 s. níro láim LU 4774 . (?) imperf.
pl. 3 —raltais, Ält. Ir. Dicht. i 41 § 31 . subj. pres. 1 s. —ral
Wb 7a4 . —rol LL 251a39 . —rolur LU 5225 . —ralór 6875 .
3 s. ro laa 4740 . mani laa 4766 . —rala Wb 11b21 . Cf.
coro láis LU 1378 (a later -s- formation, like 2 sg. —rabhais ?).
1 pl. coro lam LU 3781 . 2 pl. —roláid LU 6874 . 3 pl. co
5 rrálat LU 6725 ( BDD 21 ; co rolat Y). past subj. 3 s. coro
lád LU 4616 . 3 pl. —roltis TBC² 808 = róiltis LU 5283 .
ind. perf. 1 s. roláosa 4791 ( Ped., ii 499 , takes this as pres.).
rolaus LL 147a41 . rodalláus 249b40 . 2 sg. rollais 251b14 .
3 s. ro laa Sg 75a4 . ralasom Tur 80 . ro láeside LU 2928 .
10 —ralae Ml 90c17 . corralai LL 260b14 . ro láoi IGT, Introd.
§ 4 . rālastar (: at-āgastar `feared') ACC 56 Comm. 2 pl.
ro lasid Wb 15d1 . —ralsid 15a1 . 3 pl. ro laset , Thes. ii 343.43 .
roláiset LU 7032 . —rolsat Ml 16d2 . —ralsat, Rawl. 164a48 .
—ralsatar, Met. Dinds. iv 144 . Pass.: fut. lafithir BDD
15 81 Eg ( RC xxii 179 n. 13 ; cf. cuirfithir ib. n. 14 ). pres.
subj. s. coraltar LL 269a16 . pl. —ralatar, Laws iv 206.14 .
past s. coralta Sc. MD § 5 (corolatha; co ro lathea v.l.).
perf. ind. s. rolaad Wb 13d9 . Sg 153b6 . rollaad Ml 29c1
(second a over line). 44d2 . YBL 212b39 . cor laud LB
20 60b31 . pl. rolathe, Rawl. 73b31 . roláithea, Fél. Prol. 41
(—láithe, —lathe, —latha v.l.). rolaitea, LB Fél. clvii 7 .
Cf. rosaralta (= frisa ralta ?), Ériu viii 156.22 . Vn. cor,
q.v.
I (a) sets, puts, places (with FOR, I N-, IMM, etc.): focertar
25... it bois is laid on thy palm Thes. ii 249.10 . fuchertat a
laim íarna cúl who put their hand behind their back Ml 93a25 .
focairt dī lāim ima bráigit embraces him ZCP viii 311.14 .
foceirtt lamae fair lays hands upon him Mon. Tall. § 66 .
ní for fírduine rolaset a ṅgona `inflicted their wounds'
30(ref. to: in fer fordacorsatar | goíta Hy v 66 ), Thes. ii
343y . benaid ... a cethri cinnu díb ┐ focheird for ceth[e]ora
benna na gabla LU 4799 . focherd in láech ... lossa ┐ lubi
íci ... i cnedaib ... Con C. applies 6341 . focherdat i ndabaig;
... in dabach aile in ro lád 5201 . is aire sein rolathe na da
35mac for Tibir, Rawl. 73b31 . fodosceirdi ... it beolu na
mírenda `these morsels thou must put in thy mouth' Aisl.
MC 97z . focheird cach fer a brat immáraile LU 7542 ( BDD
107 ). focheird fáthi n-imbi LU 5748 . foruapratar ... in cathraig
co ro lasat faithe fiangaiscid impe, Anecd. ii 54 § 16 . dolluid
40nél solas imme co corustar a beolu for talmain LB 146a19 .
alterutro .i. ní alteroutro ... issechtar rolaa a dilledchi ní
immedón `'tis outside he has put (exposuit) its declinability,
not in the middle [i.e. not `altero utro']
Sg 75a4 . ni du
choscrad in tempuil storidi ralasom `that He has put it'
45 Tur 80 (or does this belong to II? Cf. III). Iar mac N. ro láoi
íarmbérla san nGaoidhilg IGT, Introd. § 4 . ro láiset láma
do, ┐ ron ergabsat PH 3101 . Cf. frim gruad corcra ma
chora | dom ruacht bochta fombera, Auraic. 5342 (`auch
wenn ich Purpur auf meine Wange bringe
' Thurn., ZCP
50 xvii 292 ). F. ¤ FOR AIRD displays, exhibits: na clesrada ...
focheird Fer d. bar aird TBC 3748 (= tuc St). 3757 (= cuiris
a n-airde St). Cf. rolaiset na lama co lanard risna lannaib
raised their hands aloft with the blades (?) Ériu viii 44.35 .
plants, sows: mad grainne cruithnechte foceirr Wb 13c24 .
55 conasrolaside (conid roláas v.l.; leg. condarolaside) isna
hinadaib in robo dóig leis a nn-ás, Ériu iv 150 § 29 . ro-
hairedh in mag ┐ rolaad sil cruithnechta ann YBL 212b39
(= Ériu v 114 ). Of pitching (a tent), throwing up (a pile,
mound), erecting, etc.: focress a phupall ... for Ailill LU
60 4618 (= do A., TBC 390 ). focherdat a puiple icond áth
sin LU 5524 . card ... fochertitis in tan ba n-orgain. carnd
roláiset ... in tan sin they used to make a cairn ... (etc.)
BDD 67 ( LU 7031 ). focherte a ḟert ┐ a lecht ┐ a lie LL
106b34 ( Ériu iv 26 ). rolad a fert ┐ a llia la C., Ériu v 213.122 .
65 tairsiu ... coraltar mo ḟertsa latt LL 269a16 ( ZCP iii 3 ;
coro altar, coro claidter v.l.). focres a fert ann AI 2b8 .
ro ladh a lia ┐ a lecht ... ar Muig Rein, Fen. 140.1 . tri
liic ... Conall C. roda lā `placed them' Ériu viii 156.29 .
cuma damh ... cibe focher trillsi treph raises wicker dwellings
70 CS 610 = RC xvii 168 (Tig.), Bruchst. i § 90 (see trilis).
For: rolād trā a gāir guba ┐ a ḟert ┐ a lia, Ériu i 120 § 13 ,
cf. (h).
(b) throws, casts, often of missiles: sís fucertar cech
ingor suas fuscerdam ni Wb 34a2 . corralsat sis an-
75choram, Thes. ii 328.41 ( Hy v Comm. ) = co ro laiset
sís a n-ingir IT i 39 (< LB 82 marg. inf.). amal focer-
datar saichtea for naimtea Ml 96c11 . focherd ... G. saigit
forsin anmunna PH 6304 . fochairt a chroísig forro LU
3281 . fogabatside in n-id focheird [focheard TBC2] Cú C.
80... Fír ol F. Cu C. rodla 4732 ; 4741 . ní théssid secce conda
rala nech úaib co n-áenláim 4809 . bágais Cu C. ... fochi-
chred cloich as a thábaill forru 5291 . nochon ḟetur ... ní
frisi corthe in t-id `I know not ... anything for which the
withe should have been thrown
' LU 4762 . fucaird L. liic
85talma dō `cast a sling-stone at him' RC xii 100 § 135 . fochar-
tatár íarom bunsaig ... isa leth i mbátár na finna LU 1736 .
focherded a líathróit ┐ focherded a loirg ina díaid 5005 .
cía focerta míach ... fora mulluch `though a sackful ...
were flung on his crown' 6821 ( BDD 38 ). focheird a saili
forsin n-ailig = projecit Lat. Lives 57 . fochairt [a luathred]
5i n-alt in maro LU 1725 . Cf. fo[ci]chiur (?) an īch issan
sāile I will throw the salmon Anecd. i 73 § 207 (= nan-cuirer,
v.l. ruscurius RC x 88.11 ). ro láithea for bíastaib `they
have been cast to wild beasts
' Fél. Prol. 41 . With cognate
acc., or advb.: fochichursa aurchor dait LU 5761 . tuc
10som a láim fon deil cliss dó ┐ focheird rout n-urchair úad
TBC 1270 . focairt imroll missed his aim LU 3279 . ni
focertiti imroll les, CCath. 2830 . F. ¤ IMMUDU, IMMACH
throws away, loses: is cor roda lláus immudu it is a cast
wherewith I cast it away
, i.e. I have lost it TBFr. § 13 . fon-
15rollassat immach a lloeg they lost her calf Ir. Texts i 7 § 24 .
frithe ... sleibe, da trian do fir fodngaib ┐ aentrian ... do
neoch foceirr amach, Laws v 320x . F. ¤ CRANNCHOR (CRANN),
F. ¤ AR C. casts lots: rollaad crannchur foir Ml 29c1 . focres
crandchor forro dús cía díb lasa ragtha i tossoch LU 6879
20( BDD 47 ; —creasa Y). co rolaset chrandchor inter se,
Thes. ii 328.41 ( Hy v Comm = co ro laiset sortem LB 82
marg. inf.). roláiset cranncur cia dib dia roised in flaithius
ar tus D iv 2, 77 [71]rb10 . focerdar crann eturru dus
cia de beres ..., Laws iv 172.9 . focerdat crann iman agh
25mbeo dus ci ... 102.11 . co rolaa ar crandchar and cia dia
teccema a coimet YBL 156a23 . See crann and crannchor.
Cf. berar mucc ┐ ag ... dóib, ┐ apar friu a mmunter féin da
n-irgnam dóib. foscichret i crandchor RC xiii 444w ( LL
289b8 ).
30(c) casts down, overthrows: dobeirsi dí láim friu ...
conda ral[a] fón ṅglend pitched them into the valley LL
279b20 ( SG 414 ). Cf. doriacht Cethern ... acus focress in
dunad ┐ in longphort foraib ┐ noṅgonand cach imme TBC
4261 (= fosnobairside iarum tresin dūnad ┐ gontaiseom
35sochaidi TBC² 2761 ). F. TAR CEND upsets, prostrates: is
mór ríg ralā dar cend, Hail Br. § 20 . atnagat a ṅgol ... co
corastar na daíni ... tar cend, TBFr. § 20 . ro láiset ... a
tech tar a cend LU 1507 ( MU² 1003 ). Cf. fosceird dar a
cend ┐ sí marb she falls down dead LL 117a29 (= RC viii 62 ).
40 Cf. II for constr. Fig. is e ro lá dar cend ar forcetulne
PH 1686 .
(d) F. ¤ A, DE throws off, expels; drops, sheds: rolaad
cech alt as a choir dam (gl. totus resolutus sum a campage
membrorum) Ml 44d2 . amal foceirt nech a aetach de
45 Wb 32c11 . foceirt a chocal de throws off his cowl Trip.²
904 . focertam fíal diínn Wb 15b4 . cuirid díib in nere se
(gl. deponite ... de) 27b11 . (of a bull:) fochéird de na tri .l.
mac nobitís oc cluchiu fair LU 5330 . .xx. fer focherd de
expelled 5819 . foceird a athair mac ingor a horba (.i. ada
50cuirid ... as in fearand), Laws iii 52.17 . faceird dia aicniud
drives him from his nature (gl. perturbat) Ml 94c8 . focicher
don nirt i ttá `will hurl him from the power in which he is'
BNnÉ 307 § 29 . is and roláset na bae a n-adarca díb
LL 166a18 (= oralsat BB 408a44 . con rallsat, Dinds. 123 ).
55 cor lasat a n-adarca `till they cast their horns' Dinds. 16 .
(cf. and sin ro chuirset na búair a mbenda, Met. Dinds. iv
224 ). See also (e). is and rola C. in cennidi dia chinn,
Sc.M. 15 . do láoi don chróisigh a ceann | gearr do bháoi
an cróisin gan chrann IGT, Decl. ex. 577 . F. ¤ TAR: focheird
60úir da luib taris (of a bull ploughing up the earth with its
hooves) TBC 1490 . Similarly: fócerddetar in n-úir thairsiu
6145 .
(e) puts forth, emits, sends out: focertar fíadain leó are
sent with them
LU 8869 ( FB 66 ). na rre ... focerdat in
65bech saithe `when the bees send out a swarm' Laws iv 172.13
(glossed: i cuirid beich ... uaithib). focherdsat na draoithe
gaotha draoidhechta ina ndéoidh, Leb. Gab. i 254z . do
neoch fo-cheard doman de `all that earth brings forth' Ir.
Review 1912, 248 . an dā each ... rolasett fa sech ri sliab,
70 BColm. 90.4 . rolaad gairm escaire for naomaib hErenn
`a call was made on' 54.21 . cuire huait Bcr 32c11 (gl.
tolle opp. to adde). Cf. di[a]ndrala huait CXVIII dofuarat
latt ... (gl. tolle Kalendas, remanent CXX) Bv 74 (`sub-
jektlos
,' hence 3 s., Ped. ii 499 ). gur láoi ioth, KMMisc.
75 168 § 5 .
Cf. focress di grán, mass a méin (om. comma and render:
its ore was sent from a goodly grain ?), Met. Dinds. iii 120.16 .
(f) launches (a boat): rolaisead a curach for muir RC
xxvi 136 § 8 . Cf. focerd a luing ... sech Eirinn soir
80`steered his vessel' Lism.L. 252 .
(g) In various figurative senses corresponding to
above: ní rolsat som cumachtae ṅDé diib did not cast
off the power of God
Ml 16d2 . focertar side ... hi selbad
ind fir sin `is thrown into the possession of' 30c3 . i
85n-oena focerddar ┐ dofuasailgther cach áram (gl. omnes
numeri ex [singulari] componuntur) Sg 71a19 . is illeith
Duid ... focert a n-ugturras refers (ascribes) their authorship
to D.
Hib. Min. 4. 131 . nach breth dobeirthe co Conn,
foscerdded Conn cucisum, Caratnia § 1 . ro lá gach oman
de, Leb. Gab. i 198y . cach eccomnart ... romfarraid ... ro
5laas dīm fom cumhang BNnÉ 301.2 . raráid A. ná curfed
P. de in n-athis ... coro ralad tria chath ... do denam fri
Grécu LL 228a34 ( TTr. 818 ). in feil bis for luan focertar
for mairt the feast ... is transferred to Tuesday LB 9b46
( Rule of T. § 10 ). o atraracht Crist a bás rolaad in cháisc
10iarom for dómnach was transferred to Sunday KM Misc.
146.5 . abbair fris, ní corathar a ḟlaith eter rindi gaí ZCP
xi 84.1 . foncerddam il-leth ar Tigernai let us entrust our-
selves to our Lord
LL 283a19 . Lism.L. viii . nícon béosa
fot chumachta-su bas ire diandum roib forsa rol mo greis,
15 TBFr. § 22 (`if I have anyone under whose protection I may
put myself
' Ériu xi 94 ). Cf. forollat for do greiss that have come [? put themselves ?] under thy protection Ériu viii 173.18 . See Mary Byrne, Ériu xi 94 ff . rolāsett each an dru[i]th ... for
greis in aesa imthruimm, BColm. 90.5 . Cf. rotog ... gach
dechnebar dib a menmarc do naemuib E., ┐ rolaiset fora
muinteras ... ┐ rolaiset forro ainecrus a n-indtige ┐ a n-im-
20techta co toirsitis E., Lism.L. 2073 . do neoch doraega
┐ ro laí ina muinteras LU 1393 (cf. II below). rolaite for
coindmed cach naidchi they were quartered out every night
YBL 209b46 ( Ériu v 236 ). focerd a n-oman cach tuaith
`it casts every tribe into dread' Fianaig. 12 § 19 . ma cuaird
25focheird a toimsi it is measured by the circumference SR
169 = ima cuairt ... focert a tomus, Laws i 28.25 . rolasid
súil torunn you have taken our measure Wb 15d1 . 15a1 .
ní ro láim súil toraib isind fid `I cannot cast my eye
over them
' (i.e. cannot see them all together) LU 4774 . tíagait
30... co rolsat súil tairsiu ┐ ba dírim leó in slúag 3782
( SC 35 ). Cf. o ralathur suil dar cach, Ériu ii 229 § 8 . focheird
airdmius forsin lorg makes an estimate of LU 4788 . roláosa
... fomus forsa nī sin 4791 . Mael S. ... focheird síth ima
sen-mag `spreads peace' Met. Dinds. i 44 . With DO of
35person: offers, grants (to): cid dam focerdta roga | noge-
gainn mo choimthoga if I were given my choice ZCP vi
267 § 11 . focres rogu do Mug Ruith do thírib Muman
viii 314.19 . ro lád roga dóib LU 8720 ( FB 54 ). With
FOR of pers. lays, imposes (on); bestows (on): rolā cāin
40forsna clanna Hy i 52 ( Thes. ii 306 ). cáin Patraic ...
fucres for cach claind, Trip. 214.1 (2518) . turfochruic
flathu foceird for doim `which he grants to an indigent
person
' (one of the seven bestowals not recoverable by
distraint) Laws v 264.16 . rolá bricht forru cast a spell
45over them
Met. Dinds. iii 388.27 . F. ¤ COMAIRLI takes counsel;
plans: focres comairli ic lucht na cathrach cidh dogentais,
CCath. 920 . focressá comairle léo cinnus dogendais ... 130 .
Cf. focresa cro comairle ┐ cindti comraid ac macaib S.
Ériu viii 56.9 . F. ¤ COR, CUAIRT turns, twists, makes a stir;
50 goes round; visits; searches: nocon foicher cor dia
chind riut will not turn his head towards thee TBC²
706 (= focher LU 5184 ). na curid cor díb do not stir
LL 259b20 ( IT i 67 ). focheird C. cor n-íach n-eirred
de LU 9119 ( FB 87 ). focerd Fergus cor conidralai for tech
55mbecc IT i 144.4 (= do lá F. cuairt ZCP v 501 . Cf. luid C.
┐ B. du chur cúarta fofúaratár óentech LU 10579 ). focherd
a suilchor issin tig casts a glance ib. IT i 144.16 (= foceird luathchor
dá sūil isin tigh ZCP v 501 ). oral cúairt fuiribsi that I may
visit you
Wb 7a4 . asbert M. ... ar a n-indled a noi carpti
60dí coro lád cor isin dúnud LU 4616 . regmai coro lam cor
imón slúag 3781 . ro lá curu in gaeth ... im Inber ..., Otia
ii 82 . coro lá cor immán rigthech LU 8381 ( FB 25 ). luid
... corralai cor imma techsom LL 260b14 ( IT i 74 ). fochi-
chret cuaird in domuin will go round SR 8088 . cia leith
65focheird a chainchuaird 1198 . rolá cúairt hÉrend fo thrí
`he made the circuit of Erin thrice' Met. Dinds. i 16.30 .
Cf. fochress cach cúaird imm alaile don díbeirg fri éitsecht
in scéoil arranged themselves in concentric circles LU 7060
( BDD 72 ). See cor, cúairt. focheird cor tra do menmannaib
70araile cid foruair, etc., the minds of some are exercised by the
question, what caused
LB 212a66 ( Alex. 1014 ). F. ¤ COR makes
a contract or agreement: cor focerdcar [sic] seach aga fine
`a covenant made without the knowledge of the chief' Laws
iv 60.12 . cor foceird baeth fri gaeth iii 6.19 . dā cor focer-
75daiter fri hechlacha iv 58.24 Comm . nach cor ... focerdtar
for aes forngaire ZCP xiii 23.23 ( Bürgsch. 11 § 37 ). inge
secht n-uasalchuru nadat asu do thaithbiuch neochma
rolatar [sic leg., ZCP xvi 271 ], Laws iv 210.2 . fo bith nand
asu dichenglad cor mbel inneochma ralatar 206.14 . coro-
80lasat a curu bliadain fri D., Dinds. 22 = BB 363a6 . With
ellipse (cf. i): flaith foceird fri anflaith Laws v 358.7 (expld. in
Comm. p. 360 as one who accepts stock from an unlawful or
extern chieftain). Cf. focerd fri flaith n-eachtrunn ii 286.5
Comm . Similarly: focerd a mainche fri eagluis (= makes a
85contract of service with? See mainche) iii 68.5 . Eochaid
mac O. focheird cuindlic [ = cuindilc] ┐ a hocht brathair
E. and his eight brothers make a pact Anecd. iii 61.15 . focar-
tatar coindi[l]c ib. 30 . ┐ focheird a ḟoesam ┐ a oentaid fris,
Fél. 132.25 (see fáesam). cach cor ... cach idnucul focertur
forsna urgurtuib sa (.i. cuirither resin lucht ro urgairustur
5dligedh cunnrud do denum), Laws ii 290 ( ZCP xiv 376 ).
Cf. is mōr ríg frisrala cor currech Corpri ... `whom the
Curragh of C. has overthrown
' [? to whom ... has plighted
itself
] Hail Brigit § 16 . F. ¤ BEDG makes a leap, jumps, springs:
focheird bedg cuce springs at him LL 260a41 ( IT i 72.19 ).
10 rola Cu Ch. bedg de tresin mbudin LU 1517 ( MU² 1015 ).
focherdat in miolcoin bedg i mBrei, TBFr. § 5 . focheird
Cu Ch. tri bidcu ina ndíaid LU 5795 . See bedg, and cf.
do-cuirethar. Cf. ni fuailfed focheird inti | luaithred M.
`no motion in it made the ashes of M.' Met. Dinds. ii 62.5 .
15 F. ¤ SCÍS rests: arrallsat scis a tig rig YBL 13a21 ( Sn. ┐
Mac R. p. 12 ). Cf. lotar hi tír do chor a scísi, Trip.² 376 .
(h) of sounds, noises: utters, makes; raises (a shout,
cry): focherdat ... gāir foa cheer him LU 8849 ( FB 64 ).
focheird osnaid sighs LL 371a8 . ro lasat gáir mesca
20 259b15 ( IT i 67 ). biasta ... fochichret gaire garga
SR 8060 . focherd srainn snores Buile S. § 27.1 . focerd
ilach cheers Laws i 244.6 Comm. focertitis ualla mora
┐ grithghairi `uttered great yells and howls' RC xiv
46.2 . baili i ralsat Gaill grithgair, Rawl. 164a48 = ait i
25rrollsat G. crithgair LL 185a44 ( Arch. Hib. ii 85 ). roláadh
gáir móir and, TTr.² 1640 . dia ralsatar fíanna faíd `raised
a cry
' Met. Dinds. iv 144 . focheird fáid ... cloc bind,
Auraic. 5131 . foceird fit ... frissin n-escmogin hisses at
O'Mulc. 527 . Cf. for braigtib rig foceird feit (of a sword)
30 LU 1042 ( ACC 101 ) = LU 9673 ( ZCP iii 214 ). fochartatar a
ndord n-impi LU 7850 ( BDD 141 ). a ngloim ro lásat na tri .l.
curach oc tuidecht hi tír (the noise they made) LU 6935 ( BDD
55 ). Here perhaps f. ¤ grith: (of weapons on a rack:) ro lásat
grith co mbátár for lár in tige LU 6936 ( BDD 55 ). (of swords,
35 etc. tossed by a juggler:) fochartatár grith immi co mbátar
for lár in tige LU 7560 , 7568 ( BDD 109 , 110 ). foceird armgrith
mór a rrígthech the house clattered (?) LU 8203 ( FB 15 ). (of a
regiment:) an armgrith rolāsad oc teacht ind rēimme TBC²
3221 . fochertar armgrith mór leo .i. mac sethar ind ríg
40do folmaisiu a báis LU 5018 . rola Temair tri crithu [leg.
grithu ?] di ┐ rolaiset na sluaigh ... ┐ roláset primdingnai
Erenn uile, Anecd. ii 7.19 . Cf. f. ¤ dírna, below, III.
(i) performs, executes, wages: f. ¤ cath, etc.: fochartatar ...
an [leg. na] coin cocluiche `the hounds had a coursing-match'
45 RC xii 72 § 43 . secht catha raláe ma thīr LL 44b33 (= ro
ládh mun tir 380b41 ). desin rolád ... in cath for fál F.
`hence was fought ... the battle at the fence of F.' Met. Dinds.
iii 346.97 . gur laoi is Oilill cath Cláraigh GF, Ir. Monthly
1919, 168 . With FOR of defeated side: in cath ... rolá for
50leith Chuind, Met. Dinds. iii 200.17 . With FRI of opponent:
co róiltis glied fris LU 5283 . Cf. anaid sund ... conid rolursa
frisin fer n-ucut till I tackle that man LU 5225 . mad comáes
nod corad fris `had it been his match in age who opposed
him
' Met. Dinds. iv 132. 17 . DO: focerd gliaidh do
55 Aen. 2505 . Cf. focichret for collaib coin congala RC xxvi
38 § 201 . co rrálat a ndíbeirg for firu Alpan LU 6725 (`that
they may wreak their rapine on the men of A.
', Stokes, BDD
21 ). co rrólsat a ndibeirg lais LU 6729 ( BDD 22 ). f. ¤ ár (with
gen. of obj.) slaughters; overthrows in battle: fochiuchra
60for tiugára LU 4583 (= con curfe TBC 290 ). focerddat a
n-ár ┐ marbait in ríg LL 242b5 ( TTr. 1910 ). cor muidh for
Gallaib ┐ cur ládh a n-ár RC xvii 351.20 (Tig.). co rolládh a
n-ár etir ergabail ┐ marbadh 355.26 (Tig.). rosceastar
sliabh nEthna sruaim tened ... gu ro lae ar daini ┐ cethra
65ann, CCath. 854 . co ráemid for Gúari corro lad ár cend and
LU 9605 . focerdded ār ceann and BB 428b29 . Cf. co rolad
ár mór dib and AI 19a14 (988) .
II Used to take the place of an intrans. vb. of motion.
(a) in older lang. in impers. constr., often with inf. pron.
70obj. (see Ped. ii 310 ff .): facheirt in alios sonos `it puts
itself [ = passes] into other sounds
' Sg 4b6 . fosceird dar a
cend ┐ sí marb she falls down dead LL 117a29 (cited above,
I c). This is evidently the same construction as that in:
arnach corathar immoth ... dia seirc that he may not become
75stupefied from love of them
Ml 68b9 . Cf. dia corastar Saul
foir isin nuaim i mboí when S. chanced upon him Ml 39a3 .
bec nacham ralae i nderchoíniud I almost despaired 90c17 .
(Cf. becc náchimrala húathbás BDD 87 Y, where DEU
omit becc). ni foichred cnoi díb for lár not one nut would
80fall
LU 7329 ( BDD 97 ; ni rossed cnú díb lár, Eg.). focerd F.
cor conidralai for tech mbecc ann IT i 144.5 . foscerd
iarsin i n-araile indsi `they land' RC x 72 (foscairt v.l.).
foscerd do inis they come to an island Anecd. i 56 § 45 ;
fosceirt 59 § 74 . dochuamar a tir sunna, ronla a nuaim in
85Ciclopdai `we landed here and went into the Cyclops cave'
Aen. 154 . is and rolasi co Cathbath LL 259b26 . YBL
109b37 ( IT i 68 ; rolaad sí, Eg.). foscerd ... imonsech
fo c[h]osmailess luathrinde they are whirled round (of three
opposing sea-currents) Corm. Y 323 . nosuighfedh cid Erind
focher[r]ad ind, ib. fotcicher i súan | nimchicher i súan
5 thou wilt fall asleep. I will not LL 147a22 ( Proc. RIA iii3
548 ). nach duine rodacuala son foscerded i cess LL 126a18 .
focerd E. i ces a ben do eludh `it grieved E. that his wife
had eloped
' Ériu xii 188.7 . foscichreth uili i ndāssacht,
Ériu ii 136.1 . amal snechtae fosceird i robāne `which is
10cast into great whiteness
' 130 § 99 . fosceird iar sen a muir
naill YBL 6b45 (= focheirdat ass iar sein hi mmuir n-aill
LU 1887 ; see section b below). foscerdsom ína cotludh
they fall asleep YBL 5a21 = fochairt inna cotlud LU 1801 .
Cf. srethius fair ... in slig conid rallá ina chomsudiu LU
15 5148 . rolá didiu i socht ... Mac D. Mac D. became silent
ScM. 3 . roslá i socht na hUlto 9 (= rolá socht mór forra R).
focherd A. i serg de A. falls into a wasting sickness LU
10730 (TÉ). ge robatar longphorta slog in domain i n-ath-
foccus don tigh sin ni rolae tigerna in tige i snimh ... uair
20ni rabattar ... innmassa occo, CCath. 3337 . is ann sin ro
láa [rogabsat; ro ba v.l.] curudha ... for tocbháil a fedhma
catha, CCath. 2016 (cf. section c). Cf. ni rola imroll mo
urchur cussindiu LU 3281 .
Exceptionally to express completion of action: ic cois-
25techt fris dóib uile coro láis in tasfénad sin do dénam LU
1378 (= con roisc LL 280b32 , corroisc YBL 120b25 ). Cf.
rolāi dí had achieved ' Fianaig. 46 § 9 .
(b) Somet. with reflex. inf. pron.: foscerdat inna buidne
form ranks LU 4684 , cf. ro lasat i ndrungo ... ┐ buidne BB
30 414b10 .
(c) hence as intrans. vb. denoting indefinite motion
(though some of the following may be corruptions really
belonging to section a). lit. and fig.: is and fochichersom
ar gním n-aithergaib [sic leg.] `he will resort to' BDD 102 c ,
35(cf. CCath. 2016 cited in section a). focicher crú tria chnes-
saib blood will burst through skin (?`ich werde Blut ... springen
lassen
' Wi.) TFerbe 648 . focertat i suan co cenn tri la
fall asleep RC xiv 46.17 (cf. YBL 5a21 cited in section a).
focherddat Ulaid chuci LL 124a25 ( Death-tales 6 ). focerd
40C. a magh mor a aenur `C. found himself on' [went in to ?]
IT iii 195.3 . focherd i tracht romra comes to (= anchors in)
Anecd. ii 15 § 8 . focerd in long i roibi S. ┐ lenaid for carraic
` struck ' Aen. 1010 . focairt chos in Duind C, ar adairc a
chele alighted TBC² 3656 . focaird forsin cuanlocht na mac
45tíre came upon the wolf-pack ZCP viii 310.40 . Cf. ar chribais
il-leirg ... daceird [focheird v.l.] [my dog] comes upon a
pig
(?) IT i 162.4 ( LL 208a12 ). fochard and Morrigan ...
do tascc an catha `proceeded to proclaim' RC xii 108 § 166 .
Cf. rolaus cian i cein | ar do charait i mbrōn LL 147a41
50( PRIA iii3 548 . Supply cuairt ?).
III In the following idiomatic constructions (a) with AR
(cf. II): ni áil dúib á iarfigid arna rala for cubus áiri lest it
distress your conscience
Wb 11b21 (Thes. takes `for' as prep.,
comparing: act ni roib ní for cocubus 30a16 ). focerd a
55chubus som ar tomailt torith na muindtiri `he exercised his
conscience about eating the produce
' Mon Tall. 77 . ni ralá do
cless n-airiut cosinnocht never troubled (?) thee LU 7562 ( BDD
109 ). ní arná corad mo chiall | arna fordulu no tíag it is
not that my mind heeds not the strayings
(= that I am not
60acting intentionally
?) LU 4724 . Michél ... focheird mo
menma airi `M. ... my mind is set on him' Ériu ii 92.6 .
(b) In the following the vb. seems transitive: focairddsi
menmain for in gilla set her heart on RC xxv 346 § 2 . ní
foíchiursa mo menmain for óclach n-aile, TBFr. § 24 . ro
65láeside menmain fora macsom LU 2928 . Cf. ráthaigis E.
aní sin ┐ focheird a menmain airi she considered it (= was
puzzled by it
?) LU 10743 .
(c) focerd dano menma in coca thairis cur bhá slan a
sechtmain the cook forgot him (?) till a week passed Lism.L.
70 1997 .
(d) f. ¤ for weighs on, grieves, vexes: na cuirid fortsu sin
... uair fogebum uili in t-olc sin grieve not for that BB 445a37
( Mer. Uil. 10 ). ralágh [prob. for ro-lá] ... cumha a banchéle
for an ríg coma ... imeslān é ZCP xiii 197.12 . bai aenfer
75... fornar laessat na cumscaigthi mora sin `whom those
great commotions did not affect
' CCath. 1086 . atcuas doséin
a mhac do epilt. rolá fair go mór go mbaí hi siurcc FM vi
2218.20 . (of rain:) ba moa rolá for muintir Uí D. na frossa
ferthana ... inás for ṡlógh an Gh. 2034.2 . ar a mhēd rolā
80fair gan a ṡlogh dia tharrachtain, Hugh Roe 252.29 (67b) .
ba fou fachart[at]arsom it was for that that they applied(?) it
Ml 64a10 . Cf. ni du choscrad in tempuil storidi ralasom `it
is not of the destruction of the ... temple that he has put it
(gl.
non id ille dixit quod illi dicunt Comm. on Marc. xiv 58 ) Tur
85 80 . ba dō fachairtsam son, ar nicontissed aridisse RC xi 444.3
(= ba do focerdsom anni sen for Coin C. fodeig arna contissed
... ZCP iii 247.1 ). (Expl. of cruimther as transl. of
premther:) in Bretain ... it ē dorintaiset ┐ is anni as premter
dorintaiset. is fair iarom rolaset legnidhe na mB. annīsin:
amail is lomm, etc. Corm. Y 211 (= is fáei ... latharsat LB;
5 is foi ... rolasat HM. O'Don., Corm. Tr., renders LB `accord-
ingly the literati of the B. explained it
'). ni cian rollā for
dāla did not long delay (?) SR 7651 .
(e) f. ¤ dírna di = scares (?): fochérd dírna mór din tslóg
co luid Medb día chosc LU 4685 . atracht in slōg uile ara
10chind ┐ rola dirmae din chath imbi oc teacht isin telaig
TBC² 3288 = ro lá dírna dina cathaib ┐ dina sluagaib ac
déscid in láich sin TBC 5391 . See Hermathena 1931 p. 4 ,
and cf. f. ¤ grith I (h) above.