Print Edition

A B C D1 D2 E F G H I L M N O P R S T U

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492


65 2 fochell n ā,f. (prob. same word as preceding, the orig.
sense being provision made by employer for employee)
hire, wage, reward: fachell .i. fo cheill in gillae dia tabar
bīs a mēit, Corm. Y 633 . fochraic .i. focheill (a s.) O'Dav.
865 (gl. on Ériu xiii 22.16 ). foicheall .i. formáil no luach
70saothair dogheibh duine ar son a oibre sa ló, O'Cl. faichill
.i. tuarastal. go bfaichlibh .i. go dtuarastlaibh ib. (see Met.
Dinds. iii 60 cited below). Cf. is tacaír dúnn a chaínf. ¤
asar corp Wb 15c24 , cited under 1 fochell. cid cu faicill
cid can faicill whether on pay or not Laws v 72.25 Comm.
75 amus tathuighe co bfaichell ii 24x Comm . cen cin[n]edh
foichle `without fixed wages' ib. y . fer taithigt[h]i cin faichill
.i. in gille turusa, i 190.19 Comm . do mna fochraice .i. ...
ben bis for foichill acat who is on hire with thee i 160.24
Comm . ar ḟaichill duine airithi in the hire of any particular
80person
iii 384.17 Comm . ro tuill mís fri faichill ┐ com-
buitecht mbliadne `against a year's hire' Dinds. 22 = BB
363a8 ( Met. Dinds. iii 68 has `mí bendachtan' in the
corresponding passage). bói i faichill ri bliadain ... ac
tuilliud óen-bó, Met. Dinds. iii 310.91 . Cairpre N. co
85faichlib `giver of wages' 60.71 (see cit. from O'Cl. above).
tech foichle Hérenn Fernae `the House of wages' Triads
13 (glossed: eircille ar grádhuibh dar ndóigh fa tuarasdul
giolla foic[h]le, nó tuarastail p. 36 ). fer foichle a wage-
earner Laws ii 284.9 , cf. in fear foichli a focheall d'fagail
(gloss on: in-saig fochrach fochraic, Ériu xiii 22.16 ), O'Dav.
5 865 . in gilla faithle ... beiridh a faithchill uili lais 23 P 3²,
20ra8 , 11 . gēmadh gilla faichle an fear IGT, Decl. ex. 1991 .
ma tā ... neach acan dingbala dō coimitecht do dénum,
masa fer coimitechta hé, no faicheill, masa fer doní faichell,
O'Don. 2246 (< Rawl. B 506 f. 18a ) = aichill ... faichell,
10 O'C. 368 ( H 3. 18, 206 ).

fochenél n o,n. a subdivision of a tribe or race: .xu. prim-
chenela clainni Iaféd cona fochenelaib LU 27 ( Hog. Nenn.
2 ). secht cenela fichet feg | i n-ecmais a fochenel, Rawl.
77b3 . 77a10 = LL 143a23 . 142b33 .

15 fochenn n corn: see fochan.

focherd n f. (cerdd `art, craft' ?) a feat at arms, a cast (of a
spear) (?): focheirt C. in sleig n-iarum i ndegaig Fir baith
... `Is beoda do ḟocheird [feocherd LU] indiu, A Ch. !'
orse. conid de atā Focherd uada a Murthemniu TBC²
20 1562 = maith tra in focheird TBC 2193 . Fochaird Muir-
t[h]emne, bhaili a nderna Cú Chulainn in foic[h]erd gaiscid
ar sluaiged tána b. c., Acall. 2316 . go Fochaird M., bhail
i nderna an C. ... an fhoicherd ghaisgidh, Hugh Roe 90.12
(f. 24a) . cathcles cu foceardaib .i. grāin catha cu ceartaib
25foiche in gae bulga ` subordinate arts ' Todd Nenn., Add.
Notes p. xii (< 23 P 3 B, 23 , O'C. 1875 ; cf. O'D. 2208 ). Cf. cealgthar é d'fhoicheardaibh mná 'blandishments' Studies 1949, 466 .

fochest : x see focheist and fogast.

fochetal n o,n. (vn. of fo-cain) chanting, singing: focetal
n-ēigme, Laws v 306.5 (one of the reasons for postponing a
30battle; expl.: .i. teit fo eigem 308.9 ). foceadal ceast a
Caisel .i. corgus BB 267a23 = coigeadal chesta corgais i
Caisil BR 4.15 . badar oc f. ¤ dō (of birds), Dinds. 117 . cēn
no bidis na heoin ic a foichedul `singing to them' Ériu ii
20 § 1 .

35 fochetlaid n i (a) one who sings in accompaniment, a succentor:
n p. fochetlaidi (gl. subpsalmistae) Ml 2b8 . (b) a teacher
(but prob. a mistake for forcetlaid): focetlaidh na catalcdha
teacher of the Catholic faith (of Ambrose) BB 207b6 = for-
ceallaidh, Todd Nenn. 68.5 . do Mhaol ruain diar bhfocet-
40laidh, Mart. Don. Aug. 15 .

1 fochla n io,n. g s. ind ḟochlai AU 913 (i 428) . ind fochli 821 .
ind ḟochla LL 134b31 . ind Fochla AU 865. d s. usually
fochla or fochlai, see exx. below; fochlu LL 124b40 . BDD
74 Y (ḟocluí LU). Laws iv 338.15 . A compd. of fo + clé
45`left' Ped. i 68 , hence I The North (cf. faitse, and W.
gogledd `North,' ZCP xiv 323 ), esp. the North of Ireland:
f. ¤ an tuascert, Corm. Y 654 . a fochlai Erend ō Tuaig Inbir
RC xiii 222.33 (= a tuaiscert lethe Erenn, O'Curry, MS.
Mat. 473 ). Níal ind ḟ. ¤ N. of the North Todd Nenn. 252
50( LL 134b31 ). ri Ulad ... hi cetlud rig Fochla (i.e. the king
of Ailech), Ériu v 232.25 (i c. fri fochlai v.l.). roslat uile
longportu Gall (.i. airir ind Fochla) etir cenel nEugain ┐
Dal nAraide AU 865 . sloghedh la Flann ... isa f. ¤ cor
innred leis Ardd Macha 881 (= isin F. ¤ , FM 879 ). sloghadh
55isin F. ¤ la Donnchad AU 770 . The name was also given to
territories in N. Meath, see Hog. Onom., and in Clare, Top.
Poems 112.5 (= Carney, Butler Poems 1377 ) and n . Cf. gaibthiut
co firu fochlae i faitse, Rawl. 132a16 (= foichle hi foidse,
Ériu iii 137.74 ). II Transf. (a) the seat of honour in a king's
60or chief's hall; perhaps an earlier use than the follg., point-
ing to a primitive arrangement like that in the old Icelandic
house, where the seat of honour was in the middle of the
northern bench facing south. Cf. Laws iv 338.15 (describ-
ing arrangement of a king's banqueting-hall): cuslennaigh
65... a n-airt[h]iur ḟoitsi. isinn leth eliu a fochlu fénnid
`his champion's seat' (`on the other side, in the north, a man
at arms
', MacNeill PRIA xxxvi C 16. 306 , see n . ib.;
Plummer suggests reading: isin leth chliu a fochlu fein-
nid[a] `on the left is his champion's seat (MS. notes s.v.).
70Binchy, Críth G. 591 , prints: ailiu, i fochlu, which agrees
with MacNeill's rendering, but compare the exx. of f. ¤
feinneda below). i nairt[h]iur fochlai `on the east side of
the champion's seat
' ib. (= Críth G. 597 , `in the north-east'
Vocab. s.v. airther). f. ¤ nomen do suidhe na flatha, Corm. Y
75 656 . f. ¤ didiu cach suidiu n-a[i]rechda 698 . fochlu ... nomen
primsuidhe ina himda, O'Dav. 841 (citing Corm. Y 698 ,
see (b) below). ar síul ar belaib fochlu .i. ar crann siu[i]l ┐
i n-airidhiu ib. f. ¤ fó .i. suidhe flatha no tighearna, O'Cl.
In older literature, however, the name seems to have been
80given not to the king's (or chief's) seat but to that of his
champion or chief man at arms; hence generally called f. ¤
fénneda (possibly in these exx. the word is of different
origin; cf. 2 fochla). [f]ochla (féinneadh) IGT, Decl. § 2
(m.; n p. fochla, -dha). It seems to have been usually oppo-
85site the king's seat; dobrethsat póca do Choin Culainn ┐
rafucsat leo dond ḟochlai ḟennida RC xiv 426x . ra innis [Cú
Chulainn] do Chonchobur ┐ sé san ḟochlai ḟennida na ḟiad-
naisi LL 263b12 ( MU² 229 ; the pron. sé presumably refers to
Cú Chulainn). dochonnairc C. raet rob ingnad leis isin
tigh n-ola .i. ingen ... isin [ḟ]ochla ḟéinned, Acall. 3251 .
5 isind fhoclúi féinnida in tige fri enech ríg isind leith anall
BDD 74 U (ḟochlu Y). Later heroic romance speaks of
more than one f. ¤ fénneda: tainic Ferccus ┐ do thóccaibh
[sic leg.] a arma os a chionn isin ḟ. ¤ ḟeinnidh ┐ tainic M. isin
f. ¤ ḟeinnidh oile ar ionchaibh Ferccusa ITS v 84.9 (cf. isin
10fochla thuaiscertach tige ib. 6 ). san f. ¤ fheinned a n-imdaid
na hursand ... san fh. ¤ fheinned isan iar[sh]lis ar a n-agaid,
Celt. Rev. i 296 . See also cit. from O'Cl. under 2 fochla.
Cf. fuaim iar fochlu (= fame according to precedence in
valour or dignity ? throughout the north ?) LL 124b40
15(chev.). Fig. of a champion: fo fer Fergus ... f. ¤ do rígaib
mac Rosa, Celt. Rev. ii 20 . Cf. flaith .i. fochla, Thr. Ir.
Gl. 19 ( LB 267a12 ). This not in Corm. Y or M, and is
perhaps corrupt. In: fochlu .i. feinnidh, O'Dav. 841 , the
latter word is probably gen. depending on fochlu. (b) the
20 seat of the warrior in a chariot on the left side, oppd. to
`faitse,' the charioteer's seat on the right: bátar sinde
riadatar a fochlai fria faitsi .i. do suidhiu ind erred isin
charput as nomen a fochlae, Corm. Y 698 s.v. gaire. O'Dav.
841 .