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1 fochla n io,n. g s. ind ḟochlai AU 913 (i 428) . ind fochli 821 .
ind ḟochla LL 134b31 . ind Fochla AU 865. d s. usually
fochla or fochlai, see exx. below; fochlu LL 124b40 . BDD
74 Y (ḟocluí LU). Laws iv 338.15 . A compd. of fo + clé
45`left' Ped. i 68 , hence I The North (cf. faitse, and W.
gogledd `North,' ZCP xiv 323 ), esp. the North of Ireland:
f. ¤ an tuascert, Corm. Y 654 . a fochlai Erend ō Tuaig Inbir
RC xiii 222.33 (= a tuaiscert lethe Erenn, O'Curry, MS.
Mat. 473 ). Níal ind ḟ. ¤ N. of the North Todd Nenn. 252
50( LL 134b31 ). ri Ulad ... hi cetlud rig Fochla (i.e. the king
of Ailech), Ériu v 232.25 (i c. fri fochlai v.l.). roslat uile
longportu Gall (.i. airir ind Fochla) etir cenel nEugain ┐
Dal nAraide AU 865 . sloghedh la Flann ... isa f. ¤ cor
innred leis Ardd Macha 881 (= isin F. ¤ , FM 879 ). sloghadh
55isin F. ¤ la Donnchad AU 770 . The name was also given to
territories in N. Meath, see Hog. Onom., and in Clare, Top.
Poems 112.5 (= Carney, Butler Poems 1377 ) and n . Cf. gaibthiut
co firu fochlae i faitse, Rawl. 132a16 (= foichle hi foidse,
Ériu iii 137.74 ). II Transf. (a) the seat of honour in a king's
60or chief's hall; perhaps an earlier use than the follg., point-
ing to a primitive arrangement like that in the old Icelandic
house, where the seat of honour was in the middle of the
northern bench facing south. Cf. Laws iv 338.15 (describ-
ing arrangement of a king's banqueting-hall): cuslennaigh
65... a n-airt[h]iur ḟoitsi. isinn leth eliu a fochlu fénnid
`his champion's seat' (`on the other side, in the north, a man
at arms
', MacNeill PRIA xxxvi C 16. 306 , see n . ib.;
Plummer suggests reading: isin leth chliu a fochlu fein-
nid[a] `on the left is his champion's seat (MS. notes s.v.).
70Binchy, Críth G. 591 , prints: ailiu, i fochlu, which agrees
with MacNeill's rendering, but compare the exx. of f. ¤
feinneda below). i nairt[h]iur fochlai `on the east side of
the champion's seat
' ib. (= Críth G. 597 , `in the north-east'
Vocab. s.v. airther). f. ¤ nomen do suidhe na flatha, Corm. Y
75 656 . f. ¤ didiu cach suidiu n-a[i]rechda 698 . fochlu ... nomen
primsuidhe ina himda, O'Dav. 841 (citing Corm. Y 698 ,
see (b) below). ar síul ar belaib fochlu .i. ar crann siu[i]l ┐
i n-airidhiu ib. f. ¤ fó .i. suidhe flatha no tighearna, O'Cl.
In older literature, however, the name seems to have been
80given not to the king's (or chief's) seat but to that of his
champion or chief man at arms; hence generally called f. ¤
fénneda (possibly in these exx. the word is of different
origin; cf. 2 fochla). [f]ochla (féinneadh) IGT, Decl. § 2
(m.; n p. fochla, -dha). It seems to have been usually oppo-
85site the king's seat; dobrethsat póca do Choin Culainn ┐
rafucsat leo dond ḟochlai ḟennida RC xiv 426x . ra innis [Cú
Chulainn] do Chonchobur ┐ sé san ḟochlai ḟennida na ḟiad-
naisi LL 263b12 ( MU² 229 ; the pron. sé presumably refers to
Cú Chulainn). dochonnairc C. raet rob ingnad leis isin
tigh n-ola .i. ingen ... isin [ḟ]ochla ḟéinned, Acall. 3251 .
5 isind fhoclúi féinnida in tige fri enech ríg isind leith anall
BDD 74 U (ḟochlu Y). Later heroic romance speaks of
more than one f. ¤ fénneda: tainic Ferccus ┐ do thóccaibh
[sic leg.] a arma os a chionn isin ḟ. ¤ ḟeinnidh ┐ tainic M. isin
f. ¤ ḟeinnidh oile ar ionchaibh Ferccusa ITS v 84.9 (cf. isin
10fochla thuaiscertach tige ib. 6 ). san f. ¤ fheinned a n-imdaid
na hursand ... san fh. ¤ fheinned isan iar[sh]lis ar a n-agaid,
Celt. Rev. i 296 . See also cit. from O'Cl. under 2 fochla.
Cf. fuaim iar fochlu (= fame according to precedence in
valour or dignity ? throughout the north ?) LL 124b40
15(chev.). Fig. of a champion: fo fer Fergus ... f. ¤ do rígaib
mac Rosa, Celt. Rev. ii 20 . Cf. flaith .i. fochla, Thr. Ir.
Gl. 19 ( LB 267a12 ). This not in Corm. Y or M, and is
perhaps corrupt. In: fochlu .i. feinnidh, O'Dav. 841 , the
latter word is probably gen. depending on fochlu. (b) the
20 seat of the warrior in a chariot on the left side, oppd. to
`faitse,' the charioteer's seat on the right: bátar sinde
riadatar a fochlai fria faitsi .i. do suidhiu ind erred isin
charput as nomen a fochlae, Corm. Y 698 s.v. gaire. O'Dav.
841 .

25 2 fochla n m. (but g s. fordorus na fochlai , CCath. 3086 ).
(a) digging, rooting, burrowing: im rubu foichlige ... .i.
im na robaib bis ar fochlae `which scrape' (e.g. young pigs
or cocks) Laws i 190.15 Comm. (b) a cavity, hole (in the
earth
): co n-acadar fochlui mar amail bid beolu uama,
30 Otia i 115 § 6 . airm na bia f. ¤ freim [sic] `where there is no
place for the root
' (i.e. no pit dug) Laws iv 382.29 . ar
mothuittet eich i fochluib LL 120a29 . Maol Maedhócc ...
do chendach Bachla Iosa ┐ dia tabhairt as a f. ¤ `from its
cave
' (i.e. the place where it had been buried or hidden in
35troubled times ?) FM ii 1048 . Esp. an animal's burrow or
den: f. ¤ leomhain .i. tochailt, uaimh no poll leomhain, no
f. ¤ .i. ionadh suidhe leomhain, amhail atā f. ¤ feinneadh, O'Cl.,
(probably ref. to: in foc[h]la leoman, CCath. 4903 ). foran
bf. ¤ leomain, Hugh Roe 156.3 (f. 41b) . tic in dael assa fochlai,
40 Fél. 44.2 . tócaibtís ind anmannai ... a cenna asa fochluib
LU 1692 ( RC ix 474 ). isin fochlae talman i mbi nathir,
CCath. 3084 . v s. a ochlai dorchai na sinnach ! PH 8246 =
a fhochlaig YBL 162b40 . Excavation, trench: clasacha ┐
uamh-fhochladha talmhan ro claidhset ... for ciund na
45nGall, Hugh Roe, 170.15 (f. 45b) . Cf. dorónta fochlói ┐ rátha
móra [im in Trói] `casemates' TTr.² 197 .
See 1 fochlach and fochlaid.

1 fochlach n o,m. (= 2 fochla ?): ērigh suas ... as t[ḟ]ochlach
`out of your hiding-place ' (of a stone chest) Cáin Ad. 15 .
50 v s. a fhochlaig na sinnach den YBL 162b40 (cf. 2 fochla).

2 fochlach adj o-ā manibad airmitiu níe | nip indemain f. ¤
fōe, Corm. Y 661 s.v. foī `prince'; ` seated ' (1 fochla)
Corm. Tr. p. 81 .

fochlaí : ind airde na fochlai (corr. to fochrai MS) SR 4249 .
55 cuairt cethrochair ... | cathclai gelbdai ... | fachlai febdai
forordai 4228 , corresp. to: cu ḟochruib forórdai LB 120b22 .
See fochraí and cf. 2 fochla, last cit.

fochlaid (vn. of fo-claid) (a) burrowing, undermining, up-
rooting (earth): fochlaid cach síde LU 10914 (= fochlade,
60 Ériu xii 184 ). di loscad no di f. ¤ [fochlaic v.l.] ecalse `digging
under a church
' Cáin Ad. 45 . is fri ochluid dogní ... amail
muic `works at rooting' O'Dav. 761 . caithe muc ... ma
fochlaidh tire (.i. mad tochailt in talmun), Laws iv 96.17
(98.3) . Cf. sruib tuirc fochlaid `the snout of a rooting hog'
65 iv 310.18 (see Críth G. 185 and n .). gadaid[e] fuirregar
og gait no og foclad 23 Q 6, 37b17 . (b) concrete a cavity,
hole, pit: fochlaidh (gl. cavicula) Ir. Gl. 229 . f. ¤ fil i tir
Guent (= Lat. fovea), Todd Nenn. 116 . gur cuired fo ḟoch-
laidhibh talman hé (of burial), Acall 1177 . 2847 . ar na
70chur fá ḟochlaitib talman 2606 . ro hadnaicit cuirp na
laecraidhe leo ... fo fochlaidhiph na caladh, CCath. 2857 .
See 2 fochla.

fochlaide adj io-iā epithet of a cloak: brat odarda fochlaidi
TBC² 3210 (= bha chuaslae TBC 5272 ). Leg. fo chl. ?

75 fochlann n ā,f. a subordinate clan: d'orccain ina focland ro
bhattar ar comairce Beraigh BNnÉ 40 § 82 .

fochlár n o,m. lit. lower table or surface; of the forehead:
a bhfóchlár a éadain, Todd Lect. iv 102z .

fochli n m. fochloc ... i sochli [leg. .i. fochli] seca .i. cen forboist.
80[leg. forbairt] for a dān `a hard sub-tree ' Laws iv 360.8
Comm. foclucc .i. focli sec v 26.28 Comm . Prob. glossator's
invention.

fochlithar n (clithar) shelter, covert: i foc[h]lithar a starga
┐ a mbocoiti, CCath. 5817 .

85 fochloc, n (-og, -uc, -ug) o,m. (earlier n-stem ? cf. foch-
locan) a poet or `fili' of a lower grade, for whose qualifications
see IT iii 112 , 115 ; Laws i 46.1 Comm ; v 26.25 , his specific
metre was the `dian'; he was allowed two attendants;
his reward for a poem was a heifer (samaisc): his honour-
price varied according as he was the son of a `fili,' or not,
5or was `innraic' or not; also according to the status of
his patron (`rí túaithe' or `rí Érenn'). ( v 116 App .).
His `díre' equalled that of `flaith' or `eaglais,' Ériu xiii
32.11 . His protection extended to five persons: doeimh
Fochlog fíorchoiger, 33.13 , sē grādha filedh ... .i. fochloc,
10macfuir[m]edh, etc. IT iii 97.1 (cf. Ériu xiii 32.11 ). glamh
in ḟochloic , ib. IT iii 97.14 . f. ¤ [fochlocon LB] nomen grāid filed,
Corm. Y 587 (where the word is connected with fochlocán
or fochlocht, cf. Laws iv 360.7 ). fochlocc, Laws iv 356z .
fochlog, Ériu xiii 32.11 . tricha [scél] la fochluc, Laws i
1546.1 Comm. focluc, O'Mulc. 537 . fochloch ZCP v 499 § 7 .
foclucc (... focael og he, og a dan ┐ og a log), Laws v 26.28
Comm. in fochlucc, samhaisc a einecclann, ┐ samaisc log
a aiste, ┐ is iat sin [viz. ollam filed ┐ fochlucc] in dias is
commór einecclann ┐ logh aiste, ┐ oc righ thuaithe atait
20and sin, etc. O'Don. 1214 (< H 2. 15, 84 ). Laws v 116 .
má fuaras uait ... aiceacht is mé i n-aois ḟocluic `when a
novice
' Content. ix 6 . Cf. bud ead fochlucc bruinde bias fo dheoid and S. ingen E. YBL 329a22 (misprinted fothlucc and rendered 'opener of the womb' ML 154.1 ). v s. a ḟocluic ! xxii 29 .