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fo-émid, for-émid v (fo-ess-mid-, Ped. ii 579 ) protot. -fémd-;
not represented in O.Ir. Glosses. The form forémid is
15prob. due to infixed potential -ro-; often with inorganic f
forḟémid ( SR 3209 etc.). Pres. 1 s. foremdim LL 284b29 .
3 s. forémid LU 9132 ( FB 88 ). faemdet, Ériu vi 135.57 .
3 pl. femdit LU 8555 ( FB 41 ). perf. 3 s. forḟemid SR 3209 .
foremmid LU 8397 ( FB 27 ). forémid LU 9132 ( FB 88 ). fore-
20mestair BB 492b29 . pl. foremdetar, Thes. ii 344.36 . for-
ḟemdetar TBC 1564 . Pass. perf. foremdes -ded, see III
below.
I As personal act. vb. (a) is unable, fails (to do some-
thing), with vn. or equivalent as obj.: forémdim tairnim
25 I cannot bend Fél. 154x = LL 284b29 . forḟemdinn a thimarg-
ain I could not constrain him SR 1338 . forfémmedus
cach rét nogniind remi do dénam I was unable to do all that
I used to do before
LU 1319 ( Im. Br. ii 290 , uaremedhus,
baremidus v.l.). forféimdhius-sa sealladh fair I could not
30bear to look at it
BNnÉ 93 § 203 . uair forémid ní dó since
he could do nothing to him
(i.e. could not influence him) PH
4726 = forémdid 4891 . dammidethar fá dí día lémaim ┐
forémid LU 9132 ( FB 88 ). barémid nech díb a aged do
ṡoud fodess none of them could turn southwards TBC 2407
35(corresp. to : connāchcǣmnacair ... ronucad a ainech secha
fades itir Delca ┐ muir, TBC² 1745 ). forḟemid cor de could not stir Trip.
450.6 ( LB 26b12 ). forḟeimidh in mogh a tógbáil the slave
was unable to raise it
Cóir Anm. 40 . foremdid immáin a
bo, Lat. Lives 83 = forḟeimigh, Lism. L. 1588 . forḟemdid
40lasin aingel a mallachad LB 123a1 = foremidh risin a. YBL
294a8 (of Balaam). huair forḟemid ... a óentagud do Ioseph
SR 3209 (the wife of Potiphar) = triallais in ben forecin
fairsium uair forḟemid ais LB 115b10 (forfemhidh hi chena
YBL 286b4 , but: foremidh he chena 63b29 . BB 237b43 ).
45 carraig ... foremestair Ercail do thogail BB 492b29 . forem-
detar Ui F. a turcbáil, Thes. ii 344.36 . barrobratar in
ṅGlassi ┐ forḟemdetar a techt TBC 1564 (= nior fedsat
teact tairsi St). tancatar ... fri taeb na Glassi, dáig fosrem-
detar a techt 1582 . forḟemdhetar a chosc oc bendachad
50mac nIsrahel LB 123a4 = rofeimdetar YBL 294a10 ( Num.
xxii - xxiv ). do feimgedur dol forin caslen Ann. Conn.
1246 § 8 (= ni roḟedsat dol FM). cach ndoraid forfeimdib-
itis fir Erenn every difficulty the men of Ireland should fail
to solve
Dinds. 117 . Cf. femdeth gail SR 3155 .
55With pers. obj. in ellipt. sentence: tuc M. a máthair a
gentlidecht; forémdid im[morro] a athair (Patre in malis
perseverante
) Lat. Lives 91 .
Cf. nosfémded cach dechenbar `no ten men were a match
for him
' Met. Dinds. iii 156 .
60(b) refuses, shirks (doing something): ni dlig a dilsi co
forfemde cach `he is not entitled to the ownership until every-
body refuses (disclaims) it
' Laws v 262.4 . rosfeimdetar
fir Fótla ... altram Néill, Ériu iv 94 § 10 (Rawl. = forḟeim-
detar LL). foreimidseat Bretain a mbiathad refused to
65feed them
Todd Nenn. 84 . See éimdid.
II In impers. construction (act.) in sense (a) : dolluid
crini chucum-sa ... ┐ forémed imtecht I was unable to walk
LU 1241 ( Im. Brain ii 287 ; addró imthecht v.l.). With
FOR: forfeimidh forra a erslagadh, Hugh Roe² (f.
704a ) = forḟémhidh FM vi 1898.16 .
With acc. FOR: conattecht Medb Fergus ... do
chomrac ra Coin Culaind, ar rosfemmid ḟiru hErend the
men of Ireland had refused (had failed ?) to do so
TBC
2858 = ro emgeatar fir E. dul do chomhrac St.
75 III Pass. constr.: (a) forfeimdes a hergaire no one could
hinder him
SR 4808 (of Balaam). rucad iarum do muliund
Ratha C. ... ┐ foremthes a bleith it could not be ground
Thes. ii 335.31 . forreimdes [foremthes v.l.) a mbreith la
Buchat B. was unable to take them RC xxv 30 § 13 . forémdes
80... o Chobthach dul issin tech C. was unable to enter LL
270a12 ( ZCP iii 7 § 24 , foroemthes, atroas v.l.). da laeg
..., foréimdes comairle forru co ndergena fiadmíla díb two
calves ... they could not be controlled, so they went wild
LL
165a49 (= conad feta ni dib nothing could be done with them
85 RC xvi 153 ). forfeimdhetth breth ┐ eraic ar méd an tsar-
aighthe judgment and compensation could not be awarded
BNnÉ 313 § 4 . roféimed ní dó nothing could be done for him
(of a sick man) Acall. 7571 . ro femed a airium ... ar marbad
do Gallaib the number of foreigners slain was past counting
Cog. 38.1 .
5In sense (b): atbert in ben ... fri hIosep dul ina coem-
thach ... forḟemdius tra o Iosep inni sin J. refused to do so
LB 115a53 .

fóen, -aid : x see fáen.

fóendel : x see foíndel.

10 fóenden ? ind Ferghal fer co foendenaibh (: Gaoidhealaibh)
`of gentle exactions ' FM 919 .

foenic n f. (Lat. phoenix) the phoenix: d s. Aráib co faenic
in morṡáegail with the long-lived phoenix LL 135b6 = co
foenic, Rawl. 77b46 . g s. luaithredh na fenici , CCath. 4157
15( Wortk. 65 ).

fóentrech ? ind a p. bas gaeth nach claind cummascfa fri foen-
trecha folma, Fianaig, 30.32 (rhet.).

fo-epil v (cf. at-bail) dies, perishes: ba maith for durn, no fo
eibled for durn .i. na scailed, no na maided (expl. of leasdar
20baduirnd, the name of an ordeal), Laws v 472.3 Comm.

? foer- : ind in compd. f. ¤ -cless, one of Cu Chulainn's feats
... foebarcless ┐ foencless ┐ cless cletinech ┐ tetcless ┐ foerclius
┐ corpcless ... ZCP iii 255.11 ( TEmire 78 ). Perh. due to
dittography.

25 ? fo-erba v charges, commissions: issí ... subalaich foerbath
[ro herbad v.l.] do chathugud frisin dualaich-se the virtue
that has been appointed to combat this vice
Ériu vii 160.23 .
Probably merely a corrupt reading. Cf. soerbad, roerbrad
ib. 138.17 ; 152y , v.l. ro herbad in each case; and roherbath
30in same context 166.1 .

fo-érig v raises from below (?): hence with inf. reflex. (?)
pron. rises: fan-eraig [ = fónérig LU 4938 ) C. ┐ benaid a
chend de TBC² 454 . fosergitis in tsloigh ... ara ciund
used to rise to meet them Ériu ii 100 § 5 . Cf. faneirg! up!
35 Ériu vi 135.39 .

foérim(m) n (érimm) a trot, canter (of a horse) (?): g s. ro leicc
a fuatan foerma don eoch `he allowed the steed to run a
short course
' CCath. 4753 . Cf. rodirigh an t-ech ... ina
fuadan foermad (foermd MS. = foermada ?) D iv 2, 73rb30 .

40 fóesam : x see fáesam.

foesc : ind cnū foesc (: tōesc), Arch. iii 308.2 .
Cf. faísce.

foescal : x see fáescal.

fóescham ? ind Sretais cethri goí deac fair ... Nos-ditin Cú ...
45conná riacht toind no f. ¤ fair LU 6166 ( TBC² 1681 ) = faesgamh
Eg. 93 ( RC xv 65 ), faesgram H 2.17 p. 112a ; Wind. TBC
p. 1118 conjectures a corruption of text and compares:
ní faosglann faol no tuinn TBC 5457 St.

fo-etlan v (fo-ess-tlen, Ped. ii 649 ): in Laws Comm., usually
50as gloss on fo-tlen, q.v. pres. 3 s. nad foetlann (gl. nadi
fothlen) SMFacs. 33b ( O'D. 1088 ; Laws ii 282n .). Pass.
beich docoislet .i. na beich foetlaither o neach `which are
carried off
' Laws v 318.23 . As simple vb.: rel. 3 s. foetlas
463.14 .
55 Cf. banéclastar C. fair [leg. -tlastar ?] LL 263a10 ( MU²
166 ).

fo-fálgai : v see fo-álgi.

? fo-feid : v aill erfind ... foafeid a gríss a gréin `which
from the sun
receives its heat' Im. Brain § 22 . Cf. fon-
60naide .i. ar is fonnad laisam na fedna fofedat na rede so
huile, O'C. 840 (< H 3.18, p. 383 ), see Laws v 306.1 .
(But this may be for forfechat; `rede' here is pl. of
`battle-field, battle').

fo-feis : x see fo-fich.

65 fo-feiscren, fo-faiscren v decays, fails (?): an dand f. ¤
iarum ind fuil, is and f. ¤ ind tol, Mon. Tall. 59 . cetmuinter
docuir[e]t[h]ar saeth fuirri do galar, dligidh a taiscith fri
hicc; is ecin .iii. bliadna di ... Ma foraiscre ced met graine
in galur bid for foluch beos; maine faiscre tet a cetmuindter
70dochum a finisi ..., O'C. 806 ( H 3.18, 372 ).
Cf. fáiscre.

fo-fen v gets back an equivalent, recovers (expenditure) (?) :
3 s. fut. and pass. pres. ar asrenar fofia, ar is ó ulcc fo-fenar
[adfenar, fofechar MSS.] olcc for whatever is paid out he
75will get back, for evil is got back from (repaid by) evil
(?)
ZCP xi 85 § 39 (cf. Hermathena 19. 93 - 4 ). toing do Dia
fond-ḟiadsa [leg. fond-ḟia so, Thurn.] timtirechta ┐ bessu ┐
huide ┐ gnimu aitire hi taig frimsa swear that thou wilt fulfil.
carry out
(?) Bürgsch. p. 22 § 65a .

80 fo-fera v protot. -foír-, -fuir-. O.Ir. forms: Imperat. 3 s.
foíred Ml 43c3 . Pres. 1 s. fufirim, Thes. i 497.5 ( Arm.
177b1 ). 2 sg. foferai Ml 121b17 . 3 s. fofera Wb 2a17 . Cf.
-fúiri, Ériu vii 148 § 10 (simple vb. ?). (rel.) fodera Wb 3c33 .
fuddera 33c12 . fotera LU 3099 (see below). 1 pl. (with
85inf.) faeram Wb 15d3 . 3 pl. ni foíret 27d24 . subj. pres. 3 s.
nāt furea , Mon. Tall. § 63 . subj. past 1 s. arna foírin se
Wb 14d3 . 3 s. fuerad 33b13 . mani foired Sg 157b11 . 3 pl.
ma fofertís RC xii 62 § 24 . Cf. amail forfertis , Mon. Tall.
§ 25 . fut. 3 s. foirfea Wb 11d3 (rel., = foḟirfea). fofirfe,
TBFr. § 25 . fo-d-irfe LL 8b28 , 145b18 . perf. 3 s. furuar
5 Wb 2a18 . foruar 8b5 . 14c43 . Tur 48 . fodruar Ml 20b17 .
In Mid. Ir. foruar freq. becomes foruair, forḟuair (cf. fo-
fúair perf. of fo-gaib).
Pass. pres. s. foferthar ZCP xi 90 § 29 . O'Dav. 54 :
(.i. fuirither) 874 . Imperf. pl. fofertais, Ériu iv 163.3 (Laud
10610). fut. s. fomfirfider sa Ml 33b10 . perf. s. foroired [sic
leg.] AU 777 (poem) = foraeradh FM 773 . forúired PH
3644 . foruiredh, Ériu iii 4.28 . fonroireth TBFr. § 28 .
Cf. foroerath IT iii 237.63 . -foruireth TBFr. § 28 . LL
246b25 . -roerad IT iii 237.62 (= róer LL 246b25 ). ro
15 faíred LU 2344 . ro fuired 2324 . pret. pl. ffoferta Ériu iv
163.26 . Part. foiride q.v.
Vn. fuar, later fúr. Cf. fáer.
I In general sense prepares, provides, brings about: gl.
parare Thes. i 497.5 . gl. praeparare Wb 8b5 . Ml 33b10 .
20 praebere Ml 121b17 , gl. praestare (= furnish, provide) 43c3 .
Wb 27d24 .
(a) in special sense prepares, provides: mad hé in fir-
chumsanad fuerad Iessu Wb 33b13 (refers to: si ... requiem
praestitisset). foruar inna inbotha he had prepared the
25nuptials
Tur 48 . fúir ┐ urlamaig thu do gabail Crist chugat
get ready LB 225b43 . fuired a chride corba hattreb ...
don spirut nóeb (= paret hospitium spiritui) PH 5599 .
isin purgatoir suthain rofuired do diabul, 4308 . isin tenid
... rofaíred do Díabul LU 2344 . teni foruiredh do diabul
30`qui praeparatus est' Ériu iii 4.28 (= foruireg ZCP iv 243.4 ).
in flaith forruired duib o thosach domain Ériu iii 6.11 (= foruirec
ZCP iv 243.19 ). cichib róer[ad] ? nin foruireth na mmaith
nothing good has been prepared (i.e. is in store) for us LL
246b25 ( IT iii 244.48 ). cíchíb foruireth ? ol si. Fon-roireth
35imned, ol C., TBFr. § 28 = foruirich ... fonruirith RC xxiv
153 (Edinb.).
(b) causes, produces, brings to pass , folld. by acc., (with
or without vn. phrase) or subord. clause, with DO of pers.
nech praindes co fúiri galar ndó till he makes himself ill
40 Ériu vii 148 § 10 . forúer imneth fota ZCP viii 308.12 .
conid ead fofuoair cess for Ulltoip 120.24 . in mé fódrúar
was I the cause of it? LU 5693 (= TBC² 1218 ). Cath Seghsa,
ben ... fordoruair [leg. -ruär: Duäch] RC xvii 123.20 (Tig.)
= fodruair FM 499 . ardscél ... foruair mór n-uile FM ii
45572 . dosfrecmairc doib cid foruair doib bith oc toirrse,
Anecd. i 59 § 75 (leg. cid foruär | bith, etc. ? Meyer would
omit first doib and read foruar doïb, ZCP xi 153 ). is mōite
fofera saeth dait ZCP iii 29.11 . is ed forḟuair do A. in
luathtinol sa do dénum, Alex. 77 . With ellipse of vn.:
50 ar imbud fodruair fo recht nóeb the multitude he caused
(to be) under the holy law ACC § 100 ( RC xx 274 ).
With inf. pron. obj.: cach imsnim fogebthai is misi
fodera daib YBL 159a45 . mo thaebh, a Dé fodera, | bidh
cael, bidh cré, bidh crumhae (= my flesh, O God who causest
55it, will turn to dust and worms
) Arch. iii 216 § 5 .
(c) in sense causes fofera in rel. clauses is commonly
used with petrified infixed -d- even when folld. by the obj.;
this usage goes back to the Glosses: ined fodera báas
domsa? Wb 3c33 . coni[d]hed fodera fáilti dúibsi 14c42 .
60 as n-ed fodera emnad that causes doubling Sg 120a4 . cid
fotera na scéith ... intib? LL 264b46 ( MU² 376 ). cid
fotera duit bith amlaid sin? LU 3099 . int ṡualaig fodera
[fofera v.l.] dídnad which works consolation Ériu i 196 . cid
fotera Oengus ... do bith 'sin Bruig? why is O. in vii 220 § 11 .
65 cid fotera nach isin Bruig no hadnaictis na rig? why were
not the kings buried?
LU 4077 . is ed uadera dosom gan
ainm a athar do rāda, TTebe 565 . ni tre diomdha ... fodero
damh dul ... acht grādh it is not dissatisfaction but love ...
that makes me go
ZCP viii 222 § 5 . The -d- is less common in
70other tenses: fodirfe ar n-ēc [sic leg.] LL 145b18 (appar.
not rel.). gnim fodirfe imbad ṁbróin 8b28 . fodirfed feib
ndoib, that it would work prosperity for them O'Mulc. 497 .
cid fódruair lat su ... mo dímiad sa? LU 3901 ( SC 41 ).
ised fodrúair a orcain hi cinta Echdach (= he was destroyed
75in satisfaction for E.'s crimes
) LU 8014 . in mac ... fodúair
imned, Met. Dinds. iii 106.35 . fath fotruair gan m'iom-
raissi ZCP vii 305.27 .
II In later language fo-fera becomes obsolete, but the
form fodera (in some MSS., e.g. LB, usually contracted
80 .fo.) continues in use: (a) as vb. in rel. sent. with force
either of pres. or pret., which causes (caused): is í fa deara
dúnn gan labhairt i ló an bhráith, Dán Dé x 19 . dá chúis
fá deara briseadh ... d'ḟearaibh Mumhan, Keat. iii 3217 .
is é ... ba deara dosum Eri d'fágbháil MR 110 8 . atbert
85gur bo hé feissin fodera that he himself was the cause FM
vi 2218 . as iad fo deara dósomh iliomat na n-edarnaighe
it was because of them that his ambuscades were so numerous
2214 . nā measadh gur daille ... fa dearadh dhamh á choimh-
direolsin dhobair dfuraladh ..., Luc. Fid. 2.9 . With AR of
pers.: as é so fa deradh ar na creidmhechuibh ... urnaighthe
5... do dhénamh, Luc. Fid. 236.11 (for tug fad. ? see next
section).
(b) the orig. significance of fo-dera (fa deara) being lost,
it was regarded as a prep. phrase and used with another
vb. DO-BHEIR FO (FA) D. (FA ND.), CUIRIDH FO D. (cf. umla)
10 causes (something to be done), orders (= Fr. laisser, Germ.
lassen with inf.) an té ... do ní piseóga ... nó dobeir
fá dera a ndénamh dhó, O'Hussey T.C. 135 . tug fá
deara corp an leinbh do bhreith 'na ḟochair, Keat. iii 608 .
tugsad fo deara ar Bhreatainibh cloidhe do dhéanamh i p. 6 .
15 doratsat ... fodera sepel ... do thogbail, Fl.Earls 34.6 . tucc
fó deara mac Ui M. do dhalladh FM iii 214 . tabhair fa
deara a chluinsin cause it to be heard Isa. x 30 . assí fós do
thuc fandear an leabar ... do sgribad, L. Chl. Suibhne
§ 51 . gur chuir A. fá deara na clocha ... do thógbháil,
20 Keat. ii 6155 . do bheir fa ndeara orainn bheith coimhnea-
thach, Stapleton's Catechismus 130 . à chur fa deara ar an
bpobal ... an manna ... do ithe ib.
(c) DO-BHEIR FA D. observes, notices (a still later use):
dá ttugdaois faderadh é go maith, do chifidis ... Luc. Fid. 259 .