Print Edition

A B C D1 D2 E F G H I L M N O P R S T U

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492


80 fo-fera v protot. -foír-, -fuir-. O.Ir. forms: Imperat. 3 s.
foíred Ml 43c3 . Pres. 1 s. fufirim, Thes. i 497.5 ( Arm.
177b1 ). 2 sg. foferai Ml 121b17 . 3 s. fofera Wb 2a17 . Cf.
-fúiri, Ériu vii 148 § 10 (simple vb. ?). (rel.) fodera Wb 3c33 .
fuddera 33c12 . fotera LU 3099 (see below). 1 pl. (with
85inf.) faeram Wb 15d3 . 3 pl. ni foíret 27d24 . subj. pres. 3 s.
nāt furea , Mon. Tall. § 63 . subj. past 1 s. arna foírin se
Wb 14d3 . 3 s. fuerad 33b13 . mani foired Sg 157b11 . 3 pl.
ma fofertís RC xii 62 § 24 . Cf. amail forfertis , Mon. Tall.
§ 25 . fut. 3 s. foirfea Wb 11d3 (rel., = foḟirfea). fofirfe,
TBFr. § 25 . fo-d-irfe LL 8b28 , 145b18 . perf. 3 s. furuar
5 Wb 2a18 . foruar 8b5 . 14c43 . Tur 48 . fodruar Ml 20b17 .
In Mid. Ir. foruar freq. becomes foruair, forḟuair (cf. fo-
fúair perf. of fo-gaib).
Pass. pres. s. foferthar ZCP xi 90 § 29 . O'Dav. 54 :
(.i. fuirither) 874 . Imperf. pl. fofertais, Ériu iv 163.3 (Laud
10610). fut. s. fomfirfider sa Ml 33b10 . perf. s. foroired [sic
leg.] AU 777 (poem) = foraeradh FM 773 . forúired PH
3644 . foruiredh, Ériu iii 4.28 . fonroireth TBFr. § 28 .
Cf. foroerath IT iii 237.63 . -foruireth TBFr. § 28 . LL
246b25 . -roerad IT iii 237.62 (= róer LL 246b25 ). ro
15 faíred LU 2344 . ro fuired 2324 . pret. pl. ffoferta Ériu iv
163.26 . Part. foiride q.v.
Vn. fuar, later fúr. Cf. fáer.
I In general sense prepares, provides, brings about: gl.
parare Thes. i 497.5 . gl. praeparare Wb 8b5 . Ml 33b10 .
20 praebere Ml 121b17 , gl. praestare (= furnish, provide) 43c3 .
Wb 27d24 .
(a) in special sense prepares, provides: mad hé in fir-
chumsanad fuerad Iessu Wb 33b13 (refers to: si ... requiem
praestitisset). foruar inna inbotha he had prepared the
25nuptials
Tur 48 . fúir ┐ urlamaig thu do gabail Crist chugat
get ready LB 225b43 . fuired a chride corba hattreb ...
don spirut nóeb (= paret hospitium spiritui) PH 5599 .
isin purgatoir suthain rofuired do diabul, 4308 . isin tenid
... rofaíred do Díabul LU 2344 . teni foruiredh do diabul
30`qui praeparatus est' Ériu iii 4.28 (= foruireg ZCP iv 243.4 ).
in flaith forruired duib o thosach domain Ériu iii 6.11 (= foruirec
ZCP iv 243.19 ). cichib róer[ad] ? nin foruireth na mmaith
nothing good has been prepared (i.e. is in store) for us LL
246b25 ( IT iii 244.48 ). cíchíb foruireth ? ol si. Fon-roireth
35imned, ol C., TBFr. § 28 = foruirich ... fonruirith RC xxiv
153 (Edinb.).
(b) causes, produces, brings to pass , folld. by acc., (with
or without vn. phrase) or subord. clause, with DO of pers.
nech praindes co fúiri galar ndó till he makes himself ill
40 Ériu vii 148 § 10 . forúer imneth fota ZCP viii 308.12 .
conid ead fofuoair cess for Ulltoip 120.24 . in mé fódrúar
was I the cause of it? LU 5693 (= TBC² 1218 ). Cath Seghsa,
ben ... fordoruair [leg. -ruär: Duäch] RC xvii 123.20 (Tig.)
= fodruair FM 499 . ardscél ... foruair mór n-uile FM ii
45572 . dosfrecmairc doib cid foruair doib bith oc toirrse,
Anecd. i 59 § 75 (leg. cid foruär | bith, etc. ? Meyer would
omit first doib and read foruar doïb, ZCP xi 153 ). is mōite
fofera saeth dait ZCP iii 29.11 . is ed forḟuair do A. in
luathtinol sa do dénum, Alex. 77 . With ellipse of vn.:
50 ar imbud fodruair fo recht nóeb the multitude he caused
(to be) under the holy law ACC § 100 ( RC xx 274 ).
With inf. pron. obj.: cach imsnim fogebthai is misi
fodera daib YBL 159a45 . mo thaebh, a Dé fodera, | bidh
cael, bidh cré, bidh crumhae (= my flesh, O God who causest
55it, will turn to dust and worms
) Arch. iii 216 § 5 .
(c) in sense causes fofera in rel. clauses is commonly
used with petrified infixed -d- even when folld. by the obj.;
this usage goes back to the Glosses: ined fodera báas
domsa? Wb 3c33 . coni[d]hed fodera fáilti dúibsi 14c42 .
60 as n-ed fodera emnad that causes doubling Sg 120a4 . cid
fotera na scéith ... intib? LL 264b46 ( MU² 376 ). cid
fotera duit bith amlaid sin? LU 3099 . int ṡualaig fodera
[fofera v.l.] dídnad which works consolation Ériu i 196 . cid
fotera Oengus ... do bith 'sin Bruig? why is O. in vii 220 § 11 .
65 cid fotera nach isin Bruig no hadnaictis na rig? why were
not the kings buried?
LU 4077 . is ed uadera dosom gan
ainm a athar do rāda, TTebe 565 . ni tre diomdha ... fodero
damh dul ... acht grādh it is not dissatisfaction but love ...
that makes me go
ZCP viii 222 § 5 . The -d- is less common in
70other tenses: fodirfe ar n-ēc [sic leg.] LL 145b18 (appar.
not rel.). gnim fodirfe imbad ṁbróin 8b28 . fodirfed feib
ndoib, that it would work prosperity for them O'Mulc. 497 .
cid fódruair lat su ... mo dímiad sa? LU 3901 ( SC 41 ).
ised fodrúair a orcain hi cinta Echdach (= he was destroyed
75in satisfaction for E.'s crimes
) LU 8014 . in mac ... fodúair
imned, Met. Dinds. iii 106.35 . fath fotruair gan m'iom-
raissi ZCP vii 305.27 .
II In later language fo-fera becomes obsolete, but the
form fodera (in some MSS., e.g. LB, usually contracted
80 .fo.) continues in use: (a) as vb. in rel. sent. with force
either of pres. or pret., which causes (caused): is í fa deara
dúnn gan labhairt i ló an bhráith, Dán Dé x 19 . dá chúis
fá deara briseadh ... d'ḟearaibh Mumhan, Keat. iii 3217 .
is é ... ba deara dosum Eri d'fágbháil MR 110 8 . atbert
85gur bo hé feissin fodera that he himself was the cause FM
vi 2218 . as iad fo deara dósomh iliomat na n-edarnaighe
it was because of them that his ambuscades were so numerous
2214 . nā measadh gur daille ... fa dearadh dhamh á choimh-
direolsin dhobair dfuraladh ..., Luc. Fid. 2.9 . With AR of
pers.: as é so fa deradh ar na creidmhechuibh ... urnaighthe
5... do dhénamh, Luc. Fid. 236.11 (for tug fad. ? see next
section).
(b) the orig. significance of fo-dera (fa deara) being lost,
it was regarded as a prep. phrase and used with another
vb. DO-BHEIR FO (FA) D. (FA ND.), CUIRIDH FO D. (cf. umla)
10 causes (something to be done), orders (= Fr. laisser, Germ.
lassen with inf.) an té ... do ní piseóga ... nó dobeir
fá dera a ndénamh dhó, O'Hussey T.C. 135 . tug fá
deara corp an leinbh do bhreith 'na ḟochair, Keat. iii 608 .
tugsad fo deara ar Bhreatainibh cloidhe do dhéanamh i p. 6 .
15 doratsat ... fodera sepel ... do thogbail, Fl.Earls 34.6 . tucc
fó deara mac Ui M. do dhalladh FM iii 214 . tabhair fa
deara a chluinsin cause it to be heard Isa. x 30 . assí fós do
thuc fandear an leabar ... do sgribad, L. Chl. Suibhne
§ 51 . gur chuir A. fá deara na clocha ... do thógbháil,
20 Keat. ii 6155 . do bheir fa ndeara orainn bheith coimhnea-
thach, Stapleton's Catechismus 130 . à chur fa deara ar an
bpobal ... an manna ... do ithe ib.
(c) DO-BHEIR FA D. observes, notices (a still later use):
dá ttugdaois faderadh é go maith, do chifidis ... Luc. Fid. 259 .

25 fo-fich v ind. pres. 3 s. fofich, Laws iv 362.16 . BCrólige § 23 .
O'Dav. 929 . Cáin Ad. § 35 . ZCP xi 87. § 48 . fofith, Laws
ii 22.27 Comm. Cf. fodafith v 462.2 . -fuich ACC § 129
(-fuaith v.l.). -fuith, Laws v 462.1 . 3 pl. fofechat 404.22 .
-fuichit, Bürgsch. I § 47 . subj. pres. perf. 2 s. of. -forais, Ériu
30 xii 186.6 . 3 s. (perf.) forroi, Laws iv 220.12 . forae iii 66.15 .
O'Don. 928 (< H 3.17, 658 ). 3 pl. fofesat, O'C. 700 (< H
338 ). fofeisit, O'C. 2142 (< Eg. 88.2 ). (perf.:) foruasat O'C. 219
(< H 3.18, 115 ). Cf. forriasat, O'C. 700 (< H 3.18, 338 ). ? past
3 s. foroesad, Bodl. Corm. s.v. Mug eme (forsesed Y, rofessed,
35Harl. See also s.v. fo-fúasna). perf. 3 s. -forruích LU 7013
( BDD 66 = foruich Y). foruich LL 261b9 ( IT i 81.5 .
forfuich Eg.). ? pl. forruachtatar, Corm. Y 876 . Bodl.
= foruachtatar , O'Dav. 1223 . Pass. pres. s. fofechar ZCP xi
87 § 48 . rel. fo echar, Cáin Ad. § 43 . -fuachar Laws i 256.9 .
40 BCrólige § 11 (-ur). subj. pres. s. ? fofeisear, Laws iv 144.32 - 3
Comm . Cf. -fuastar, 376z . -fuasdar v 462.2 . forruastar, ii
396.31 . ( Ir. Law 63 ). BCrólige § 44 . Part. foachta, q.v. Vn.
fogal q.v.; see also fúachtain.
(a) trespasses, commits an offence, does injury , intrans.
45or with cogn. acc., FRI of pers.; common in Laws where
it is generally glossed by fúachtnaigid or a phrase formed
with fúachtain: ciasa cathach fofich cū fri tir ... ? what
trespass does a hound commit on the land ?
Laws iv 120.15 . ma
forae neach cinuid n-ainceas, `if one has committed a crime
50unintentionally
' iii 66.15 . nach fuil ales fiacha ... ni dligh
focruic leada on fir fodafich any wound which entails fines
does not oblige payment of the leech by the man who inflicts it

BCrólige § 19 . ind fir fofich `of the man who commits the
injury
' (.i. roferustar in cneid ... .i. doni an fuachtain)
55 § 23 . folach for fer nad fuic(h) § 15 . direnar triun dire
neich frisa ḟuachur (.i. ... risa ndentar an fuachtain) § 11 .
atat .iii. mna ... nad alet ot[h]rus ... cia forruastar friu § 44 .
cia forruastar fria, Ir. Law 63 ( Laws ii 396 ). atat .iiii.
fogla fofich cach ben fria cele, O'Dav. 929 . di cach fogail
60... fofechar fris, Laws iii 536.8 . cip foghail forae cach
díbh fri araile, O'Don. 928 (< H 3.17, 658 ). ma[d] fri neithe
fofeisear if the offence be committed against privileged persons
Laws iv 144.32 Comm. = fri neimte, O'C. 32 (< H 3.18,
p. 13b ). ? i fuissed fael allaid for oisc, O'C. 227 ( H 3.18,
65 p. 123a ) = a fuirrecht faol allaidh for oisc, O'C. 2512 . (< Eg
88, 42 a - b ). ni forrúich (foruich Y, furaich D, marbann,
Eg.) mac tíre ina flaith acht tárag firend ... BDD 66 (U).
nad foruich an cintuch in cinaid that the defendant has not
committed the offence
Anecd. iii 24.14 . di pecad etraid
70foriacht-aide, Trip. 234.15 (foruich-ide 2775 ). fo-fechar
(fo-feich-, fo-sechar MSS) cairde huaitsiu ... roga ... dochum
na fine fod-ruich the border contract is broken by thee. I
shall go to the kindred who have broken it
Bürgsch. p. 32 § 1 .
cuir bél doerdae ni fuichit fine common express contracts
75do not injure (form a liability of) the kindred
, p. 14
§ 47 . see also s.v. fo-roich.
(b) attacks , with acc.: cumma fofiched muir ┐ tir (of a
`banféinnid'), Rawl. 143a33 . Perh. abs. here; ravages by
sea and by land ? ni fuachar muir ... .i. nocha tabair
80fodiubadh ar in muir, O'C. 1424 (< H 3.18, p. 639b ).

fo-fitir v knows: 1 s. fofetar RC iii 346.24 . fofetar fis deoda,
Laws i 10.23 . Probably a mere confusion of preverbs:
see ro-fitir.

fofitiu: x ZCP iii 447.5 ; see foditiu.

85 fofócaib: x see fo-ócaib.

fofodail n f. a subdivision: is fofoduil annso, O'D. 125 ( H
3.17, c. 103 ) = i ffod fodhal, Laws i 262.3 . secht ngraid
ḟene cona fofodlaib iv 328.25 ( Críth G. 449 ).