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80 fognam n u,m. (vn. of fo-gní). g s. fognamo Wb 3d14 . in
fognama 22b21 . fognama 3c11 . Ml 84c12 . foghnamh
oghnamh (g s. n p. -namha, -naimh, -anta) IGT. Decl. § 47 .
As vn. ib. Verbs § 44 .
(a) serving, rendering service , absol. or with DO of pers.
85 is hae inso in f. ¤ don choimdid (gl. orationi instate) Wb 27c18 .
f. ¤ do idlaib 19d11 . lóg ... á fognama hirobatar pay for
the (lit. their) servitude in which they had been Ml 84c12 .
ar léciud ... asind f. ¤ hi robammar servitude Ml 105b16 .
luid F. ... ┐ beir (leg. birt?) a cumal lais i f. ¤ , Laws i 70.24 .
bai ... do dhichracht in fhoghnuma i mbai P. co toimniuth
5cech ae ... cumad do a oenar foighneth, Lism.L. 143 . cach
faesom co fognom, Arch. iii 227.54 . ni fil acht aeneclas
... ag fognum (nó adhradh) do Dhia, Marco P. 141 . ag
foghnamh don Dúileamh, TSh. 460 . ní roibh acht aenberla
ag foghnum do chach the one language was used by all BB
10 17b28 . co nderna logh secht cumhall do foghnumh till
he perform service of the value of seven cumals
Laws iv 250.6
Comm. With gen.: sē la d'fógnam na collai, in t-én lá
don ... animm PH 7369 . o ḟognam in forbaind rechtaide
... o ḟógnum hídal 4566 . im na hocht mballa bis ac f. ¤ in
15muilind `which are necessary to the mill' (viz water, millrace,
shaft, etc.) Laws i 140.13 Comm. Of feudal service: asbert
S. ... nach beth fo chis, na fa ḟoghnam do righ talmhan,
Lism. L. 2115 . boí F. oc dīlgend na n-aithech ┐ aca cur
hi cís ┐ a foghnam dermar ZCP xi 65 § 16 . ma beith fognum
20diib do ḟlaithib co nómad naó, Críth G. 326 ( Laws iv 320 ).
dianom soertha don fhognamh ica tu don righ were I
delivered from my bondage to the King
Lism. L. 1539 . do-
bertar ratha ... im bithḟoghnom dóibh dia réir féin ZCP
xi 64 § 13 (= um beith fodhnamach doib etc. RC xx 339 ).
25 conattig forru Cairpre ... f. ¤ Temrach to do service to T.
(the S. due to T.?) Met. Dinds. iii 440y (= oghnamh BB
30b1 . daerfoghnomh, Dinds. 78 ). in cutruma sin do ḟerond
occaib cen tech cen trebad fair ┐ cen f. ¤ tellaich Temrach,
Ériu iv 124 . With subj. gen.: tri f. ¤ inna mball ... doib
30 Wb 12b3 . la Colmán ó sin alle f. ¤ an bale sin ar is fáss ó
comarbaib féin hí mina tarttatt a rér do Cholmán, BColm.
78.14 . foghnam fuidhri no daorceile uathaibh re re na
foglama `the service of a f. or a d. is due from them during
the term of the learning
' (of apprentices) Laws iv 236.20 .
35 m'fhoghnamh nach cóir do chomaoidhimh `that I must
not boast of my merit
' PBocht 6 § 17 . do-gní f. ¤ do serves:
dogenat f. ¤ dam, MacCarthy 44.23 = fomgnífet SR 852 .
lé foghnamh do dhéanamh do Dhia, TSh. 1130 . gen. as
attrib.: fer foghnamha , Ériu xiii 16.12 . luag fir fognuma
40 an attendant Laws i 110.9 . mad fer fognama (.i. mad he
in fer do ne in foghnum im bith for bantincar) Laws ii
390z (392.6) = Ir. Law 57 . is uaidib ... roḟas daerchis
fodnoma for saerchlandaib hEreand, Lec. Facs. 185vb9 =
BB 255a29 (fognuma). capul fognuma ┐ ech immrimme,
45 Laws iv 308.22 ( Críth G. 158 ). (cf. capul itir foghnum ┐
imrim Laws iv 304.12 , C.G. 91 ). fine fognama (.i. daorceile ┐ saor-
cheile) Laws v 318.2 . la himed...lochta ind fognuma labourers
TTr.² 600 . etaig fognama ... domelar cach dia `working
dress
' (dress of use, everyday clothes) Laws v 398.1 . don
50mainistir ... cona fearonnaibh foghnamha `glebe-lands'
FM vi 2148.15 . pl. at cotarsnai na fógnuma do dís (i.e.
no man can serve two masters) PH 711 . ni hiat a fognumha
bis forro functions (of Ogham letters) BB 301a27 .
(b) later often use, utility, profit (with AR of thing. Cf.
55feidm): ni bí fognum er ni da ṅdentar cen fúndamit fái
PH 7816 . nach fuil fodnum agud orm that I am of no use
to thee
ZCP vi 55.20 . ni fhuil foghnamh orm at egmais =
sine te nihil sum ... nihil possum Instructio 226.20 . ní
bhia fóghnamh ar an absolóid absolution will be of no avail
60 Mac Aingil 376 . an mbī foghnamh ar an bposadh? is the
marriage valid
? Luc. Fid. 140.14 . do cuiredh a ndergár
innus nach roibhe foghnam orra o shin alé, L.Chl.Suibhne
§ 13 . co mbetha gan foghnamh ort no ar beacan foghanta
= pro nihilo aut minimo reputari Instructio 224.14 . (cf.
65mod. ar foghnamh of use, in health, thriving ).

fognamach adj o-ā that renders service, serving, labouring: um
beith fodhnamach doib dia reir fein to be subservient to them
RC xx 339 (= im bithḟoghnom dóibh ZCP xi 64 § 13 ). méad
meanman na bhfoireann bhfóghnamhach of the labouring
70crews
ML 46.17 . As subst.: foghnamaigh na fearann
labourers of the soil MR 102.8 .

fognamaid n i,m. one who serves, a servitor, vassal: ropa
fognomaid maith do Dia, Fél. 10 n. 10 = LB Fél. x 36 .
pl. comtís fognaimthe na trēnḟir | dona rīgaib, Todd Nenn.
75 244 ( LL 134aw ). cor for fognamthe flatha (.i. cunnrad ...
ris in lucht bis ac fognam don ḟlaith), Laws iv 54.7 (56.6) .
d p. fognamadaib ii 390.9 = Ir. Law 56 .

fognamthid n i,m. one who serves: n p. fognamthidi Wb
8c15 . fognamthide, O'Mulc. 324 (etym. gl. on dūli elements,
80creatures
understood as = Gk.δουλί).

fo-gní v O. Ir. forms: ipv. 3 s. fognad Wb 20b11 . 2 pl.
fognid 3b28 . ind. pres. 3 s. amal fongni 12a12 . -fognai,
Laws i 228.16 . 3 pl. fongniat Ml 112b4 . -fognat Sg 203a17 .
imperf. 3 s. fogníth LU 6433 . fogníd, Mon. Tall. § 12 .
85 -fognad Hy ii 6 . subj. pres. 3 s. -fogna Wb 12a12 . 1 pl.
fognem Wb 5d19 . 2 pl. fogneith 20a11 . past 3 s. -fognad,
Trip. 16.26 (207) . fut. 1 s. lasse fungensa Ml 78d2 . 3 s.
fogéna Sg 198a19 . perf. 3 s. foruigéni Wb 13b7 . foruigenai,
Trip. 16.20 (-génai Trip.² 202 . Cf. forrogéna .i. do fhoghain,
O'Cl.). -forgeni Ml 44c9 . -forgein (leg. -forgeni), Mon. Tall.
5 § 80 . 1 pl. -forgénsam Wb 3c15 . 2 pl. foruigensid 3b28 .
3 pl. foruigensat 1b22 . fosrugensat SR 3690 . fosrugen-
satar 5251 . Dep. 3 s. foruigénair, Trip. 16.26 (208) . -forgenair
ZCP iii 248 n. 18 .
Pass. pres. s. fogníther Wb 27b9 . pl. amal fon gníter , ib.
10 Vn. fognam, q.v.
Later forms: fut. 3 s. fognífe, Trip. 70.10 (746) . pl.
fom-gnifet SR 852 . fognifet BB 278a37 (= fogenaid 129a18 ).
Commonly in Mid. Ir. the verb is treated as a weak simplex,
with stem fog(a)n-. Cf. fogniat .i. ..., fognait ... fogniter
15.i. fognaither doib, Laws v 96. 14 - 15 . pres. 3 s. ognaid IGT
111 ex. 396 . foghnuidh, Prov. xvii 22 . -ḟognand LL 145b40 .
fut. 3 s. foighéanaidh TD 9.54 . pret. - perf. 2 s. ro ḟógnais
PH 8244 . 3 ro ḟogain LU 270 . PH 4574 . pl. dia ra
ḟogainset PH 7085 . nir ḟoghainset , CCath. 1993 .
20 I In general sense serves, is of use (a) serves, is subject to
(a person), with acc. or DO: saer daer dagdana daig fogniat
┐ fogniter they serve and are served Laws v 96.10 . foruigénairsom
.uíí. mbliadna fo bés na nEbraidi, Trip. 16.26
(208) . in ré foghnad while they are giving service (of oxen,
25cows, etc.) Laws iv 106.19 Comm. gaire cach fir fine fogne
fine ina foltaib coiraib iii 54.2 ( SM Facs. 52a ). óre as ṅdúil
foruigensat nach dúlem it is the creature they have served,
not the Creator
Wb 1b22 . amal fongníter ídil síc fogníther
donaib ánib as idols are served, so service is rendered to
30riches
27b9 . fognad cach dialailiu Wb 20b11 . fomgnifet
ind il-aiṅgil SR 852 . ni fognai lam laim (.i. ni fognand lam
... do laim), Laws i 228.16 (legal maxim, `hand does not
serve hand
'). in dias aile, fosgniat mor di tuathaib AU
624 = dia fognad FM 620 . tánic [Pledias = Palladius] co
35roḟogain do Dia i Fordun LU 270 . co toimniudh cech ae
... dia bhfoghnad cumad do a oenar foighneth, Lism. L.
144 . in Día día fegfognad (imperf.) LU 4316 = dia ndeg-
ḟognand LL 145b 40 . Niall bus rí ... ┐ is dō foigēnat a
brāthri ZCP viii 304z . is dó fhoighentai ┐ foighenus in
40cenel-sa him both ye and this race shall serve Lism. L. 1837 .
Cf. a gabail fodagniat, Laws iv 282.12 ( SMFacs. 4a2 ). olc
an tigerna dar fhognumar RC xiv 32 . tigernas diabuil
dia rafhogainset anallana PH 7085 . (fig.) fognad dúib
ág is ernbas! may danger and destruction wait on you!
45 Met. Dinds. iii 90 . With DI of thing used: na fearanda
dia fodnaidis (= which they tilled), Lec. 185vb10 (= BB
255a30 (fognaitis). is and is ben-si intan fognaithir dia
sliasait, Auraic. 609 = fognaigther 3086 . fogníatt dia
n-airbert bioth they conform to their manner of life Hugh
50Roe 178y (f. 48a) . dia mbad choire órdaigi | co ndrolaib
óir da fognann with rings (staves ?) of gold which it serves
(i.e. by which it is moved? `with golden hooks to move it'
MR 59 ) FDG 503 .
Cf. (of a shield:) inbaid fogníth ind oclaig [ = in t-oclach
55LL] fáeborchless di LU 6433 = TBC 2579 (= in uair doriged
a les in t-oglaech sin faeburcles do dhenamh dib, H 2.17 ).
See II.
With transference of obj. renders service as equivalent for;
renders, pays: mad in ceile bis daidbir, fogni lōg ina set
60(.i. .. do ni seic logh na set d'fognum) he renders the value
of the `seds' in service
Laws ii 340.1 . secht seotu ... fogniat
enech (sic leg.) i 134.10 Comm . conidh iaramh foghnaid
cis `they pay tribute' BR 110.19 = fogniat BB 273a12 .
Cf. is a fidnemedaib fognitis filid a ngressa, O'Mulc.
65 830 (this may belong to II).
(b) of things, etc. with DO of pers., serves = is used (by):
a [n]gnathbérla fogni do cach, Arch. iii 247.23 . na tri
chonnsuine dhég fhoghnus do luchd dénta an dána dírigh
IGT, Introd. § 1 . popal iat da fognaitis fesa ┐ faistine
70 who were wont to employ CCath. 725 . conidh hī-sin ealada
rofodhain doib ō sin amach ZCP xii 291.36 . crú ... nár
ḟoghain d'each that was never worn by a horse TD 29.27 .
as ruamhar fognídh dia mhanc[h]aib (i.e. his monks used
spades, not ploughs) BNnÉ 294§18 . do denamh na hairce
75gos na haidhmibh rosfoghain (sic MS.) di with the tools
required for it
Leb. Gab. i 8 . do gach ni ro fhoighenadh do
daoinibh ib. tuc ... bachall dó ┐ ... gach indstraimint eli
do foigeonadh d'espog that a bishop would need BCC § 252 .
nach catu forfogain doib a nErinn whatever honour was
80paid to them
Laws i 46.18 . Absol. : atat .clv. bliadan and
o roḟogain int argat sain since that money was current LL
361 marg. sup. ( Mart. Tall. 114 ). ni fognae a thelgadh
noe is not in use Auraic. 1871 . Impers. pass.: ní haclaigh
cia fognaighter innaib `nothing is demanded if service is
85obtained from them
' (sc. impounded animals) Laws iv
106.17 Comm.
Cf. is timna Rechta rofoghnamh (rofoghnad v.l.) doibh
it is the testament of the Law they used (i.e. followed) IT iii
202x .
(c) is of use to, avails, profits , with DO (and sometimes
5obj. NÍ). ni ro fogain tra ni do Moingḟind in chelg sin RC
xxiv 180 . do treced tigerna ... arna hetalaib ┐ arna buaib
nar fogain doib, Ann. Conn. 1236 § 8 (but ALC has here:
ar na hédalaib tarla dhóibh ann sin mar nar ḟoghuin `as
became them not
'). athfuabairt Atha Luain ... acht nochor
10foghain doib RC xviii 57.29 . tuc F. claidheamh leis ┐ nir
fhodhuin dó it did not help him ITS xix 52 . nír ḟoghainset
a n-urchair ... dóibh o hoin anunn then they could not make
use of their casts
(i.e. could not shoot their arrows, etc.,
they were so close together) CCath. 1993 . a rádh nach
15foghnann commaoine ... dona marbhaibh is of no use to
TSh. 4332 . nar ḟoghain dóibh gan uisge d'faghail that they
must needs procure water
Ériu v 186.409 . olc do fhoghain
dí ... tocht dí dá chobhair, Dán Dé ii 18 . foigheánaidh
dáibh `it shall profit them' (of a course of action) TD 9.54 .
20 inné nach foghnann duit duine ele dot breith ann sin?
will it not do you to be carried there by some one else? BNnÉ
179.4 . ní fhognaim dhuit mar dhearbhráthair, PBocht
6 § 22 . Of medical treatment: don cuislinn, tuic curub
doib so is mó foghnus `that it avails most for' Ros. Angl.
25 42.4 . Of attire, etc.: an t-edach nar foghain di, Duan F.
ii 332 . ní hé gach aonṡrian ḟoghnas don each, Studies
1933, 406 .
Absol. : slainti ┐ sirc[h]ennsa as edh ḟognus ann ZCP
viii 204 § 25 [is practised (?) Cf. d]. Med.: adeir G. na
30fognann cuisle sa cas sin, Ros. Angl. 42z . ni ro foghain
it was of no avail RC xxxvii 346 § 24 . foghnuidh croidhe
súgach amhuil leighios Prov. xvii 22 .
(d) With LA of pers. is used (by), passing into sense
is practised (by), is the wont (of): forrugeine la Gaidelai
35flesc idaith domitte frissna collnai the G. used to employ a
rod to measure corpses
Corm. Y 606 (forugena LB). fidad
inní forfogen la G. di tomus coland, Thr. Ir. Gl. 21 . cnoī
bongar dia domnaich ní fogní leisim a cathim it is not his
practice to eat
Mon. Tall. § 13 (= nir ghnath leis ..., Rule
40of T. § 62 ). isí figeld fodgníod la Duiblitir Mon. Tall. § 33 (= as gnath
le, Rule of T. § 102 ). sailm ... ┐ biait fogníad madin la
sochuidi `are used by some' Mon. Tall. § 5 . ainm do c[h]oire ...
fognithe la hoes cerda. Is e ... cruth fogniad la haes cerda
a caldron that was used by the poets. This is how they used
45it
(leg. fogníd ? ) Corm. Y 141 .
Cf. nach tan ... bither cen rig isnaib tuathaib is brathcai
fogni etorra .i. fria urradus, Corm. Y 144 = fogniad forru
fri hu., Thr. Ir. Gl. 7 .
(e) with FRI serves with regard to = is construed with
50(a case, part of speech); for idiom cf. servit autem hoc
uerbum fri tobarthid, Thes. ii 227.33 ( Pcr 59a2 ): fri
áinsid fogní in briathar asberr intelligo the verb `intelligo'
is construed with an accusative
Sg 149a4 . intain foṅgniat
fri anmman when they are construed with nouns 220b9 .
55 fri a cocenél fogéna 198a19 . ni fognat fri a ngenitnesidi
203a17 . A similar construction is loosely used in follg.:
is briathar ... `abco' ┐ is fria sidhe fogniat in trachturi
ceill n-aile the commentators use it in another sense Hib.
Min. 14. 466 .
60 II Through confusion of preverbs (cf. Ériu xiv 129 ) in
Mid. Ir. period frequently used in deuterot. forms for
do-gní: smirammair fogní C. do chnāmib TBC 4624 =
do rinne St. cluichi puill fognithi for faichthi na Emna 972 .
is aire fogníd Medb sin 697 (dogníd St). fogni atlaigthi
65buide do Dia PH 6663 . and sin bhoghní C. ulcha smerthain
fair RC xv 63 . fogniat snáth do thusmhedh they cause
fibre to be produced
Marco P. 26 . gach osadh fogníodh
Rónán robrisedh Suibhne, Buile S. § 7 . fognítis [rognidis
v.l.] gnímu garga, Met. Dinds. iii 368 . gach cinel ciuil
70rob āl doib fógnitis fochétoir, Aisl. Tund. 117 § 2 . is a
chumachta-side fonrignine cen mescai LL 282b5 ( YBL
138a33 reads: fonrigmidne). ni ba sindadh no aoradh
fogniset ZCP vii 305.13 (Bérla na bf.). bognítha guin
gal[ann] de CRR § 26 . Cf. O'Mulc. 830 , cited at end of
75 I a above.