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foirm n f. (late loan-word from Lat. forma) foirm foirb (= -bb)
(g s., n p. -i) IGT, Decl. § 14 . pl. foirmenna, O'Gr. Cat.
243.16 .
70(a) form, figure, semblance: f. ¤ .i. dealbh, O'Cl. ba hé
a bhés f. ¤ gach bethadhaigh do ghabháil chuige, Ériu xiii
70 § 114 ( H 3.18, 625a ). do reir formu ┐ cumtha a chinn
ITS xvi 8.18 = do réir foirme, O'Don. Gramm. p. 396 (quot-
ing passage). in Rí is glormhaire foirm naid clanna na
75ndaine, Instructio 110.19 . cuiridh Satán é féin a bhfoirm
aingil, 2 Cor. xi 14 (1681 = a gcosmhuileas chrotha 1602 ).
a fhíonfhuil gan fh. ¤ peacaidh (of Christ) PBocht 3 § 27 .
(b) in various secondary and fig. senses : is é an grádh
is f. ¤ ┐ is bláth do na huile shubháilcibh, TSh. 9430 ( acme ?
80or form in scholastic sense ?). ar son nach faicidh di acht
f. ¤ in arain ┐ in fhina (= species panis et vini), Instructio
179.15 . Donnchadh ... f. ¤ is ferr da roibi re healadhain i
cruth i céill, Abbott-Gwynn Cat. p. 358 (< H 3.18, 25a ).
lucht m'inait is m'foirme manner (i.e. rule, observance , of
85the Columban community) ZCP xii 389.5 . le buain d'ḟ. ¤
aighnis gan aird `by essaying a vile kind of dispute' Content
xxii 21 . dúil i méiin ... as f. ¤ do'n droing daoineise is the way
of this set of people
O'Gr. Cat. 556.16 . gan an cios sin do
thabhairt ... nó go dtigeadh féin dá ghlacadh isan bhf. ¤
ghnáthaigh in the customary manner Maguires of F. § 12 .
5 ocus da nderna tuata an f. ¤ na bu heol dó do dhenum gur la
nemmbeith bretheman isin tuaith do dheindis sin, O'C.
2272 ( Eg. 88, 20ab ). f. ¤ do bhennughadh an bhuird a form
of words
Parrth. Anma 23.17 . as í f. ¤ docuaidh etorra
agreement, contract ALC 1538 p. 312 . f. ¤ ṡidha do chengal
10atorra ar a fuighedh hUa N. an caislen ┐ an foirm do dul o
cheile aris AU iii 322 . Cf. follg. exx. from a legal document
of 1594 : a ffiadnuise na forma `in the presence of the Court'
ML App. 178.18 . (= forma `bench' ?). do anudair ag
foirm cheathruir `the decision of four persons' 180.25 .
15 gidhbé ... do thoigéaradh a chuid ronna féin do thabairt
... co fágbadh ar in f. ¤ sin ar a chur féin `that it be left in
that form at his own disposal
' 184.15 . mar rug breith ...
in rí ... sin f. ¤ sin `in just such a case' O'Grady Cat.
463 . Cf. lá do fheuchois d'fh. ¤ na leabhar | lá-oile do adhnuis
20crích, Cl. AB 223 . Compd. : ¤ liter formula, written
statement: fíortha dhóibh foirmlitre fádh, Cl.AB 181y .

foirmemail adj i (foirm) formal (in scholastic sense), essential:
ar ḟundaimint an chreidimh foirmeamhuil, Eochairsgiath
108.8 .

25 foirmid v (foirm) forms, frames, formulates: cia do ḟoirmedh
an arguin sin ? who framed ? Luc. Fid. 325.1 (= do ḟoir-
migh ?).

foirmthe adj io-iā (part. of foirmid) formulated (?) : le lénmhuin
argunta ḟ. ¤ dhaingin tarngither as an mbiobla amhain,
30 Luc. Fid. 326.14 .

foirmtech, -tigid : x see formtech, -tigid.

-foirnech adj (foirenn) : cúig ḟichealla ... la xx mbrannamh
mbrecḟ. ¤ with variegated pieces Mart.Don. Introd. xxxvi .

foirned n m. (vn. of foirnid, q.v.) foirneadh (g s. foirnidh,
35 foirnti) IGT Decl. § 107 ; as vn., ib. III § 71. Meaning
doubtful (see foirnid) ; in exx. below seems = handling
in wide sense (manipulating, moving, arranging, tack-
ling). Of ships : ro lingset muinter Cesair tar a mbordaibh
intu ┐ ro gabhsat for a foirnedh [fairned v.l.] do glére laech
40`manned (?) them' CCath. 2223 . rogabsat for fairneadh
a long 2644 (`to drag down' Stokes, as if = tairned ; cf.
foirneadh ` a des[c]ent or fall down, to descend or fall down ' ;
foirneam `I descend, fall down, humble P.O'C. ). do iarr
cett ... dol dia fhoirnedh ┐ dia fhíorglacadh (of handling
45the body of a saint) BNnÉ 274 § 252 . i n-éiricc a ndeunainn
d'ḟirneadh, do chíoradh ┐ d'ḟolcadh ... ar mo cheann,
Eochairsgiath 81.13 (of arranging hair). ag imbeirt beartán
mbúidh | ar thithibh fada fortúin | do bhí sé ag foirneadh
ar fad, Arch. Hib. i 91 § xiv (metaphor from moving chess-
50men). Cf. foirneadh `act of rolling, toppling ; urging,
thrusting
' Dinneen.

1 foirnéis : x see fornéis.

2 foirnéis n ` forge or furnace ' P.O'C. foírnéis, Begley-
MacCurtin.

55 foirnid v (Romance borrowing ? Cf. Ital. fornire, Fr. fournir,
etc.). fut. 1 s. foirnfed, -foirneabh, subj. 1 s. foirner,
perf. 3 s. do ḟoirn IGT III § 71 . vn. foirned, q.v.
mans, supplies with a crew (?) ; equips, furnishes(?) :
ro fornit [ro fairnit v.l.] is ro forlinaid iat [sc. na longa] do
60gléire gasraidh in bhaile `were furnished' CCath. 1920 .
ro fornit ... a longa léo do tarrachtain do leth ón muir do
toghail na cathrach 1907 (ro fuirit v.l.) ; cf. fornit [furmid,
fuirmit v.l.] in dā stiurasmann in dá sleigh ... ind 2025
(where v.l. is perh. right reading). do ṡluagh ḟearamhuil
65... Carn F. do foirneadh IGT III ex. 614 . Cf. fotaeth neach
leam uaibh ... no edir coin is duine dron | ron-foirneas
uile am aenar, Misc.Celt.Soc. 72.28 (fut. of for-naisc ?).

foirnis n f. late form of airnéis, cf. oirnis : pl. a foirnisi draoi-
thechta gear, implements (?) Ériu iv 51.10 (17th cent.).

70 foirnti part. and verb. necess. of foirnid (q.v.) IGT III § 71 .

foirpe ? n a chaindten f. ¤ (part of the equipment or furniture
of a monk) ZCP vi 271.22 . Cf. foirb, foirbthe.

foirpech-, foirpig-: x see foirbthig-.

1 foirrgid v (cf. forrach. Treated as a compd. in some
passages, but the original form is uncertain. If the subj.
75 fo-oir is genuine, the verb may be orig. a strong compd.,
for-raig. By scribes sometimes apparently confused with
orgid, cf. the subj. -foir, O'Dav. 506 ; fonoir Laws iii 34.2
[ SM Facs. 50a ], and v.l. airg- in citation from LL 149b ,
below). ipv. 2 s. nachamforraig TBC² 1384 ( LU 5855 ; 5860 ).
80 3 pl. is dedbir doib ci forrgot , Thes. i 714.14 . subj. pres.
3 s. ar na foirrgea , Laws iv 124.17 Comm. 2 sg. dia nam-
forgea LU 5860 ( TBC² 1391 ). pret. and perf. 3 s. fo-d-
rorraig LL 132b44 . fod-rorraich 132a40 , b28 (poems by
Flann Mainistrech). ro forraig 222b25 . 205b20 .
85 Presses hard, bears down, overpowers , often (but not
necessarily) with notion of undue or wrongful aggression :
... geib do sciath | cosin oen fer forges cach, Cog. 122.2 .
iss ass ra ḟorrged Cu Chulaind cach caur ... condriced friss
TBC 3765 . ros-foirrghedh fira (= firu) Acall. 1589 . naenbar
... foirrged in cuinged 1590 . cethir braithir ... forraigtis
5forlond they used to overcome superior force Ält. Ir. Dicht.
ii 27 (= Rawl. 118b51 ). fodrorraich forlond LL 132b28 .
i F. rofoirged (v.l. roforred, roforded, do foirrgead), Met.
Dinds. iii 72.90 . smetrach .i. smit forrach .i. co forrgidis
neach, Auraic. 1332 (etym. expl. of brimon smetrach). ni ro
10mathius a olc do thrén | ┐ nir ḟorrgius fortren LL 149b42
(= nir airges edren YBL 173a31 . SG 70 ). int ársid ro forraig
iarthar in betha YBL 222b25 ( TTr. 399 ). occ diobhragadh ...
a ccaor ... go ffoirrgitis na fiora don taobh araill don
abhainn wrought havoc among (of cannon-balls) Hugh Roe
15 f. 17b . clith ... torum na rom-forrgi fuacht no tess, Aisl.
MC 29.25 . uacht na haba fodrorraig LL 132b44 . dorignius
neim dó ... do forraig rig na saersluag RC xxiii 428 . ram-
ḟorraig ferg, TFerbe 539 . is é int art ... forrges gail who
overcomes valour
(? by valour) TBC 5406 . Fiachu fairged
20gail RC vii 290.7 ( LL 206b4 ). o bhas Find rofoirgeadh gail
ZCP xi 44 § 51 . ite folaid ḟirflaitheman ... ┐ niis-forge goi
ná ecin na forniurt, Laws iv 334 ( Críth G. 526 ; 'he cannot
violate them by falsity or violence
' Mac Neill, PRIA xxxvi
C 16.303 ; he shall not violate them ?). Pass. laech cach fer
25co forragar (? = every man is a hero till he finds his match) ZCP
iv 468 § 14 . forrgither ... é ó chnedaib he succumbs to his
wounds
Met. Dinds. iv 330 . mor fer ... ro foirrgit co for-
ranach tre imforcraidh in eccomlainn, CCath. 6021 . as mō
ro fairrgit sluagh C. 5682 . go ro foirrgitt an fiallach
30...don chloichthreas FM vi 1982.6 . gur foirrgit fir ┐ gur
leonaid laoich ML² 262 (= gur foirdheargadh fir ML 18.13 ).
Rarely intrans. with FRI: forraig friu Lindmaine (i.e.,
the well of L. rose in flood and scattered them) ZCP viii
308.21 . ise nad forraich fri neach, Ériu v 240 . See for-
35rach
and forrachta.