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fo-loing v (see Bergin, Ériu xii 221 ). In O.-Ir. the -n- is
confined to the present stem, and the perf. particle is com.
70The -n- is also occasionally dropped in syncope, see exx.
below, and Thurn., Gr. § 180 .
Early forms : ipv. 2 pl. fulget (= fulngid) Wb 20c5 (a
primâ manu). 3 pl. fulngat Ml 60d4 . ind. pres. 3 s. foloing
Wb 29d17 . -fulaing Ml 77d3 ; 6 . perf. fochoimlich (rel.),
75 Bürgsch. I § 72 . -fochomlaing, Laws iv 314y . 1 pl. follon-
gam Wb 14b15 . -fulgam Ml 77d6 ; 7 . 2 pl. -fulngidsi Wb
8c3 . 3 pl. folongat Ml 35a3 . -fulngat 122a8 . subj. pres. 1 s.
fulós Ml 33a2 . follós 62b12 . fullós 58c12 . 2 sg. foluis, Ériu
i 199 n. 12 . 3 s. follo Ml 32d18 . amal fundló 32d2 . folo
80 TBC² 3136 . -ful Ml 32d5 . (remi foil 23a8 ). 1 pl. -fulsam
Wb 14c2a . perf. -fochomolsam 14b15 . 2 pl. perf. -focho-
malsid 11b2 . 3 pl. follosat Ml 69a7 (cf. fodacomilset, Laws
iii 18.20 ?). past subj. 3 pl. folostais Ml 104c5 . fut. 1 s.
folilus sa Wb 23b25 . -fóelus [s]a LU 7133 ( BDD 81 ). 2 sg.
85 folilais ; -foelais YBL 10a42 . -fáelais LU 5723 = foelais
TBC² 1250 . 3 s. -fáel (as subj.), Anecd. i 75.7 (cf. faol ... .i.
fulang, O'Cl.). 2 pl. -faelsaid LU 5911 . 3 pl. folilsat Wb
25d15 . Ml 80a13 . -foelsat SR 8163 . 8291 . sec. fut. 1 s.
fulilsain se Ml 73d1 . 3 s. folilsad SR 5776 . LU 5828 ( BDD
38 ). -foelsad LU 7827 ( BDD 138 ). -fáelsad LU 1888 . 3 pl.
5 -foí[l]sitis Wb 15a20 . -fhoilsatis, Ériu ii 140 § 152 . -faíl-
saitís, TTr.² 1470 . perf. 1 s. focoemallag sa Acr 3a1 ( Thes.
ii 1 ). 3 pl. focoimlachtar Ml 47c6 . Pass. pres. subj. s.
-fulustar, O'Dav. 153 . BCrólige § 8 . fut. s. fulilastar Ml
109b7 . -foelustar, Aisl. MC 95.15 . sec. fut. s. folilastae LU
10 1515 ( MU² 1013 ). pret. pl. -fulachta, Laws iv 14y ( Ériu
xii 199 ). Vn. fulach, fulang, q.v. The -n- of pres. stem is
occasionally omitted in prototonic forms (cf. Wb 20c5 ,
Ml 77d6 , cited above) : -fulgiut ZCP viii 104.6 . -ḟuilgitis
217 § 9 ( Rawl. 158.17 ). Cf. -fulgadar, Laws v 372.3 . ros-
15fulgetar LL 64b41 ( TBC 1097 ). With fo repeated : fos-
foilṅged LL 67b49 ( TBC 1368 ). Cf. barḟaelsaind LL 146b41 .
Various spurious formations occur : (1) perf. 3 s. (?)
fothroelagair LL 163b44 ( Met. Dinds. iv 38 , see note ib.
383 ). ni ḟaerlaṅgair LL 87a15 ( TBC 3832 ). ni forlangair (?)
20 Aen. 2144 . foroerlangair LB 173a23 ( PH 1654 ). forer-
langair, Lism.L. 4215 . foramroerlongair, Ériu iv 128.22
(fomrelaing v.l.). na forfoelnangair , Mon. Tall. § 73 =
forfulngarair, Anecd. i 75.17 (ni foraelangair , Leb. Gab.
i 82.20 ; na ro faelangair 26z , are artificial). 3 pl. ni fóe-
25langatar , TTr.² 1696 . na ḟoelangtar 1710 . ni foraelangtar ,
Hugh Roe 64.24 (f. 17b) (artificial). (2) from fut. protot.
stem : 3 s. nir fhaelastar , TTebe 783 . 3 pl. nir faelsatar
ib. 215 . ni ro fhaelsat , Marco P. 115 . Pass. pres. s. (?)
-faerlannair, Dinds. 78 (Lec.).
30In later Mid.Ir. treated as a simple vb., stem fulang- or
fuilng- (foilng-); ipv. 2 s. fulaing PBocht 3 § 35 . fuiling 11 § 37
fut. 3 s. fuilngebaid LB 71a21 ( PH 6116 ). 1 pl. ní ḟuiléangam
TD 18.1 (cf. IGT III § 52 ). sec. fut. a fuilengmais , CCath.
5142 . 3 s. dho fuiléangadh , 23 L 17, 124b ( DDána 96 § 13 ).
35 3 s. perf. rofulaing (dep. ní roḟulangair LL 299b4 ). pl. 1
-ḟulngamair IGT III ex. 440 . pass. do fulngadh , ex. 441 .
In Glosses in general sense bears, supports ; gl. ferre
Ml pass. ; perferre 47c6 . 69a7 . Enchir. Aug. 76b ( ZCP vii
482 ) ; portare Wb 20c5 ; supportare Ml 73d1 ; sustinere
40 33a2 ; fulcire 109b7 .
(a) bears, sustains, supports (lit. and fig.) ; of bearing
burdens Wb 20c5 . Ml 33a2 . secht cind cia nos faílsaindse
though I had seven heads LL 44a2 . toethsat ruibni rétlannai
... nis foelsat a tētbannai SR 8161 . nís fáelsad féin nach
45in curach (the sea) would bear neither them nor the curragh
LU 1888 ( Im. MD xxiii ). co follo fonna fodlongat that he
may support the foundations which support him
ZCP xi
83 § 27 . Cf. it eat na sualche sin ... fhuiglit amal columna
na rigu ( Prov. xx 28 ) PH 4125 . Transf. supports, main-
50tains: is é [Dia] dorosat na huile ... ┐ fodoloing ZCP iv
242.4 . issed lotur ... co nAilill ┐ co Meidb, ar ro fetatar
issí lanamain roḟailsad the pair who would support (maintain)
[them] IT i 77.2 ( LL 261a13 ). forcraid a cethri ... nad-fochom-
laing a thír `the excess of his cattle which his lands cannot
55sustain
' Laws iv 314y ( Críth G. 251 ).
Freq. of maintaining one in sickness : ata triar ... is la
fine a n-cthrus ; ni tuille fiachu na otrus ceni fulustar nach
ae, BCrolige 8 . cac[h] fuil tra folongar i n-othrad `every
wound [the victim of] which is supported on sick-mainten-
60ance
' 10 . tabraiter a seóit ... chucaib cora ḟuilṅge sein sib
that they may support you LL 241a6 ( TTr. 1796 ). na budh
machtnadh ... cenidh fáel indt usce ┐ int aran ... índ óes
penni through bread and water does not suffice to sustain
Anecd. i 75.7 . Cf. ¤ forfulngarair ib. 17 (= ¤ forfoelnangair,
65 Mon. Tall. § 73 ). boí bancara oc Find ... is i foluingedh Find
do bíudh ┐ étgud supported F. with (i.e. provided) Dinds. 49 .
Upholds, observes: dá bhfuilngeam nós bhus nós glan,
Dán Dé xxvi 14 .
(b) sustains, endures, holds out against (an evil, enemy,
70 etc.) : ni tabir Dia fornni ... fochith nád fochomolsam that
we cannot bear
Wb 14b15 . ni fulgam ni trummai inna
fochodo Ml 77d6 . ni foigebthar ... nech folo Ultu anyone
to withstand the Ulstermen
TBC² 3136 . ni frith dib oenfer ...
folilsad ar aí ṅgaiscid who could face (Goliath) SR 5776 .
75 ni fhaelais ind caur you will not hold out against RC xiii
8.11 . no ḟailsaitís cech docair chatha, TTr.² 1626 . ni ro
fhuiling G. an t-uisge ara oighritacht BNnÉ 109 § 41 .
gus nad ḟulaṅgar TBC 5300 . forneart nach fulaingter MR
202.8 . do fhocair F. ... cur chuca go digair dasachtach ┐
80nir fuilngetar na sersenaig sin, acht romebad dib, Ann.
Conn. 1237 § 2 . ná cuindig do chís for duine nad foel (i.e.,
who cannot pay it) KMMiscell. 262 § 13 .
Extensions of meaning : ní fuar sa cosse ingin follongad
i n-airius dala imacallaim ... frim who could hold her own
85against me in converse
(i.e. in an encounter of wits) LU
10317 (= ZCP iii 237 ). co tardad dó gaisced Conchobair
... falloingside ... eseom withstood (i.e. was strong enough
for him
LU 5048 (cf. the intrans. use : ro ḟulngestar [in
carpat] dó TBC 1128 ). d'ass ... foloing in (v.l. a) slucud
chocnum `milk the swallowing of which needs chewing'
5(= which can be chewed) Aisl. MC 101.10 . dā tērnad Eogan
... barḟaelsaind éc mo ṡé macc I could bear the death of my
(other) six sons LL 146b41 ( PRIA 1893, 544 ). an tan na
ro ḟulaing [sic MSS] Fursa séselbhe na morshluagh ... RC
xxv 396 § 14 (= tumultus non facile ferret, Bede).
10Absol. : nicon foelais amal atai a n-ingnais do thlachta,
MacCarthy 54.16 ( LB 111a25 ). 'na egmais ni fhuilngimsi
I endure not (to be) without him Ériu xi 201.19 . fuilngidh
ar feadh geamhoidhche | gan cheann fa theach do thabhairt,
DDána 96 § 14 . cuich folilsad gan omhun fair ... dia tencad
15renna nime ... ic toitim ? who could behold without fear ?
CCath. 1116 (cf. c).
(c) in neg. (esp. condit.) sentences followed by vn. clause
= cannot (could not) sustain, endure to: ni foí[l]sitis déicsin
a gnúsa (gl. ut non possent intendere in faciem Moysi) Wb
20 15a20 . ni foelsad nech dib cen gári none of them could refrain
from laughing
LU 7827 ( BDD 138 ). ni mo rofaelusa tuitim
na Rómha do tencaisin no more shall I endure to see CCath.
1117 . ni faeltais [fedfadis v.l.] a n-eich a n-imochur, TTebe
1756 . ni ro fhaolustar a tomailt ara sheirbhi BNnÉ 294.1 .
25 tiaghaid ... a gconair ná ro fhuilngsit riam roime dul ann
by which they had never before been able to go 184x . ní ro-
fhaelsat fos forsna heilifaintib could not stop (?) the elephants
Marco.P. 115 (see 1 FOSS). ni rofhuilngsetar na suili peccth-
acha sella[d] frisna liga noiba Ériu ii 122 § 61 . ni forae-
30langtar ... friotairisiomh friu, Hugh Roe 64.24 (f. 17b) .
With ellipse of vn.: aen ochtar ... as nar fhaelsat braon
dia cru from whom they could not draw a drop of blood Marco P.
148 . Cf. nir ael fulang do gan a digail air (v.l. nir fet a
fhulang) TTebe 2892 .
35(d) endures, remains: fogellsat S. : birtside doib deisi
fri focul, ar foloing focul co arubaruch, H 3.18, 367a ( O'C.
785 ). Cf. DDána 96 , cited above under (b).
(e) undergoes, suffers: in tíí fuilnges martra PH 1608 .
is e foroerlangair in noe-combádad fó thri 1654 . folilais...
40piana ifirnn mina ḟáelais mo reir-si RC x 86.8 ( YBL 10a42 ).
nír fulaing aenridire arsaidh dochar isin cath no veteran knight
has suffered hardship
Fier. 10 . ro fhulaing pais iarumannsa
crann césta, Ét. Celt. i 83.30 . d'éis na n-ainbhreath do
ḟuluing TD 24.31 . as í an éigean ḟuileongmaoid, Ériu i
4593.3 . gurab luaithe ... do ḟuileongmaois bas, Luc. Fid. 85.5 .
(f) in Laws (text) is liable to, is responsible for (a duty,
payment, etc.) ; mad he folo a cinaid [sic leg., see Ir. Law
114 n. 5 ] if he be answerable for her offence Laws iv 62.10 . is ē
bēs foloing aencinnid in sein, Laws ii 256.25 (see ZCP xiv
50360 ). is ē bēs foloing fer midbad in sein. ni tēchta fair
nī bes mō `it is the food-rent which the f. ¤ m. submits to. It
is not lawful that more should be imposed upon him
' Laws ii 258.15
( ZCP xiv 360 ). is e bes aenciniuda in so, foloing asa miad
this is the rent of a single scion which he is liable for (can
55render) in accordance with his rank
ZCP xiv 347 . cia méd
do cethraib folongat cinaid duine .i. boin nama, H 3.18,
376a ( O'C. 815 ). Cf. ni fulaing nech deolaid deolaid dialailiu
.i. nochon imuilngend neach ni i ndeoladchaire i n-aiscidh
da cheile SM Facs. 10by ( Laws iv 164.12 : `no one entitled
60to a gratuity is liable to a gratuity to another
'). But Dr. Binchy
takes the second deolaid as dittography and would render
no one is obliged to support gratuity for another, comparing :
ni fulaing nech na deolaith diaraili[u], Caratnia 12 .
(g) in foregoing senses used also in impers. construction
65with DO of pers. : ní ro ḟulaṅgair do Leith Cuind, co roemid
forru Conn's Half did not hold their ground RC xiii 50.
6 ( LL 299b4 ). ní foraelangair do trenferaibh na cathrach
airisiomh, Leb. Gab. i 82.20 . ni forlangair dō gan a digail
he needs must avenge him Aen. 2144 . dobert C. cis nach
70faerlannair forro a rent which could not be endured Dinds.
78 . With pass.: nír fuilngedh dó gu ndeachaid (= he
was impelled to go) Ériu iv 224 § 46 . nir barulngither da
ngillaib óca ... nacor-memaid rosc-béim ... díb triasin
cath their young pages could not hold themselves back from
75making a dash
(?) CRR 34 .
(h) brooks, suffers, (with vn.) allows: dūn fir foluing
aīr (.i. dia lēigi aīr co hindligthech) `of a man who tolerates
satire
' Laws v 168.12 (170.3) . ní ḟuilngeadh bochta .. ina
freacnairc, Aisl. Tund. 93 § 1 . muna fhuilnge ar meas do
80Mhuire unless He lets us be judged by M. Dán Dé x 3 . fuiln-
gidh cliar fa ól ar h'uillinn suffer poets to feast beside thee
TD 29.15 . gan chrích Néill fút ná fulaing suffer not the
land of N. to be unsubmissive to thee
6.16 . ní ḟuileonguidh
an Tighearna anam a nionruic do dhul do ghorta, Prov.
85 x 3 . an bhfuileongtha tusa dhamh sin do chruthughadh ?
Ni ḟuileongfad would you allow me to demonstrate ? I will
not
Luc. Fid. 275 . gidhedh trath aidmheoghair ... fuileongfad
but when you acknowledge ... [then] I will allow you
276 . do ḟuiling ... an ríghe gan roinn ... do Mhaoil Ṡeach-
luinn allowed the kingdom to be undivided in possession of
5M.
Content. vi 158 . créad fár ḟuluing a bhiodhbha | Éire
dá ghaol why did his foe let E. be held ... by his stock ? ib. 108 .
bai dia hainféli-si na ro faelangair gan luighe na fochair
she insisted on his lying with her Leb. Gab. i 26z (possibly
to c, above, he could not but, must needs. cf. nis foelsat a
10ngnímrada | do bith fiad gnúis ind Ruirech SR 8291
(lit. their deeds did not support them for being ... ?).
(i) Sometimes apparently confused with fo-luigi (cf.
above), e.g. In Luachair ... | ba himda sleg 'na slúag-
thaig ; | i n-aimsir D. | nosfuilngtis a scoth-ṡemair, Met.
15Dinds. iii 236.16 (see p. 520 ). See also Ériu xii 221 .
? Ni fria fáth fuilngenn, Ériu xiii 16.33 = nach fria etc.
.i. ni hisin fo feith ara n-imfuilngither eneclann doib,
H 3.18, 207b2 .