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fonaidm n n, n. (vn. of fo-naisc) rare in Text of Laws, but
frequent in Comm., often as gloss on NAIDM from which
it does not seem to differ in meaning. Thurneysen ( Bürgsch.
p. 83 ) suggests that (despite the difference in prep.) it is
65an imitation of Lat. ob-ligatio. Somet. written fosnaidm
(cf. snaidm), see below.
I Binding (in lit. sense): f. ¤ nath náir (a feat of Cú
Chulainn's) LU 9292 (corresp. to: co fornadmaim 5974 ).
f. ¤ níad for rindib sleg 10344 .
70 II (a) act of binding, esp. binding an obligation or a con-
tract; binding one or
pledging something as security, guaran-
tee: atē donadmand ... nadad cōra do nadmaidm [leg.
nadmaim] (.i. noco coir af. ¤ ), Laws iv 62.8 . iar fonaidmaim
do for comorba `after he has bound the heirs to it' Laws
75 i 226.31 Comm. (of food-rent to a flaith). d'aithe a indligid
air im gan tṡét airithe do fonaidm, 23 P 3 (= Laws iii 154
Comm. ). giallu frisnascar iar n-ēcaib a flatha .i. ceilsine
d'f. ¤ air iar n-ecaib a flatha fein .i. ragatsa cucutsa, acht
cuma marb mu flaith fein; ┐ ma marb do flaithsi, tarr
80uait cucum-sa, Laws v 218.31 . is cert n-athar ... damsa
f. ¤ ṅgiall Temrach it is mine by right of father ... to bind
(exact) the pledges of T. (i.e. to get submission from T.)
BDD 15 . Here probably: f. ¤ ruirech to bind (= exact
pledges i.e. submission from) sub-kings Triads 202 (expld. :
85 fornaidm r. .i. ríogha eile congbhail faoi, p. 41 ). conadh ar
daighain dithle an athar dogneter f. ¤ a coibche dí that
it is for the sake of defrauding her father the covenant of her
nuptial present is made with her
' Laws iv 60.24 Comm. f. ¤ na
boruma imposing RC xvii 13.29 (Tig.) = foṡnaidhm na
boramha FM i 114.6 .
5 Cf. fuair M. fri foṡnaidm ... sogairm sóer sléibe sen-M.
`acquired by covenant' Met. Dinds. iii 240 .
(b) pledge, bond, guarantee: (sometimes probably guaran-
tor, cf. naidmrath): gaeth cach co fonadmaim fonascar
fri comus n-ae ar is cro timorgnae cach aighnedha a arach
10fri comus n-aei ZCP xii 364.6 . inti dani in f. ¤ , Laws v 376.10
Comm. (see fuller cit. s.v. fonasc, below). fer fir fonaidm
.i. na trebaire, O'C. 1756 ( 23 Q 6, 34b ) = fonai[d]m .i. trebairi
cen folad, O'C. 511 ( H 3.18, 259 . isolated glosses). cin
naidm a taisic .i. gan f. ¤ (.i. trebuiri) a taisic, Laws v 282.14
15Comm , atait secht n-aithne .. na dlegat a taisic cia ro-
briathar .i. is slan gach aithne ... dia mbe fonaidhm 190.21
Comm . mad oin d'fer fine, cin f. ¤ , ┐ foiche De dia tarrachtain
is slan; dia mbe f. ¤ is leth-aithgin 278.13 Comm . masai
in cetrathaighes ... is e dlegar d'íc ar tus, uair i[s] senfola
20ro fear i llo fonadhma, O'D. 2355 ( Rawl. 506, 41 ).
III Some of the following instances in Laws Comm.
seem to contain a transferred meaning; those from the
published Laws are rendered (a) ` attendance ' or (b) ` condi-
ment ', but Atk., Gloss. s.v., thinks the meaning is ` security '
25in all cases: on trath co raili a turtugud (.i. or trath
co celi a ḟaesam .i. a lain-biathad co f. ¤ tucad do sund ┐ a
lan-faesam do ḟacaib ar a scath) `his full feeding and attend-
ance
' Laws v 86.28 . tuirt[ug]ud tresi (.i. tressi a lanḟaesam
bid ┐ fonadma) `three days are his full protection in food
30and attendance
' 30.23 . see also Laws v 58.20 Comm. leth
foesum fagbuit na graidh feine ┐ in t-aire desa cin f. ¤ ┐ ma
ta f. ¤ is lanfoesum `half protection is relinquished [afforded ?]
by the F. grades and the `aire désa,' without condiment, and
if there is condiment it is full protection (that is relinquished
35[afforded ?]
, see FÁESAM])' ii 36.15 . cf. masa lain biathadh
cu fodnaidm is lanfoesum fagabhur ar a sgath. masa lain-
biathadh cin fosnaidm, no lethbiathudh cu foṡnaidm no
taircsin lainbiathad co fosnaidm, is lethfoesum fagabhur
ar a sgath 28.22 . in fir rosfagunn cutruma na rainne bius
40do foesum ar sgath a bidh, is a cutruma uile ar sgath
fodnadhma `for the sake of condiment' 20.17 . in inbaid is
dar an fis faosma in ecmais ro gabad an athgabail .i.
lubra ┐ bidh ┐ fonadma, O'C. 2657 (< Eg. 88, 56 ) = Laws
ii 38.3 Comm.

45 fo-naisc v (nasc- `bind'). subj. pres. 2 s. fonais, O'Dav.
1256 . fut. 3 s. fonena, B. in Sc. ZCP xiii 381.16 ( xx 227 ).
fonen ib. xiii 379.23 ( xx 225 ). Cf. sec. fut. 3 pl. fonensaitis
xii 379.16 (imperf. ind. seems required). Pass. pres. s.
fonascar LU 5943 ( TBC² 1477 ). ZCP xii 364.6 . LL 282b46 .
50 subj. pres. fornastar, Laws v 476.24 (perhaps from for-
naisc
). ? fut. foninasair, H 3.18 p. 258b ( O'C. 510 ). pret.
banassa (= fonassa) TBC 4567 . Vn. fonaidm. Often
treated as simple vb. in forms belonging to the pres.
stem.
55 Binds (someone to do something), imposes (an obligation,
etc.), makes a contract ; gen. with FOR of pers. In Laws
Comm. glosses NASCID and AR-NAISC. fonaisc lat ar Morand
| mad āil dait a chomall take M. as a security TBC² 2292 .
fonascar fair can tudecht he was bound over not to come LU
60 5943 . manib tualaing brithi fair fanaiscc frie a rer fudesin,
Anecd. iii 23.12 . fonaisc a comthrom do argut for Feradach
LL 287ay . fonaiscid C. forrosom cen curadmír do chosnam
... fonaisccitsium fairsium dano a dénam in cennaig LU
9024 ( FB 77 ). ni nais ... airged ... acht for mal .i. ní ro
65fonaisc[e] siu in airged ... acht for in uasal, Laws iv 36.7
Comm. rí cathach ... fonen hÉrind fir ┐ mná [apparently
for O.-Ir. fiur ┐ mnaí] = will lay tribute on, subdue ZCP
xiii 379.23 ( xx 225 ). fonen Hérind xiii 380.18 . fonascar colleir
(of a peace treaty) LL 282b46 . fonais Niul Scota (.i. do
70hernaidhmed S. ... fri N.), Leb. Gab. i 278 (cf. fornais LL
14b27 ) seems intended for an s-pret., but perhaps it is a
corruption of for-nass; the verbal forms in this `retoric'
are very doubtful. Used elliptically: flaith geilfini ... ise
fonaisces in ferand binds (restrains the alienation of) Laws
75 iv 40.5 Comm. (gl. ara naisc), see Ériu ix 38 . fonena giallu
cach rois will bind the hostages of every point ZCP xiii 381.16
( xx 227 ). Cf. ba leu rige Caisil ... fonensaitis giallu caich xii 379.16
(v.l. ronasctis, which leaves the line short, but
pret. or imperf. seems required) in: banassa damsa ind
80ingen TBC 4567 (= do naiscedh St) there is probably a
confusion of preverbs.
Cf. ar-naisc, for-naisc.

fonaithe adj io-iā (part. of fo-noí) cooked, baked, roasted . mucc
f. ¤ LU 4946 . mucc ḟ. ¤ LL 246a14 . éicne f. ¤ TBFr. § 23 .
85 orda do bradan fhonaithi Lism. L. 2736 . secht ndoim ... ┐
siad uili fonaigthi RC xxiv 64 § 26 . ba Magh Liffe madh
co sé, indiu as magh f. ¤ ticubsa dia athfuine ` scorched '
FM 705 (poem). (Fig.) gurbham fīrēn fonaide | iar mbruin-
diudh duit cech baeghail refined, perfected (?) Arch. iii
231.2 . ? felghalair [v.l. felgabur, Zu Ir. Hss. u. Lit. i. 71 ]
5 fonaidhe BB 295b45 = IT iii 103 § 196 .