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1 fonn n o,m. Treated as neut.: ba fond n-orddnide LL
28b3 (= dind, Met. Dinds. i 28.13 ). a p. fonna LL 299a23 ,
ZCP xi 83 § 27 . Acc. to Stokes, Arch. i 304 , a loan-word
15<Lat. fundus; Pedersen, Asp. i Irsk, p. 199 , takes fonnaib
Ml 78b9 as = bonnaib, and perhaps fonn is a later or variant
form of bonn.
(a) sole (of the foot): huam fonnaib (gl. plantis) Ml 78b9 .
(see supra). ind lám ... ┐ in tṡliasait ... ro gabtha o chund
20co fond from end to end LL 120a23 ( RC iii 177 ). óm ḟult
gom dá f. ¤ , ZCP vi 257 . isi a teist isin ló, traig fri traig,
sal fri sal, f. ¤ fri f. ¤ , O'C. 2428 (< Eg. 88, 33bb ). Cf. [f]onn
.i. druim no bonn ... f. ¤ fri f. ¤ .i. do bonn i n-inadh buinn ind
fir it dhegaid, O'Dav. 816 . noclistis fuiri iarom, napdar
25duba na glassa a fond `soles' RC xi 444 . for slig frisndring-
tíss, conclistíss for a rind, na ferad for a fonnib ib. (Fig.)
corpdire ball o ara co fond .i. ó urradh co murcurtha ZCP
xviii 363 § 23 ( Ir. Texts iv 26.2 ).
(b) base, bottom, foundation: fond .i. a fundo .i. o fudo-
30main, O'Mulc. 572 . f. ¤ .i. bunad, H 3.18, 541b . co ngluaisfi
f. ¤ fudomna | domuin dein SR 8297 , cf. talam ... dian f. ¤
fothacht fotlethet 32 . lebend ┐ fond iníchtarach na cath-
rach di glain gil LU 2038 ( FA 11 ). rogab fond [ = fotha,
Dinds. 79 ] fo thalmain `it found bottom' Met. Dinds. iii
35456 . tucus licc ... co failgib findruine f. ¤ `the bottom set with
rings of pale metal
' 124 . ó rogab f. ¤ flatha fáe `the kingly
seat
' 210 (possibly in sense c). claide fidbad co fonnaib
`digging up of woods with their stumps' 332 . [in fót :] im-
sóadh a f. ¤ ind arda ┐ a fēr fri grian, Dinds. 100 (= BB 404a38 .
40The corresp. text Met. Dinds. iv 166 has foescal, see fáescal.
(Fig.) f. ¤ Senchusa Moir cetamus la Sen mac A., a imtormach
la F. ┐ D. foundation Laws i 24.34 . seachnadh sé f. ¤ na
coire `let him avoid the depth of guilt' (2 fonn ?) BNnÉ
263.19 . Oengus oll | f. ¤ fri nath a theme (lit. basis) for song
45 IT iii 37 § 22 ( Bruchst. i § 8 ); cf. Aed ... f. ¤ fri fuilted féle,
Thes. ii 295.2 . co fo-llō fonna fod-longat the foundations
which support him
ZCP xi 83 § 27 . Cf. fo ondaib .i. chisaib
ín charpaid O'C. 1043 (cf. Laws v 470.2 and see 1 fondad,
and 1 fonnad). Often of a person, foundation, prop, support:
50 a Flaind ... at fond flatha fine LL 37b40 = Auraic. 5173 ,
Bruchst. i § 19 . fond na fagla (of Cairpre Ríata) LL 38b47 .
Da thí ... in fond forais, MS Mat. 490 ( LL 45b32 , where
facs. has fond foraid) = Rawl 86a1 (fonn). uaithneadha
iorghaile ┐ fuinn díbhfeirge, Todd Lect. iv 86.5 . clann
55Colla ... na cóic fonna féig consider (?) the five chiefs KM
Misc. 268.3 .
(c) soil, ground (= Germ. Boden) and by extension piece
of land, territory: fond orbeman `land of heirs' (fig. ex-
pression for tares, gl. inervo, Ecl. iii 100 ) Philarg. 109
60( Thes. ii 48 ; cf. 363 ). ba fond n-orddnide n-imglicc (of
Temair) LL 28b3 (= dind, Met. Dinds. i 28 ) dar cach ferand,
dar cach fond TBC 3204 . doratt fond ┐ grían doib hi toīb
Aurchuind ZCP viii 308.29 . nenaid ┐ tromm 'malle | conid
é f. ¤ a dúine, Arch iii 304 § 8 . tir forlethan ... f. ¤ cáin le gin
65puinn toirthe, Marco P. 11 . san bhfonn ndúthchasa (= natale
solum) TSh. 6020 . Dia do betha, a Brenainn ... buide
lemm t'iadhad 'mun ḟonn (= terra firma, contrasted with
the ocean) Lism. L. 3812 . a choemu Cláir Cuind cóemfind |
fuind fer Fáil LL 5b1 . Transf. of sea: fri fairge f. ¤ ` expanse '
70 Fianaig. 36.8 . Land, territory: ca fuinn ḟérmura geltfuit
ar n-almha? CCath. 603 . gér bhó fásach na fuinn sin
FM v 1784 . Darcellus ba flaith na fond LL 131a8 = Trip.
534.1 . rí na naoi bhfonn (n.l.), Ériu i 104.1 . i bhfonn na
cille, Hackett xlii 93 . Often folld. by gen. of npr.: f. ¤ Fáil
75(Ireland) LL 22a23 . Ó rogabsat Túatha Dé | for fund
Fótla, Met. Dinds. iii 230 . TD 6.11 , re hollamhnaibh ḟuinn
Éibhir TD 8.24 . fonn Finn Féilim i p. lviii . a fecht ┐ a
slōged la firu Hérenn, ar is [s]lōged la fonnaib dogrés; a
cáin ┐ a cobach la firu hAlban RC xx 132 (= LU 376 )
80 hosting belongs to territories, cf. sluaiged la fonduib ...
cablach ar muir, RC xx p. 426 (= Keat. iii 1286 ; la fondadh,
BCC § 344 , cf. 1 fonnad).
Freq. in compds, esp. in sense (c) above.
(a) with adj.: du chirt Fotla fonnairddi of the high-
85lands
(?) LL 149b47 = YBL 173a (= Banba barrairdi, Laud
615, 16 ). Cormac ... ba fotha fondbalc flatha firmly founded
LL 28b49 ( Met. Dinds. i 36 ). fer fond-balc ` firm-set ' Met.
Dinds. iii 154 . fót fondbras broad-bottomed LU 8661 ( FB
49 ). ¤ chosach: a [eo]c[h]arimlib Sleibi Fuait -chosaigh
broad-based (?) Acall. 7127 . ¤ glan: ós chind .. na firthiprat
5-glaini ` clear-bottomed ' MR 232.22 . rigi Fodla fond-gloine
of pure soil Fen. 352 . ¤ glas: fochon -ghlas green-bladed
Lism. L. 4583 . ic mallascnam in maigi -glais (i.e. grassy),
CCath. 4994 . ¤ lúath: fiach -luath swift-footed (?): swift
over lands
(?) SR 2550 . nuíde: tre thalmhain bfonn-
10aoidhe fresh-soiled ZCP xii 384.15 = Dán Dé p. 29 . ¤ réid:
damha Fódla foinnréidhe smooth-soiled Ériu v 56 . ¤ scothach:
a himlibh sleibhe F. fondscothaigh, Acall. 8 ; 6592 ( ¤ scath-
aig). ¤ taitnemach: oilen fērglas -taitnemach RC xxvi
136 .
15(b) seldom with nouns: ¤ brat: tír ... na bhfonnbhrat
bhfionn `vestures of soil' TD 32.66 . ¤ cheltar: ¤ cheltra ...
in talman ` carpets ' MR 240.6 . ¤ fer man of the soil (?):
inad sloig na foindḟear fras, Met. Dinds. iii 424 `men of the
soil
, Territorials ' 555z ). ¤ grian: dochuadar i fudhomain
20┐ i -grian in talman RC xliii 98 § 102 . ¤ mag: rí an ḟonnmhu-
ighe Ultaigh the Ultonian plain TD 2.2 .

2 fonn n o,m. desire, fondness, pleasure (in something). Acc.
to Stokes ( Arch. iii 195 ) and Skeat the origin of Engl. fun
(this etym. is not, apparently, accepted by the editors of
25NED). The word seems confined to comparatively late
Mid. Ir. and Mod. Ir. texts, unless it is represented in the
follg. ex.: Aed f. ¤ fri fuilted féle `joyous at increase of
hospitality
' Thes. ii 295 (but see 1 fonn). ropo dia f. ¤ hi
forcital legis Colum Cille ACC 27 Comm. (`such was his
30delight in teaching
' RC xxi 134 ). is beg f. ¤ imorro imthus
ar n-ech the fate of our horses is of little importance (?) RC
xii 6.17 , cf. fer dara f. ¤ fiadach | tonn fledartach laemrach
`a man that loves the chase' active, a generous feastgiver'
SG 241.21 [? to whom the ... wave is a hunting field;]. an
35dream ba mó f. ¤ don mhaitheas phuiblidhe do mhéad-
ughadh `who were most zealous for the aggrandisement
of the public weal
' Keat. iii 118 . f. ¤ Eabhraidheach
d'ḟiadhail Éigipt, Hackett xlii 81 . ró a bhfuinn i bhfonn
na cille their excessive desire for church-lands, ib. 93 . lán
40... d'fh. ¤ anorduighthe ris an nglóir ... d'fhaigsin, TSh. 2048 .
go raibh f. ¤ mór ort a ndíaigh tighe h'athar, Gen. xxxi 30 .
dhf. ¤ na firinne for the sake of truth Luc. Fid. 98.13 . d'ḟ. ¤
críoch do chur id tháille, Content. xviii 58 . Cf. do réir
dheaghḟuinn a thoile, Ephes. i 5 (= good pleasure AV).
45 do bhadar ceithri fuinn agam re fada ... an ceud fonn ...
a ttainig do naomh-leigheann go hÉirinn do leigeadh damh,
Rule of Tall. § 81 (= cethtri cridiscel, Mon. Tall. § 25 ).

3 fonn n o,m. melody, song (perhaps a later development of
2 fonn): nocha ndiongnaim dúan na f. ¤ , Atl. iv 226.8 .
50 d'aos ḟuinn minstrels TD 11.15 ; 20.60 . Cf. uaithne iuil
ḟrithir gach fuinn (of a harper), Keat. Poems 267 .

1 fonnad (-od LU 6402 = -ud, LL 77a21 ) n o,m. g s. fonnaid
LU 8931 , g p. fondad LU 5579 . d p. fonnodaib TBC² 3622 .
Some part of a chariot; the wheel-rim or tyre (?); glosses
55 roth `wheel,' LU 5180 , cf. onnaid [leg. fonnaid] in carpait .i.
na roith, Auraic. 5578 (`Untergestell', Thurn., ZCP xvii
300y ). fonnadh .i. carpad, O'Cl. (quot. = LL 187c27 , see
below). In Wind. TBC generally transld. Wagengestell
or Wagenkasten. From consideration of the follg. passages
60(see citt. below) it appears that (1) the `fonnad' was not
the `cret' RC xxvi 30 § 125 , § 126 ; (2) it was not a wheel,
but closely connected with it; (3) there was more than one
f. ¤ in a chariot, LU 8345 . 5579 . 6402 . TBC² 3526 ; apparently
two ( TBC² 3622 ), one on each side. ib. 72 ( LU 4574 );
65(4) a f. ¤ of one chariot might be juxtaposed to a f. ¤ of another
LU 8705 ( FB 53 ); (5) it could touch the ground, TBC
5864 (St) and leave a trace on it LU 8931 ( FB 70 ); (6) it
made a noise TBC 773 , 5618 ; (7) the `fonnaid' used to be
washed TBC² 1095 . The word was no doubt sometimes
70used by synecdoche for `roth,' cf. cor bo birfocus cach
fonnod isin charpat LU 6402 = fonnud TBC 2544 , which
seems to refer to the spikes or scythes attached to the
wheels of the ancient quadrigae falcatae. f. ¤ fri f. ¤ fid fri fid
carpat fri carpat LU 8705 ( FB 53 ). for creitt cen ḟ. ¤ , for f. ¤
75cen chul RC xxvi 30 § 125 , § 126 (glossed .i. eich cen charpait
... .i. for carpat cen chlaíne LL 187c25 , 27 ). arda slig tar
f. ¤ clé (of Cú Chulainn fighting from his chariot) LU 4574 .
atgéoin slicht fonnaid Con Culaind fo dáig nách sét cumung
no théiged no chlaided na muru LU 8931 ( FB 70 = an fonna,
80Eg.). ní caīn-cotli are senfonnith the driver of an old chariot
ZCP xi 93 § 22 (cf. aride sencharpait ib.). fondaigh (.i.
carbuid), D iv 2, 46v6 [sic leg. Anecd. ii 8.17 ]. ni étaim
... techt sech nechtar in dá roth (.i. fonnod) iarndae in
carpait ara faebraige LU 5180 (said by charioteer who
85cannot get out of the chariot). pl. ógdérg a fonnaid LU
8345 ( FB 24 ). gia ra thiasmáis i ndib carptib ... iar n-idnaib
na n-arm, ní rossed crú na roth na fonnud na fertas díb
[lár] ar a dlús (the ranks are so serried that if two chariots
were driven over their heads neither hoof nor wheel nor
`fonnad' etc., would touch the earth) TBC 5864 = cia conual-
5aindse mo charpat ... co tiasmais ... iarsin dindiu ni regad
crua na fonnaid trīt TBC² 3526 . buí ara A. oc nigi na
fondad LU 5579 . forlengat ... dar brainibh na roth ...
conidh eadh do thairmisc dian-imrim ┐ dian-bruthghail
mor na ffondadh TBC 5618 St (the passage refers not to
10chariots, but to the `roith nét,' apparently war-engines
or portable fortresses of some kind mounted on wheels).
gabaid a charpat fria ais cona chreit ┐ a dib fonnodaib
TBC² 3622 . Cf. ni cumgid cuinge co llind Léith correga
co ffuilib fonnaide fo chollaib clí ... LL 122a18 (from a
15rhetoric addressed to a chariot-horse), and see 1 fondad,
end of article. Compd. da ndroch ... fonnaid-rēidi smooth-
tyred (?) TBC² 3392 .