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A B C D1 D2 E F G H I L M N O P R S T U

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fo-noí v i (see Ped. ii 586 ) protot. stem fon-. later fuin-. Bakes,
roasts: fonassa ... an écne `I cooked' RC x 88 . orce ...
fonóiset for beraib cairthind LL 120a13 ( RC iii 176 ). geg-
85naitsom banb ... fannoíset LU 1743 ( RC ix 482 ). arán
fonither ... dia domnaich, Mon. Tall. § 13 = dá bhfuinfidhe,
Rule of T. § 62 . fonaither int écne lee let the salmon be
cooked
TBFr. § 21 = fonuigther ZCP iv 42.17 . céin fonnui-
th[e]a fulacht leo `while food was being cooked' RC xxv
346 § 2 . no fonaidfidé [no fonfaithea Eg., fonuinfidi Y,
5 no fuifeda D] cét lóeg ... fria BDD 54 (LU). fonoad (.i.
ro immained) col carpait dún and LU 10243 = ZCP iii
234.2 (with gloss.: .i. rohimfuined). rofonta .iii. cét bairgen
assin bulgc, BColm. 60.16 .
Later fuinid: roḟuinsit a n-iasc ZCP i 464x . in chét-
10bargen rofuined, Ériu i 132 . is ar scéith F. do fuinedh lón
M., Cog. 100.8 . cach ní no fuinte de no ithid L., Cóir Anm.
70 (p. 318) . a mbí im thromcholuinn d'ḟeoil oimh | fuin,
a eoin, DDána 42.17 .
In late lit. used esp. of bread-making, often = kneads;
15(fig. ) do fuinedh leis an Sbiorad naomh a mbroind na hoighe
é was fashioned (of Christ) O'Hussey T.C. 106 .
Forruinedh, Ériu xiii 34.31 seems to belong to 1 fuinid,
q.v. Part. fonaithe, vn. fuine q.v.

fonsura n (Fr. fonçoir, Stokes, Ling. Val. Ir. Annals 78 )
20 a chisel: arná tochailt lé f. ¤ isin ccloich FM v 1490.14 .

fo-ocaib v (gaib-) raises: perf. refl. fosrocaib for sosta na
Temrach mounted LU 10791 = Ériu xii 174 (leg. frisrócaib ?).
Cf. dā mac do Iarel ... fosfocaib R. i nAlbain reared Rawl.
155b38 = fosracaib LL 190b21 . da mac forfacaib Iriel ...
25fosrusfacaib R. i nAlbain, Lec. 113va15 .

fo-ocair: x see fúacair.

fópairt, fóbairt, fúabairt (older -art) f. (vn. of *fo-opair
see fúabair). fóbairt (g s. -airte, -arta) IGT, Decl. § 42 . ib.,
Vbs. § 46 . The freq. omission of accent and the occasional
30len. of -b- may indicate confusion with FOBAIRT (fobhairt),
q.v.
(a) attacking, assailing; an assault (usually swift and
sudden), absol. or with obj. gen.: fóbairt is ainm d'inn-
soighidh, Met. Gl., Ff. 54 (v.l. to `fóbhairt') atregat ... ┐
35doberat fobairt trén ... co rrucsat an n-imdorus inna cind
LU 1606 ( IT ii2 214 ). na slóig cen [ḟ]opairt frisin ré sin
LU 6362 ( TBC² 1847 ). ro ba fada laissiumh baoi Ó N. ... gan
fobairt FM vi 1932.7 . tanic do ḟuapairt Con Culaind TBC
1942 . tanic do ḟopairt C. 1981 . is i comairli doroine ...
40fobairt in caisil, CCath. 3513 . fuabairt Atha Luain la
Concobar ... ┐ ni ro léced tairis iat RC xviii 57 (Tig.). gan
cath gan fuabhairt [sic] FM ii 968.11 . g s. trelam fuaparta
TBC 1090 (t. gaisgidh St). gae ... re faga feig fobarta
5313 (= fobartach TBC² 3249 ). nac[h] filet side lin for
45fobarta in number sufficient to attack you CCath. 5509 . pl.
ra bertsatar teora fuaparta dona sluagaib TBC 4533 . Folld.
by descriptive gen.: dosbert fobairt bidbad ... foraib LU
6498 . 6509 . tobert fobart mbidbad forro 7895 ( BDD 148 ).
dobhert fuabairt biodhbhadh ... forra FM vi 1930.17 .
50 C. do mharbhadh hi fuabairt aidhche a night attack FM
ii 630.12 . tuc fobairt chatha doib RC xviii 268.15 . Of
animals: adchondairc in noidin ... ┐ na hethaidi ica fuab-
airt RC xxiv 192.1 .
(b) attempting, essaying, setting about (an undertaking):
55 fobairt cuirp Muiri do loscad LB 151a17 . dol d'fuabairt
an chlesa RC xxix 112 § 5 . ba dícra le D. fobairt oirlich
Fergusa to attempt to kill F. Celt. Rev. iv 118.32 . fobairt
felli do indisin do M. do denam do N. fair ┐ fobairt an tire
do facbail do N. iar sin M. was told that N. had attempted
60to betray him and N. made to leave the country
Ann. Conn.
1291 § 7 . ag fobairt chomhmarptha a cheile, Fl. Earls 124 .
ná tí dhím dénamh an uilc. ná tí am inntind a ḟóbairt
may it not enter my mind to attempt it IGT, Decl. ex. 1193 .
dá dtíosadh as aonglór uilc níorbh í m'inntinn a ḟ. ¤ , Content.
65 xviii 129 .
(c) hence with ellipse of vn. and gen. of place, attempting
to pass (over or under, to cross, traverse, etc.): ? admidair
Fergus fobairt Locha Rudraighe `to enter ' Ériu xvi 38 (< H
3.18, 364b ). Laws i 72.14 (corresp. to: dochuatar isin loch
70da fothrugud SG 250.10 . Cf. fobairt) do eiridh laech ...
d'uabairt Ghlaisi Cruinn ZCP viii 543.7 (corresp. to: do
thaet ... dia fromad na Glassi TBC 1570 ; gabais liic ... fri
ais do thecht darsin n-usce LU 5365 ). do dheachatar M.
andeas ... do fobairt na coillteadh `to scour the woods'
75 FM ii 1078.4 . Cf. luathfoibirt cacha srotha (.i. slán aen-
tarraingin lín) `the quick drawing (of a net) from each stream'
Laws v 482.24 (484.10) quoted O'Dav. 759 with gl.: fobairt
.i. tarraing nó tadhall ... luath-fobairt i. is slán entarraing
nó entadall in lind cid lín gabala ...

80 fópartach: x see fóbartach.

foph n `a ball or boss ' O'Curry, Mann. and Cust. iii Index :
inar co f. ¤ a thona LU 8520 ( FB 37 ), RC xii 86 § 93 (`as far
as the swelling of his rump
' Stokes).

1 for prep. with acc. and dat. See Thurn., Gr., and Fraser,
85 ZCP viii 34 ff . Lenition of the obj. occurs once in the
Glosses: for chenn Ml 44d29 , possibly a scribal error. Even
in the modern period non-lenition is regular in some ex-
pressions after AR representing FOR, cf. the alliterations:
feall ar filidh IGT, 24 P 8, 190.5 ; nā bí ar filidh go fortuil
ib. (= Studies 1924, 245 ).
5Forms: for (in Mid. Ir. MSS usually denoted by f sur-
mounted by horizontal stroke) Glosses, pass. and later;
occasionally far: Wb 5b3 . Ml 82d10 . Sg 90b1 , 2 . Thes. ii
39.28 , 29 . TBC 3782 . LL 176a7 ( CRR 34 ), LL 268b20 ( MU²
860 ). bar LL 265a39 ( MU² 452 ). TBC 2820 . 3613 , etc.
10 fuir, Thes. ii 39.22 .
In later MSS. gradually replaced by AR. This appears
occasionally in LU, more frequently in LL. In Maund.
FOR still appears though AR is commoner.
With rel. part. forsa n-, fora n-: fara n-: forsa taith Wb
15 20b6 . forsa robae Ml 82d10 . forsa n-airisedar Sg 139b1 .
forsmbeth SR 1364 . forstā 1839 . forsnaicci, Im. Br. § 38 .
forsmbí § 43 . forsmbīd, Met. Dinds. ii 42.2 . fora sernte
Wb 18c8 . fora taibre 29a23 . fora n-idparar 5b6 . fora
mboí Tur 60 . fora ṁbi Thes. ii 41.27 . forá mbí ib. 17 .
20 fora mbiat LU 2639 . fora taí SR 3096 . farsa n-immér
TBC 5961 . barsa mbatar 3738 . fara mbí Thes. ii 40.32 .
See Strachan, ZCP iv 63 ; 488 - 9 .
With article: forsin[d], forsa (n-), forsna, etc., Wb 1d2 ,
9d5 , 32d2 ; Ml 22c12 , 46c3 , 48a21 , 84d4 ; Sg 8a13 , 207a6 ;
25LU pass. farsin, Trip.² 1948 , barsin TBC 4553 . barsan
3387 . Without -s-: forin[d] Ml 60b14 , 94b11 , 120d7 . forna
Ml 51d19 . 69a11 . 138a6 . fornaib Wb 5a5 . Ml 27d22 . See
Strachan l.c.
Rarely with elision in sg., as in: forsn uscisin SR 4632 .
30In Mid. Ir. MSS. maintenance of -s- is the rule, though
it is occasionally dropped by some scribes, e.g. forin PH
3594 . forna LU 2552 (H). CCath. 2574 . Marco P. 64 .
With poss. pron. 1 s. formu naimtea Ml 86c10 . for mo
namtea 88a8 . for mu mud, Thes. ii 294 . for mo menmuin
35 ZCP x 338 ( Laud 615, 104 ). for mo thir ┐ for mo thalam
YBL 113b47 (= form ... form LL 270b46 . for mo chuit
... Rawl. 134a4 ). form ḟuil SR 1542 . form thigerna 3188 .
form laim ┐ form gail LL 121a12 . See Thurn. KZ xlviii 55 .
2 s. fort athair, Trip.² 1759 (= fort ha. Trip. 150 ). fort
40cheniul Trip.² 1760 . bard TBC 3230 . 3 s. and pl. fora. 1 pl. forar
ndail SR 3633 forar morsluag 3974 . (cf. fer ruc breith for fis
... | for ndís bámar i cumriuch SR 3286 , where f. is possibly
a contraction of forar). 2 pl. f. ¤ far naimtib, TTr.² 1775 .
With pron. suff.: 1 s. form Wb 8d26 . Ml 2a6 . 59a18 .
45 104d2 . SR 1584 . fórm LU 5669 . formsa LL 224a28 ( TTr.
513 ). fórmsa LU 4507 . forom SR 1404 . foromm TBC
3752 . forumsa Ml 44b29 . 89a2 . TBC 3750 . LL 234a34
( TTr. 1278 ). foromsa LL 223by ( TTr. 488 ). forum, Acall.
3357 . ḟorum LL 234a13 ( TTr. 1261 = orum BB 426a47 ).
50 orum, Acall. 304c . 6994 . orumsa 7696 . formm LB 8a52 .
ormm LB 246b55 ( PH 7807 ).
2 s. fort Wb 6a14 . 28d9 . SR 6258 . LU 4789 . 6252 . ort
LU 6097 . fortsu Ml 113d11 . LU 6593 .
3 s., m. n., acc. foir Wb 4d15 . 28b30 . Tur 85 . 110c . Ml
55 2a6 . 41a5 . 53a19 . 54c16 . Sg 209b12 . fair Wb 7c4 . LU 6299 .
LL 227b30 ( TTr. 777 ). ḟair LL 220b ( TTr. 262 ). PH. CCath.
pass. foirsom Wb 8c1 . foirsem Sg 209b12 . fairseom LU
6239 . fairsem, CCath. 1803 .
dat. foir Wb 6d6 . 10b9 . Tur 123 . for (older form, Thurn.
60Gr. 275 ) LL 49b19 ( Hail Br. § 4 ). YBL 12a10 (cf. foir
Ériu ii 55 § 3 = i 138 where rime with tol is required). fair
LU 2051. 7554 . LL 98a34 . 99a40 . Acall. 89 . ḟair LL
224b5 ( TTr. 533 ). ḟairside LL 235b13 ( TTr. 375 ). cf. faride TBC
5173 .
65 cf. acc. forrae Tur 79 . furri, Acall. 6437 . furri LL
224b39 ( TTr. 556 ). ḟurthi LL 230a41 ( TTr. 968 ). uirre, Acall. 1253 .
dat. fuiri Wb 3d34 . Sg 4b9 . Ml 95b6 . furi 45c9 . 118d6 .
fuiri sidi Sg 199a5 . furri LU 3918. 4512 . 7993 . LL 218a32 ;
221b19 ( TTr. 90 ; 323 ). LL 66a39 . LB 7a40 . fuirri LU 4517 ,
70 SR 3108 . Marco P. 10 . fora (v.l. forra, fuirri), Im. Br. § 3 .
fuirre, Marco P. 12 . uirre, CCath. 1947 .
1 pl. fornn Wb 2a13 . 8d18 . 30b2 . Ml 46b26 . 119d6 . fornd
LU 3254 . 5220 . 6780 . 9244 . ornn PH 6865 . fornni Wb 14b15 .
Ml 77c6 . 88a4 . 90d17 . forunni 111c13 . forni LU 1674. 8554 .
75 forund TBC 2974 . forond LU 8620 . foirn TBC 617 . PH 2060 .
7848 . foirnn 1502 . foirnd, CCath. 648 . oirn PH 6863 .
oirnd 8063 . CCath. 652 . foraindi TBC² 3578 . LB 162a62 .
foraind, Acall. 4867. 6165 . forainde LB 34b56 . 162a53 .
oraind, Acall. 2996 . CCath. 1679 . orainne (v.l. forn.
80 forinn) 1659 . orainde, Acall. 5074. 7655 .
2 pl. foirib Wb 14c40 . 21d5 . Ml 46a14 . forib Wb 6a17
( ZCP xvii 223 ), 27c11 . fuirib 14d17 . 20b2 . furib Ml 115b8 .
fuiribsi Wb 7a4 . furibsi 18a18 . foraib Trip.² 1589 . LU
7233. 7755 . LL 239a15 . CCath. 3569 . foraibh 610 . for-
85aibse TTr.² 119 . foirb SR 5534 . Trip.² 1651 . foirbsi SR
3116 . oraib, Acall. 7539 , YBL 376b42 ( Aithd. p. 158 ).
3 pl. acc. forru Wb 1d3 . 10c5 . 28c3 . Ml 53d13 . 73b17 .
127b6 . LU 4784 . 5309 . LL 66b10 . 241b88 ( TTr. 1859 ).
CCath. 3738 (Fr.). ḟorru LL 223d27 ; 242b2 ( TTr. 438 ;
1908 ). forrusom Wb 9c10 . forro LU 5796 (M). 5836 (H).
5 Acall. 5317 . 7117 . CCath. 1237 (S) (in dat. meaning Acall.
2458 . 3501 . 3745 . LL 223b21 ). forra, CCath. 1640 (H).
3754 (Fr.). fortha, CCath. 3599 (Fr.). orra, CCath. 1237 .
1488 . orru Acall. 3299 . forthu SR 3942 . fortho LU
2556 (H). fortha, CCath. 3599 (Fr.). fortu, forta 1488
10(v.l.).
dat. forib Wb 4d2 . 29b20 . foraib Ml 121a5 .
dat. for acc. forib Wb 28c4 . foraib 4c35 . Ml 49b6 . 54a4 .
54b30 . 90a25 . 118d19 . forroib LU .5608 .
Cf. fortus.
15In Mid.Ir. MSS forru (forro, forthu, etc.) and foraib are
often found without distinction of case. In the Laud-
Lismore text of Acall. pretonic for is very rare; it is
regularly replaced by ar. But with suff. pron. 3 s. m. n.
fair is predominant; there are very few instances of air.
20In the other pronominal forms those with and without
f- seem to share the field equally.
In classical verse the pretonic form is AR, but the pro-
nominal forms are regularly those of FOR without f. an
exception is orat, orad (beside ort). Cf. O. Ir. airiut, erut
25from AR. See 24 P 8 (McKenna, Tracts).
Synopsis of meanings:
I Of local relations: (a) on, upon , expressing both
contact and relative position ( over, above ) also of mere
external contact or position.
30(b) of approximate position juxtaposition. on, at, by .
(c) in sense upheld, supported by; being worn or carried
by .
(d) after verbs of placing, hoisting, over, up .
(e) of things attached to or forming part of the body, etc.
35(f) in, amongst; forming a portion of .
(g) with acc. after verb or verbal noun implying motion
on, over, to, towards .
II Of quasi-local relations, and in abstract and fig.
expressions:
40(a) of form, appearance, hue, etc.
(b) of arrangement, state, process; division, classifica-
tion, naming .
(c) of point of time; coincidence of occurrence .
(d) on (of that by which something is evident, known,
45recognized, etc.).
(e) with words expressing quality, talent, success, etc. ,
indicating the possessor of these.
(f) over, of rule, sway, superior might .
(g) upon, in addition to; in succession to, after .
50(h) on i.e. affecting, afflicting (of emotions, physical or
mental states or conditions).
(i) governing object of blessing, cursing, punishing, etc.
(j) (existing) on, by means of (a food, diet); relying on;
depending on .
55(k) with abstr. or verbal noun, also with adj. in (a state
or condition).
(l) at (an occupation or task).
(m) to express the dativus incommodi, the person adversely
affected by the action.
60(n) expressing constraint, compulsion: ata f. ¤ is incum-
bent on; owing from (see fíach).
(o) expressing worth, value .
(p) phrases.
(q) after adj.
65 III In verbal construction.
IV Replacing AR.
I Of local relations: on, upon , expressing both contact
and relative position ( over, above ); also of mere external
contact or position.
70(a) on, over, above: buith f. ¤ ochtrach Ml 129c2 . a mbís f. ¤
altoir ind idil Wb 10a6 . ind altóir fora n-idparar 5b6 . cen
chaille f. ¤ a ciunn (gl. non uelato capite) Wb 11c9 . den
chamull fora mbói Tur 60 . Conall ... forsin Deirg mounted
on
LL 122a34 . bretha ind óic ... f. ¤ fúataib immach were
75carried out on biers
LU 1595 . contuletsom f. ¤ a ndergodaib
1829 . suidfid ... f. ¤ a chathair 2319 . luid ... co raba f. ¤
a úaitni 1723 . is fota a chubat f. ¤ lár his measurement is
long (when he is stretched) on the ground
1605 . fochartatar
grith imme co mbátar f. ¤ lár in tige 7560 ( BDD 109 ). See
80also s.v. lár. Often = in: co mboí f. ¤ medon ind lis LU 1608 .
cach óen creitfes ... f. ¤ nim ní bá tróg LU 9495 . cid f. ¤ tír cid
f. ¤ usci cid f. ¤ fidchill cotrisam whether it be on land or on
water we contend, or over a chessboard
1674 . dia ḟagbáil
i fid no i fidbaid, f. ¤ tír no usci LL 220ax ( TTr. 237 = ar
85muir na ar tir BB 414a37 ). co forcongrad lais ... | na beth
f. ¤ crích n Israhél SR 6216 (cf. atat cinedhaigh ar an fásach
sin dianad ainm B., Maund. 49 ). co ra churet cath forsinn
[ḟ]aithchi sin co torsed fuil formna fer furri LL 221b18 ( TTr.
323 ). Cf. coro airet ... lá n-air ar inn [ḟ]aigthisea LL 221b15
( TTr. 320 = ... isin f. ¤ BB 415a23 ). atchiu fer ... for sin
5maig LU 4564 . cid fó cid for ... beme whether we be above
or beneath
YBL 12a10 . in fú talam no f. ¤ talam? Trip.²
1118 . iarna bádhadh forsan abhainn `after she had been
drowned in the river
' Cóir Anm. 255 . ind uisci f. ¤ ind nim
anúas (gl. super caelum) Ml 120d7 . domarfás and ... mothur
10... ḟairside anúas LL 235b14 ( TTr. 1375 ). cíid f. ¤ in mac
weeps over the child ZCP viii 311.14 . ro chí f. ¤ a muime,
Trip.² 115 . No chanta ór fírindi fair used to be chanted over
him
BDD 11 . banchuiri f. ¤ colaind Fraích LU 5236 . a
fuini f. ¤ grís to bake it on the embers SR 3903 . a scéith f. ¤ a
15cennaib dia sáerad LU 5888 . f. ¤ bith, f. ¤ domun, f. ¤ talmain,
freq. in sense above ground, anywhere on earth, in existence:
in dia as dech f. ¤ bith buan SR 3973 . in t-én as luaithiu
luamain f. ¤ bith LU 2477 (cf. ní boí isin bith ... 3377 ). cenco
beind acht óenlá f. ¤ domun alive 5060 . ni raibi forsin domun
20ingen bid chaime ... YBL 189b3 ( RC xxiv 198 ). (cf. ni
fuil ní ar doman ina esbaid acht fín, Maund. 159 . ni fuigh-
bither ... ar bith ná ar doman, CCath. 262 ). cech mil beo
baí f. ¤ talmain SR 1930 . See also s.v. fot, fúait, 2 ed.
Of wounds, bruises, etc. cned f. ¤ corp, Laws ii 156.20 .
25 facbait .l. cned fairseom LU 4967 . co lín crechta f. ¤ a chnis
4547 .
(b) Of approximate position, juxtaposition, on, at, by:
... file cuimrecha formsa Wb 23a5 . ata árchú lemsa ...,
tri slabrada fair LU 5001 . buithe f. ¤ dese Dé on God's right
30hand
Ml 128a3 . ani f. ¤ laim deis `that on the right hand'
[side] Thes. ii 255.8 . Fergus ... f. ¤ láim Ailello isin phupull
... M. f. ¤ a láim aili do Alill LU 4619 . Cf. O. ar a láim clí,
┐ M. f. ¤ a láimsein, ┐ E. ara láimhsein, Acall. 2256 . (but:
bachla f. ¤ láim SR 3915 corresponds to tenentes baculos in
35manibus Exod. xii 11 . See lám). dún ..., dorus umaide
fair LU 1793 . batar ... da dorus forsin uaim PH 6316 . dorus
... as nesu ille is fair ro sudiged M., LU 2084 . ra sudigit
... secht ṅdorais furri LL 227a ( TTr. 737 ). conéracht
Glaiss C. fríu ... féotár fuirri (.i. f. ¤ a bru) LU 5363 . cath f. ¤
40brú Derguist 224 . f. ¤ brú puirt G., LL 219b marg. inf. ( TTr.
142 ). f. ¤ a mbeulu (gl. prone cadentium) Ml 131b6 . form
dreich sea facing me LU 3892 (see drech). dofessid f. ¤
gualaind C. seated himself beside C. 8076 (but in 5293 , 5294 , 5295
the literal meaning `on the shoulder' is probably intended).
45See gúalu. sléchtaid ... f. ¤ díb traigthib ind noeb, Ériu
ii 204.9 . Cf. is ar bordaibh cuirid iat they put them (sitting)
at tables Maund. 39 . fon domun f. ¤ cech leth (gl. longe
lateque) Ml 53b9 . tho ḟolt scailti ... f. ¤ cach n-óenleth SR
1602 . biait ar mná ... f. ¤ bróntib at the querns (i.e. grinding
50corn, cf. II l) LU 5610 . nírb áelid dóib ar buí in slúag
forro for cech leth LU 1441 .
Cf. the fig. expressions: f. ¤ belib (gl. in caritate non ficta)
Wb 15a37 . f. ¤ bréthir (oppd. to in corde) 15d5 . indí forsa
n-airisedar in gním (gl. in quem fit actus) Sg 139b1 . is
55mithig forchenn fair Ml 118b6 .
Of pregnancy: in tan robtar lán a n-noí mís f. ¤ Cormac
when she had carried C. for nine months ZCP viii 310.31 .
Cf. ba torrach f. ¤ C. ib. 29 . See torrach. Possibly this
use belongs rather to II.
60(c) Freq. in sense upheld, supported by, also being worn
(esp. of weapons, ornaments; IMM is regularly used of
clothes) or carried by: Crist co crunn a cruche foir fesin
(i.e. carrying it) Tur 123 . acht robed arma Dae foirib Wb
22d15 . gaibid armma Dae foirib 22d11 . día mbeth gaisced
65foraib if they carried arms LU 7296 ( BDD 94 ). fotalsceith
foraib LU 4491 . sciath f. ¤ a chliu LL 241b34 ( TTr. 1856 ). scíath
... f. ¤ a muin LU 10664 . claideb f. ¤ a ṡliastaib 9269 . claideb
...f. ¤ a chris 6561 . dulend f. ¤ a bruinnib 9267 . ticfat da
dam ... ┐ tabraidsi in carpat foraib (= harness them to it)
70 3124 . ro inled a carpatt forna echu, Trip.² 2852 . ro loisc
... in cherdcha forro `set fire to the forge in which they were'
(cf. II (m)) RC xxiv 194 ( YBL 188b ). f. ¤ óenchoiss (standing)
on one leg LU 6983 . atchiat insi ... f. ¤ óenchois on a single
pillar
LU 1936 (cf. II j, 2).
75(d) after vb. of placing, hoisting, over, up: focress a
phupall f. ¤ Ailill LU 4618 . Claitir in fert fair ZCP viii 560.33 .
tuargabsat T. idnaid catha forru LL 225a37 ( TTr. 552 ).
toccbaid for mergedha foraibh, CCath. 610 . ro toccbait a
fainbreiti siuil forta 2870 . ra tocbait a eoin gaithi ... ḟurri
80`its vanes were uplifted' (of a ship) TTr. 140 ( LL 219a8 ).
(fig.) tuárgabad fornn aire fochide Wb 14b22 .
Cf. la turcbail a mátan fair LU 6560 , where the prep.
evidently refers to the performer of the action. Similarly:
tócbaid in derba fair ┐ dobeir bulli in [sic] cend na mná
85 4357 .
(e) Of things attached to, or forming part of a body,
etc., as, parts of weapons; hair, limbs; leaves of trees,
etc.: manais f. ¤ crúnd midsing LU 4491 . folt buidi furri
4512 . mong ... fair 10795 . in folt ... ro asair furri
4231 . tri cruindberrtha foraib 7139 . ni lugu bís finn fo
5a dernaind oldās fuirri anúas (of a hare), Bodl. Corm. s.v.
pattu. a chend féin f. ¤ ind ir út LU 460 . cēt muinēl furri
┐ cét cend f. ¤ cach muineol 2430 . cét bass ... cét n-ingen f. ¤
cach oenbaiss 888 . .l. torc ... co cruib eich foraib = having
the hooves of a horse
Ériu xii 176.9 ( T.Etaíne III 9 ). rethi
10co n-olaind ordai fair LL 218a36 ( TTr. 93 ). lia nat luibi f. ¤
maigaib SR 935 . nach crann fors mbeth duilirath 1364 .
ásfaid ind oland forsnaib cairib LL 291b26 ( RC xiii 462 .
Cf. olann ... mar bis ar caerchaib ..., Maund. 181 ). di lus
bís forsnaib caircib Tur 115 . lir ... fér f. ¤ faichthi LU 7233
15( BDD 89 ). lir ... dulli f. ¤ fidbaid LL 120b33 . Cf. dorigni
cúach cera da gnúis ┐ da agid fair LU 6453 . brisfed mo
chend formsa 5275 . co mmebaid a chend fair 5300 where
the prep. apparently imparts precision or emphasis, but
cf. II (m). co tarla a di bond bána fair (= he became a corpse)
20 LU 1497 ( MU² 987 ). a mbuind banai forra iarna trascrad
RC xii 90 (see bonn). Cf. techtaid delba ... fair LU 2701 ,
cited II (a) below.
(f) In, amongst; forming a part of, mixed with: Colman
diata Clann Colmáin f. ¤ Feraib Li (i.e. belonging to F.L.)
25 ZCP viii 293.31 (= a quo Cl.C. hi F.L., Rawl. 140a18 ). Mail D.
a quo sil M.D. f. ¤ Huib Echdach, Rawl. 140a21 = ZCP viii
294.4 . bátar Cristaidi forna cathaib sin diblínaib in both
those battalions
Marco P. 64 .
(g) With acc. After verb or vn. implying motion on,
30 to, towards: intí do thuit foir Wb 4d15 . for a mbeulu (gl. prone cadentium) Ml 131b6 . dosfuit f. ¤ lar SR
1719 . techt f. ¤ nem Wb 15c22 . lotair f. ¤ muir LU 1697 .
amal no théigtis suas forin drochet 1794 . dofutitis écne
... anúas f. ¤ talmain 1916 . berthair uaimse f. ¤ altóir A. 1932 .
ro díbairgsi certli forsin luiṅg LL 221b46 ( TTr. 344 ). ní
35cían ro saig mu suil forsa muir not far doth mine eye reach
over the sea
Trip.² 1312 (114) . na taít f. ¤ culu Wb 25c14 .
in grían do thecht ... f. ¤ culu Ml 61a13 (see cúl). cingid
... di cach biur f. ¤ araili LU 5733 . téit ara chend forsin
taulaig 5759 . saidsíus f. ¤ medón na glassi 4797 . timachtatár
40taris ... la crand f. ¤ scíathu by (beating) shafts against shields
5828 . do theged fian ... do seilg fairsium 6138 . benaim
beimend ... f. ¤ slóg 6171 . Cf. nicon tetarraid béim ...
fair 5977 . ní lamar fuligud forrosom 4960 . Also fig.: léim
... dind tinchosc ... f. ¤ aisndiis di thuiste dúile Wb 5c16 .
45 ni tāinig cride neich fair no one had pity on him RC xxiv
48 (see DO-ICC).
In late MSS. the dat. pl. is common here: guro tuitseat
f. ¤ fanglenntaibh na tiri, CCath. 866 .
Across, by way of: nachab ticfed for rí ... do imthecht
50foirib a doirsea Ml 46a14 . f. ¤ sligi M. dochoidsi LU 5788 .
issed dollotar ... .i. f. ¤ Muicc C. ... f. ¤ Crond, hi Cualngi across
Muicc C. ... across Crond, into Cualnge
4593 - 4608 . tiat A.
... f. ¤ Midlúachrae. ragmaine ┐ F. f. ¤ Bernas nU. 5396 .
comergit ... ara ammus, araill dib f. ¤ less, araill f. ¤ doras liss
55 5017 . fócoislé f. ¤ forlés in tige 10910 (cf. con-acca in n-én
forsin forléss a ddochum BDD 7 ). co tánic a inchind f. ¤
a chlúasa LU 5286 . co ndeochaid f. ¤ a béolo sair 6026 . docoised
ferchend fora beolu 5919 . maidid a loim fola f. ¤ a beolu
LL 273az .
60See also under the verbs of motion referred to in III
below, and such words as leth, lorg, selg, slicht, etc.
In follg. ex. the meaning is not clear: ro túaslaicthe f. ¤
aicned na ndūl dia ndernta LU 2518 (`according to the
nature
' Stokes, RC xxv 237 ). Cf. ro tuaislaiced fo aicned
65na ndula `was resolved into the original nature of the elements'
PH 6980 .
II Of quasi-local relations, and in abstract and fig.
expressions:
(a) of form, appearance, hue, flavour: delb a bais som
70form Wb 24a8 . delb anmandae foraib Ml 130a3 . ecosc
n-abstal forib Wb 24a25 . condarbastar gné fírinne fuiri
Ml 95b6 (cf. delb domárfas fair LU 4576 ). atá comarde
fuirib Wb 21a5 . (Cf. the lit.: bíth comardae f. ¤ a mbudin
LU 5540 ). techtaid delba ┐ gnei écsamla fair LU 2701 ,
75 cf. I (e), end. is follus ... gné mbróin fairseom 2279 . datha
na flesc ... hed nobid forsna huanaib SR 2964 . na treoit
┐ dath óir f. ¤ a n-alaind LL 218a45 ( TTr. 99 ). sruth ... co
rath somailse foir Ml 89d3 . bieid rath somailse f. ¤ a belru
89c15 . secip blas bá mellach ... fogebed fair LU 1788 .
80 tintud Septin ... is he fil forna psalmaib (= the psalms are
translated from the Septuagint version) Hib. Min. 10.334 .
(b) of arrangement, state, process; division, classification;
naming: inna imthanad .i. fele [ = file] forsnaib ráthib Ml
93c7 . ataat .uii. ngne forsin chombug `the confraction
85is of seven kinds
' Thes. ii 254.7 . oengles foraib huile SR
92 . ataat deora erndaili forsin canoin, Hib. Min. 3.63 .
atat cetri gnuse forsin canoin ib. 78 . cis lir rann fil f. ¤ crū?
Ériu i 214.12 . atat tri altai leusom f. ¤ ind gabail (of singing
the Canticles), Mon. Tall. § 33 (= atad dá mhodh ara n-abair-
thear íad, Rule of T. 102 ). cia ord bias forru LU 2575 .
5 is diall femin file fair it is of the feminine declension Sg 93b2 .
doralsat óenclár catha foraib dia tobairt LU 1478 ( MU²
955 ; `formed themselves into a solid phalanx' Sc. G. St.
v 30 ). daringsetar comraind slúaig forru LL 224b30 ( TTr.
550 ). ni rabi cumsanad forsin chathugud sin ... the fighting
10did not cease
LL 242a3 ( TTr. 1873 ). conach bui nach
tairisimh f. ¤ a n-urcoraib occo, CCath. 5660 . ro tṡeindestar
C. a timpan ┐ tuc nuallorgan sidhe fuirri, Acall. 4620 . ro
dercsat na moli ... for fogluasacht, ┐ ni facadar seoladh
no iomramh fortó they saw the ... masses in movement yet
15they did not see them being sailed or rowed
CCath. 2655 . Of
names: nipa far n-ainmsi bias forib Wb 4d2 . da n-ainm
fuirri ZCP viii 106 § 5 . roboí ... oc iarraid a anma do bith
forsin cnuc LU 3150 . combad de sin nobeth Almu furri
3145 . Mane f. ¤ cach fir díb ┐ forainm f. ¤ cach Mani 6847 .
20 a ainm do bith forsin luing ┐ f. ¤ a fairind LL 219a30 ( TTr.
158 ). atá Dún tri liacc d'ainm fair, Acall. 1178 . See also
s.v. for-tá.
(c) Of point of time; coincidence of occurrence: fēli
... do curither for dardain no mairt, Rule of Céli D. 9 ( LB
25 9b ). do toscelad aiss aesci far caisc `to ascertain the moon's
age on Easter
' Thes. ii 39.24 ; 27 . cid lae sechtmaine
fora mbí Kl. Ian. 41.17 . calainn Enair for dardaín ZCP
viii 111.6 . Ann. Conn. 1226 , etc. Kl. enair for Domnuch
┐ xuiii furri New Year's day on a Sunday and the 18th of
30the moon on it
[lit. her, calann, f.] AI 43c (1206) = ALC i 234 .
in la forsmbi bisex, Fél. 78.11 . ind naob asa feil bís for
ind láo, Mon. Tall § 8 (= sa feil do biodh ar an la sin, Rule
of T. 42 ). for cach ló every day CCath. 358 .
(d) on (of that by which something is evident, known,
35recognized, etc.): rēil f. ¤ a mbrēthir ōn a n-andach imme
ro[r]daisset `is clear from their word' Ml 90d16 . is reil
fornn ... condrancamar fria morolcc SR 1347 . follus f. ¤
th'erlabra fén do pheccad PH 5169 . ni ro airigsium fort
... .i. f. ¤ do gnímrad ... ailcius dula dochúm nime ocut 8213 .
40 is follus f. ¤ suidhichthibh na Roma conad docra ... congbail
in cadusa ina fogbail in ratha, CCath. 803 . Cf. ba follus
a n-anádh [sic leg.] fein f. ¤ na Romanchaib the ill-luck of the
Romans was manifest
810 (cf. e). Cf. ba mor in galur di,
dael oca diul ... ni fitir nech sin furri, Fél. 44.1 (possibly
45= she showed no sign of it, though also it might = no one
knew she was so afflicted). Cf. also: ni fitir nech dib f. ¤
araile a n-imchossait do B. LU 8251 . Cf. (m) last cit.,
and see 1 ráthaigid.
(e) With words expressing quality, talent, success, etc.
50indicating the possessor of these: is foraib bíaid búaid
in tslóig LU 4631 (`it is to their credit the victory of the hosts
will be
' Faraday, Cattleraid of C.). ní fair bías a nós nách
a allud nach a irdarcus acht is fortso LU 6376 (cf. is oraibsi
bias a nós ┐ a allud ┐ a urdarcus, Acall. 3575 Fr; R). itát
55tri búada formsa .i. búaid roisc, etc. I have three talents,
i.e. the talent of sight, etc. LU 4791 . rath fortsu ... ina
lōg sin 3114 . bátár teóra búada aradnachta forin n-araid
in lá sin 6407 (cf. buaid lamaig ort! Acall. 4809 ). ba ferr
leo a mudhughudh innas a somain f. ¤ a naimdib `they
60preferred to destroy them than to benefit their enemies there
with
' CCath. 2484 . Cf. ni fil do chonāch formsa in fer sin
im fiednaisi 3576 (testem hunc fortuna negavit Phars. vi 159 ).
(f) over (of rule, sway; superior might): a cumacte f. ¤
a mogaib Wb 27c16 . mu chumachtae forna doini Ml 56b2 .
65 bit flathi f. ¤ cāch 85b2 . a cumachta f. ¤ dúlib LL 218b6 ( TTr.
106 ). doratsat rīgi ... | do Dauid ... | f. ¤ túathaib SR
6620 . i n-aimsir Cinaeda ... f. ¤ Albain 2350 . Temair ...
cen rechtgi ríg furri LU 3440 . mairg forsa mbía do thigernu
demon 2225 . ro gab tra nert Saxan f. ¤ Bretnu ... ┐ rogab
70O. rige forru 277 . bui rí amra f. ¤ Érinn BDD 1 . bai rí f. ¤
Ultaib YBL 114b6 . co raghbhaitis oénrig forru, TTr.²
1339 . (cf. rí ar gach tír, Maund. 243 . Eogan mac M. ... ar
tsil nA. 6 . Magidoin ... is uirri sin da bí Alaxander na ríg
21 ). tussu ... do giallud forni LU 1674 . ropada[t] trēn f. ¤
75ōcaib 6720 . ni fríth fornert nacha fini foraib cosindiu
`never until to-day did any tribe oppress you' TTr. 1645
( LL 239a13 ).
(g) upon, in addition to (see do-formaig): fair anuas
in addition to it Cáin Ad. 25 . cach ae f. ¤ alaill (gl. cumu-
80larentur) Ml 96b4 . cumal f. ¤ a secht eight cumals Laws iv
330.8 ( Críth G. 464 ). óen f. ¤ trí secht twenty-two Met Dinds.
iii 98 . sé scripuil f. ¤ unga an ounce and six scruples Cáin
Ad. 44 . mis f. ¤ bliadain a year and a month Arch. iii 3.9 . ro
marbhadh fer f. ¤ a deich diobh BNnÉ 107 § 25 . fer f. ¤ leth
85Connacht `more than half the C.' Cóir Anm. 251 (cf. treab
ar leth Alpan IT ii2 123.32 . duine ar leith fer nErenn SG
20.36 ). tercda arro tuilled da forsin focul cert where `da'
has been added to the right word
LU 462 ( ACC 2 Comm. ).
dobeir Dia traig cacha bliadna f. ¤ a lethet adds a foot to
its width
LU 1843 . ind forcraid fil f. ¤ aicniud what exceeds
5nature
2559 . a nduesta día aīs som co ndigsed f. ¤ áes a
maicc, Trip.² 1268 . Cf. da beind f. ¤ tri fichtib rend LU 1271
(`Two antlers with three score points' Im. Br. ii 297 ).
forib nó sech na huili predicta (gl. super omnia
autem haec) Colloss. iii 14 ) Wb 27b20 .
10From this use arises the sense in succession to, after ,
the development is plain in the earlier exx. quoted below:
du fuairthed ní leu f. ¤ a sāith din main = some of the manna
used to remain over when they had had their fill Ml 97d10 .
a canar ... for sen `what is chanted ... thereafter' Thes.
15 ii 253.14 (Stowe Miss.). loim f. ¤ sāith LU 3610 ( SC 30 ).
cleirech ... lasmbí ní f. ¤ a leortu who has more than suffices
him
Ériu vii 156 § 10 . doformagar a dligid ... forsanní
doruirmisem over and above what we have enumerated Ériu
i 220 § 15 . in biat forsa canar immon Muiri `the Beati
20 after which the Hymn to Mary is sung
' Mon. Tall. § 30
(corresp. to: don bhiaid le n-abradh I.M., Rule of T. 90 ).
ind bi[a]t forsa ndene ind crosfigild `the Beati after which
he performs the cross-vigil
' ib. (corresp. to: le ndeunamh
an chr., Rule of T. 90 ). canair magnificat furri ib. (= Cantar
25M. uirre, Rule of T. 90 ). cétbliada[i]n f. ¤ bisex ... bliada[i]n
tanaiste f. ¤ bisex the first year following leap-year ... the
second year
... RC xviii 296 - 300 . cf. it bliadni fuir bissext,
Thes. ii 39.22 (cf. AI 1101 ). ind ráithe dothét foir .i. samrad
ZCP viii 175z . forsind ochtmugait bliadnae són `over the
30eighty years
' (gl. supra uotum uiuendi) Ml 111b22 .
In the follg. exx. we have a slightly different develop-
ment of meaning; in addition to, along with: oc ool usci ...
do dig forsna glasluibib SR 1894 = ... fér in talman do
chaithem ... ┐ usce do dhig fair LB 113a26 (cf. superbibere).
35 Cf. further: o duillib in crainn sin d'ól ar uisque , Maund. 160 .
(h) (1) on, i.e., affecting, afflicting (of emotions, physical
or mental states or conditions, joy, sorrow, fear, anxiety,
sickness, pain, hunger, etc.; see also under words expressive
of these): comadas lobre et immomon forsin mug Wb
40 8b1 . ni bi nach dethiden foir 10b9 . ata dethiden fuiri
cene 3d34 . sním fora menmain Ml 89b7 . is e for snimsa
fil formsa `it is care for you that I feel' CCath. 5148 . dond
imniud roboí forsin popul Ml 103b9 . ni baí imneth foraib LU
5832 . nicon robae ni form acht failte Ml 104d2 . biith
45galar ... fortsu Wb 29a26 (cf. mina roibh cosachtach air,
Ros. Angl. 288.10 ). cia rodbatar tirbithi aili fornn Wb
14d13 . boí toirrsi f. ¤ a muime, Trip.² 156 (cf. ni do thabirt
toirse fuiribsi anísiu Wb 14a14 ). atā ēcen mōr fornd LU
1562 . in machdad ... roboí forsnaib doirsib Ml 46a19 .
50 in cóe ... boí f. ¤ sluagaib I., SR 5806 . intí forsa mbeith ítu
mór, Mon. Tall. § 48 (= damadh mor an ita do bhiadh ar
neach, Rule of T. § 98 ). bo geis don filidh anfis do beith
fair, Arch. iii 4.20 . Cf. i n-ítaid, i ngalur, etc. LU 2350 - 51 .
cen ainbthini foraib (gl. fluctus ... in stationes suas rediunt)
55 Ml 121a5 .
With adjectives: arnap trom fuirib for n-oínur
Wb 14d17 . trummu foraib som imram ... quam techt
... Ml 126a4 . ní réid fort you do not find it easy LU
4789 (cf. ro étrummaigset doíri forna cenela Ml 113c8 ).
60 ni ba mór forumsa sain LL 234a34 ( TTr. 1278 = BB 426b42 ).
ni mó formsa ... cid fiala a flaithe, Arch. iii 296.38 . See
also s.v. bec (beg). Some exx. with ESBAID may be mentioned
here although in O.Ir. it takes AR of person deprived :
na raib form esbaid SR 1584 . cen essbaid nacha maithiusa
65foraib LU 2042 ( FA 12 ).
(2) of purpose, attention: scríbend menmman .i. robboí
f. ¤ a inndṡliucht som `it had been in his mind' Sg 178b4 .
in sét atá form aire on which I am intent Ériu vi 115 . Cf.
nicon fil f. ¤ menmain damsa sin, Ériu viii 156.22 .
70(i) governing object of blessing, cursing, punishing,
etc.: mallacht ... for a n-apaid LU 2436 . mallacht fort
beolu LL 272b2 . dígal ... forru Wb 1d3 . conicc dígail
forib 6a17 . ni dechudsa cucuib ... do aidbiur foirib Wb
14c40 . bendacht Dé f. ¤ Díchuin, Trip.² 387 . bendecht f. ¤
75Firu Cúle 2157 . bennacht dé ┐ ande fort LU 6852 . bai a
mbennacht f. ¤ Iosiaph SR 3552 . ní ó gothaib ... dogénat
... in molad sa f. ¤ Dia LU 2676 .
(j) (1) existing on, by means of (a food, diet): ros altatar
f. ¤ carnaib mac ṁbec reared her on Rawl. 132a5 ( Expuls. 8 ).
80 adbert nad ebalta lee hē f. ¤ lacht BB 497a17 (= Dinds. 142 ).
teora bliadnai f. ¤ usciu ┐ bargin, Ériu vii 140.5 . secht mís
... f. ¤ usce ┐ bargin RC xv 489z (ar usci ┐ b. 491.1 ). rosáeth
linni do bithsiu f. ¤ uisciu LU 6051 . Cf. xl dies f. ¤ doborfiit
forty days on water-diet Thes. ii 38.29 (see PIT, and Suppl.
85to Thes., p. 67 ). roboi si f. ¤ suidiu co cend mbliadna she
was on that ration for a year
Mon. Tall. § 60 . dā cēd bliadh-
ain doib f. ¤ iascc, f. ¤ enlaith, Leb. Gab. i 30 . conid furri
[ = forsin chloich] buí sásad dó etir biadh ┐ digh (of a stone
placed in his cheek), Cáin Ad. 12 . Cf. coro rosind mo
ṡáith f. ¤ t'acaldaimsiu, Mon. Tall. § 25 (= mo shaith cainnte
5d'fhaghail riotsa, Rule of T. § 81 ).
(2) a similar use is relying on, depending on; some-
times = content with (some of the citations however seem
to approach the meaning under k): do berar mac an righ
... f. ¤ aoncois ┐ aonlaim ┐ aonshuil (i.e. having the use of
10these only, cf. the corresp. passage: Rex ... habebat filium
qui erat c[a]ecus, claudus et surdus VSH ii 146 ) BNnÉ 185.14 .
Cf. .ccc. fear f. ¤ aencossaib ┐ f. ¤ aenlamaib ┐ aensuilib BB
372a45 ( Dinds. 41 ). See also I (c), end. cethri coicid E.
form laim ┐ form gail ┐ form gaisced do aurscartad di Maig
15M. `on my hand and my valour and my weapons it rests to
sweep the four-fifths of E. from M. M.
' RC iii 179 ( LL 121a12 ).
Ni horum ata, acht forma tuismidhtoraib (= it is not for
me to decide
), St. Ercuil 932 . mád día loga bemitni f. ¤ a
breith mani loga ... ni bemni forsind recht sin if he forgives
20we will abide by his judgment ... if he does not forgive we
will not abide by that law
LU 9753 . foemuis ... oirisium f. ¤
dliged a sen, Marco P. 25 . on tsaeibhdliged fora taithe 24 .
bid inund comairle f. ¤ a mbiat LU 2639 . ni bar óenscéol
atát na druid the druids do not agree LL 265a39 ( MU² 452 ),
25 a airm f. ¤ congbail ina laim grasped in his hand CCath.
3546 . conimragba f. ¤ greis. ┐ dītin ... dom imdegail ar
demnaib YBL 327a16 ( Ir. Lit. 34 ), see greis. See also
comairce, fáesam, etc. Here probably: bid maith a ana
f. ¤ cethru his wealth in cattle ZCP x 225 § 2 . dogegaind | anad
30sunn f. ¤ bicc ḟeraind, Trip², 1273 (= content with ?). Cf.
also Corm. Y 211 cited supra, col. 192.3. appraind ná
bása f. ¤ mo nirt would I had been in my strength ! LU 6370 . Cf.
in tan roboí Mac C. f. ¤ a áltaib isind ármaig when Mac C.
lay wounded on the field
LU 7964 ( BDD 162 ). Cf. far diall
35tanaisiu of the second declension. Sg 106b20 . is fuire side
daroine O. in Félire in this (metre) O. composed the F. Fél. 4 .
The uses illustrated, respectively, in the two sections
following are not always easy to distinguish. The principal
difference is that (k) usually expresses passivity rather
40than activity. Some of the exx. there might possibly be
assigned to (j), while in (l) action, purpose is implied. For
later exx. see AR, where the absence of lenition in these
uses betrays the original prep.
(k) With abstr. or vn. , also with adj. in (a state, con-
45dition) : amal mbīs rothmol ... f. ¤ bithimpud SR 200 . f. ¤
tuili doib they were in flood 2523 . sruth ... f. ¤ teibirsin,
Marco P. 5 . sornd tentide f. ¤ lassad blazing LU 2101 . ina
lócharnaib f. ¤ lassad 2055 (but : secht míle ... oc lassad
2057 ). aithinni f. ¤ derglassad, CCath. 903 . co togrennitis
50... inna heonu f. ¤ luamain LU 5159 . co mbui f. ¤ foluamain
imma chend LL 225aw ( TTr. 600 ). batar na Desi f. ¤ fainnel
as cach inud na chéli LU 4433 . f. ¤ fainiul a lluc i lluc 249 .
foendul ┐ sechrán PH 1909 . co rabatar lestra ... in tige f. ¤
snám, Trip.² 114 . co rabhadur na botha ... f. ¤ snam `floating'
55 CCath. 2347 . o ro linad ind arc ... robaí in digal f. ¤ imluad
SR 2510 . a mbatár ... f. ¤ imluad forsna tonnaib LU 1864 .
Rí ... ro horddaig in nUan iarsin tsleib f. ¤ a imluad SR 594
( Rev. xiv 1 ). Cf. na bi f. ¤ snim th'aislinge SR 3282 (= na
tab- hi snim LB 115b46 ; nacatabrad imsnim BB 238a24 ).
60f. Cf. f. ¤ othrus, f. ¤ folach B.Crólige 26 ff . f. ¤ longais in exile
Ml 93d3 . cia bemni f. ¤ longais LU 4861 (= f. ¤ loinges riam
TBC² 371 ). cach oen fil f. ¤ loinges ┐ teched PH 460 . Cf. ba
hé a lín f. ¤ a longais SR 6276 . boí f. ¤ merogod LU 1642 .
rabaí f. ¤ merfaill ┐ merugud ic iarraid a aite LL 220a41
65( TTr. 233 ). bith deitsiu f. ¤ merogod tige oiged LU 6757 ( BDD
27 ). f. ¤ aig thaig SR 3477 . forsin reim sin LL 232b ( TTr.
1239 ). f. ¤ comror- cain in error PH 6602 . f. ¤ fírinne in the
right 2671 . is fír forstā Lucifur SR 1839 (j ?). anmanda ...
bis f. ¤ cennsacht ┐ pettacht `tamed and petted' CCath. 2453 .
70 conacca dá ech f. ¤ sgur unharnessed ZCP viii 106.23 . roboí
F. f. ¤ altram la hAni LL 165az (= Dinds. 142 ). boí leis f. ¤ cui
LU 10941 (see coe, fecht). dind riuth forsa taith Wb 20b6 .
connfaca na tri leogain ... f. ¤ dasacht ina ndocum, St.
Ercuil 389 . sccuiridh don dasacht fora taithi the madness
75which possesses you
BNnÉ 7 § 23 .
Cf. dā fercoin ... fur an dath cētna of the same color
ZCP vi 29.18 (rosg ar dath gloine guirme, GF. DDána 234 .
ar chruth ┐ ar dheilbh Dé, TSh. 1329 ). With adj. f. ¤ cloen
inclined Thes. ii 254.19 . ni bia lamnad f. ¤ cōir normal delivery
80 ZCP viii 111.25 .
After verb of motion : docoid O. ... dochum Poil f. ¤ longis
`had gone to Paul into exile' Wb 31d19 . di[a] luid D. f. ¤
longais Ml 55c1 . tiagat f. ¤ teiched 54b12 . ar foít f. ¤ techt-
airechta Wb 15a15 . téit f. ¤ teched LU 4917 (tíagait ar
85teched 4965 , both in hand of M). tigc ceo ann ... ┐ do luid
an ri f. ¤ merugud, BColm 70.28 . ria ndula doib f. ¤ a fecht SR
3505 (see FECHT). In : téit ina ndíaid ... f. ¤ echlascad LU
6786 ( BDD 32 ) the meaning is almost `by dint of' (cf. j).
Cf. tainic ina dhochum ... f. ¤ a tuitmennaigh `came ...
stumbling
' CCath. 2199 . ni far maid rosnuicc `it has not
5brought them to good
' Wb 5b3 . ní thaudchaid a brú f. ¤ cóir
LU 6078 . ní téighedh béim ... f. ¤ dimaín `no blow was
delivered in vain
' CCath. 2012 .
See TÉIT, DO-TÉT.
(l) At, engaged in (an occupation or task) : cach la sel
10dún f. ¤ imrádud Dé, in sel aile f. ¤ precept Wb 15d9 . f. ¤ foigdi
25b11 . basa f. ¤ a imcabail I was avoiding him LU 1244 . ma
beith nech f. ¤ a iarair if any one be inquiring about it
Rawl. 70a44 . cia f. ¤ a tai iarair ? whom art thou seeking ?
SR 3096 (co ndechos f. ¤ iarair Etaine LU 10644 ). frisin
15coais f. ¤ a robae som Ml 64a12 . ... inna ndrochgnímae f. ¤ sa
robae Tur 60 . buid f. ¤ tectairecht hó Isu Wb 13b5 .
This construction is widely extended : mí dhóibh forsin
fleighsin they spent a month at that feast Marco P. 88 . go
rabhattar f. ¤ a bproind at their meal BNnÉ 9.10 (cf. similar
20use of Engl. `over'). airet batar ... f. ¤ a trealmaibh
diubraicti `so long as the hosts were discharging their
missiles
' CCath. 5662 . a mbatar ... f. ¤ a mbriathraib
`as they were speaking' Ériu xii 182 § 14 (= LU 10895 ).
ro uhatar tra for [sna] himdigluib sin cēn romarsat `they
25kept up these mutual retaliations
' Arch. iii 2.15 .
(m) To express the dativus incommodi, the person
adversely affected by the action, = in despite of, to the
detriment of. (Cf. the apparently similar use of AR in : ducer
airi airitech ind ríg `he let fall the king's drinking cup'
30 Lism.L. p. 324 = Ir. Texts i 10 § 32 ). cf. atbath airund LU 593 ( ACC 14 ): fó'n missi ro briss
recht ... | foirb ? or was it I that broke the law to your hurt ?
SR 5533 . arna bristé fír fer f. ¤ Coin C. LU 6259 . conbocht
fír fer fairseom 6239 . gabais B. ... in n-insi sea forsna cenela
robátar inti LU 1343 . atraigsetar ... L. do gabail in tiri
35sin forro di cach leith LU 4390 (see GAIBID). dobersa
ferand duib ... la Osraige ... ┐ is cet duibsiu a forsingud
foraib 4439 . iar togail Duin S. furri 5823 . congair ...
immá tech dia gabáil f. ¤ Ulto 1506 ( MU² 1003 ). Tancatar
a námait ... do gabáil tige fair RC xiii 86 ( LL 304a17 ).
40 luidh A. ... do irghabhail a chathrach fair, Marco P. 7 .
do choll etha na hindsi sea fair to injure him by blighting
the corn
Dinds. 18 ( BB 360a15 ). tarraidh Hectoir baegul
f. ¤ Achíl LL 244a16 ( TTr. 2029 ; see báegul). co tairsedh
cach dib a mídúthracht ... f. ¤ araili, CCath. 255 (see
45 tárrachtain).
In some instances it is difficult to distinguish this use
from the local meaning (I c), e.g. ro línad fair in sliab di
énlaithib = graues aues fuerunt erga illum Trip.² 1300 .
Cf. also: ní tae dám i tech fort BDD 16 . is aurgart ...
50corr colpdai do brisiud fair hi tig, Ériu vi 136.85 is taken
in this sense by the editor (fair `in his despite' 141n .), but
cf. I (e) end. In : ro foilghiusa sin ... ┐ ní fitir nech form
cusaniu RC xxvi 366 (= ní fitir nech in folach sin cusandiu
LB 260a20 ) this sense seems implicit, though at first sight
55the ex. might seem to belong to (d).
Cf. use with do-fich (togal), do-gní, fellaid (fell).
(n) expressing obligation, constraint, compulsion (see
fíach; do-beir) : nech forsa tabar a denum `one who is
compelled to do it
' Ml. 54a2 . folach f. ¤ fer nad fuic `where a
60man who injures not has to maintain
' BCrólige § 15 . aith-
gin fuirre i mbās in case of death she is liable for restitution
Laws v 146.6 Comm.
(o) expressing worth, value (late and rare.Cf. IV a) :
dá cét punt f. ¤ cach n-eoch, Marco P. 9 .
65(p) for phrases such as : f. ¤ aird, f. ¤ cel, f. ¤ cúl (cúlu) f. ¤
enech (inchaib), f. ¤ fáesam (comairce), f. ¤ son, etc., see these
nouns.
(q) after adj. gov. obj. of emotion, faculty (rare) : ni
pu f. ¤ seotu santach Hy v 7 ( Thes. ii 328 ). nirbat santach
70forsin bith | nach f. ¤ innem cloen LB 261a8 (= imman
mbith YBL 407a17 ). isam eolach sa f. ¤ a muintir, Aisl.
Tund. 113.2 .
III With a number of verbs in regular syntactical con-
struction or in special expressions. It indicates the indirect
75(in some cases the direct) object (pers. or thing) after verbs
of asking, entreating, seeking; tempting; discussing,
meditating; fighting, attacking, routing, defeating, over-
throwing; blessing, cursing, censuring; suing; enjoining,
commanding; estimating, judging, punishing; giving,
80bestowing; binding, pledging; putting, placing, throwing,
etc., etc. For exx. of use see especially : ad-cobra, ad-cota,
ad-eirrig, ad-fét (ass-indét), ad-slig, ad-suidi, aithnid
(ad-noí), berid, brissid, cessid, con-dieig, dáilid, 2 do-alla,
do-beir, do-cain (díchetul), do-cuirethar, do-écci (dercaid,
85 fégaid), do-ella, do-fich (dígal), do-gní, do-icc, do-indnaig,
do-léici, do-scéulai, do-sluindi (diultad), do-soí, do-tét,
do-tuit, dúnaid, feccaid, feraid (ferthain), foaid, fo-ceird,
fo-coislea, fo-dáli, fo-luigi (see II above), for-congair, fo-
ruimi
, fothraicid, fuabair, gaibid, guidid, íadaid, iarmi-
foig
(iarair), imm-beir, léicid, líid, lingid (léimm), maidid,
5 midithir (mess), moídid, nascid (ar-naisc, fo-naisc), nertaid,
roínid (sroínid), saidid, saigid, soid, sreid, téit, tráchtaid.
Cf. IV below.
IV In Mid. Ir. MSS. sometimes misused for O.Ir. AR,
especially in verbal constructions (see III) :
10(a) on account of, because of, for the sake of: foracsabairsi
foromsa cach maith LU 2397 (H). císsi lóg conattaig f. ¤ a
eladain LL 219a27 ( TTr. 156 ). tabuirsiu f. ¤ do soīre give
[it] for the sake of thy freedom Anecd. iii 30 = ar do sh.,
Lism.L. 190 . ni accatarsom cinnas boí ... a huachtur
15túas f. ¤ a hairde LU 1927 . ni f. ¤ crabud léce do miltnidecht
uait, acht ar omun in catha LB 59b62 ( RC ii
388 ). in fath forar crochad Isu PH 2877 . Cf. na huile
noebnoidenu ro damatar marttra forut [ = erut] YBL 327a2
( Ir. Lit. 34 ). combad f. ¤ Martain dogneth Dia in mírbuil for
20M.'s sake
LB 60a4 ( RC ii 388 ). dia n[d]erntasu formsa
if you would do as I tell you TBC 1802 . ni dearnnsad fair
they did not obey him Dinds. 79 (= BB 390a39 ). ni dernai
E. ḟurri anisein LL 222a6 ( TTr. 351 ). dorónadh fairsium
sin CCath. 2896 . See DO-GNÍ. ro oentuigset in ní sin f. ¤
25Chaillin according to C.'s advice Fen. 178.7 . ic attach in
Choimded ... f. ¤ animmib na ndoine on behalf of PH 6393 .
ro guid M. in Coimdid forru LB 61a5 ( RC ii 398y ).
(b) Freq. with indirect obj. of verbs of concealing,
delivering, rescuing (e.g. celid, do-essairg, fo-luigi, sáeraid,
30 q.v.). In : gan nert cobharta forra fein incapable of helping
themselves
BNnÉ 5 § 11 , FOR replaces FRI, or direct acc.
(= gen. after vn.). (But cf. use of f. ¤ with FORTACHT, and AR
with the late formation FÓIRID) : cid ara n-anci in laech
ḟorrum LL 284a13 ( TTr. 1261 ).
35(c) in some phrases : f. ¤ bélaib (= ar b.) SR 4568 . f. ¤ a
n-inchaib, CCath. 2407.3633 . f. ¤ cend LU 5954 , 5958 (H).
f. ¤ cind 5890 (H). f. ¤ tús LB 61a5 ( RC ii 396x ). FA 3 LB
(= ar thús LU 1967 ). Cf. f. ¤ dus (v.l. f. ¤ tus), CCath. 303 .
See also under these nouns.