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1 forba, forbae n io,n., later m. (vn. of for-fen). n s. forbe
40 Wb 3d5 . forbae 20d16 . a s. forbae Sg 147b3 . d s. forbu
Wb 3d6 . Ml 15a5 . 50c14 . forba (m.; n p. -dha) IGT,
Decl. § 2 (p. 39x) . (a) finishing, completing; end, termi-
nation: iar forbu in gnimo Ml 15a5 . iar forbu a glíad,
Fél. Apr. 19 . iar forba uird in chelebartha, Lat. Lives 84
45(= bhforbhudh, Lism.L. 1607 ). o forbu na do[i]ri Babilonda
co gein Crist , Rawl. 74a36 = forba na daire ... BB 6b46 .
iar forbai ... na comairle ... dō after he had decided on a
plan
PH 92 . f. ¤ ┐ crich do dul for in forbunn rechtaide la
tuidecht soscela 3450 . crich ┐ f. ¤ in tsoegail 3579 . orba
50cindti f. ¤ a bethad dó as soon as the end of his life was certain
BColm. 96.5 . co tanic f. ¤ noí mís, Ériu vii 223 . tanic A. asin
sruth iar f. ¤ na .uii. la .xl. LB 113a29 (= ḟorbad YBL
159a51 ). sepultus est ... a haithli sechtmogat bliadan do f. ¤
ZCP viii 111.29 . i bhf. ¤ na seachtmaine RC xliii 36 § 33 . is me
55tosach na huili dulai, is me a forbai = principium et finis
Fen. 1z . Absol. : in tindscetal ┐ in f. ¤ RC xxiv 192.11 .
gach ndereoil ar tus ┐ gach sainemail co forbu at the end
Auraic. 519 (= omne bonum postponitur). In local sense:
i forbha ┐ i n-imell i[n] tíri, CCath. 1637 . docom an daingin
60boi i f. ¤ in caisil 3711 .
Used adverbially: f. ¤ ráithe do bhí i mbroinn a full
quarter
, Dán Dé xi 15 . beith f. ¤ raithi ag forbaisi ... doibh
AU ii 526 .
(b) culmination, crown: indisit ... don forbai ┐ don
65forciund tṡainemail dorat fa deoid for a rith mbuadai .i.
rochtain ... co hattreb parrduis LB 30b57 (= fhorbadh,
Lism.L. 745 ).
(c) perfection, highest point, acme: forbae caíngníma
(gl. in omni sapientia et prudentia) Wb 20d16 .
70(d) the best (of a class or number); the greater part (cf.
formna): no fiurad f. ¤ Ulad uili al-lán do lind used to suffice
the whole (or all the nobles ?) of the Ulaid
, TFerbe 748 . co
tudchaid Aedan ... ┐ f. ¤ Saxan ┐ Bretan ┐ fer nAlban imbi
YBL 126a18 . gu ndrocair mac righ F. gu bhforbha a
75mhuinnteri, Caithr. CC § 82 . tiucfat fir Chualann atuaid
| f. ¤ a sluaig, Acall. 2684 . buailis in ainbhthine forbha
in loingis, Marco P. 149 [os fhorbha righ in betha, 142 ,
may be a misspelling of orb(b)a, q.v.]. f. ¤ ar n-ech is forbha
ar sēd ZCP viii 548.22 (= formna TBC 1673 ). Goill Rosa
80Comain uile d'[ḟ]orba do marbadh AU ii 408 (= urmhór
Gall R.C. do marbadh FM 1307 , see formór). ba suail
ná rochuirset do láthair in dá oirecht eturru ┐ f. ¤ in chóicid
ar chena SG 63.30 = CCellaig 871 (`it wanted but little of
both Iracht's extinction, or even of the whole province brought
85to an end
' SG ii 67 , but there is no disjunction in the Irish
here: they all but overthrew the two assemblies and the best
of the remainder of the province ?).
Cf. attá sund f. ¤ fessa fer ṅHerenn LL 129b47 . docuatar-
san i forbha a bhfesa ┐ a n-eolusa (of druids resorting
to their magic) RC xliii 36 § 33 (corresp. to: i formna a
5feasa, etc. 48 § 36. See formna). tuc f. ¤ n-ecomluinn ┐ sinedh
romor for a churp (of a violent effort), 42 § 40 .

2 forba : x see forbba.

forbach (-bech) (vn. of for-boing ?) the instances suggest
an extraordinary levy, `surtax'; e.g., when a client is
10wounded his lord is entitled to a third of the fine, so not only
can the lord levy his own coirpdire but also a proportion of
another's; the latter is a forbach ( O'C. 1623 , cited below. This
third, however, is apparently levied out of the amount due to
the injured man, so does not increase the payment due from
15the defendant): f. ¤ , forbuain ` exaction, extortion, additional
fine exacted by the chief', O'Don. Suppl. forbag .i. for fiach,
O'Mulc. 581 . f. ¤ .i. cuid na marbh: cumal fhorbaigh do
mhuinntir Dhe, O'Cl., folld. by P. O'C. with definition
` donations or legacies left by the dead for charitable uses'
20(cf. Cáin Ad. 43 , cited below). In following exx. seems
used of a due or tribute (possibly a supplementary one):
nach forbech dliges rí Locha Léin de Chorco Tri ┐ Orbrigu
... is rand i ndē etir ríg Eoganachta ┐ rí Ciarraige ┐ nach
forbech bis la ríg Ciarraige do righ Locha Léin fācabar la
25Ciarraigi ┐ la rig ┐ is hoén inna foltaib o rig Locha Léin
ZCP viii 316.11 (see folud). gabhla flatha forbach .i. ate
forbuain gablaighthear don ḟlaith sech cach duine is isle in-
ás: a beochoirpdire fein dó, ┐ trian beocoirpdire a daorceile
dó, etc. O'C. 1623 (< 23 Q 6, p. 76 ) = O'Gr. Cat. 81.6 (where
30the text is rendered `Reparations due to a chief are in excess
[of those payable to others]'). cuit forbaig (.i. ... cuid tobaig)
`Eintreibungsanteil' Ir. Recht 34 § 36 . (`der Anteil der in
dem forbach besteht
' p. 35 ). imcengair flaith a foltaib
forbuigh forgeall .i. as eimh cheimnigther a foltaib risna
35flathaib do ní forbuain n-indlighthech tre forg[ell]
imdenma for a ceilib, no eimceimnighther i reir nach aile
on flaith do ní forgell is forbuain n-indligthech ima foltaib
cona nach aile is brethemh for a ceilib H 3.18, 241b ( O'C.
452 ). cf. imcengair ┐ rl. .i. cona berir [benir ?] lan forbhach
40ina miḟoltaib H 3.18 246.29 ( O'C. 468b ). na foachta fo[f]echar
i Cáin Adomnan, dligith munter Adomnain f. ¤ dé [leg. Dé,
Plummer, but that does not suit the constr.] ... .i. cumal
forbaich do muntir Iae airm i n-icatar secht cumala ┐ leth-
chumal di leth secht cumal. se seuit fon trichoit sét any
45injury that is inflicted in [violation of] Cain A. the family
of A. are entitled to an over-levy (?) from it, ... i.e. a `cumal'
of over-levy (?) [is due] to the family of Hy when seven `cumals'
are paid
, etc. Cáin Ad. 43 (see Thurn., ZCP xviii 394 ).
banbeim aicnid ro ferustair ... ar nech do muindtir na
50heclaisi ... is da eclais fein ro soich in f. ¤ sin conadh ocht
screpaill fichit tic as in cumal sin, H 3.18, 426b ( O'C.
997 ). Here it evidently means a proportion of the fine
exacted. oirggis Insi Gall in gargri ... nirbo dograch tuc a
f. ¤ i tír Temrach `their trophies' (tribute wrung from them ?)
55 Arch. Hib. ii 73 § 50 ( LL 184a45 ). Franc forbbaig `an
extorting Frank
') Arch. Hib. ii 71 § 18 ( LL 183b52 ). Form and meaning
doubtful in these two passages. See also O'C. 1756 (ferr
frestal f. ¤ ). O'D. 686 , 638 , 873 . ( H 3 17, c. 503 , 474 , 624 ).
Cf. bid f. ¤ dond imgail `eine Vermehrung(?)' TFerbe 912 .

60 forbachaid v (see 1 forba and foirbthigidir). cura forbachsat
ord na batsi LB 62b23 ( Thr. Hom. 58 , ` completed '). eter
filedaib ┐ fissidib ... ro[m]forbaigedsa co filet a mbesa ┐
a ndána uli limsa LU 10282 .

forbad n m. (late analogical form of 1 forba, often v.l. for
65latter) finishing, completing: forbhadh criochnughadh,
O'Cl. f. ¤ cacha fīr-uilc YBL 304b9 ( MR 166z ). iar f. ¤ a
fogloma RC xxiv 176 § 4 . iar fforbadh a aoisi FM iv 770 .
See also under 1 forba.

forbáes n o,m. great folly or wantonness: g s. (as attrib.) fer
70forbaeis LB 122a30 = forǁbais YBL 293a17 . fer diana besa
... forbaos do radh, O'C. 2425 (< Eg. 88. f. 38b ). forbaes
LU 1569 = forbais, q.v.

forbáeth adj o-ā very foolish, simple: frisin fer ... forbaeth
(: láech) LL 109a20 ( RC xiv 410 ). ind ré foruallach forbaeth
75fil imut, Bodl. Corm. s.v. prull = forbaoth, Corm. Y p. 92 .
g s m. ind ḟir ... forbaíth LU 7476 ( BDD 102b = forbaeth Y).

1 forbaid : x see forbbaid.

2 forbaid n i, (< for + fid `an over-letter' according to KM,
Wortk. § 214 ; but from that we should expect *forbud,
80and cf. forfid `diphthong'). The occasional spelling forpaid
(p = bb) in YBL, e.g. Auraic. 3648 , 3655 supports the deri-
vation for + buith (vn. of biid). Cf. forbbaid. As gramm.
term a letter placed above the vowel of a monosyllable in
Ogham to denote quantity , see ZCP xvii 298 ff . There were
85three `forbaide': forsail, expressed by `s' (i.e. síniud)
signifying `long quantity'; arnin (`for n') expressed by
`n' signifying that the latter at the end of the syllable
is doubled, giving medium quantity to the preceding vowel
(length by position), dínin dísail (`not n and not s'), signify-
ing short quantity, expressed by `d': f. ¤ dno .i. aiccentus
5lasin Laitneoir, Auraic. 810 . f. ¤ fuit for cumair the sign of
length over a short
824 . g s. esse fuirbhthe , Auraic. 907 .
pl. in tan scribthar int ainm ogaim, is and scribtar na
forbaide sea uasu fri realadh fuid ┐ gair no fri tennad 1551 .
Lec. 160rb 4 . ate teora forbaidi docuisin lasin nGaidel
10.i. airnin ┐ forsail ┐ dinin disail 4768 . at iat tri fourbaidi
3660 . ite teora fuirbhthe dochuisnet 1545 . do da f. ¤ na
nguthaige ┐ d aenf. ¤ na taebomna 822 . Cf. forbthi, -e,
1817 , 1855 .