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for-cain v O.Ir. forms: ipv. 3 s. forcanad Wb 12d41 . 2 pl.
forcanid 22d1 . pres. 1 s. rel. forchanim 8c3 . forchun 10a13 .
40 3 s. forcain Ml 128d9 . -forcain Wb 11c19 . 3 pl. forcanat
Ml 28a15 . subj. pres. 1 s. -farcan (second `a' doubtful)
Ml 68c15 . 2 sg. forcane Wb 28c11 , 21 . -forcane d13 . 2 pl.
forcanit 12c18 (a prima manu, see ZCP iii 49 ). 3 pl. co
forcanat Ml 45b18 . past subj. s. 1 forcanainn 94b13 . fut.
45 1 s. fo[rt]abcechan sa (? some letters illeg.) Ml 53c14 (see
Ped. ii 480 ). 3 s. fordubcechna Wb 9a16 . pret. - perf. 1 s.
forroichan sa Ml 17d1 . 2 sg. for tan roichan ni 22c3 . 3 s.
forrochain [sic] 68b8 . 3 pl. for tan roichechnatar ni [sic]
63b1 . Pass. pres. s. forcanar 50d12 . for ndob canar Wb 3b23 .
50 pl. forcantar Ml 34b12 , Tur 49 . part. foircthe q.v. Vn.
forcetal, q.v. Later treated as simple vb., stem forcan-,
forchan- (e.g. LU 241 , LL 126a , PH 6844 , cited below).
Sometimes with pref. doubled pret. - perf. forforcan BB
423a23 . forforcansatar (foror-cansat v.l.), Ir. Lit. 34.19 .
55 Teaches, instructs . Gl. instituere ( Ml 17d1 . 45b18 . 50d12 .
68b8 . 129c9 ), monere ( 94b13 ). commonere, educare, erudire,
perdocere. With acc. of thing and DO of pers.: ni forcital
oísa foirbthi forchanim duib Wb 8c3 . sai .i. fer forcain
cethramadh raind suithe, Laws iv 356.8 . comalnad neich
60forchain in stoir sin what this story teaches ZCP viii 176.23 .
íres na Trinóti ... is í sin ḟorchanubsa duitsiu, Trip. 392.15
= Lib. Hymn. i 4 . cech maith forchanus in scriptúir PH
6844 . ro forcanus recht I taught the law 1508 . With acc. of
pers.: fortanroichanni Ml 22c3 . forcanad cách alaile Wb
65 22c8 . amal forcantar cathchomnidi ho sacardd Tur 49 .
cia sui forcanar nad forcanar duinib ? IT iii 28.30 = cia saoi
for-chanar ┐ na forcanar o dhaoinibh, Ériu xiii 26.1 . Cf.
ciasu forcain no forcanair o duinib IT iii 23.26 . ercid ┐
forcnaid in uli chinedach! PH 3703 . co forcanad he im
70ord airnaigthi, Arch. iii 10.10 . in fer ro horcthe [ = ro
ḟorcthe] trisna huile disciplu, Anecd. iii 64 ( ZCP ii 321 ).
is iat roforcan Albín whom A. instructed ib. In wider sense
admonishes, enjoins, tells: fordubcechna (gl. uos commone-
faciat) Wb 9a16 . cu raforchanad M. i ḟís co ndigsed ... (=
75 admonitus per soporem) Lat. Lives 90 ( RC ii 390 ). no
forcanad ... German inni Gorthigernd co ro leced a mnai
LU 241 = Todd Nenn. 102 . tinolaiter ... a damrada chuce
... amal ra ḟorcan epscop A. LL 303a38 ( RC xiii 80 ).
With FOR of pers.: is iat forcanus for doinib ailbem-
80niugud do Dia PH 2354 . conid hi cinaid a marbtha side
ro forcan E. aithrige forsin popul LB 107b64 ( PH 6417 ).
cid for in sliab ... na-forchanaid sib techt asa inad though
ye should tell the mountain to depart
ZCP xii 369.13 .
Prophesies, predicts: ní ḟurcanaim-se a ícc andso TBC
85 4338 , cf. teora badba ... ┐ iseadh forcanaid 5635 (St). cid
forcanas ind athach what does the wind portend ? LL 126a40
( ZCP xii 272 = forchanas xx 193 < YBL 139a ).

forcain x O'Dav. 983 : see forcam.

forcaíne: x see forchaíne.

1 forcam n -gam, -gab) apparently technical term for certain
5 food-rents payable at fixed seasons (cf. forgabh a feast'
O'Don. Suppl.): possibly a special use of 2 forgab, q.v.:
forcam [sic leg.] no forgab itir da cair .i. biadh frithir itir
domnach [i]nede ┐ cétain, O'Dav. 983 , see O'Curry, Mann.
and Cust. iii 482 n . ma ro meath forgabh ... tri seoit ina
10meath, la diabladh n-aithghina neich ro meatha .i. ini
doberar ... itir callainn ┐ init, O'D. 520 ( H 3.17, c. 423 ).
cf. forgab itir di chairchi biad naill ferthar i n-init ┐ cedaine
hite in da chairchi, ael ┐ losat co calind riu, H 3.18, p. 393a
inf. ( O'C. 876 ). forgab etir da cairce, O'D. 511 ( H 3.17, 415 ).
15 maroca ┐ cliatháin in furnaide ┐ in forgam, O'Dav. 983
(in Stokes's edition forcam and forgam are misprinted
forcain and forgain).

2 forcam: x see forgab.

forcan: x see forcenn.

20 forcán n o,m. (in B. na filed) an apple: forcan (.i. uball),
Hib. Min. 47.23 . orcan (.i. nomen aliud don uball) cruind
glas ib. 25 . forcán .i. uball, O'Dav. 1015 (quoting same
poem). pl. orcain cruindglasa ib.
Cf. farcan.

25 forcanti (analogous form of verb. necess. of for-cain) is f. ¤
(gl. intimandum est) Bcr 33d1 . See foircthi.

forcantus n instruction, direction: CCath. 642 v.l., see s.v.
forcátu.

1 forcar n a sledge-hammer (?): f. ¤ .i. maide forcaidh, O'Cl.
30 forcar and forchar `a large wooden mall or sledge ' P.O'C.
Cf. forcor.

2 forcar: x see forchar.

forcas: x see forchas.

forcath (= forcad, analogous vn. of for-cain ?) instruction:
35 f. ¤ cilair RC xxvi 22 n. 5 ( Rawl. 108b50 with gloss .i. for-
cital) = YBL 245a15 . In BB 18b51 : amos forcaid, read
forcraid as in ZCP x 137.15 .

? forcátu ind (cf. cátu ?) : dá fétmais t'orcátu-sa do lenmain,
CCath. 642 (t'ḟorcongtrau su, tforcantus sai v.l.) CCath.
40 642 (= iussa sequi Phars. i 372 ). The sense required is
commands .

? for-ceird v casts or puts upon (?) : fut. 3 pl. forcichret for col-
laib coin congala LL 188b32 = focichret, Rawl. 110b49 ( RC
xxvi 38 ). pass. pres. sil goirt focertar forcertar fri belatu
45criche `is put under, is put over' O'Dav. 1046 . (corrupt ?).

forcell: x see forgell, fricell.

forcengal: x see forchengal.

forcenn n o,n., later m. (the `e' and `nn' of the second
syll. are evidently due to the influence of `cenn' and
50`for-cenna'; `forcan,' which occurs in Ml would be the
regular phonetic development of for + cenn, see Ériu iii
57 ). n s. is he forcan Ml 91a21 (but forchenn 118d6 ). a s. for-
cenn Wb 14c14 . Ml 110d15 . Sg 28b19 . d s. forcunn Ml 19c12 .
33a9 . 93a16 . foirciunn Sg 18b1 . forciunn 169a1 . g s. foirchinn
55 Ml 56d8 .
(a) end, final limit (generally of time or procedure, rarely
in purely local sense): gl. finis Wb 14c14 . Ml 91d21 . exitus
19c12 . foircheann .i. fírcheann no firdheireadh, O'Cl.
acht rop ré forciunn robbé `da' ┐ nip hesom bes ḟorcenn
60is timmorte (gl. `Da' ... ante finem corripitur) Sg 169a1 . ni
fil tossa[ch] na f. ¤ fairseom LL 1a5 . amal nach forcend lipair
nach maighin i mbí amen ..., Hib. Min. 2.49 = forcind ib. 47 .
tainic forcenn dictatoirechta Césair ár sin, CCath. 210 .
foircionn do dhul for ollamhnacht an Dubhshúiligh ┐ Dun-
65laing `the ollavships of D. and D. were abolished' FM iii
412.15 . triath cen chenn cen ḟoirceann fair without beginn-
ing or end
Arch. iii 242 § 11 . maith tinscantar ┐ nad berar
co f. ¤ , Mon. Tall. § 90 . slechdain hi forciund cech sailm § 5 .
i forciunn a aíssi, Trip. 38.15 (407) . arnach ndermanadar
70Dia hi forcenn that God should not forget him unto the end
(ref. to usque quo, Domine oblivisceris me in finem ?) Ml
32d5 (constr. prob. influenced by the Lat.). a furcinn in
comhluind ZCP vi 280.12 . no go roichidh forcinn a thurais,
Fl. Earls 156.34 . go foircheann na talmhan, Isa. xlviii 20 .
75 A term, limit: is mithich forchenn furi (ref. to indignationis
lempus inculcat expletum) Ml 118d6 . do dhuthaig duit co
gairit, ar P. Forchenn air ..., ar in t-óclách give it a definite
term
Acall. 481 . co rusbāid hí cen forceann YBL 447b48
(`drowned her finally' Met. Dinds. iii 36z , but tre foirtheann
80 v.l. perhaps better reading).
Cf. (dialt :) is fotha ndeich, ┐ is ass forberat co forcend
mbrechta i mbiat ocht ndiailt, Corm. Y 447 .
(b) in sense of airchend, what is in store (for), what is
destined: is foirceann gu tora dilind BB 22a25 . adbērat
85frit inni ata i forcend duid 496b14 . Cf. asbert iarom S.
friss ... aní aridboí dia forciund LU 10347 = dia forcenn
ZCP iii 255 . Cf. a Meic Dé ... a f. ¤ in domain! Ir. Lit. 80 .