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1 fál n o,m. cf. fál o,m. IGT, Decl. § 96 . (orig. neut. ? n p.
fala, Laws v 500.9 ). The pl. forms fáltaigib, fáltaib, cited
55below, are perhaps caused by contamination with búale
(q.v.) which is common in similar contexts. A fence, hedge,
enclosure: fál `a hedge' Kirk = Eg. Gl. 334 . domfarcai
fidbaidae fál a hedge of trees overlooks me Thes. ii 290.7 .
fri frega f. ¤ `against the wall-fence' 293.22 ( SP ii 9 ). clár
60cóir cobsaid ... fal fri fóir forsaid SR 982 (cf. fal ḟossud
986 ). draighneach bis i fal...`a blackthorn which is in
a ... fence
' Laws iv 150.11 Comm. felmae quasi fal im
bae, ar is fal fedae focorthar ind, O'Mulc. 511 . ro choimh-
rithsat na huain ar amus a maithrech, ár ní raba fal eatarra,
65 Lism. L. 4847 . ba fal re mbruchtud robarta `a hedge
against the swelling of a spring-tide
' (of a hopeless under-
taking), Cog. 162.22 . focherd-san a ḟál mbodhbha ... i
n-imthimcheall ceitri n-ollchóiged nErenn TBC p. 381
n. 1 , cf. 'na cathchliathaibh ... ┐ 'na faltaighibh bodba
70umpu, CCath. 2691 (faltaibh v.l. see Compds. below, under
-tech). fál catha, CCath. 1722 = moenia clausa ... iuvenum
Phars. iii 373 . fal mara `a sea-wall ' (expl. of Fālgai =
Fālchae) Ériu ii 22.11 . fál tonnmhuire 'na thimchioll
the billowing sea as hedge TD 28.35 . g s. nach faicci ... inad
75in fail? `the site of the wall' (of a camp) CCath. 2997 .
athnuagugad na mur ┐ tormach na rath ┐ na ḟal (of fortifying
Troy) LL 407a42 . d'faltaib in longphuirt, CCath. 5421 .
fá na fáltuibh, Luke xiv 23 . do bhris tú a ḟálta uile
all his hedges Ps. lxxxix 40 . do phlanduigh ... fíneamhain
80┐ do chuir fál uimpe (= saepivit eam) TSh. 10484 . leim
tar fal amach a leap over the hedge (i.e. an evasion) Luc.
Fid. 286.7 . Often fig.: nai ngrad na gnath-ṡairsi | bud f. ¤
fam naomhaib-si ZCP viii 214.10 . inti scuchas fal dochraite
dibh the barrier of oppression Laws iv 376.16 Comm. f. ¤ na
85fírinde IGT, Decl. ex. 1068 . mar chleathaibh ceangail ar
an bhf. ¤ bhfírinne se, TSh. 6714 . f. ¤ na foghluma, Studies
1924, 89 . na soibhéasa bhíos 'na bhf. ¤ timcheall na hanma,
TSh. 1469 . ... atáid 'na bhfál re broscar bíodhbhadh,
Keat. Poems 35 . In Laws, a legal barrier: cis lir fala
for iadat dilse cacha selba SM Facs. 1a20 (`how many are
5the bars which shut up the right to every kind of property ?
'
Laws v 500.9 ). fal fine (.i. inn imi dani in fer fini, etc.)
ib. SM Facs. 23 ( Laws v 500. 10 ). muna tuctar, is fal `unless they
are given, it is a bar
' Laws v 504.5 Comm. fal anfaitcis
(.i. ... in ime doni in tí ac na bi faitechus ceille co comlan),
10 Laws v 508.19 . Cf. ZCP iv 227 . fal fingaili (= the murder
of a kinsman as an impediment to assuming sovereignty)
BR 110.17 .
Compds.: ¤ airbe hedge-fence: (fig. of an encircling phalanx)
fál-airbi ferrda ... Frangc MR 214.17 . ¤ chip close phalanx:
15 pl. fālchipeada fēigi 224.6 . ¤ chliath a hurdle: co rallsat ...
falcliatha sciach ┐ draigen isin n-āth, Dinds. 61 . ¤ dos = a
thornhedge: Micah vii 4 . ¤ tech (?) an enclosure, pen: alma
┐ éiti ... iarna lecud as a faltaigib ┐ a fidbualtib LL 265a9
( MU² 390 ). Cf. CCath. 2691 cited above.

20 2 fál n m. a king (?): f. ¤ .i. rī, Corm. Y 650 . O'Cl. fal .i. ri
no muir [leg. mūr, Arch. iii 331 ], ut est fal scothe sinnath
`king of speech is satire' O'Dav. 846 (but perh. we should
read falscothe ? Cf. fallscad). Fáelan ... gér caemḟál LL
32b27 . Fergus na fāl (: Baetān) F. of the chiefs (?) Rawl.
25 163a5 = BB 79a26 . Prob. a fig. use of 1 fál. Hence
possibly the compd. fálgus: f. féig (: Cnámrus) `eager
strength of chieftains
' Met. Dinds. iii 130 .

3 fál n abundance (?) : f. ¤ .i. iomad, O'Cl. Leb. Gab. i 102 n. 7
( fal ). fal (fan v.l.) romiad `abundance of great honours'
30 RC xxvi 28.2 (with gl.: immad na fer romiadach LL 187b53 )
Cf. citt. under 4 fál.

4 fál n o,m. science, learning (?): fal .i. achmhaing [sic]
` ability ' O[ld] G[lossary], P.O'C. sruth fáil `a stream o
science
' RC xxvi 22.14 (with gl.: aiste imda nó immad
35na hecsi no fál gotha cáich no Inis Fāil LL 187a34 . na
haiste imda .i. immad na ecse no fál gotha cáich no is [s]ruith
i n-inis Fail, Rawl. 109a8 ). Neither texts nor glosses
furnish sufficient ground for assuming a subst. fál = learning .

5 fál n o,m. (a) name of the stone at Temair (Tara ) said
40to have been brought to Ireland by the Tuatha Dé Danann,
and generally
known as the Lia Fáil: is iat Tuatha D.D.
tucsat leo in fál mór .i. in lia fis baí i Temraig LL 9a14 .
BB 32b23 (see Ériu viii 106 ). Fál i tóeb dumai na ngiall
atuaid .i. cloch in sin no géissed fonti no gebad rígi nHerenn
45 LL 30az . fál ainm na clochi sin .i. fó ail .i. ail fo ríg LL
30b2 . BB 32a19 . in cloch nogeissed fo chossaib cach ríg
nogeibedh hErinn, Fal ainm na cloichi sin (etc., as in LL
30aff .) RC xv 281.22 . BB 350a18 . an Lia Fail bui a
Temraig nogesed fo cech rig nogebad Erinn RC xii 56 § 3 .
50 cec[h]aing dar fal faen Temrach BB 378b27 = fol KZ xxxiii 83
(from H3.3, where it is glossed .i. lia fail). lengait Temraig
tren titacht tuath Galeoin, | golaid lia Fail fri falgud fairni
faireoin, Rawl. 115b22 ( Ält. Ir. Dichtg. i 41 ). Fāl anmaim
na cloche ZCP iii 459.1 (Baile in Scáil). rogēs fāl foat
55cosaib-se, ib. 5 (O'Curry, MS. Mat. 618 ). bai Fal and,
Ferp cluche ... intī arfemath flaith Temrach, gloedad in
Fal fri fonnad in charpait, Ériu vi 134.25 . teit dochum
Fail. ... ; gloedith in Fal. `Arraet Fal' forsint slua[i]g
135.54 . an Lia Fáil: ... saxum fatale ... gaireas Hector
60Boetius di i stair na hAlban, Keat i p. 100 (ainm eile dhi
cloch na cinneamhna 206 ). The interpretation of Lia F. ¤
`the stone of destiny' is not supported by ancient testimony.
(see Journal of the Ivernian Soc., 1910 p. 152 ff .). Cf.
roth Fáil Flaind, Met. Dinds. iv 154.123 . co Fál as far as
65F.
, an expression used in connection with Irish kings to
imply that they were high-kings of Ireland ( KM Wortk.
42 ): Eir[i]u fo Chund, Conn co Fal (: brāth), Anecd. ii
8.4 . Cuan iar Failbe co Fal (: Cuān) (i.e. after Failbe, k.
of Munster, reigned Cuan, who was also high-king), Rawl.
70 163a40 . (b) As a name of Ireland: Rudraige rí Fáil LL
129a15 = BB 47b18 . ingen Echach Find Fáil TBC 1675 .
d'feraib Fail 3119 . filid Fail LL 38a4 = Auraic. 5385 . rí
fionn Fáil, Keat. ii 5464 . (c) more often in gen. preceded
by inis, mag, crich, etc.: in Fál Mór .i. in lia fis bái i Tem-
75raig diata Mag Ḟáil for Herind, Ériu viii 106 (< LL 9a ).
Temair Tiri Fail ZCP iii 459.2 . crích Fáil, Ériu iv 222.2 .
Inis Fáil, Keat. i p. 100.206 . d'écsib innsi Fáil, Ériu iv
220.9 . Magh Fáil IGT, Decl. § 176 . Keat. i p. 100.206
(cit.), see TD i p. lvii . Cf. Inis Fo ail name of the mythical
80island whence the Lia F. was brought
ZCP iii 459.2 . Inis
Fáil name of Beggery Island, Co. Wexford. Onom. (d) cf.
further: firu Faal (= f. Fálchae ?) ZCP viii 564 . See
Heldensage i-ii 430 . bid olc de cuanaib fal fomoiri fo tuili
ZCP xii 403.17 (rhet.).
85Compds.: ¤ inis Ireland: rí for fíannaib Fáilinse LL
128b21 = MacCarthy 182 . ¤ mag id. Falmag Sc.M. § 3 ;
gen. Falmaige ZCP viii 102.16 . Cf. i n-inpher an Falmoigh
RC xi 130.19 (for decl. cf. Maonmach IGT, Decl. § 138 ).