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forus n o, u, n. (for decl. cf. dorus). n s. a forus sae, Cáin Ad.
28 . d s. forus Wb 15d34 . g s. foris 9c1 et pass. forois Sg
30 138a7 . n p. cf. inna foris Ml 63c6 , which seems corrupt. d s.
forsib, Laws i 288.10 . foirsib ii 78z . foras m. IGT Decl.
§ 38 .
As to the suggestion by Ped. ii 676 that it is the abstr.
to fo-ro-finn- (see for-finnadar) see Bergin, Ériu xii 223 .
35The derivation < forfis given by Asc. is untenable (despite
the expl. in Rawl. 105b cited below and: foras fírfhios,
O'Cl. Such expls., frequent in Laws only show that the
original meaning of the word was then unknown); see
Gwynn, KM Misc. p. 183 .
40 I (a) that which is stable; stability; basis, foundation,
bottom , the orig. sense acc. to Gwynn loc. cit.; in older texts
generally in fig., in later also in lit. sense. í f. ¤ cen oclatid
at rest, unmoved (gl. in longanimitate Wb 15d34 (`in know-
ledge
' Edd. Thes., taking gloss to refer to the preceding
45 in scientia. Bergin suggests `in firmness' Ériu xii 223 ).
cen nī don dīni bai i fus | hi suidib fīri hi f. ¤ (i.e. who had
remained stationary on the hither side, see 1 Sam. xxx 22 )
SR 6464 . iarraidh ḟorais i fudomain (of a hopeless under-
taking), CCath. 4396 . atáim ceangailte i láib an ghrinnill
50┐ ní fhuil f. ¤ ann, TSh. 4188 (= substantia Ps. lxviii 3 ). do
thuit tu san bpoll ... is nach bhfoghair foras acht ag gabhail
timchioll choidhche, Luc. Fid. 292.16 . grinneal aigéin
gan f. ¤ `unfathomable ocean-bed' TD 17.52 . This is prob.
the sense in the follg. fig. expressions: f. ¤ comairle `stead-
55fastness of counsel
' Ériu vii 138 (d) = ZCP iii 25.23 . f. ¤ fesa
(of Cathbad) TBC 5487 St (cf. F. ¤ Feasa ar Éirenn, the title
of Keating's history (= the firm foundation of knowledge
of Ireland
?)). f. ¤ úird na healadhna (of a chief), Rel. Celt.
ii 272.10 . f. ¤ focal (name of a glossary) LL 395a1 . béim
60forais a driving home (?), fig. a fundamental doctrine, state-
ment of a general principle underlying several previous
statements, see Gwynn, KM Miscell. p. 178 ff .: beim foris
tra anisiu Wb 11c3 ( 1 Cor. x 31 ). is béim foris inso forsna
dlígetha remeperthi no is titul in dligid ar chiunn Wb 13a29 ,
65similarly 9c1 , 10a12 , 28a11 . beim foirais lessom ánísiu
for a remeperthe asrubart riam .i. as hon choimdid for-
comnacair a mbrith som isin doiri (gl. A Domino factus
est istud ...) Ml 131c14 , cf. aithbeim forais 94c13 . beim
forois in sin (gl. Et ea per naturam, following descr. of the
70formations tonstrix, tonstricula from tonsor. Gwynn, KMMiscell.
181 , would translate `a statement of principle') Sg
138a7 . co bráth combad beim forais SR 6468 (= quasi
lex in Israel usque in diem hanc 1 Sam. xxx 25 ). as tusa
do raid tosach an cobro, as let beim a foris you began the
75conversation, it is yours to state the gist of the whole matter

ZCP xiii 274.18 . is sí roben beim forais for in lámthorad LU
10322 = ZCP iii 237.7 . beim forais an aphorism O'Mulc.
578 (see KM Miscell. 183 ). indeóin forais something firmly
based; a `point d'appui,' fulcrum, base of operations (?):
80 ro múradh ... an toilén ... fo dháigh ná badh carracc coth-
aighthe ┐ ná budh inneoin ḟorais do dhiberccach é FM v
1742.6 . istudh flatha ┐ indeoin forais (of Babylon), CCath.
21 . Of persons: in indeoin forais ┐ an forus breth (of
Cicero) ib. 4492 . inneóin ḟoruis Inse Fáil TD 25.40 . O Cerbh-
85aill ... inneóin forais ┐ uaithne óir na nEileach `anvil of the
solidity
' FM v 1408.5 . tabraid for cobais ... rād forais
(a statement from the very beginning, an exhaustive
account ?) SR 3614 . Cf. further: is cían o tá hi fis ┐ hi f. ¤
for tíchtain sund your coming hither has long been a matter
of established knowledge
LU 1812 ( RC ix 490 ). im Teamhair
5tír in ḟorais BB 37b36 . Ard na Riag, raid a foros ` origin '
Met. Dinds. iii 414 . oldate inna foris di ar n-athraib Ml
63c6 (gl. magna a patribus de tuis factis audivimus et maiora
[praestolamur]) is almost certainly corrupt. The rendering
is Thes. `than the accounts of our fathers' is in any case
10impossible.
(b) established or fundamental principles of knowledge or
science, axioms, apodictic maxims (?): fochmorc foruis (of
Ferchertne: investigation of first principles i.e. a final
authority ?) Rawl. 108b35 ( RC xxvi 20 ). forus .i. forismus
15[ = ἀφόρισμος] graece, sermo breuis latine ... unde
dicitur : adcomced beim foruis fair [ = O'Mulc. 578 ] nō
forus .i. fis for araile ut est is ē in fis in Senchas Mār. is ē
in forus Cāin Patraic ┐ Cāin Adomnan , Rawl. 108b36 ff .
Cf. foras .i. dligheadh no bunáit. foras chána Adhamnáin,
20 etc., O'Cl. see also under (c) below. a fis, a f. ¤ , a foirceatol,
Ériu iv 146 § 24 . a filidhecht ┐ a f. ¤ dhorchaidh `abstruse
knowledge
' AU iii 572 . a croinicib ┐ a Periges Prescean ┐
a berla forais BB 488a marg. inf., man. rec. ( IT ii2 96 ). Esp.
of legal learning: o Feinib gach foruss, Corm.Y 975 , p. 84 .
25 cach dliged iar f. ¤ , cach rāth co f. ¤ , Arch. iii 227.53 . cach f. ¤
co slán, cach slan co f. ¤ 60 - 62 (perh. these belong to II).
faras ` Reason ' Kirk (gan ḟ. ¤ ` unreasonable ' 2 Thess. iii 2,
1681 = gan chúibhgheas 1602).
(c) hence the principle or enactments of a law, passing
30occas. into sense of enforcement, sanction (cf. cit. fr. Rawl.
108b above): iss ead in so f. ¤ Cana Adomnan ... Oc Birraib
forurmed a f. ¤ sae for feraib Hērenn, Cáin Ad. 28 . is ed in so
f. ¤ cána in domnaig, Ériu ii 202 § 20 . f. ¤ chano Patricii hi
Cruachnibh la Dub da leithi ` promulgation ' AU 782 =
35 FM 778 . breth ria f. ¤ , f. ¤ ria forba, Cōic Conara p. 30 § 16
(stages in a lawsuit: `Geltend-Erklärung' Thurn., i.e.
enforcement of the verdict ?). cēin bīt brethemain fri
tasbenad ┐ foros (.i. in fis ōgh asa mberend a brethe) ZCP
xii 359.24 . cūlairecht ..., is iat all bis iar g[c]ūl na n-airechta
40fri breth ┐ f. ¤ (.i. fri fīrfis na brethe sin) ib. 17 .
Occurs in late compds. in sense of aged or tried, exper-
ienced: foraisbhean .i. bean áosda, O'Cl. na bhforas-
cháirdibh friends of long standing Ó Bruad. iii 192 . foras-
oglach .i. óglach aosta, O'Cl. ba forasócclach an ionbhaidh
45sin é ┐ nir bhó túalaing tathugadh a thuath (of an aged
chief), Hugh Roe 32.21 (f. 9a) . mna ┐ miondaoine ┐ for-
usócclaoich old men 124y (f. 33b) . a uaisle, a airigh, ┐ a
ḟorusocclaoigh veterans FM vi 2126.24 .
II A station, resting-place, dwelling. Cf. lethdire foruis,
50 Críth G. 220 . In Laws sometimes glossed by `ārus' and
used esp. of a cattle-pound or other place where distrained
cattle might be detained (f. ¤ n-athgabála), a place appointed
for the delivery of animals according to a contract: ni fuil
acht tri foruis ann: f. ¤ n-acra, f. ¤ nditin, f. ¤ mbreitheamhun
55 Laws ii 10.24 (glossed .i. tri aruis ib. 27 ). icfai a slan ... a f. ¤ to
thigi fadein, Bürgsch. 27 § 74c . atdaime for f. ¤ ┐ follus ┐
fiadan `Erjüllungsort' 15 § 51b . fuircimsi cobach latsa
ar mo chind i maighin an forais 13 § 44 . fiach domsa huait
... isind f. ¤ sa 15 § 51a . f. ¤ fēich 17 § 52 . raith fuis (.i. raith
60bis a fosaighecht i f. ¤ ) 41 . f. ¤ tuaithe `territory house', Laws iv
302.5 ( Cr. G. 57 : `to the appointed place in the territory (?)';
apparently `a public infirmary,' Mac Neill, Law of Status
285 ). fer forais `a house-holding man ' (one expl. of `seir-
thiud') Laws iv 352.1 . ailid fír foirrse an oath requires fixed
65habitations
v 460.16 (= ZCP xvi 270 , but see foirse). atait
secht foruis ... arachuille coir n-athgabala ... a n-āin i tech
mbriugud, ... cathuir uasalnemid, tech bid fas. Otha suidiu
dligi cach f. ¤ n-athgabala dia faithce fodesin (i.e. there are
seven illegal pounds for cattle; these apart, anyone may
70detain them in his own green) Laws v 266.19 . a tabairt (na
athgabala) ... a f. ¤ dona secht forsib i 288.10 . See also s.v.
foíndel (c). Rucus: f. ¤ n-athgabāls, i n-alachrích I decided
that it was lawful (in the case) to impound beyond the territory

Caratnia 49 . dermadach forais forgetful about the place
75appointed for fulfilling the contract
Bürgschaft 31 § 84 .
Defining gen.: seirthiud [sic leg.] .i. oclach do daghcenel
no fer forais `a householding man' Laws iv 352.1 . rath
foruis, Bürgschaft 28 § 76a (.i. aga mbi arus 41 ). .uii. muca
co muic ḟorais `domestic boar (?)' Críth G. 90 (a `resident
80sow
' the remaining seven being expendable and replace-
able ?). tuirc ḟorais `domestic boars' 195 .
Cf. apad ┐ forais, Cáin Ad. 39 . na .iii. foruis .i. cain ┐
cairde ┐ urrudus, no fogelt ┐ bleith ┐ dithim, H 3.17, c. 4 , 35
( O'D. 5 ). filidh fíora forusda, f. ¤ teora mbreth, breth Féne,
85breth filedh saoir, breth fuighill, Ériu xiii 32.6 . ... fuigheall
fri f. ¤ fath 33y . ? dlighedh do feghar for f. ¤ firinnsge 26.6 .