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foscad n u,o,n., later m. d s. foscud Ml 50d7 . a s. in foscud ,
20 Lism. L. 1469 . n p. foiscthe LB 51b30 . foscaidh RC xliii
106 § 23 . foscaigthe (= foscaithe ?), CCath. 1581 (foiscti
v.l.). g p. foscdae Sg 63a15 . d p. foscthib LL 239a37 . fosc-
adaib TBC 5271 . (a) a shadow (cast by an opaque body) :
fosgadh .i. sgaile, O'Cl. co faca F. f. ¤ in ḟir riam ┐ doleig
25sleg fua scath BB 376a41 ( Dinds. 49 ). for f. ¤ Brigte (= in
umbra Brigidae) Lat. L. 78 . BENAID F. ¤ FRI (I) casts a shadow
against (i.e. is close to but does not touch ?) : trilis [da
fult] ... co mbenad f. ¤ fri colptha TBC 214 (= co mbenad a
da colptha LU 4519 ). Cf. abrait duib ... co mbentais foscod
30i mmedón a da gruaide LU 4515 . gunbenat foscud fri folt
┐ fri leccainn in laích so that they nearly graze (of two swords
used in a feat) LL 266a13 ( MU² 544 ). Fig. : dósuidigthi
.i. cechtar naí fo leith cen béim foscdae innalaill (gl. appo-
sita) Sg 63a15 . Of a shadow as opposed to reality : roer-
35cransat ... amal f. ¤ no ciaig PH 4265 . don [ḟ]oscud fallsa
(i.e. the transitory world), Arch. iii 238 § 15 . Cf. lotar
iarsein hi f. ¤ a scail ┐ ni arrdraigestar a ndūn ZCP xx 220 - 24
( xiii 373 ) = lotar a foscadh an scail iii 460.15 .
Shade, gloom: hi foscudh báis (= in umbra mortis) Trip.
40 2.4 (4) . i foscud in bais YBL 149b37 . flaithemnas fascaid
in bais ib. 34 . hi foscud menman Ml 50d7 . tres na foiscthib
... ifirnd, TTebe 596 .
(b) adumbration, form or outline ; refracted light, glimmer:
imanaicet ... delba ┐ foscud muintire nime LB 254a40
45( FA 5 = fóscugud LU 1985 ). atcondairc fosgadh ┐ fíor-
scáile iatha ... uaidh, Leb. Gab. i 242 . ri foscthib lassamna
... na lecg logmar LL 239a37 ( TTr. 1664 ` gleams '). tís-
cébad frigit fri foscod in claidib could pick up a flesh-worm
by the glimmer of the sword
(?) LU 7366 ( BDD 99 ). Possibly
50in the follg. : gae súlech go foscadaib TBC 5271 = Y 3212 ;
`mit (hellen) Schatten' Wind. gae ... go foscathaib TBC 5571 = co
foscod TBC² 3366 . dá manaís ... co suainemaib lín ... a
foscadaib na crand, Acall. 233 (which suggests that the
`foscada' were the loops on the spear-socket or possibly
55the `súili' or blade-apertures of later development, see
Macalister, Irish Archaeology p. 76 - 77 ). Cf. also : do
ghabh a chlaidhemh ... go bḟed [see fet], go bḟigh ┐ go
bḟosgadh RC xxix 128 § 37 , and see foscadach.
(c) by extension used of sounds (prob. in strict sense of
60distant or indistinct sounds : ni chualaid ... fascad gotha
Cellaig thall isin oilén LB 274b57 ( SG 57.41 ) = foscad a
nErinn, Caithr. Cell. 527 . an tí ... chluinfes guth feadoige
... no fuaim crionaigh ... no fosgadh eóin os fiodhbaidh,
Buile S. 104.2 . ... uirsleibhi frisi mbenait na tri foscaidh
65.i. foscadh gaeithi ... RC xliii 106 § 111 . fosgadh garbh-
ghaoithe ... re fiodhbhadh, Todd Lect. iv 94.4 . fosgadh a
stuic ... do chluindís na slóigh, Ériu i 100.3 . re f. ¤ faídhe-
mhail ... na téd ┐ na timpán MR 168.22 . binne a bhél ná
fosgadh crot L.Cl.A.B. 115.16 . Cf. adchualattar ... fosccadh
70scceóill eiccin `some rumour' FM v 1658.6 .
(d) in fig. sense semblance, foreshadowing, type: f. ¤ nuiad-
nissi (gl. umbra futurorum) Wb 27a25 . fiugra ┐ foiscthe
fetarlaicthe LB 15b30 ( PH 5293 ). foiscthe ┐ sígne LB
257a66 . Cf. donfofoscaig .i. dorigne sin [leg. sinn ?] conid
75foiscte ... dó (= ad similitudinem Dei facti sumus) Thes.
ii 351.20 ( Hy vi 5 n .).
(e) a shade, (departed) spirit (an imitation of Lat. umbra) :
atconnairc ... foscud salach dorcha (= umbram) Lat. Lives
87 . foiscte ┐ fantaisi na carat batar marba, CCath. 4801 .
80 na foiscti 898 (= umbrae Phars. i 565 ). Hence a figment, an
imaginary or invented form , (of the comparison Lat. `Virgil[i]us,
Virg[i]lior
') : ni bfuil connelg ar aī chēille and ... acht is
cruthugud frie fousgadh and sin, Auraic. 3335 .
(f) shade, shelter and fig. protection: rapa dítin tri chet
85láech | foscod in craind LL 27b46 ( Ériu xiv 160 ). cét laech
no ditned ar thess ... ba foscud ┐ ba imdegail (of the Dond
Cuailnge) TBC 1535 . Wi. takes ba = fo a ; but perh. we
should put comma after dítned and transl. `he was a
shelter' ?). a scoil Feniusa Forrsaidh ... gabair in foscudh
san ` custom ' Laws ii 348.24 Comm. [ = v 96.25 `shelter' ;
5`Schutz (?)' Thurn. Irish Law 10 n. 9 ]. ó imlibh críoch
┐ o fosgadhaibh iath (of ships putting out to sea) ML 46.7
( ML² 666 ). fosgadh nó díon ón doininn, TSh. 2561 . ionad
díona ná fosgaidh 2483 . do bhí tú ... ad ḟasgadh ón stoirm,
Isa. xxv 4 . ina cleith ḟosccaidh ... ag gach áen FM vi
102106.18 . cliath fhosgaidh , O'Reilly poems 664 . fagbas
... a chloind | i f. ¤ ceneoil Conaill `under the protection of
C.
' Fen. 330.16 . a foscadh to protect her (Ireland) Hackett
xlv 12 .
Cf. icc it[h]i ... i f. ¤ ┐ i fiadnaisi in daim alaind orda (of
15the Israelites) BB 241a31 = YBL 291a13 (= fiad deilb ind
ócdaim SR 4120 ; but : diabul ... teit isin dam ... ┐ boí oc
ithe ... in ḟeoir i ḟ. ¤ in talman ┐ i ḟiadnaise chāich LB 120a23 .

1 foscadach [n ā,f. ] (foscad) shade, overshadowing: hi foscadaig
na crann ṅglan SR 1895 = fo ḟoscadaib LB 113a27 .

20 2 foscadach adj o-ā (foscad) shadowy, gloomy, indistinct (?) :
tar sruth-rabhartaibh ... fliuch-ḟosgudhacha na fuar-ḟairrge
` wet, overwhelming ' (?) ML 46y . ro gabh a chloidheamh
ḟosgadhach `shadowy' (gleaming ?) Atlantis iv 176.29
(Aoidhe Chl. Tuirenn), cf. foscad (b).

25 fo-scaíli v i scatters, disperses: sec. fut. 3 s. foscailfed, Ériu
ii 193 § 3 n. 3 .

? fo-scain : ind foscain úathu ech n-anailche LU 8663 ( FB 49 :
`Gespenster verscheucht der Pferdehauch' Thurn., Sagen).
LU 10206 (TEm. = f. ¤ uathai edh nanalche ZCP iii 232 ). Cf.
30 fo-sceinn.

fo-scanna v ā tosses, winnows: ni fascnan gáeth chairchech
cethrae does not ruffle the tails of cattle BDD 66 Y (fascnam
LU 7012 , gluaisind Eg.). Cf. is imgaeth fodafoscna firinne
.i. is i cosma[iliu]s na gaithi doni an fascnam firinne na
35scripturi, H 3.18, 303 ( O'C. 627 ). nanni frisoirc doib fas-
cannat hua n-adarcaib (gl. se cornibus ulciscuntur) Ml 63b17
(`they toss it with their horns' Thes.). impf. fusscannainn
(gl. ventilabam) 96a4 . Vn. foscnad q.v.
Cf. foscain-díoghlaim ` winnowing and gleaning ' Keat.
40Poems 59 (fig. use here).

foscarda adj io-iā oirechta aibhle ḟosgardha ` loud-shouting '
Rel. Celt. ii 260.5 . Cf. oscurda.

foscardad n m. clearing out: foscardadh nó folmhughadh
do dhéanamh ar an bproinnteach, Keat. ii 3910 .

45 foscatae adj io-iā (foscad) shadowed, shaded: neut. pl. neph-
foscati (gl. Ascia `shadowless') Bcr 35c3 ( Thes. ii 25 ).

fo-sceinn v (scend- `spring') springs, bounds: fosceinn in
gabuir fo gairm Maelodrain, Hib. Min. 70 ( Rawl. 134b42 =
rosceind, Rawl. B 512 ). foscenn [ind ingen] úad opunn RC
50 iii 344.3 (of a vision). Cf. foscain uathai edh n-analche
leaps forward a breath's length (?) ZCP iii 232 § 12 = f. ¤ uathu
ech n-a. LU 10206 (see fo-scain).

foscél n (scél) a minor tale or story , one of the two main classes
into which the recognized Mid. Ir. tales were divided ;
55the `foscéla' were memorized only by the four highest
grades of the filid. See RC xxviii 19 and O'Curry MS.
Mat. 243 . coic coícait de primscélaib ┐ da coícait do ḟos-
célaib ┐ ni hármiter na fosceóil sin acht do chethri grádaib
tantum .i. ollam, ┐ anrath ┐ cli ┐ cano, etc. LL 189b48 . do
60primscela ┐ do foscela, Laws i 46.2 Comm. in doss : ...
cuicid re ollumain aici do scelaib, a da sechtmad do foscelaib
┐ a cuig sechtmad do primscelaib ... a cuit primscel ┐ foscel
tuc ar aird sunn, ┐ cuiti primscel nama tuc ar aird tall,
O'C. 1954 , 1955 ( H 4.22, 7 ). Later in wider sense : foisgēl
65agam ar Choin cculuinn, Rel. Celt. ii 220.25 . foiscel fallsa
... ar chrích Néill slander O'Bruad. ii 266 .

foscemel n (sceimel) (a) a footstool: g s. sossad ... mo rig ...
is mor cét mili 'mo beir | hi timchuaird a ḟosscemeil SR
528 . Dominationes ... fo diuplaib ind ḟosscemeil 544 =
70 is nesa don forscemiul fil fon rígṡuide LB 109b22 ( MacCarthy
42 ; leg. fosscemiul ?). nemri huassal ... dianedh rigṡuidhe
nem ; dianid ḟoscemel talam, H 3.17, c. 835.32 ( MS. Mat.
623 ). (b) a breastwork, bulwark (?) : gonad ditiu nofosce-
mhiel marai ee ZCP iii 240 § 34 = fo scemil mara hé, Met.
75Dinds. iv 294 (etym. of Muirthemne).

fosclad : x see osclad.

fosclugad n (late form of oslucud, q.v.) : altoir in daimh
liag ... do ḟosclucchadh [sic MS. ; l added above] ┐ seoid
do bhreith eiste FM ii 1032.3 = d'oslacadh, Tig., RC xviii
8052 . dfoslughadh CS 328.6 .

foscnad n u,m. (vn. of fo-scanna) tossing, agitating, winnowing:
f. ¤ anbli ` tossing away shamelessness ' RC xxvi 22 ( LL 187a23
= Rawl. 108b47 ). ba mo f. ¤ LL 49b27 (`greater than can be
fathomed
' [i.e. scrutinized ?] Hail Brigit § 7
85 Cf. fonascad.