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1 foss (fos) n o,m. (a) rest (oppd. to motion) ; remaining
quiet or stationary ; a state of rest or quietude: eter foss no
utmailli whether at rest or in motion Hy i 3 ( Thes. ii 300 ).
55 mithig fos iar tairerad, Arch. iii 311 § 4 FM 926 . is tre ḟir
flathemon foss slāne sīd ... ZCP xi 81 § 13 . Cf. fos mbéil,
Ériu xiii 35.23 . Remaining (in a place), continuing (to do
something) ; perseverance, steadiness: Here probably : caraim
se fos ... oc mo lebrān `I love to rest' (persevere ?) Thes. ii
60293.16 . f. ¤ ós cind na manach to stay and superintend the
monks
BNnÉ 4 § 9 . Halting, stopping ; a halt: ni ḟil f. ¤ dún
co Herind LL 4a12 . [onni] na denandsom fos acht a n-étaigib
ilib [leg. lígdaib ?] LB Corm. s.v. legam , Thr. Ir. Gl. 26 .
ni dernsad fos nā fuirech go rangadur co c. ZCP vi 64.7 .
65 ní dhearnadar fos ná comhnuidhe go rochtain Teamhrach
dóibh, Keat. ii 5627 . ni dhernamur f. ¤ nó comhnuidhe
no go rangamar ... BNnÉ 50.23 . rogab f. ¤ os Boind came to
a stop
(of Cormac's burial, cf. Keat. ii p. 346 ) LU 4175 .
rogab f. ¤ issind lind (of a stone thrown), Met. Dinds. iv 38 .
70 ro ghabh f. ¤ hi senchuan Súilighi (= came to anchor) FM v
1860 . do rochair F. ... la firu Roiss ro gab f. ¤ inn uir a
adhbha YBL 13a27 ( Snedgus u. Mac R. 12 § 48 ). ní ro
fhaelsat fos forsna heilifaintib could not stop [stay on ?] the
elephants
Marco P. 115 . ní ḟuair grádh ná eagla t'ḟos neither
75love nor fear could restrain you
Content. viii 9 . In moral
sense : fit f. ¤ figell ` perseverance ' Mon. Tall. § 47 . cipé dán
ara coratar neuch laímh, ised as dech dó f. ¤ occa to
persevere in it
Mon. Tall. § 76 (= fos do dheunamh aice
Rule of T. § 67 ). fos oc etli Mon. Tall. § 19 ( Rule of T. § 68 ).
80 foss oc etlai ZCP iii 449.10 . Ériu i 193 . f. ¤ fiss feidle
ZCP xi 86 § 42 . fos (a virtue in woman) ZCP viii 112.24 ;
113.19 . go ffos ┐ go ffollamhnacht flatha ` firmness ' Hugh
Roe 54.16 (f. 15a) . gurb fos (.i. comhnuidhe) ball don
chleirceacht ar nachccuala locht da fhaghail riamh, Rule
85of T. § 67 (= Mon. Tall. § 76 ).
(b) used in gs. as attrib. after noun and as pred. : dond
oís foiss i nhIerusalem `the folk that abide in J.' Wb 19a4 .
raithe fo foiss fogamar, Ériu vii 197 (= ib. 2 : `a good stay-
at-home season is autumn
'). saccart fois Cluana mic N.
5 resident priest FM ii 844.12 . int aes fuis no bitís ina aigid
BB 493a4 = IT ii2 98 , cf. Alex. 544 . raith fuis (.i. raith bis
a fosaighecht i forus), Bürgsch. 41 . Cf. boim ... do lucht
fuis. Mas duine tinn é do gheibheadh se da boim (diet for
monks), Rule of Tallaght c. 28 ; `persons in sound health',
10possibly residents or sedentary folk . In fig. and moral sense
immovable, steady: Ailend ... álaind fál fuis LL 49b26
( Hail Brigit § 7 where Meyer would read : álaind fius).
fer feidhil foiss i fulung fochaidhi ... amail Iob, Lism.L.
4499 . With cop. : ni fois acht utmall, Corm. Y 988 .
15 nidom fois o thig aghaidh I rest not when night comes Buile S.
30.5 . fear ... nacharbh fhois who did not seek his ease A.
O'D. lv 6 . ? ní lúan tratha foiss | acht lúan brath braiss
(of Moling's `Lúan') LL 307a9 ( SG 386.21 ). ni cuimnech-
sum | co ngabad feidm fois that it should undertake the duty
20of waiting
(?) Ériu iii 15 § 7 . See also under (c) below.
(c) in adverbial expressions : i foss (i fus, i bhus, abhus)
in a state of rest ; stationary, remaining in a (certain) place,
hence here, on this side, often nearly = at home: ní bíad
mac D. i fos co fagbad drui would not rest till he found LU
25 3550 ( SC 29 ). meni digset ammach ┐ nad anat i fos if they
neither set out nor stay where they are
TBC 429 . bí i fuss oc
irnigthi, Ériu i 199.4 . maith do chleireach beith abus
(no i ffoss) BNnÉ 311 = ZCP iii 33.8 . ní rabi Cú Roí hi
fus ar a cind (= they did not find C. at home) LU 9040
30( FB 79 ). luid S. do Ard Machae ┐ ni raibi Patraic hi foss,
Trip. 240.22 (2849) . in airett battar hi ffoss in dú sin
`stationed at that place' FM vi 2276.10 . Here, on the spot,
in this place (often oppd. to another adv. of place) : rochrú-
femne ... i fus ind pennit we will settle here and now the
35penance
Mon. Tall. § 7 . mór de maith fuarais i fus ar do
longais here (among us) TBC 492 . Cf. an trath is ferinnsgne
na seacht bhfocail sin abhus IGT, Decl. § 108 . is eside
cétrí rogab ... i fós ... fri Umbra atuaid here ... north of
the Humber
LU 288 (v.l. fos, bos, Nennius, ed. Van Hamel
40 § 43 ). hi fus ... sechtair, Alex. 967 . in lucht a fus ... in
lucht a tuaith, Laws i 76.23 . Patraic ás hErinn hi foss,
Brigit ... oas hErind a ndess ZCP xi 110 § 31 ( LL 52a46 ).
don taeb abus do mhuir Grecc ... don táob thair, Maund.
26 . Often here, in this world (oppd. to `tall') : dosbera
45Dia dún síd ... i ḟoss isin tṡoegul ┐ flaith nime ... iar mbás
LB 180b9 ( PH 2544 ). dogéba tú betha garit abus ┐ bás
suthain tall LB 243b59 ( PH 7411 ). thall ... i fuss LB 197b52 ( PH 6900 ).
[amail be]thi abhus beithi thall ... iar mblaisecht bhāis,
Marco P. 12 . isin ecclais abhus the church on earth BNnÉ
50 23 § 1 . abhus ┐ thall `in this world and the next' RSCl.
150b . With art., in dat. or gen., ind ḟ. ¤ sa, ind ḟois se
(later anos, anosa, anois, anoise) now . See indossa.
(d) pl. in distrib. sense ? biait brain for branfossaib
(: chossaib) LU 6612 (zu Rabenaufenthalt Wind. TBC p.
55402 ) = branḟesaib TBC² 2077 , buind fri brannusa TBC 2801
(cf. 2757 ). cēm co fosaib i crūithib a ech TBC² 2571 (leg.
fosaid ?).
Compds. ¤ muinter : gach fos-mhuinntear ... pheacaidh
bhíos i n-árus na hanma `abiding folk (?)' TSh. 8736 .
60 ¤ mullach a summit: i fosmhullach Sléibi Fuait, Acall.
2313 ; 3438 ; see fossad. See also fosaircinnech, fosscemel,
foslongport.

2 foss n o,m. a man-servant or attendant (cf. W. gwas) : fos,
gl. (?) vir Thes. ii 237.8 . ní bad f. ¤ duit fer lesc, Tec. Corm.
65 § 34.7 . Cruimthir C. ┐ Cruimthir A., a dā foss (of St. Patrick),
Trip.² 3134 ( Trip. 264 ). cenmothá fossu ┐ timthirthidi
LU 4624 . coíca f. ¤ fledach, Met. Dinds. i 34 (= BB 352az ).
f. ¤ mése a table-attendant: da f. ¤ mése Conaire LU 7691
( BDD 127 ). tri fuis meisi Medba TBC² 2837 . pn
70 Cf. Oengus Foscriche (Fos críche ?), sobriquet ZCP viii
328.7 = LL 330b19 .

fossad I adj o-ā (orig. u, see Thurn. Gr. § 358 and cf. fossud
TBC 5562 ). ben ḟosadh (ḟasadh), don mnoí ḟosaidh, mac
na mná foisdi IGT, Decl. § 142 (for meaning here cf. ben
75fosta, Stair Ercuil 1106 , see 2 fosta). superl. as ḟoisde ib.
IGT ex. 1951 . (a) stationary, fixed: f. ¤ (gl. iacentem) Sg 13a5 .
f. ¤ ... .i. fossuid .i. manens in loco O'Mulc. 586 .
Cf. fossod a tond medrach LU 2979 .
(b) firm, steady ; (fig.) steadfast, consistent: tochim f. ¤
80n-álaind LU 8252 ( FB 20 ). a chéim fosad, Aisl. MC 35.7 .
a hEua f. ¤ herḟind ! SR 1906 . apair fris ... ba fosath ZCP
xi 96 § 55 . nit cualai ... neuch asroepred bat rrofossad ind
fer hisin, Mon. Tall. § 76 (= Rule of T. § 67 , cited s.v. fossaid).
ria athair f. ¤ fírḟial, Ériu iv 98 . aí f. ¤ `firm pleading' Triads
85 174 . doromailt uile co fosadh ┐ co hālainn ` steadily ' BNnÉ
300 § 3 . Here, perhaps LU 2979 cited above under (a).
As interj. : fossud a laich, or G., ni áigther ní steady ! LL
287a13 .
Cf. TBC 833 quoted s.v. 2 fosta.
(c) of land (legal or techn. term ?) : tir fosad a mbí
5maith cech maith, itir ith ┐ blicht ┐ lín ` inhabited land '
(? level or arable land) Laws iv 276.6 Comm.
In compds. apparently in sense either of fixed (firm) or
level: ¤ chlár : fosadhclár na faithche ` surface ' CCath. 1840
(fossudlar v.l.). ¤ chobradh, of boss of a shield , CCath. 5318 .
10 ¤ chongbál : ic fosadhcongmhail stiúre an flaithiusa ` steadily
holding ' 4620 . ¤ glenn : cach fán ┐ cach fosadglenn YBL
309b52 ( MR 240 ). ¤ lár ground, floor ; folld. by gen. middle:
a fosadlar Fernmaighi, Fianaig. 70.21 . i bhfosadhlar
longphuirt, Lism.L. 3141 . i cathaír ... ar fosadlar in tighi,
15 BB 447a9 = Mer. Uil. 213 . fossudlār, CCath. 1840 v.l.
¤ mag : fosudhmagh ` camping-ground ' CCath. 1733 . fos-
adhmagh, 2509 . ¤ mullach : i f. tṡleibe F., Acall. 3446 .
ō ḟosadhmhullach a chinn crown ML 112.2 .
See also fossaid and fosta.
20 II Subst. o,n. and m. (a) a fixed or stable position, a
station, halting-place ; abode: f. ¤ n-aurard (of Tara), Ériu
iv 92 § 2 (= f. ¤ airard LL 33b13 ). co tech Eogain ..., co
fosud fer Fernmaige LL 111b32 ( RC xiv 430 ). rogab f. ¤ ┐
foslongport, Cog. 48.5 (sosadh v.l.). pl. Troini ... sedes
25a eterchert .i. fosta YBL 169b39 = sosta PH 6239 . Cf. na
secht nimi ... cid dosgni fostaib cen bēt ? what makes them
stable
? SR 7951 .
(b) halting, staying, abiding (in a place) : ag siubal ...
gan anadh gan fhosad RC xxviii 310 § 5 . is carrag fria
30fosug a rock for stability (of Cú Chulainn) ZCP x 301.1 .
Cf. dia targa [do] foshudsu a nEtail `your settling in Italy'
Aen. 1877 .
(c) a flat surface ; a crown, summit (?) : fri fosad a edain
IT ii2 242.15 Eg. i fossadh a édain, CCath. 2178 (cf. cava
35tempora Phars. iii 706 ). hi fossud a mullaich TBC² 1207
bentai hi fossud a mullaich TBC² 1207 (= LU 5681 ; i
comard a chind TBC 1899 ). go fosadh mullaigh chnuic F.,
FM v 1572.2 . for fosaid mullaig slébi Sióin LB 130a57
(perhaps a compd. in each case, see mullach, fossad-
40mullach above).
Cf. do eim f. ¤ `it guards the brain-pan' Met. Dinds. iv
332 .