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fossad I adj o-ā (orig. u, see Thurn. Gr. § 358 and cf. fossud
TBC 5562 ). ben ḟosadh (ḟasadh), don mnoí ḟosaidh, mac
na mná foisdi IGT, Decl. § 142 (for meaning here cf. ben
75fosta, Stair Ercuil 1106 , see 2 fosta). superl. as ḟoisde ib.
IGT ex. 1951 . (a) stationary, fixed: f. ¤ (gl. iacentem) Sg 13a5 .
f. ¤ ... .i. fossuid .i. manens in loco O'Mulc. 586 .
Cf. fossod a tond medrach LU 2979 .
(b) firm, steady ; (fig.) steadfast, consistent: tochim f. ¤
80n-álaind LU 8252 ( FB 20 ). a chéim fosad, Aisl. MC 35.7 .
a hEua f. ¤ herḟind ! SR 1906 . apair fris ... ba fosath ZCP
xi 96 § 55 . nit cualai ... neuch asroepred bat rrofossad ind
fer hisin, Mon. Tall. § 76 (= Rule of T. § 67 , cited s.v. fossaid).
ria athair f. ¤ fírḟial, Ériu iv 98 . aí f. ¤ `firm pleading' Triads
85 174 . doromailt uile co fosadh ┐ co hālainn ` steadily ' BNnÉ
300 § 3 . Here, perhaps LU 2979 cited above under (a).
As interj. : fossud a laich, or G., ni áigther ní steady ! LL
287a13 .
Cf. TBC 833 quoted s.v. 2 fosta.
(c) of land (legal or techn. term ?) : tir fosad a mbí
5maith cech maith, itir ith ┐ blicht ┐ lín ` inhabited land '
(? level or arable land) Laws iv 276.6 Comm.
In compds. apparently in sense either of fixed (firm) or
level: ¤ chlár : fosadhclár na faithche ` surface ' CCath. 1840
(fossudlar v.l.). ¤ chobradh, of boss of a shield , CCath. 5318 .
10 ¤ chongbál : ic fosadhcongmhail stiúre an flaithiusa ` steadily
holding ' 4620 . ¤ glenn : cach fán ┐ cach fosadglenn YBL
309b52 ( MR 240 ). ¤ lár ground, floor ; folld. by gen. middle:
a fosadlar Fernmaighi, Fianaig. 70.21 . i bhfosadhlar
longphuirt, Lism.L. 3141 . i cathaír ... ar fosadlar in tighi,
15 BB 447a9 = Mer. Uil. 213 . fossudlār, CCath. 1840 v.l.
¤ mag : fosudhmagh ` camping-ground ' CCath. 1733 . fos-
adhmagh, 2509 . ¤ mullach : i f. tṡleibe F., Acall. 3446 .
ō ḟosadhmhullach a chinn crown ML 112.2 .
See also fossaid and fosta.
20 II Subst. o,n. and m. (a) a fixed or stable position, a
station, halting-place ; abode: f. ¤ n-aurard (of Tara), Ériu
iv 92 § 2 (= f. ¤ airard LL 33b13 ). co tech Eogain ..., co
fosud fer Fernmaige LL 111b32 ( RC xiv 430 ). rogab f. ¤ ┐
foslongport, Cog. 48.5 (sosadh v.l.). pl. Troini ... sedes
25a eterchert .i. fosta YBL 169b39 = sosta PH 6239 . Cf. na
secht nimi ... cid dosgni fostaib cen bēt ? what makes them
stable
? SR 7951 .
(b) halting, staying, abiding (in a place) : ag siubal ...
gan anadh gan fhosad RC xxviii 310 § 5 . is carrag fria
30fosug a rock for stability (of Cú Chulainn) ZCP x 301.1 .
Cf. dia targa [do] foshudsu a nEtail `your settling in Italy'
Aen. 1877 .
(c) a flat surface ; a crown, summit (?) : fri fosad a edain
IT ii2 242.15 Eg. i fossadh a édain, CCath. 2178 (cf. cava
35tempora Phars. iii 706 ). hi fossud a mullaich TBC² 1207
bentai hi fossud a mullaich TBC² 1207 (= LU 5681 ; i
comard a chind TBC 1899 ). go fosadh mullaigh chnuic F.,
FM v 1572.2 . for fosaid mullaig slébi Sióin LB 130a57
(perhaps a compd. in each case, see mullach, fossad-
40mullach above).
Cf. do eim f. ¤ `it guards the brain-pan' Met. Dinds. iv
332 .

? fossaid : v past subj. 3 s. ni aire em nat fosad som fri cech
n-ētag ceni betis līga uime, acht, etc., Corm. Y 799 (= fóssad
45LB, Thr. Ir. Gl. 26 ). Possibly this form should be referred
to fo-sisedar, q.v.).

fossaid i (later form of fossad as adj.) steady, firm, steadfast,
imperturbable: buden ... is hi ḟ. ¤ écsamail TBC 5334 =
ḟossud 5562 . as fosaid ┐ as forasta in rí uasalbrethach YBL
50 84a5 . glór nár bfosaidh = with unsteady tone Duan. F. ii
264 . luamairi fosaich fireolach, TTebe 2004 . Fionn fosaigh,
Duan F. ii 12 § 40 . fer fial fosaidh FM v 1424 . imthecht
fossaidh fóill, Anecd. ii 25 . céim fosaidh MR 138.16 . luid-
set ... na coṅgaib ágmair ḟassaid LL 192a47 = assaid, Met.
55Dinds. ii 50 . ón chath ḟossaidh éigiallaidh stubborn TD
16.56 . fuither fossuid `a permanent estate' Dinds. 60 ,
see fossad I (c). ni chuala me enduine aga radh riamh re
duine eile gur rofhosaidh é, Rule of T. § 67 (= rofossad,
Mon. Tall. § 76 ). n p. fossaide im thoil `persevering in lust'
60 Tec. Corm. § 16.77 . Cf. dú dia ccomhla, fosaidh, udmhall,
Ériu xiii 37.25 .
Cf. fosuid cach aititiu SM Facs. 46a ( Laws iii 10 ).

fossaide n iā,f. (rare form of abstract of prec.) : ni chuala
me ... aga radh riam re duine ... gur meisde e a fhosaidhe
65` perseverance ' Rule of T. § 67 . See foiste, fosta, and next.

fossaidecht n ā,f. (fossaid) stability, stationary condition:
fossidecht (gl. foss) Hy 1.3 Comm. is edh dleghair fossaidh-
eacht | athach siu bus bás, Anecd. ii 25 . roboi foisidhecht
dúind a tigh Fergusa we were entertained (?) ZCP xvii 272.5
70( H 2.15, p. 83b ). g s. as attrib. : for ficaib fosaigechta ...
Betroin BB 244b10 , v.l. fosaigthecha YBL 69b11 , perh.
right reading, see fossaigthech ( = for faichthi na cathrach
..... B., YBL 295a5 . LB 124a14 ). raith fuis (.i. raith bís a
fosaighecht i forus), Bürgsch. 41 . Cf. mod. use of fosaidh-
75eacht `pasturing,' e.g. O'Leary's Lughaidh Mac Con p. 2 .
See prec.

fossaigid(ir) v g (1 foss). dep. 2 s. ipv. fosaigthi, Rawl.
112b34 = fosoighte YBL 251a35 ( RC xxvi 50 § 274 ). pres.
subj. 3 s. -fossaigedar LL 293b21 = ZCP xi 82 § 19 .
80 I Trans. (a) makes stable, establishes, fixes, stations:
rosfossaig i timchuairt ind rigsossaid stationed them SR
549 . Ri rosfossaig 429 = ḟosaiges LB 109a38 ( MacCarthy
40 ). Brings to a standstill: missi fossaigfes in gréin | co
cend noí mís LL 208b21 ( Ériu vii 221 ). Pass. gur fosuighedh
85troighthe ┐ gur lúaithighed lámha RC xxix 130 . (Fig.)
ní fuighledar nach fuigled nád-bí co fássaigib firinne fos-
saigedar [fosaiges, fasaiges, v.l.] a breith establishes, con-
firms ZCP xi 82 § 19 . co cléthi fine fosaighter cina .i. co
formna na fine aga fosaighther in cin iar n-éló cintaigh
(= the responsibility for crimes rests on the head of the
5`fine'), O'Dav. 486 . With extension of meaning : roḟossaig
tra Dia do Dallán a ṡúile co a bás `caused D.'s eyes to remain
with him
' LB 241a84 ( ZCP iii 225 ). Cf. cach ní is ail detsiu
... fosiged som deit iat ┐ innised co lleir LB 229b55 . máthair
Tuatail, isi ro ḟosaig a ceand fri cloich ica breith BB 254b28
10= ro ḟossaigh, Cóir Anm. 273 .
(b) keeps up, maintains (a combat ; cf. in maidm do
ḟossugud CRR 38 ). fosaighit in cath 'gan muigh, Aen.
2517 . cath na Samaire is é rosfossaig LL 45a35 ( MS Mat.
485 = crech na s. ... se rochossain, Rawl. 85b29 ). fossaigit
15immaireach n-ugra forro, CCath. 3099 .
(c) in Laws Comm. used to gloss fo-suidethar, apparently
= supports, provides for: fosuidither .i. fosaigidh in boaire
in mboairigh aile `gives refection to' Laws ii 380.16 . im boin
fosuidethar carrud ... .i. im in mboin fosaiges no fothaiges
20carra `which is provided or procured by' [which supports ?]
i 134.33 (but cf. H 3.17, c. 405 cited s.v. fo-sisedar, d).
? fosaidhter tir nA. .i. fosaighter A. cona thir a ndaor-
aigillnecht `is placed in daor- tenancy' Laws iv 266.4 (text doubt-
ful).
25 II Intrans. remains (in a place), stops, halts: fosaigid F.
'na inad fein, Lism.L 2988 . fossaigit im Hectair ... óic
┐ anraith LL 243a38 ( TTr. 1969 ). nír an ┐ nír fhosaidh
no go rainicc ur ... srotha O., Ét. Celt. i 84.21 . bá dóigh
leó go ffosaighfeadh cách ina ffarradh FM v 1672.18 . foss-
30aighitt ..... ina bpuiplibh vi 2136 . do ḟosuidh sé ann sin a
noidhche sin féin, `lodged' Gen. xxxii 13 .
Vn. fossugud q.v.