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1 fosta n iā,f. (fossad) in ḟosda (ḟasda, ḟoisde, ḟaisdi), IGT
IV § 18 . steadiness, composure: f. ¤ cen ḟeirg, Tec. Corm.
85 § 1.3 . f. ¤ fri anfontai, Ériu vii 138(d) = fostai ZCP iii 25.24 .
f. ¤ féile, fethamla, Arch. iii 317 § 55 = LB 261a41 . dollēce
dīscire do fossti (foisdine, dfostae v.l.) ZCP xi 96.11 . comet
dam mo chossa na digset a f. ¤ | fri tosca cen tarba that they
forsake not stability
(?) ZCP vi 259.30 . pl. trí fostai dag-
banais: f. ¤ thengad ┐ gensa ┐ airnberntais, Triads 180
5(oppd. to: tri foíndil). Cf. tre dúire ┐ fostain, Alex. 32 .
See foiste, foistine.

2 fosta adj io-iā steady, steadfast, unwavering: fer fial f. ¤ , BColm.
22.18 . fonnud ferda frithalmach f. ¤ ri feirg fóbartaich LL
238a2 ( TTr. 1558 ). pl. ticfaitis fosta fer Fernmaige leiss
10 TBC 833 ; `die Handfesten' Wind., but perhaps pl. of
fossad; cf. 5253 where text seems corrupt (cf. also Triads
180 , s.v. 1 fosta). roferastur ... failti fostai ... ri Laban
BB 237a28 = fosta YBL 63a24 .
Cf. ben f. ¤ `permanent wife' Stair Ercuil 1106 . Possibly
15gs. of fostad here, cf. failte ┐ fostadh cited s.v. fostad (c).
See fossad.

fostacht n ā,f. in ḟosdacht (ḟasdacht, ḟoisdecht, ḟaisdeacht)
IGT IV § 18 . steadiness, firmness, composure: is abdul ...
a suthaige na cathrach ... a f. ¤ `security' (tranquillity? of
20Heaven) RC iv 256 ( LU 2481 ). similarly: a f. ¤ [na hindsi
sin], Lism.L 3867 . f. ¤ a ceime, CCath. 4996 . iar fegad in
mara im ḟéth ┐ im ḟ. ¤ LL 230b13 ( TTr. 982 ). fosdacht re
feirg ML 100.21 = déntar agad ... f. ¤ re ferg ML² 1358 .

fostad n u,m. a development of fastud < astud (ad-suid-),
25perh. influenced by fosta; variant of fastód q.v. Cf. ostud
LU 9614 ( ZCP iii 208 ). fostadh fastadh IGT III 80 .
(a) holding back, detaining, keeping (in a place): dot
fastad eiter tuaid to detain thee among the laity Mon. Tall.
§ 66 (= astad, Ériu ii 222 ). atá cómarli lim. ol M. fastud
30in trir churad út ocaind innocht LU 8829 ( FB 62 ). ni
ro ḟétsat mfastud sa occo issind aer LL 273bz . inda gabail
nó inda fostud isna hordaib `in receiving them or in con-
firming them in orders
' Mon. Tall. § 4 (= da ccongmhail,
Rule of T. § 35 ). d'ḟosdadh na bhfileadh to retain Content.
35 xxviii 8 . fan leic níor bh' fhéidir th'fhosdadh they could
not keep Thee 'neath the tomb
Dán Dé xxviii 30 . cin caem-
actain fastuda `without the power of restraining him' Laws
iii 136y . doroine C. in rann la fostud Mochuta (= while
he restrained
M) ZCP iii 33z . chuires na heich ... tar a
40n-ais d'fosdadh an tuarasdail d'ais nó d'éigen, Caithr.
Thoirdh. 3.18 : `compel acceptance of the stipend,' `to retain
the subsidy
', Misc. Celt. Soc. 179 , of two kings each of whom
is attempting to bind the other's allegiance by gifts, to make
him his vassal. ig fastadh na grēne fri dib laithib i nDarbri
45 BB 266a17 ( ZCP xiv 155 ). beg slóig dosiac[h]t ... as gan
ḟosdagh cas (v.l. cos) do thuill a thuarasdol (i.e. without
being killed ? But perh. the literal sense is meant; the
next line suggests a ref. to the sense `hire'), Ériu iv 226 .
Esp. of checking or obstructing an enemy: ic fostud ┐
50oc imḟuiriuch int ṡlúaig TBC 470 , ac fostod etc. 4645 =
fostúd 2899 (trēnastud 3195 ). ro gab 'ca fostud ┐ ca n-im-
fuireach, CCath. 2646 . Of restraining a demoralized army:
cur mebaid ar guth in Ardrig oca f. ¤ , Ann. Conn. 1236 § 8 .
d'fastudh [-udh ?] na luinge, CCath. 2084 . ba múr ... dar
55cend Cesair ic f. ¤ Poimp 3641 (= stat ... pro Caesare murus,
Pompeiumque tenet Phars. vi 201 ). cor chuindigh ni di
d'ḟastadh a nErinn `asked for some of it to keep in Ireland'
RC xviii 43w . In middle sense: ba lind garg cen glan-
fostud `without bright tranquillity' Met. Dinds. iii 460 .
60 conach rainic acu gan f. ¤ don abainn acht mad a treoin
(= only their strong men could cross without being stopped
by the river
) Celt. Rev. iv 206.29 . gan fostadh re haon
without hindering anyone Keat. Poems 1416 . g s. fosta
lat éssi fostada th'echraidi LL 110a20 ( RC xiv 418 ). Ath
65in ḟostada ... Ath fostada Féinde Find where F.'s fianna
were stayed
Acall. 4980 . éicni fastuda TBC 5837 .
(b) fixing, establishing: ar fostogh ar cadaigh ┐ ar carad-
raig ZCP x 301x . Cf. im thráth nóna ... is and fastud
na flede `Feststellung' TFerbe 808 (= costad IT iii 549.15 ,
70see note ib. p. 546 ).
(c) retaining (in service), engaging, hiring (of soldiers) =
fastód: fear na bhféineadh d' ḟosdadh | S. ar dtús thug
tuarasdal engager of mercenaries Content. xviii 105 . amhsa
mhór ... do ḟosdadh la S. `took many mercenaries into his
75service
' FM v 1678.4 . daoine uaisle ... go ccéd do saigh-
diuiribh amaille friú do beith ar fosttadh ag Ua C. `were
hired by
' vi 2136x . triallaid ... go Connachtaibh ... mar a
bḟuaradar fáilte ┐ fostadh where they were welcomed and taken
into service
IT ii2 149 = fastódh, Keat. ii 3008 .
80Transf. of the stipend: do dhén `fastód bliadna rit. ca
mhét th' asto ? ar in rí. proinn ceta dhamh cach n-aidhche
... LB 278a68 .
(d) concrete a stay, support: sduaga ┐ fostada piers
(of a bridge) Marco P. 100 . fostadha ... na cath-craisech
85` shafts ' MR 254.19 .
(e) Med. constipation: da mbía fostog air = si fuerit
constipatus Ros. Angl. 84.13 .
See fastód.