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fostad n u,m. a development of fastud < astud (ad-suid-),
25perh. influenced by fosta; variant of fastód q.v. Cf. ostud
LU 9614 ( ZCP iii 208 ). fostadh fastadh IGT III 80 .
(a) holding back, detaining, keeping (in a place): dot
fastad eiter tuaid to detain thee among the laity Mon. Tall.
§ 66 (= astad, Ériu ii 222 ). atá cómarli lim. ol M. fastud
30in trir churad út ocaind innocht LU 8829 ( FB 62 ). ni
ro ḟétsat mfastud sa occo issind aer LL 273bz . inda gabail
nó inda fostud isna hordaib `in receiving them or in con-
firming them in orders
' Mon. Tall. § 4 (= da ccongmhail,
Rule of T. § 35 ). d'ḟosdadh na bhfileadh to retain Content.
35 xxviii 8 . fan leic níor bh' fhéidir th'fhosdadh they could
not keep Thee 'neath the tomb
Dán Dé xxviii 30 . cin caem-
actain fastuda `without the power of restraining him' Laws
iii 136y . doroine C. in rann la fostud Mochuta (= while
he restrained
M) ZCP iii 33z . chuires na heich ... tar a
40n-ais d'fosdadh an tuarasdail d'ais nó d'éigen, Caithr.
Thoirdh. 3.18 : `compel acceptance of the stipend,' `to retain
the subsidy
', Misc. Celt. Soc. 179 , of two kings each of whom
is attempting to bind the other's allegiance by gifts, to make
him his vassal. ig fastadh na grēne fri dib laithib i nDarbri
45 BB 266a17 ( ZCP xiv 155 ). beg slóig dosiac[h]t ... as gan
ḟosdagh cas (v.l. cos) do thuill a thuarasdol (i.e. without
being killed ? But perh. the literal sense is meant; the
next line suggests a ref. to the sense `hire'), Ériu iv 226 .
Esp. of checking or obstructing an enemy: ic fostud ┐
50oc imḟuiriuch int ṡlúaig TBC 470 , ac fostod etc. 4645 =
fostúd 2899 (trēnastud 3195 ). ro gab 'ca fostud ┐ ca n-im-
fuireach, CCath. 2646 . Of restraining a demoralized army:
cur mebaid ar guth in Ardrig oca f. ¤ , Ann. Conn. 1236 § 8 .
d'fastudh [-udh ?] na luinge, CCath. 2084 . ba múr ... dar
55cend Cesair ic f. ¤ Poimp 3641 (= stat ... pro Caesare murus,
Pompeiumque tenet Phars. vi 201 ). cor chuindigh ni di
d'ḟastadh a nErinn `asked for some of it to keep in Ireland'
RC xviii 43w . In middle sense: ba lind garg cen glan-
fostud `without bright tranquillity' Met. Dinds. iii 460 .
60 conach rainic acu gan f. ¤ don abainn acht mad a treoin
(= only their strong men could cross without being stopped
by the river
) Celt. Rev. iv 206.29 . gan fostadh re haon
without hindering anyone Keat. Poems 1416 . g s. fosta
lat éssi fostada th'echraidi LL 110a20 ( RC xiv 418 ). Ath
65in ḟostada ... Ath fostada Féinde Find where F.'s fianna
were stayed
Acall. 4980 . éicni fastuda TBC 5837 .
(b) fixing, establishing: ar fostogh ar cadaigh ┐ ar carad-
raig ZCP x 301x . Cf. im thráth nóna ... is and fastud
na flede `Feststellung' TFerbe 808 (= costad IT iii 549.15 ,
70see note ib. p. 546 ).
(c) retaining (in service), engaging, hiring (of soldiers) =
fastód: fear na bhféineadh d' ḟosdadh | S. ar dtús thug
tuarasdal engager of mercenaries Content. xviii 105 . amhsa
mhór ... do ḟosdadh la S. `took many mercenaries into his
75service
' FM v 1678.4 . daoine uaisle ... go ccéd do saigh-
diuiribh amaille friú do beith ar fosttadh ag Ua C. `were
hired by
' vi 2136x . triallaid ... go Connachtaibh ... mar a
bḟuaradar fáilte ┐ fostadh where they were welcomed and taken
into service
IT ii2 149 = fastódh, Keat. ii 3008 .
80Transf. of the stipend: do dhén `fastód bliadna rit. ca
mhét th' asto ? ar in rí. proinn ceta dhamh cach n-aidhche
... LB 278a68 .
(d) concrete a stay, support: sduaga ┐ fostada piers
(of a bridge) Marco P. 100 . fostadha ... na cath-craisech
85` shafts ' MR 254.19 .
(e) Med. constipation: da mbía fostog air = si fuerit
constipatus Ros. Angl. 84.13 .
See fastód.

fostadach, fostodach adj o-ā steady, constant: aichned [sic]
5fedil fostodach LL 149b 10 . As subst.: f. ¤ Moenmaighi
establisher (?), pacifier (?) ZCP iii 462 (costudach v.l.). Cf.
fastóthach.

fostaid v ā The older form seems to be fastaid (astaid < ad-
suid- by metathesis), probably associated with root sō-
10`turn,' whence the long vowel ō (ā, ū) occasionally found
in second syll. and in vn. fastód; the form fostaid may be
due to association with fossad, fossta, etc., cf. also costud,
which is apparently vn. of con-suidi. pres. 3 s. fostaid
LL 67b8 ; fastaid, ib. 9 . fastoid LU 2109 ( FA 17 = astaid
15LB); nos fastand LU 2114 ( FA 18 = -astand LB). ipv. 2 s.
fostá LL 101a42 . subj. pres. 2 s. dia fastō BB 456b22 ( Aen.
702 ). fut. 3 s. -fostba LU 5871 ( TBC² 1403 ). nom-fostfa-sa
RC xiv 38 § 35 . pret. 3 s. ro-fost LU 350 . nas fast LL
203b34 . ro dn-ast TTr.² 1143 . rofasta (v.l. ro fasto ro
20fosdadh, -aidh), Met. Dinds. iii 44.68 (if not intended for
rofastad but cf. the forms cited in Vbl. Syst. of SR 712 ff )
diar fosta ZCP iii 24.16 ( Rawl. 80b36 ). Pass. pres. pl.
fastaitir FB 62 . perf. sg. rofastad TTr.² 1143 . do fastódh ,
Keat. iii 2618 (for form cf. do hadódh IGT III ex. 529 ).
25For vn. see fostad and fastod.
(a) stops, detains, retains: ra ḟost F. ace é ic irnaide
TBC 6134 . co ro fost Colum Cille ... na filedu LU 350 .
gur rofhost C. ... seacht mbliadhna iad, Keat. iii 1258
(cf. (b) below). ni fosdadh aon fhocal he never retained
30(remembered) a word BNnÉ 178.10 . is ann fastaitís in
ngréin | co cend noí mís, Met. Dinds. iii 36 . no fostatis an
firm[i]mint da rit[h], CCath. 3919 . fostaid ocht n-eono
dib brings to a standstill TBC 1335 = (co mbí ... LU 5175 ,
where it is clearly shown that the birds were taken alive).
35 is fuigli ... filed fostas ┐ imfuirges iat gan bar n-innsaigid
that restrain ... them from attacking you YBL 306b9 ( MR
194 ). ríg ┐ naím Hérend ... iat rothennḟastsat cach cath
who strictly checked Met. Dinds. iii 12 . tōraigechd ... dar
fostad mōrān don creich `was recovered' Ann. Conn. 1340 § 4 .
40 Cf. do fastódh i dTeamhraigh é (viz. Feidhlimidh mac
Criomhthainn) Keat. iii 2618 (the corresp. account AI
840 (14e) has: a chostud i Temraich; AU has conid-
deisidh ).
(b) retains (in service), engages (In this sense possibly
45influenced by ON festa. Cf. O'Donovan's remarks U.J.A.
vi 60 ): ros fost (sic MS) fri ré theora mios, Hugh Roe
96.5 (f. 25b) . rosfostsat [sic MS.] ina n-oentaid kept him
with them
The Ó Clēirigh Family, P. Walsh (1938) 30 (= Hy
Fiachr. 76 ). ag so mar ḟostus O Neill buannadha `this is
50the ... manner of O'Neyle his interteyning of Bwonaghs
'
O'Neill's proclamation 1601 (Gilbert, Nat. MSS. Vol. iv
i pl. xxx ; U.J.A. vi 1858, 60 ). don druing úd [do fostad]
`they that were hired,' Matt. xx 9 . ? ní báoi comas biadhta
léo an aghaidh sin, go ro fhosd Ciaran fria sásadh doibh
55`C. remained to satisfy them' BNnÉ 108.12 . The Lat.
( VSH i 125 ) has nothing to correspond.
(c) keeps, holds to, observes (?): tiomna Néill nachar
fosdadh `N.'s testament was not observed' (`was no hind-
rance
?' note) Content. v 148 .
60(d) intrans. remains stationary, stays (?): diar fosta
grian ZCP iii 24.16 ( Rawl. 80b36 ).

fostaigid, fastaigid v g (< fossad? Cf. fostaid).
(a) leg. term makes fast, secures, binds: is cain ḟastaigter
(gl. con-suiter), Laws v 6.17 Comm. is cain ḟastaigter do
65reir dligid na cuir ... (consuiter dliged fo coraib ...) well-
established is the truth,
ib. y . (Cf. is fastaithe , Laws iii
506 z rendered `it is binding,' but the form seems intended
as vb. necess.: is to be stopped).
(b) holds back, detains; retains: (some exx. here may
70rather have sense c) cia crúth no fastaithfed indí Patraic,
Arch. iii 10.21 ( Trip.² 226 ) = modum quo Patricium in suo
retineret servitio Trip. 20.17 ( Trip.² p. 12 ). romarbh Ercuil
in fodhmoir ┐ rofhostoigh [leg. -óidh ? Cf. fostaid] se a
bancheile .i. Dianíra, St. Ercuil 2301 . do dhiúltadar fir
75Éireann dona fileadhaibh, gur ḟostuidheadar Ulaidh ...
iad, Keat., iii 1256 . na longa ... nó fostaighthi leósum do
corránaibh iarnaidhibh were held fast by grappling-irons
CCath. 1986 .
(c) engages, hires: rofostaigh se da cet ridiri ZCP vi
8051.10 . ro fostaidh iarla S. me do cogud 104.32 . d'fostoigh
[leg. -óidh ?] sé ... céd míle fear ... le céud tallann airgid,
2 Chron. xxv 6 . tuarasdal an té ḟoisteochthair, Levit.
xix 13 .

? fostal : n pl. rucsat ..... a muintera ┐ a fostala uli dar Sinaind
85` chattels ' Cog. 58.16 .