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1 fót n o,m. in later lang. decl. varies, see IGT, Decl. § 88 .
n s. in fot Ml 37d14 . g s. ind ḟoit LL 115a10 . n p. fóit LU
40 9249 , 10466 . a p. fotu 9848 . g p. inna fót Ml 126a15 . d p.
fotaib 84a5 . LU 10467 . In Mid. Ir. occas. with slender
forms : d s. don chetfóit LL 290b35 . n p. fōide, Corm. Y
1265 . foite TBC p. 719n. 13 (St), foidi p. 85 n. 16 (St), cf.
d p. -foitib, CCath. 4103 beside fotaibh 994 , fódaibh 1749 .
45The variant fát (fád) is found in Early Mod. Irish ; fád
(: atád) IGT, Decl. ex. 792 ; 1632 . g s. ... Fáid na bhFionn
(: táid) TD 8.5 . d p. fáidibh (: láidir) IGT, Decl. ex. 1633 .
(a) a sod (of earth), a clod: gl. gleba Ml 37d14 , 84a5 , 126a15 ,
caespes Sg 66b6 . fod (gl. gleba) Ir. Gl. 119 . dobiur f. ¤ dom
50thír fom chossaib LU 1841 ( RC ix 494 ). foot (diss.), Anecd. i 63. 111 . corop cerchaill
cach f. ¤ feránach LL 171b26 ( CRR 6 ). co ro sceindset na
fóit a crūib na n-ech LU 10466 = ZCP iii 260 § 87 . ina
curtis na eich do cheppaib ┐ do chorrḟótaib LL 110a8 ( RC
xiv 416 ). (co ndringitis for fodaib ┐ for lesaib do dechain
55Hectoir LL 405a31 is perh. corrupt; TTr.2 in corresp.
passage, TTr.² 1094 , has : for foradhaib ...). ro tócbuid tuir
... do cria[i]dh ┐ d'fódaibh, CCath. 1749 . fod do breith
d'feronn na naomh ZCP x 32.5 . fott for cloich, cloch for
fot (of different kinds of dyke) Laws v 270.26 Comm. Of
60a grave : apraid rum cia f. ¤ fo a fail LL 209a ( Ériu vii 228 ).
dorat fod furri (= buried her) BB 40b36 . guid fot fair i
Ros na rig YBL 181b23 = BB 260b42 (in SG 256 the text
of the preceding passage is faulty). Cf. fon fot na hullta,
Laws v 448.29 Comm. gach taeb ōg ar nach fuil fāt (: tād),
65 Arch. iii 2372 (`every young body yet unburied' Studies
1934, 300 ).
(b) a spot of earth (of a small and definite place) : tech
mic ind Óc ... rígda f. ¤ , Met. Dinds. ii 10 . do cuingidh in
foit bic i ndingnem cathraigh, Aen. 1579 . do rug leis e
70coruigi an fod ar ar fāgaibh ingen diūice L., ZCP vi 66.16 .
ar ḟód ḟéagtha ḟátha `to a retired place to examine into his
cause
' ML 98.27 (= ML² 1341 ). cf. rucsat leo hé ar f. ¤
scrután gaīsse fo leith, Acall. 6191 . ar fhód mhearaighthe
`on the path of error' Dán Dé vi 4 . co ruc ... a mac ... for
75f. ¤ raith réil `on a site of bright auspice, she brought forth
a ... son
' Ériu vii 223 ( LL 208by ). is eicen do neoch a
thecht | cosin f. ¤ forsa mbí a thiglecht TBC 3666 . cai [ = co]
fesur foat forsin m[b]ebai ┐ fout forau ngēnir ┐ fot forsa
n-adnuic ZCP ii 315.2 . tri fóid nach fétann aon-duine do
80shechna ... .i. fód a geine, fód a báis ┐ fód a adhnacail
BNnÉ 236 § 159 = trí foide ... BCC p. 102 . fot in gheine
f. ¤ in bháis ┐ bhót in adhnacuil, Arch. ii 137.11 . ara fhōd
bāis ZCP x 32.8 . ni bi duine ar doman gan a ḟod urdalta
... oidhedha d'urmaisi MR 268.22 .
85(c) soil, land, territory: a ngaibes [fuidir] o flaith, ...
etir fod ┐ indngnam, Ir. Recht 66 ( SM Facs. 3ax ). gabaid
... fot ... otá aniar Iordanén co hEofrait sair LB 125a50 .
as na fóidibh i bhfuileam, Top. Poems² 3 . d'ionnsuighidh
ḟóid Eadáille TD 24.28 . orláimh Ḟóid Mheadhbha 21.34 .
i bhfádaibh Néill, Hackett vi 8 . Cf. do righ Febhail na
5[bh]fót BR 124.10 .
(d) idiomatic expressions : f. ¤ crithaig : co nderrnadh
f. ¤ c. don uile doman `the whole world became "a sod of
trembling"
' CCath. 290 , cf. f. ¤ crithach 5644 . coccad mór
... co mboi Ere ina fód crithaigh FM ii 1078.11 . an fer las
10a ndernadh fód crithigh d'Erinn uile 1182.2 . f. ¤ cró a sod
of gore, a scene of carnage: is f. ¤ c. in tilach sa indiu lat LU
10460 (= ZCP iii 260 ). f. ¤ fábaill : land of bewilderment (?)
tugsad ... na fód fhabhuill | fairche ... fhuinn L. | do
dhruim thoitme a thighearna, O'Reilly Poems 1314 . See
15 1 fáball. f. ¤ fírinne : ní fód fírinne air ar canuis CF 419 Eg.
(= ni ba fír sin 924 Rawl.). f. ¤ fáenlige : ga ḟurmiáil ri f. ¤
foenlaige laid prostrate TBC 5714 = ri fáet foenlige 5720 (see
furmiáil). do bert a uillinn faoi fri fód fáoinlighe, he reclined
at full length on the ground
Hugh Roe 226.22 (f. 60b) . co
20rofāgbait ar fodaibh faonluige gan onōir adnaicti ZCP xiv
239.2 . f. ¤ mearbaill : fód mearbhaill a deceptive (treacherous)
land Studies 1949, 185 . Cf. mod. fód mearbhail (seachrán)
Hyde, Rel. Songs of Connaught ii 59 n . f. ¤ fo leith a
spot apart: rogairm [an ben] Cond lē ar f. ¤ fo leith called
25C. aside
Ériu iii 160 y . do cuaidh in t-iarla ar fód fo leth
leis ZCP vi 90.1 . téid i bhfód fá leith ria, Keat. ii 6350 .
f. ¤ for (fri h-) altóir `sod on altar,' land given to the church
(probably from the symbolic custom of delivering a sod) :
ro idbair in ri ... Tóim nEirc ... amal fót for altóir do Dia
30┐ do Chíaran LU 9596 ( ZCP iii 206 = RC xvii 190 . FM i
262 ) ; do bhronn fearann don eaglais sin mar ḟód re haltóir,
Keat. iii 2162 ). ar a dtugadar d'ḟearann ┐ d'ḟódaibh re
haltóir dhóibh, Keat. i p. 4 . Of an offering in general :
doratt Cúilfat (Cúil fata ?) hi fōt fri haltōir ... do Dia ┐ do
35Chiarán RC xxvi 370.27 = Arch. iii 226 .
mac fōit, O'C. 2232 ( Eg. 88, f. 16d ). in a list of different
classes of children, cf. mac muine.
(e) a lump, mass, heap: co tuargabar ina fotaib till it
is piled up in heaps
(of malt drying) Laws ii 240.21 ( ZCP
40 xiv 348 , 350 ). bec nar merblig in sruth dib amal ḟót sengán
like a swarm of ants Alex. 687 (= BB 494b16 ).
Common in compds. in poetry. With subst. f. ¤ -brug
`sod-built stead' Met. Dinds. i 4 . ¤ ráth an earthen fort:
gp. Met. Dinds. iii 72.83 .
45With adj. : fódarsaidh TD 28.1 . ¤ bán : féagain an
mhúir ḟádbháin `with its shining sward' TD 11.1 . ¤ boc :
a n-eing fhádbhuig Olchobair ` soft-glebed ' O'Gr. Cat.
518.7 = Ó'Bruad. iii 76 . don ḟádbhuig ḟinn (= Éirinn),
Ériu viii 192.11 . ¤ domain : a bhfeart fóddhoimhin deep
50under the sod
Oss. iv 256.6 . ¤ glan : ó Inis fodghloin ...
Fail MR 104.7 . ¤ glas : fonn fodghlas BB 13b56 . fosad-
glenn fod-glas MR 240.18 . Magh fádghlas Feimhin IGT,
Decl. ex. 1319 . ¤ mín : Banbha ... an ḟuinn ḟóidmhín ` soft-
sodded ' Content. xxx 26 . ¤ núide : a ráith ... ḟódnúidhe
55 TD 28.2 . -réid : an ḟuinn ḟóidréidh TD 26.1 .

2 fót n watchfulness, vigilance, caution: f. ¤ .i. faitech ut est :
bíd cách i faitces a fóit | is cian imthigit in óic, Thr. Ir.
Gl. 21 = a faitchius a fóit ; ac faircsin ac fót, LB Fél. cxiv
(July 30 Comm.) . f. ¤ .i. faiteach ; .i. fuireachair, O'Cl.
60 fod faidech, Met. Gl. Eg. 15 . fod fuirechus, ib. FF 53 .
fó dúib fatchius ┐ f. ¤ TBC 504 . ri fot ┐ ri foraire ... i n-iathaib
bidbad LL 171b30 ( CRR 6 ). 'com óit ┐ 'com ḟorairi LL
263b7 ( MU² 220 ). Cf. bíait Cianacht[a] i fout on the alert
RC xvii 159 ( FM 590 ). `fód' fios, Met. Gl. D 35 ; fód
65` art, skill, sense, knowledge ' O'R., are probably meant for
this word.

fota, fata adj io-iā (but acc. to Pokorny, ZCP xvi 458 , orig.
foto g s. of fut ; see fot. Cf. Ml 60a10 ; Bruchst. § 96 , cited
below) fota LU 1365 . fota, fotai Hy ii 56 . rofattai, Mon.
70Tall. § 21 . a s m. lasind fascad fottai § 61 . a s n. foto, Ml
60a10 . d s n. fotu Ml 82d10 . g s m. fotti AU 718 . Cf. cu gren-
laich fote , Arm. 17a2 (= *Grellaig fotae ?). fota AU 745 , 798 .
g s n. foto 745 . Cf. inge C. fodo (metri gratia) TFrag. 62.4 =
Bruchst. § 96.4 . n p. fotai, Sg 5b1 . In later Mid. Ir. some-
75times with slender stem in pl. lúba faidi , Acall. 5201n .
g du. f.: cectar in da fleisc faidi BB 242a34 .
Long (a) of space or distance : fada (gl. longus) Ir. Gl.
677 . uide foto Ml 60a10 . cendidi f. ¤ BDD 82 Y (= LU
7140 ). flesc f. ¤ LB 117b52 . folt ... fata TBC 213 . ulcha
80ḟata, Ériu iii 194 § 1 . ni thuca in finn ḟotai a tall fair woman
ZCP viii 112.30 . pn As sobriquet : Fercar f. ¤ AU 696 . dom
Chummain ... mac find Fotae Fiachnai, Fél. Nov. 12 =
Cumain Fota mac F. 242.13 ; Cuimmini fota, Rawl. 90g34
(= LL 351c1 ; Cummeni longus AU 661 ). C. Foto (: dō),
85 Bruchst. 41 § 4 ). fid f. ¤ an extensive wood YBL 109a30 ( Ériu
iv 156 ). creacha foda distant forays TD 8.37 . fada ōn
Ierusalemh soir far to the east of J. ZCP viii 116 § 26 . In
early Mid. Ir. the compar. and superl. seem to be supplied
from sír (q.v.) : issía thiagait TBC 6040 (= as faide St).
asna a tháeib bas siriu uaim 1287 (= bus faidi St). but :
5 san cuid dob foide uadh the part most distant from him
BNnÉ 52.21 , faide, Acall. 1866 . foidi 1865 . With -de :
ni ragam do Ierusalem ... ar bid fatite Hiruath uaind
Herod will be farther from us LB 139b1 ( Hog. Nenn. 72 ).
gan aidide dhaodh | Faidide an feur `non obediendo Aodo
10eo altius gramen
' Molloy's Gramm. 212 (ch. xxii) . fatiti,
Moling § 19 . faidide, Acall. 6811 .
Of fig. distance : bid fotai chucca far from it! (never !)
PH 5247 . fada ó théarnamh dhamh ... da rabh. ... `I have
no chance of escape
' Dán Dé ix 12 . fada ó im i n-aisgidh é
15 far was it from being a gift of butter TD 37.3 .
(b) of time or duration : f. ¤ in gábud sin LU 1365 . is
f. ¤ in troscud itai thou art fasting long LL 112a22 ( ScM. 3 ).
saegal fotta, Moling § 42 . cid fada cid gairit in re, Laws
v 248.35 Comm. ag glacad aimsire girre no faidi, Parrth.
20Anma 339.13 .
Long-continued, enduring: ferr in cosmail caol fodae
moderate persistent routine (oppd. to : saothar obund no
remor) ZCP vii 311 § 15 . a ṡlúag na nglond fata ` long-
remembered ' Met. Dinds. iii 348 (: data, perh. imperf. rime).
25 f. ¤ int ainmed a lasting blemish, 156 . f. ¤ in col ib.
With cop., folld. by clause in apposition : is fata atai
i sruth Tigir LB 112b22 ( Mac Carthy 66 ) = is cían SR 1676 .
bud fata bas chian chuman long will the memory endure
TBC 294 . uair as fada atú can mo bladh ... do thogbail
30 I am long in raising TTebe 4061 . gid fada gairit bemait
ar aenrian whether we be together for long or short Acall.
5478 . gid fata gair bias tír ... fám chois 5648 . ni fati nā
fead ris a mbligfea bó ... bamar and not longer than the
time in which a cow could be milked
Cog. 182.8 . Loosely
35used with pers. constr. : Fada mé ar mearughadh sligheadh,
Studies 1950, 319 . Cf. the regular use with DO : is fada
dam beith a coluinn, it is too long for me to remain ZCP
vii 304 § 17 . Fada dhamh druim re hÉirinn, Measgra D.
125 .
40 (is) f. ¤ co : fada go tuigim mo theach, Arch. iii 236 § 1 .
gid fada gairit co tí whether he come late or soon Fianaig.
74.7 . as fada go dtreicfindsi tusa it would have been long
before I would have deserted you
TBC p. 509 n. 1 (St). fada
co saoilfidis so they were far from expecting this Measgra
45Dánta 153 . nirbo ḟata inn irnaide dóib co faccatar ...
they were not long waiting before they saw ... LL 175b26
( CRR 30 ).
is f. ¤ limm co (conj. or prep.) I deem it long until ..., I am
eager, impatient for: fada lea Rig co ruacht nem ZCP vii
50303y . fada linn gu lá na graifne IGT, Decl. ex. 1392 .
is f. ¤ ... limm I deem ... long, it seems long to me (of some-
thing tedious or unpleasant ; often = I think it grievous, am
sorry for (without notion of time) : ba fada la hIta beith
na ecmais (= erat S.I. tristis de absentia ...) Lat. Lives 103 .
55 ba f. ¤ leó rombátár they thought they were a long time away
LU 5880 ( TBC² 1412 ). foda lásan rígh robadur a aos ciuil
BNnÉ 107.1 (cf. rex ... contristatus est nesciens quid illis
accidit VSH i 223 ). fada leis an bhfear ... gan tocht da
thoigh TD 4.39 . is fada (v.l. fuaith) lim inní docím anois
60... isin aér IT ii2 133.271 . is fada lem do dhol soir, a C.
ZCP vii 302 § 6 . fada lim sgaoileadh don sgoil ... foide
iná an sgol do sgaoileadh | gan m'oide ag cor chomaoineadh
sadder to me than the dispersal of the school is it to have lost
my teacher's kindness
Studies 1924, 86 . gid goiritt let-sa
65... an denus sin ..., as faide le Brían Banba | gan éistecht
rem urlabhra ZCP viii 218 § 2 . gér'bh fada an cath sin,
ba foidi le D. [scarad] le[a]choicle, Acall. 1865 .
(c) in prosody, long (in quantity) : pl. bith ḟotai (gl. ...
semper longius) Sg 5b1 . nach tairis acht a sillaib ḟota IT
70 iii 101 § 180 . tairissium o ḟotaib ┐ cuimrib ib.
(d) adv. (of space or time) : connaca in scath chuci
aníar rodarc a sula co f. ¤ dond farrci LU 9059 ( FB 81 ). bui
... co f. ¤ ina thost for a long time PH 92 . Absol. : co raibe
fada 'na laighe he was for a long time lying (ill) RC xviii 154 .
75 ro fhetutar f. ¤ ria ngenemain ... Crist long before PH 6999 .
cidh fada bes fair whatever length of time he shall be upon it
(viz the land) Laws iv 132.7 Comm. ná bí ní as ḟaide ag
anmhain TD 24.29 . Cf. fad ó riamh long before 23.6 (cf.
mod. fad ó shoin, fad ó long ago ). ma fada gearr beirthear
80é far or near 22.13 .