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1 foth n o,n., m. n p. fotha, fuith (cf. fudha, v.l. fugha IGT,
Decl. § 180 ?), Thurn. held : atait secht fod la Feine, Laws
v 264 , to be a misreading of ... secht fodla la F., but the
comm. gl. a secht no fothaigedh' suggests foth.
45A word of doubtful meaning, freq. in legal tracts; expld.
by O'Don. ` claim, right, title, property'; `title, claim',
Plummer ; by Thurneysen ZCP xiii 301 - 303 as that which
can represent or be substituted for something else owing to
similarity of nature or behaviour ; he assigns to it the a p.
50 futhu in Cambrai Hom. 37b (see futhu and cf. O'Bruadair cited
s.v. foich). Token, sign (?). The word is glossed by O'Dav.
as follows (a) f. ¤ .i. dliged nó gnimrad ut est ataat .iiii. anmann
dona macaib so ... bid a f. ¤ maicne dobertais anmann doib .i.
... o gnimrad nó o dligid maicne O'Dav. 908 . (b) f. ¤ no fod .i. amail,
55 ut est ... for finntedha foth ... ; Ocus ... : fodh macaib sceo
i ngenaibh 878 . (c) f. ¤ .i. demin, ut est ar ní aidbriudh for f. ¤
forlengar for dilsi 941 = for fot forlengar Ériu xiii 54 ( H 3.18
p. 61a , faint dot over -t). Cf. follg. exx. mas indraic ┐ esinn-
raic dorala iman sēt cidh í in inraic aidhbres cidh aice aidh-
60brethar ... is cedfaidh gach uair do bheith foth ninais no foth
creca co remdilsi ag in innraic, coma hi in esinnraic do
dena imdenam, O'C. 2151 ( Eg. 88, 3ba ). mas da innraic
no da esinnraic dorala um an sēt is lais in tí oga tarrus é
a imdenam cidh bé foth bus ail les d'imairt air, O'C. 2151
65( Eg. 88, 3ba ). masa cend co memur, no eclaisdacda co
tuata, no innraic co hesinnraic is leosidhe imdenam in
gach foth da dtig eliugh uile ┐ i fotha comarda ┐ leitharda
... acht cenmotha da fotha .i. foth creca, go remdilsi, no
fo n-inais con esinnraic ┐ fo creca nama og an innraic, is a
70dhenam don esinnraic conadh foth creca go remdilsi, no
gonadh foth ninais di é, ┐ a dhenam don innraic conadh
foth creca cin remdilsi di é ... O'C. 2152 (= O'D. 1641 - 2 ).
duine ... roba lis imdénam a seoit do rer in fuid ro imir
air, O'D. 1641 ( H 5.15, 19a ). masa ... cend co memur is
75leoside imdénam in cach foth a mbia éliugud dóib, ┐ in
cach foth uili cid iat aidbres cid aca aidbrither cen mothat
da foth foth creca co remdilsi no foth ninais oc in esinraic
┐ fo creca namā con indraic ... O'D. 1641 - 2 ( H 5.15, 19a =
O'C. 2151 - 2 ). is iat na fuith (fotha, O'C. 2152 ) comarda
80.i. foth n inais aca mar aen, no foth creca co remdilsi ; is
iat na fuith (fotha O'C.) lethárda foth n inais con dara de
┐ foth comarda [leg. creca, as in O'C. 2150 ] co rémdilsi no
cen remdilsi con tí eili, no foth creca co rémdilsi no foth
creca namá con tí eili ib. O'D. 1642 . set aidbreda aithfégthar
85sund iter da feichemain a n-urlaim coitchind, ┐ nechtar
de don dá fechemain ro fuaitgestar ón urlaim cen airech
ón, ┐ is don fir ḟuil aca n-aidbriud rainic a imdénam do rer a
fuid, ┐ nocha do féin is aichnid é, acht da bligne no dá buach-
aill, O'D. 1651 ( H 5.15, 21a ). duine lasi mbia fod (mas
indraic ┐ esindraic dorala umun sét. cid im indraic aidbres
5cid aca aidbrither, is le imdénum cipé foth is áil di de.
Más da indraic no da esindraic dorala umun sét, is leis in
tí ca tarrus cipé foth bus áil de) O'D. 1653 - 4 ( H 5.15, 22a ).
gach innraic aidhbris a set ag eisinnraic, ┐ is foth n-inais
[foth n-ínfais, 23 Q 6, 42 ] imrid a ndís, is lais in innraic
10imdhenamh go fior testa ina diagh, ach muna tairge an
antest oga n-aidhbrither fíor Dé, ┐ dia tairge ní bfuil fíor
is taire nas in fior tairge (.i. d'imdenam), O'C. 2288 ( Eg.
88, 21ab ) = 23 Q 6, 4a ( O'C. 1601 ). atait tri fotha la Feine
doberat tuinidhe ┐ dilsi do neoch, .f. n-inais ┐ .f. n-imna
15┐ .f. reimdilsi .i. aní fothaighter do dilsi roime riam, H 3.18,
p. 208b = O'C. 2287 ( Eg. 88, 21ba ). See also s.v. inás. ? atait
secht fod la Feine nadcon toibget athgabail `seven rights'
Laws v 264.11 (see fod). elguin ┐ toiscid, anfis ┐ eitge, acht
in eitge iffod fodhal son rop toiscidh roba elguin i 262 ;
20expld. by Thurn. loc. cit. `except the eitge which represents,
i.e. comprises, the divisions' (i.e. the classes of `eitge,' see
Laws iii 88 ).
Cf. na Dessi Muman mor cath ... | Oengus Eogan acher
bruth | Rus in Fothad cona foth (: cloth), Rawl. 84a33 .

25 2 foth ? ind claideb ... col lethad finna fri barr ḟ. ¤ ra gére ┐
áithe LL 189b12 (leg. barr srotha ?). cf. finna i n-agid srotha
TBC 2578 , etc.

1 fotha n o,m. (& n. ?). n s. in fotha Sg 4b3 . d s. fothu Wb
8c18 . Ml 120d20 . a s. fotha Bcr 33b4 . n p. fotha SR 4245 .
30 fothai 8081 . Treated as neut. : f. ¤ ndeich, Corm. Y 447 .
f. ¤ n-utmall, Triads 173 (but : in f. ¤ utmall Sg 4b3 ). f. ¤ n-
aimser ZCP viii 195 § 2 (chev.). fatha mbúaidre, Buile S.
30.22 (poem). fatha, fotha m., n p. fotha, -dha, IGT, Decl.
§ 2 ; pl. fothada LB 1a52 .
35Acc. to Thurn. ZCP xiii 301 <*fo-suide `subsidium',
hence (a) foundation, basis, bottom: cumtach don fothu
Wb 8c18 . for fothu (gl. super basem) Ml 120d20 ; f. ¤ (gl.
fundamentum) Sg 4b3 ; (crepido) Bcr 33b4 . iarsnaib fothib
(gl. post ... crepundia ; taken as = crepido ? or fig. ?) Ml
40 44c13 . f. ¤ .i. fundameint, O'Cl. fundamentum .i. f. ¤ , Auraic.
400 . fothai fudomnai domuin SR 8081 . rochraithit fothada
na haibesi PH 35 ( LB 1a ). a[c] cumdach na catrach, ...
a[c] cor a f. ¤ , Aen. 304 . co ro toccbhadh cúirte cloch ... da
fothaibh fulaing FM vi 2012.9 . Base, socle (of a pillar,
45 etc.) : se f. ¤ dec. ... do arggot ... dá f. ¤ dib cech oenchláir (of
boards of Tabernacle = bases argenteas Exod. xxvi 19 ) SR
4245 = se ḟ. ¤ ... dí ḟ. ¤ LB 120b30 , se fothai BB 241b36 . cona
fot[h]aib clārda[ib] fotae (fothu v.l.) `tabular bases' (of
quivers) CCath. 5452 .
50(b) in fig. sense foundation, origin, source , often of persons.
ba hiat .xii. f. ¤ na heclaisi LB 146b5 . is iat sin [viz. firta
Crist] is f. ¤ ┐ is bunad di cech ṡoscela ... 149a17 . brethem
cen f. ¤ n-eoluis, Laws v 352z . f. ¤ n-utmall eolais, Triads 173
(a `door of falsehood'). Eua ... f. ¤ febda fírclainne SR
55 1064 . na Fothaig ... f. ¤ suith iat, ar ísí cetchlann ruc Fuinche
`foundation of offspring' Fianaig. 4.3 . Cormac ... ba f. ¤
fondbalc flatha, Met. Dinds. i 36 . Cf. fer fatha na fregra
(epithet of the high-king Domnall ua Neill) BB 50b34
( MacCarthy 424 ). Fotha bec, F. ¤ mór (titles of law-tracts),
60 O'Don. 1582 , 1584 ( H 5.15, p. 7a , 7b ). An extension of
this is : f. ¤ ` patterne ' RSClára 36b .
(c) cause, ground, reason: Cf. ciho fothaib son (gl. quibus
... facibus accensi sunt ... ut armari ... non timerent) Ml
16b19 . f. ¤ .i. adhbhar, O'Cl. is he tra f. ¤ dia raibe in scel sa,
65 Arch. iii 4.8 . sé fatha fiadhnach fa fuil | bás F. the manifest
cause from which the death of F. occurred
Lec. 311r42 (= cf.
f. ¤ fiamach, MacCarthy 420 < BB 50b8 ). eg don gargfatha
fiadhnach ib. Lec. 311r 41 . creac[h]a ... eir nách bí fōir ná fatha
without remedy or reason ZCP viii 226.1 . doróni cói ... ┐
70nír bó gan ḟ. ¤ dhó, TTr.² 1715 . bud forderg in fatha, is olc
tachar flatha | re fatha gan chin, Fianaig. 84. 10 - 12 . conid
ed sin f. ¤ cocaid Connacht ┐ fer Muman RC xxiv 186 § 19 .
conid f. ¤ do chosnum ... ib. is e sin f. ¤ aideda Fergusa, Laws
i 68.17 . fatha marbtha Eóin ain, Ériu iv 174 § 4 . fatha
75tuidhechta Mu chua a hUlltaib, Lism.L. 4654 . damhna
dér ┐ f. ¤ fíorchaoíneadh FM v 1616.15 . in fatha ara n[d]each-
aid sair the reason he went Arch. iii 324.9 . ar in f. ¤ sin for
that reason
Cóir Anm. 102 . ar na fothaibh sin FM v 1860.7 .
ca fatha um nách fuigbeadh ? why not ? ZCP viii 563 § 25 .
80 don fh. ¤ ima roluidh, Leb. Gab. i 222 . anba in fatha for-
ceatuil (of the warnings of Doomsday) D iv 2, 89ra (=
DDána p. 87 ).
(d) by extension used of landed estate or property (regarded
as basis of legal status ?) : f. ¤ na n-uasal `property'
85 Laws iii 234.20 . f. ¤ ┐ rith (= principal & interest) ; bo dona
gradhaibh Feine ina f. ¤ ┐ bo for rith ; ... ceithre ba ... itir
fotha ┐ rith, H 3.17, c. 549, 10 ; 13 ( Laws iii 234 ). raith
laisa mbi f. ¤ (.i. ac a mbi bunad tochusa) `a surety who has
a basis
' v 498.8 , 27 . is cumrachta f. ¤ fri flaith, fri heclais ZCP xii 365.25 . Cf. có saorthar filedha ? O neillghibh
airchedail, go bḟotha go bfoirbthethaidh foghloma ...,
5 Ériu xiii 17.34 . Tir da locha forsiung f. ¤ LL 37b7 ( Auraic.
5135 ). Cf. Met. Dinds. iii 408.20 .