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1 fotha n o,m. (& n. ?). n s. in fotha Sg 4b3 . d s. fothu Wb
8c18 . Ml 120d20 . a s. fotha Bcr 33b4 . n p. fotha SR 4245 .
30 fothai 8081 . Treated as neut. : f. ¤ ndeich, Corm. Y 447 .
f. ¤ n-utmall, Triads 173 (but : in f. ¤ utmall Sg 4b3 ). f. ¤ n-
aimser ZCP viii 195 § 2 (chev.). fatha mbúaidre, Buile S.
30.22 (poem). fatha, fotha m., n p. fotha, -dha, IGT, Decl.
§ 2 ; pl. fothada LB 1a52 .
35Acc. to Thurn. ZCP xiii 301 <*fo-suide `subsidium',
hence (a) foundation, basis, bottom: cumtach don fothu
Wb 8c18 . for fothu (gl. super basem) Ml 120d20 ; f. ¤ (gl.
fundamentum) Sg 4b3 ; (crepido) Bcr 33b4 . iarsnaib fothib
(gl. post ... crepundia ; taken as = crepido ? or fig. ?) Ml
40 44c13 . f. ¤ .i. fundameint, O'Cl. fundamentum .i. f. ¤ , Auraic.
400 . fothai fudomnai domuin SR 8081 . rochraithit fothada
na haibesi PH 35 ( LB 1a ). a[c] cumdach na catrach, ...
a[c] cor a f. ¤ , Aen. 304 . co ro toccbhadh cúirte cloch ... da
fothaibh fulaing FM vi 2012.9 . Base, socle (of a pillar,
45 etc.) : se f. ¤ dec. ... do arggot ... dá f. ¤ dib cech oenchláir (of
boards of Tabernacle = bases argenteas Exod. xxvi 19 ) SR
4245 = se ḟ. ¤ ... dí ḟ. ¤ LB 120b30 , se fothai BB 241b36 . cona
fot[h]aib clārda[ib] fotae (fothu v.l.) `tabular bases' (of
quivers) CCath. 5452 .
50(b) in fig. sense foundation, origin, source , often of persons.
ba hiat .xii. f. ¤ na heclaisi LB 146b5 . is iat sin [viz. firta
Crist] is f. ¤ ┐ is bunad di cech ṡoscela ... 149a17 . brethem
cen f. ¤ n-eoluis, Laws v 352z . f. ¤ n-utmall eolais, Triads 173
(a `door of falsehood'). Eua ... f. ¤ febda fírclainne SR
55 1064 . na Fothaig ... f. ¤ suith iat, ar ísí cetchlann ruc Fuinche
`foundation of offspring' Fianaig. 4.3 . Cormac ... ba f. ¤
fondbalc flatha, Met. Dinds. i 36 . Cf. fer fatha na fregra
(epithet of the high-king Domnall ua Neill) BB 50b34
( MacCarthy 424 ). Fotha bec, F. ¤ mór (titles of law-tracts),
60 O'Don. 1582 , 1584 ( H 5.15, p. 7a , 7b ). An extension of
this is : f. ¤ ` patterne ' RSClára 36b .
(c) cause, ground, reason: Cf. ciho fothaib son (gl. quibus
... facibus accensi sunt ... ut armari ... non timerent) Ml
16b19 . f. ¤ .i. adhbhar, O'Cl. is he tra f. ¤ dia raibe in scel sa,
65 Arch. iii 4.8 . sé fatha fiadhnach fa fuil | bás F. the manifest
cause from which the death of F. occurred
Lec. 311r42 (= cf.
f. ¤ fiamach, MacCarthy 420 < BB 50b8 ). eg don gargfatha
fiadhnach ib. Lec. 311r 41 . creac[h]a ... eir nách bí fōir ná fatha
without remedy or reason ZCP viii 226.1 . doróni cói ... ┐
70nír bó gan ḟ. ¤ dhó, TTr.² 1715 . bud forderg in fatha, is olc
tachar flatha | re fatha gan chin, Fianaig. 84. 10 - 12 . conid
ed sin f. ¤ cocaid Connacht ┐ fer Muman RC xxiv 186 § 19 .
conid f. ¤ do chosnum ... ib. is e sin f. ¤ aideda Fergusa, Laws
i 68.17 . fatha marbtha Eóin ain, Ériu iv 174 § 4 . fatha
75tuidhechta Mu chua a hUlltaib, Lism.L. 4654 . damhna
dér ┐ f. ¤ fíorchaoíneadh FM v 1616.15 . in fatha ara n[d]each-
aid sair the reason he went Arch. iii 324.9 . ar in f. ¤ sin for
that reason
Cóir Anm. 102 . ar na fothaibh sin FM v 1860.7 .
ca fatha um nách fuigbeadh ? why not ? ZCP viii 563 § 25 .
80 don fh. ¤ ima roluidh, Leb. Gab. i 222 . anba in fatha for-
ceatuil (of the warnings of Doomsday) D iv 2, 89ra (=
DDána p. 87 ).
(d) by extension used of landed estate or property (regarded
as basis of legal status ?) : f. ¤ na n-uasal `property'
85 Laws iii 234.20 . f. ¤ ┐ rith (= principal & interest) ; bo dona
gradhaibh Feine ina f. ¤ ┐ bo for rith ; ... ceithre ba ... itir
fotha ┐ rith, H 3.17, c. 549, 10 ; 13 ( Laws iii 234 ). raith
laisa mbi f. ¤ (.i. ac a mbi bunad tochusa) `a surety who has
a basis
' v 498.8 , 27 . is cumrachta f. ¤ fri flaith, fri heclais ZCP xii 365.25 . Cf. có saorthar filedha ? O neillghibh
airchedail, go bḟotha go bfoirbthethaidh foghloma ...,
5 Ériu xiii 17.34 . Tir da locha forsiung f. ¤ LL 37b7 ( Auraic.
5135 ). Cf. Met. Dinds. iii 408.20 .

2 fotha n (same word as 1 fotha ?) charge, feed, full (of a mill,
vessel, etc.) ; ration, complement (of food). Here O'Curry
(MS Gloss. in RIA) would put intan dorat [Colum Cille]
10in cét-fota (-ḟoda v.l. LB) isin mulenn, Lib. Hymn. i 63
(Praef. Altus Prosator). ba do géscaib ... f. ¤ muilind Mail
odrain, Hib. Min. p. 71 (= Fél. 134.17 , FM 647 , AU 650 ;
foda RC xvii 191 . cf. muilenn Cilli C. ... ni meil nach fota
[added above] ingaidi BB 257a37 (Todd. Nenn. 216 =
15 arbur gaide, H 3.17, c. 727.7 ). xl damh dia fothu IT 109.2
(= Sc.MD ed. Thurn. p. 22 ; of Mac Dá thó's pig, cf. `lx
gamnach dia biathad' in preceding stanza). .vii. mc ochta
cona f. ¤ d'iasc ┐ di ēnaib ... complement IT ii 173.8 ( YBL
114b15 ). in cauradmir cona fodaí [fotha, Voss. ; leg. fothu,
20Thurn l.c. Sc.MD p. 26 ] di lind LU 9166 ( FB 90 ). Some of the
foregoing may be fig. uses of 1 fotha (a). Transf. of tribute
or dues : conid he sin f. ¤ Finnchua a Connachtaib `F.'s
feed
' Lism.L 3155 (cf. fothad, c). lestar aile tria ḟ. ¤ | a
medon in morsrotha for its supply' [for a reason ?] ZCP
25 viii 266 § 35 .
See fothad.

? 1 fothach ind g s. athgabail fothaig , Laws ii 128.4 . See 2 fotach.

2 fothach n s,n. rendered by Binchy ` base (of the mill)' and
analyzed as fo + tech `under house' a lit. rendering of
30the term for the lower chamber of the Shetland mill des-
cribed by Curwen. f. ¤ muilinn .i. linn mhuilinn, O'Cl.
dorochair an macaomh i fothaig in mhuilinn go ro báidedh
BNnÉ 27 § 22 . roreithetar ... dochum muilind ... co mbátar
im charr an moil isind ḟothaig, Hib. Min. 70 § 1 = raithset
35co fothach muilind m.D ... sind fothaich, Rawl. 134b46 - 7 .
xv scripaill do lind ┐ .v. scripaill innir [ = a mir ?] o thobur
cu lind ┐ .v. s. do fothaigh, O'Don. 2318 ( Rawl. B 506,
f. 32b2 ). luan d othaigh mairt do lind ib. O'Don. 2317 (of rotation
in use of a mill). See Binchy, Ériu xvii p. 84 f .

40 3 fothach n m. name of a disease of horses , classed as one of
the `gallra bunaid' i.e., non-contagious, H 3.17, 575 ( O'D.
803 ). H 3.18, 163 ; 447 ( O'C. 297 , 1103 ). fothuch, H 3.17,
244 (where `┐' is probably omitted accidentally, and the
hyphen in Laws iii 6 unnecessary). each, dá boin bilfotach
45.i. slán cen f. ¤ ` glanders ' O'Dav. 206 , cf. each da bo bilathach,
Laws v 66.18 . fochach, fothach, pl. -aighe `a cough, cough-
ing, the glanders ' P. O'C. don fothach .i. is amlaid bis 'na
siled a cliab na n-ech, Celtica ii 40 y , `glanders' ib. 59 s.v.

? 4 fothach : n ? nochessad cach trom dioḟothaig (.i. cach
50fothaich no chessad) ACC 86 ( RC xx 268 ) = diofothuch ...
tromḟotach LU 970 = athach trom YBL ; `attack' Stokes,
but prob. the correct reading is othach = athach `a blast .'

fothacht ? n talam tromm toracht ... dian fonn f. ¤ fotlethet
SR 32 . (fothucht, q.v., seems a different word).

55 fothad, -ud n u,m. vn. of fo-suidethar, Thurn. ZCP xiii 300 .
(a) the act of founding or establishing ; foundation, basis (?) :
fothath .i. fothugud, unde dicitur : rofothath flaith for
Raigni, Corm. Y 659 . Fothad Ratha Grainne (name of a
structure at Tara), Dinds. 1 § 34 . némain .i. fothud (.i.
60is gilithir nemaind aní fothaigim) `a pearl in setting (?)'
RC xxvi 24 § 87 . Cf. Fiachu fothath fechair forbdine,
Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 18 § 3 ( Rawl. 124b7 ) ; `Auflösung' =
` dissolution (?)' K.Meyer.
(b) gramm. case-name given to a noun governed by the
65prop. `fo' : fo fiur a fothud ` fundative ' Auraic. 1524 .
(c) transf. support, sustenance, i.e. food, refreshment
(see Ir. Law p. 42 ff ). sasad fiach, f. ¤ mbran LU 6808 ( BDD
35 ). bíad glan ... braichlind muád ... feinne fothud LU 8716
( FB 53 ). g s. athgabail fothuda cairr `distress for the support
70of a champion
' Laws i 226.32 . Cf. bo fodhadha cumaile
(one of the `nemid athgabála'), H 3.18, 376a ( O'C. 814 ) =
bo fothuda cumaile H 3.18 390a ( O'C. 864 ), and see fo-suidethar.

fothaide (pp. of fo-suidethar ?) fixed (?) : dí ḟotha in cech
oen clar ḟ. ¤ innte (of the Tabernacle) LB 120b34 = fothaighi
75(-di) YBL 291b30 , 67a21 ; fothaigti BB 241b39 (corresp. :
dá fotha dib cech oenchlair SR 4248 .

fothaigid v g (fotha).
(a) establishes, settles, makes firm: pass. perf. robclandad
┐ rob fothiged (gl. fundati) Wb 21d6 . 3 s. Ro fothaigestar
80in Comdiu damsa isin magin se in fōt sain LU 1842 ( RC
ix 494 ). cf. fotaighis fum ... don fot ... indsi n-aibind,
Anecd. i 63 § 112 . o rufothaichedar i mbru (of foetus),
Ériu vii 166 § 6 . co ro chartside hu B. remib asa tir ┐ foth-
aigtir na Deisse ann, Rawl. 131b47 ( Expuls. 6 ). in fearand
85... i fothaigter (= in which it forms a pool, of water ; `enter-
tained
' Binchy, taking the ex. as a fig. use of b), Laws
iv 208.17 Comm. (on foesam). Founds (a building, etc.),
institutes: rofothiged [ind eclas] ... for martri inna fāthe,
Thes. ii 252.3 . fothaigid scoil mōir hi maig, Arch. iii 306z .
cor ḟothaig Hierusalem SR 6660 . forothaig eclais in du sin,
5 Trip. 72.7 (776) . iarsindi tra forothaigestar P. cella hi
Laigniu ..., 194.4 (2271) . forfothaigestar 174.22 (= foro-
thaigestar 2039 ). go ro fothaidh ... ecclus FM i 196 . na
huile noeb-epscopu forothaigsetar in cathraig n-eclasdagda,
Ir. Lit. 32.25 . ... gach Mainisdre dar fothaighedh `founded'
10 RSClára 59a .
(b) maintains, sustains in various senses : Manannan ...
is e rofothaich meic Usnich a nAlbain RC xxiv 276 . ? ro
fothaigheadh an irghal sin re comhluth a cloidem, Ériu
viii 48.8 . iminni fothaigis carru na tuaithi `for what sup-
15ports the champions
' Laws i 228.3 Comm. Establishes,
proves (a statement) : atbiur fírfiadhnuisi, fothaighim
foirb (forib si v.l.), Anecd. ii 59 . gar ḟothaigsem snathreim
suidighthi gacha senchais at which we have established the
determining thread of all history
MR 108.19 .
20(c) intrans. settles, establishes oneself (?) : rofaithaigset
na Desi inna tír co brath, Ériu iii 141.208 = ro fothaidset,
Anecd. i 23 (om. Rawl. ; cf. Rawl. 131b cited above, a).
Vn. fothugad, q.v.