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80 frangcach adj o-ā Frankish, French ; used in wide sense for
anything coming from France, each frangcach BR 246.20 .
an bholgach fh. ¤ `the French pox ' P. O'C. ; Parl. na mban
1286 . coileach (no cearc) f. ¤ a turkey-cock (or hen) ; cnú f. ¤
` walnut ' ; luch f. ¤ `a rat ', P. O'C. (luch f. ¤ Ir. Gl. 248 is
85glossed by the unexplained word `rula'). do cuiredh cenn
Frangcach ... ar tempoll Achaidh U., AU 1447 ( iii 160 )
i.e. a groined roof, see RC xviii 82 ). fína frangcaich BB
61a9 . sraindmeigil ind reithe frangcaig, Aisl. MC 127.31 .
tomus f. ¤ (oppd. to t. coitcend), CCath. 3475 (this apparently
is derived from a French translator. Cf. CCath. 1307 s.v.
5 1 franc). roléic Probus ... sílad francach fínemna (i.e.
planted vineyards in Gaul) LL 143b21 . As subst. o,m.
a Frank: Frangcach gl. Francigena Ir. Gl. 309 . pl. Frangcaid
MacCarthy 288.4 . frangcaigh fochama IT iii 91 § 128
= focama, Zu Ir. HS. u. Lit. i 67 . cf. Bruchst. § 36 , where
10Meyer emends to F. ¤ fognama `frankish mercenaries' ; but
F. ¤ fochama may be two adjj. qualifying cuirn.

frangcán n o,m. name of a herb: frangcan, gl. athanasia &
herba sanctae Mariae Arch. i 335.2 . As npr. of a horse,
Acall. 272 (cf. ech frangcach supra).

15 1 fras (fros) n ā,f. later also frais. a p. teora frasai (frossa
v.l.), Baile Bricín 21 ( ZCP ix 452 ). fros fras (f., g s. fraise n p.
frasa) IGT Decl. § 39 . frais (f. g s. n p. fraisi) § 14 (`frois'
proscribed as incorrect p. 69.5 ) ; but : fros, fras (m., g s. n p.
frais or frasa) § 38 .
20(a) a shower, primarily of rain, snow, etc. ionann frais
┐ cioth, Keat. iii 2397 . ceatha, fros, Kirk ( Eg. Gl. 176 ).
D[í] prímglais deac foráccaib ind óenfross i nÉre LU 11038
= Im. Brain i 56 (here synon. of cassar). is banna ría frais
a drop before a shower (i.e. a harbinger or prognostic) LU
25 8679 ( FB 52 ). biat banna ria frais LL 147a17 . mar bhraon
... ria bhfrais, Content. vii 9 . amail sduaigh nimhi re frais
fearthana TBC 3869 St. frossa snecta LL 265a16 ( MU² 403 ).
Other uses : Niall Frossach ... tri frassa inna ḟlaith .i.
frass argait ... ┐ f. ¤ mela ┐ f. ¤ chruthnecta LL 25b6 . tri frosa
30do ferthain i crich M. ... fross d'argut ... fros do cruithniucht
┐ fros do mil AU 763 (similar reference Cóir Anm.
124 . FM 716 ). Cf. fross chruithnechta do ferthain a
nOsraighi RC xvii 359.26 (Tig.). Fig. (of sinners in torment)
áit i mbíd frasa fír-ghéara foghadh ag fearthain orra, TSh.
35 6605 (see c, below). Cf. anocht fearthar frasa teintidhe,
Studies 1921, 417 (E. Ó Heódhusa).
By extension a shower, gush, stream of any liquid, tears,
blood, etc. frossa diana der, Ériu ii 55z . frasa déra, Duan.
F. ii 200 . With play on double meaning : Femen indiu
40cid fásach ... ba méite no chiad frossa | dar éis Luigdech
LL 209b51 = uime roferad frossa, Met. Dinds. iii 200 .
adbhur fras `cause of tears' Fianaig, 68.11 . cneadha
fearfaid frasa donnfhala, PBocht 115 . frasa foirdhearga
fola, TSh. 2265 . Of sparks : cach spréd ... ┐ cach frass
45doleiced a tene for lar LU 6929 ( BDD 54 ).
(b) a quantity, number, swarm , folld. by gen. or partitive
DE ; in poetic and animated style, often pl. : ba fross do
nemannaib boí inna bélaib (of teeth) LU 4517 = batar
frossa findnémand TBC 208 . ... bá frass do nemannaib
50ro lád ina chend LU 9272 . batar inand ┐ frais do némannaib
a dēta ina cind BDD 1 (Y). déad mar ḟ. ¤ néamhann TD
39.5 . in firmiment cona frossaib retland TBC 4753. 5975 .
frosa cnam BB 367b40 , cf. cnamfros, Dinds. 31 . im Fergus
frosaib rindí BB 264b30 . fross martir már nglédenn, Fél.
55 Feb. 1 . Fig. of abstract things : ferais frais forfāilti fris
SR 2951 . Cf. tugamar frais póg ar slios srón ┐ aighthe,
Duan. F. ii 262 .
(c) of missiles, a shower, discharge, volley: dosbertatar
froiss .i. do ḟotaib, do chlochaib ┐ do cheppaib = pelted them
60with sods
, etc. LL 306a42 ( RC xiii 104 ). ro caithsid frais
fergach ... da n-armaibh ris ZCP vi 274.31 . doreillccitt
... frossa fuileacha fothaibh d'foghadhaibh FM vi 2130.3 .
f. ¤ cháoilṡleagh ... f. ¤ ghlac, Ériu ix 164 § 12 . frais bheimionn,
Duan. F. ii 306z . las an cédḟrais do léicceadh fótha a
65gonnadhaibh FM v 1646 .
(d) : tar an gcúan go hÁonghas Ile | truagh nach áonfh. ¤
tíre atá `one shower of land' Sc.G.St. iv 62 . Cf. (of an
army) conná frith dibh ... acht a cnama ┐ a taisi ... ┐ frasa
dia n-armaib na bhfarrad piles (?) Lism.L. 3149 .
70(e) hence an assault, attack and in wider sense an impetus,
effort: bid drauc re mbuidnib i froiss `at the onset' Im.
Brain 53 . sē cēt ... di ōcaib ... fri fraiss SR 6275 . in rí
rodastraeth tria frois | hi cinaid a n-immarbois (of the
Israelites, but possibly a ref. to the Deluge : it would then
75belong to a) 4993 . mathair Meidbi cróda ... fuachda ria
cach froiss LL 137b44 . glún ré bfrais (of a chief), Ériu ix
165 § 20 . iar ndíth Eogain ... don chetḟrais, Acall. 3371 .
gualaire laīch ludite frais who wage conflict LL 146b3 ( Proc.
RIA iii 540 ). fri fogla frais, Met. Dinds. iii 110 . feidm
80re frais ZCP viii 222 § 7 . tabhraidh frais ainiarmarthach
iomramha make a desperate effort to row ITS v 122.5 . dobretha
F. frosse forsin ṅgabail TBC 755 (i.e. tugged at it) =
dorat feidm fiorlaidir St. (of an ox :) do léiccedh tri fraissi
geimnighe as BNnÉ 221 § 114 (raisi v.l. ; cf. rabert [in
85Dond Cualnge] a thri resse gémmend bar aird TBC 6124 ).
Compds. See 3 fras-