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1 fás adj o-ā (faás Wb 13b7 , 25a17 ) empty, void, (of places)
vacant, deserted, uninhabited, waste: (a) in lit. sense: tegdis
60f. ¤ (gl. domus vacuans) Tur 14. lestar f. ¤ an empty vessel
Thes. ii 294.28 . don ádnocul ḟ. ¤ the empty tomb PH 3411 .
a n-adnocuil ... ité eroslacthi fása 3754 . it fássa a ndúine,
Fél. Prol. 68 . do ḟácaib sáer na háircci inadh tarrnge f. ¤
innti left a place for a nail empty Ériu v 49.3 . bid fas tír
65Temrach Hy ii 20 . ba f. ¤ hEriu iar Partholon uninhabited
MacCarthy 144.18 = LL 127a12 . cóic bliadna do Mide
maith | f. ¤ cen tige, cen degflaith, Arch. Hib. ii 85 § 45 < LL
185a47 . is fáss ó comarbaib féin hí empty of its own
inheritors
BColm. 78.14 . ceall bis fas, Laws v 118.9 (ex-
70plained: ní fás cin daīne sin, acht f. ¤ cin dliged n-ecalsa
120x . o rochualamair-ni scuru na nGrec do beth fass,
Aen. 428 . dochuamar-ni d'fegad na scor fas 429 . grech
na cno faisi of the blind nut Laws iv 36.17 Comm. o rotenc
C. na longphorta folmha ┐ na tulcha fássa tar éis in tṡlóigh,
75 CCath. 2393 . conselgat cricha ... comtar fassa, Rawl.
155b40 . Subst.: doberur dire cach fais of every unoccupied
dwelling
Laws v 168.14 . i fasaib a taeb (i.e. the side between
ribs and pelvis; the waist) CCath. 5756 . Barren, sterile:
meass fass YBL 174a9 = SG 80.8 . arbanna finna fasa,
80 Ann. Conn. 1328.3 . secht punnanna fasa LB 115b41
( Gen. xli 6 ). is gat fás flaith cen giallu LL 146b36 ( PRIA
1893-6, 544 ). gairm fri fas `a cry to the waste' (i.e. futile
lamentation): gair na pecthach oc nemeli frisin Coimdid ro
craidset, ┐ bid gairm fri fas doib, Ériu ii 138 § 134 (=
85 gair [?] cen airchisecht YBL 86a36 ). cf. gairm fri fasguth,
Aisl. MC 125.20 .
(b) transf. and fig. empty, vain, futile: as f. ¤ (gl. quando
vanum et inane est) Ml 78b23 . ni f. ¤ a saithar dogniusa
Wb 11a11 . duús in faás far saíthar (gl. inanis fiat labor)
25a17 . is fass dúnni a pridchimme (gl. inanis est prae-
5dicatio nostra) 13b14 . in n-atberisiu bid dál fás LL 278a28
(= rád f. ¤ Ériu i 68 ). clú fás empty fame CCath. 354 . formolta
fása ... na filed MR 190.5 . naidm fas cen foladh invalid
O'C. 1067 < H 3.18 p. 440b .
Here, perhaps: fas faigdhe .i. fer ro creca ... a selb ┐
10na techta fo tuaith co leir na cleithe ... ┐ nitat diles dodcois
fri galar no frepaid; ┐ is fas dno, cia foighe, mana gata
no mana creca a enech ... Is fas do dno, a faithce fria galar
┐ a repaidh mana tabra nech ní dó ar Dia. Is fas dno,
a saire, ┐ a dire ┐ a eneclann, Laws iv 352.11 (see foigde).
15Compds.: With subst. either in lit. sense empty, vacant
or fig. futile, vain, also feigned, false. ¤ bedcarnach: fais-
bedgarnach na mbronnann dar eis a n-inne `empty starting
of the bellies
' (of reflex movements in corpses) CCath.
5936 . ¤ bolg an empty bag: mar chertli i fásbulg TBC 4386 .
20 Acall. 3160 n . ¤ buden phantom host (?): na fásbuidhne
doilbthi draidhechta, Comp. Con C. 93x . ¤ chocnam empty
chewing, i.e. pretending to eat: ag fascocnom, Aisl. MC
116.26 . occ fáschognamh a mbeol BNnÉ 89.15 . ¤ choí
futile or false lamentation: oc fáschúi ┐ oc fásguba as chind
25Con Culaind TBC 5723 - 6044 . ¤ chretem a vain, false belief:
d'fháischreideamh Cailbhín, TSh. 6109 . ¤ eclais a deserted
church: ar chúl iladh ḟáisegailsi IGT, Decl. ex 232 . ¤ fua-
bairt a false (i.e. feigned) attack: lucht na fásfuabarta
`the decoying party' lit. those of the false attack (of an
30ambuscade) FM vi 1980.1 . ¤ garrda an uncultivated garden
or plot: i ḟásgarrdaib for imlib sráited LB 155a8 . ¤ guba
futile or false lamenting: fasghuba .i. fás acáoineadh no
fáscháoineadh, O'Cl. (see ¤ choí). ¤ scethrach dry retching:
fais[s]geathrach, 23 P 10³, 28b16 . ¤ tech an empty (ruined,
35 deserted) house: co ndeachaidh a faisteach folamh, Buile
Ṡ. 36 y . co fuair C. a fastig he, Deathtales 36.11 . i fastigh,
Corm. Y 1018 (p. 88) = i ḟaistig LB. pl. fáistighe ceall
derelict churches TD 1.54 . gurab hi fástigibh bes a trebh
co brath, Moling 74 . ¤ tempall an empty church: isin fas-
40tempull sin D iv 2, 67 [57]rb7 .

2 fás n o,m. (O.Ir. ás) growing, growth: fás ás (g s. (f)áis,
(f)ása) IGT, Decl. § 38 . líne ... ag ás, ex. 996 . gurab í
[an ghrian] is adhbhar do ḟás gacha neithe that [the sun]
is the cause of the growth of everything Corp. Astron. 78.5 .
45 is f. ¤ atá ar an druing = multiplicati sunt qui ... TSh. 4162 .
le f. ¤ a n-innmhe with increase of their wealth 8350 . a
préimh ... do-bhéaradh f. ¤ dóibh from the root that would
cause them to grow
9452 . tig f. ¤ ar fhoirbhtheacht ... na
ndaoine 4839 . teacht amach an dara fáis shooting up of
50the latter growth
Amos vii 1 . go fás Earcoil till Hercules
come to manhood
TD 13.35 . Fig. ar bhfás a bhfaladh
when their resentment had grown TD 3.27 . ? fas loin .i.
don ces tona `the rump-steak ' Laws ii 232.10 Comm.
See ás.

55 1 fásach n o,s,n. (?) n s. fassag (mbreth), O'Mulc. 495 . n p.
fásaige, see below. A legal precedent, a decision which has
passed into a maxim; a proverbial saying: fāsach (no
fāisech) ... .i. dobir in brethem cosmailius don chaingin
ima fuiglither ... ┐ adfet iarom in [m]brith ronucsat
60brethemnai gaotha fuirre, Corm. Y 611 . canaid in breithem
fassach fir-aicnid ┐ roscadh filed 1224 s.v. tuirigin. fassag
ebraice transgressio .i. robuth ann riamh ce dorearacht,
unde dicitur: fassag mbreth .i. quod dixerunt qui de hoc
mundo transierunt (i.e. a saying of the ancients) O'Mulc.
65 495 (cf. Corm. Y 433 ). ní huasligethar nach mbrethemuin
mani fassach fírinne fiastar ZCP xi 93.6 . cisne tri leaca ...
nād fuaslaici dliged nā fuigeall nā fāsach, Laws v 450.2 .
cf. rae tae torae nís fóirithe fola na fásach, Ériu xiii 29.28 . ar
us seanfasac la feine, Laws iv 154.21 (with gl.: ar is sen-
70cinded 156.4 . O'Dav. 906 ). a breith gin fasach `without a
precedent
' Laws v 352.4 . i sreathaibh roscaigh ┐ fasaigh ┐ airche-
tail precedent (ancient ruling) Auraic. 337 . is cían o as fásach
ni gebthar cath cen ríg LU 1514 ( MU² 1012 ). in gaedhealg
fasaig (.i. i fis ogae) BB 300b3 . d du. ar in de fasaigib no
75dareithet: ni fognai lam laim, ni daim enecland anadh
`from the two maxims which give relief' Laws i 228.16 .
pl. it fasaig ┐ roscaid berthe [leg. berte] brethe (= judgments
are decided by precedents and maxims) ZCP xi 89.23 .
fasaige na filed precedents, maxims (one of the kinds of
80`bérla tobaide') Auraic. 1303 . fasoighe (fasaid v.l.) 4620 .
asberad araili comad e in berla Feini fasaigi na filed ┐ co
nach berla fo leith etir 1337 . dogniat ina firta condat
fasaige, Anecd. v 25.14 . g p. lín fássach `a number of pre-
cedents
' Triads 178 . d p. brithem fri brithemnas ar roscadaib
85┐ fasaigib LU 9790 = Trip. 566.4 . ní fuigledar nach fuigled
nad bí co fássaigib fírinne fossaigedar a breith unless he
support his judgment by just precedents ZCP xi 82.2 = manip
co fasaigib firinne fo gabthar 89.23 .