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frithgille n counter-pledge: al-lā-so hi cinn coīcthigeis dotic-
fat a ngéill. messe lat hi f. ¤ co tīsat, Otia ii 87 ( Rawl. 81a48
= frithgill BB 135a28 , fritgeill, Arch. iii 323.9 ).

frithgnam n u,m. (vn. of fris-gnī; `dem lat officium nach-
5gebildet
,' Thurn. ZCP xiv 336 ). n s. frithgnom Sg 106b12 .
a s. in frithgnam Acr 5c2 . g s. frithgnama Ml 42c2 . n p.
frithgnamai 39d15 . a p. inna frithgnamu 56b4 . In later
manuscripts generally frichn-; also, esp. in classical verse,
fricn-: frichnamh fricnamh, m. IGT, Decl. § 28 (fricnamh
10 ∴ aitreabh, ex. 365 ).
In general sense exertion, pains, labour directed to a
specified object, and in objective sense (esp. in pl.) service
rendered, function: frecor ceill nó frithgnom (gl. exercitus =
Gk. γυμνασια) Sg 106b12 . (gl. operam [dare]) Acr 5c2 . pl.
15(gl. officia) Ml 39d15 . (officia [membrorum]) 56b4 . la fége f. ¤
with keen diligence Fél. Prol. 331 . domelom fleda búana
cen rithgnom without toil LU 9997 . na chured in talam a
torad ... di cen rithgnam trebaire LL 217a12 ( TTr. 7 ).
Of applied labour, handiwork, fashioning (metal, etc.),
20with DO or FRI of pers., FOR or IMM of thing; also DO-GNÍ
F. ¤ FRI: screpall rob fiu in bunad ... ┐ da screpall dorormacht
ealadu ┐ frichnum air the material was worth one scruple
and art skill and labour increased it to two
(of an iron pot)
Laws v. 18.1 Comm. Cf. (of training a colt) a leth ... don
25fear dorigne in eladain ... a leth ... don fir dorigne in frich-
gnum ... ┐ frichgnum in tsearraig ina agaid sim 214.8 Comm .
Cóic Conara 48 , q.v. curach gan frichnum imruma fair
(= that needed no rowing), Ériu iii 152.16 . biadha brecht-
naighthi tre frichnuma meats diversified by skilled cookery (?)
30 BB 499b10 (= Alex. 1007 , where tre f. ¤ is om.). Of rotation
at the mill: trian do eladhain sair ┐ trian do biud ┐ do
borbrichnum, Laws iv 216.22 . tir ... nach eicin do fricnam
tuair na slige `application of manure or shell' Laws iv 276. 9 .
etham frichnamha (.i. tir inbela i mbi maith cach clann)
35`labour-requiring (?) arable land (axe-land in which every
plant grows freely
)' 276.6 . Of elaborate work, ornamentation:
daronad tra f. ¤ mor aicce si imon crand ... na croiche do
legaib lógmaraib LB 231a38 . Cf. do loghmhaire ┐ do
ḟriothghnamh ... a n-éudach `of richenes and curiosity in
40... cloathings
' RSCl. 135a .
Earnest effort, striving: dorigne (Cairnech) frichnam
mor for anmain Muirchertaig exerted himself to save M's soul
RC xxiii 428y . o'tchuala ... Dia a frichnum (i.e. their
supplications) PH 1008 . is cora frichnam immpe na fa
45anoir na colla 7409 .
Attendance, service on a person (esp. with regard to physical
wants): galur gin frichnam leighis `without medical attend-
ance
' (or application of remedy ?) Laws ii 166.1 Comm.
Cf. slan frichnuma o fuachar fuil (.i. is slan ... dont i feras
50an ḟuil acht co nderna frichnumh fria), BCrólige p. 80 .
déntar in uli frichnama ocainde fria LB 134b49 . ag denam
friochnama ┐ fritheolma fair (of wild animals doing service)
BNnÉ 104.9 . friochnamh maith ┐ fritheolmha do dhenamh
dona hóinmidibh RC xxix 219 . friochnamh re Dia fa
55ndligheann to render to God the service due to Him Dán Dé
xxv 5 . cīs frichnama issed cīs frithcnama doberad dō:
leth mbairgene mbrechtain fo salann ┐ cua essa guirt, nige dō
cind cach xxet aidhci, folccu cacha sathairn tribute of ser-
vice, this is the tribute of service they give to him
, viz. half a loaf,
60etc., H 3.18, 373b19 ( O'C. 807 ). Cf. satharnd do richnamh,
Laws iv 216.8 ( Ériu xvii 72 ) which seems to refer to tribu-
tary service at the mill .
Managing, directing (?), with gen.: iar mbeith fiche
bliadhan ag friochnamh ┐ ag follamhnacchadh scol Eirenn
65 FM iii 14.2 .
Application (to learning, etc.), study: ni comairleiced
dó cor lamha aire (.i. dul do sacarbhaic) cin foglaim ┐ cin f. ¤ ,
Trip.² 244 (= nisi prius in praecipua eiusdem disciplinae
schola egisset discipulum). a fricnum i feghadh na firmai-
70minti, CCath. 998 . Esp. of the cultivation of the art and
science of the `fili': báoi filidh amra isin Tuadhmumain
... fer frithgnamai máir. eicsine laiside oc f. ¤ ZCP vii 305.9 .
... na n-ēigsine bātar oc f. ¤ occa ib. 19 . ro boí in t-éices
occ acallaim ind eicsine ┐ oc cur sula tar a f. ¤ ro rathaigestar
75in t-éices mórmenmain ind eicsine ┐ lagat a frithgnama
the poet was addressing the learner and noting his attentive-
ness; he perceived his great self-confidence and his laxity
in attention
Bodl. Corm. s.v. lethech (= Y 825 ; Stokes
renders f. here ` diligence [in preparing the meat].'). failte
80fri dliged n-ecse iarna dagfrichnam (.i. ... iarna daghfogh-
laim), Anecd. v 25.5 . Cf. searnar iar ndliged drengar iar
frichnum (.i. ... iar frichgnam dō re foghluim) 27.1 . tracht-
aire raith ┐ frichnama imale (.i. frichgnam foghloma imalle
frisin rath) 25.12 . ni direnar cutrumaib loge enech fri hoes
85ind frithgnuma IT iii 23.28 . is a lethloighibh na seacht
primhaisti doreanaiter a lloighi na nhí so ... uair cen cob
tria frichnum atat ... is o Dhia a tídhnucul 23.2 . ni direnar
hi cutruma fri haes ind rutgnama 28x ( BB 308a21 ). Cf.
ib. IT iii 6.6 , cited above s.v. fris-gní. post congbhala ┐ cathaighthe
d'aos foghlama ┐ friochnamha scholars and students
5[ = students and professors ?] FM v 1684.8 .