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frithissi n later also (f)ridis(s)i, and with contraction ris(s)i,
rís. a s. of fritheis < frith-éis ` return track ' (see Strachan,
Arch. i 230 ).
25 I In O.Ir. used with poss. pron. corresponding to the
subject of a vb. of motion: 1 sg. co tīs ... mo f. ¤ till I come
back
RC iii 346x ( Aisl. Oeng. p. 63 ). co ndechus mo risi
TBC² 1304 (= mo rísi Eg.; dorissi LU). 2 sg. do téis dorissi
thou shalt return LU 5772 (= dorisi TBC² 1301 , dorithisi
30Eg.). toi ... do frithisi LU 5667 . 3 s. m. tintaí a frithisi
he returned LU 5664 . doluid in biail a rithissi ar chenn
in[na] samthige Tur 131 . huand uair nunda bertatar co
tanaic á f. ¤ till it [lit. she, arca] returned Ml 82d9 . 1 pl. ara
tísam ar frithisi that we may return LU 4509 . 3 pl. a tabirt
35a f. ¤ as in doiri their being brought back from the captivity
Ml 131c17 . Amhlaiph ┐ Imar do thuidecht a frithisi do Ath
C. a Albain `A. and C. came again to Ath C. from Alba'
AU 870 . conrictís a ffrissi LU 5700 (= a frithsie Y, hi
frithisi, Eg. with conf. of i n- and a n-. Cf. last cit. in II a,
40below). adv
II Middle Irish forms and uses.
Both do ḟrithissi (dorísi, dorís) & aḟrithissi (arísi, arís)
early become petrified forms used indiscriminately without
regard to number, person or gender. When f, or ff is
45written it is seldom certain, and in later MSS. unlikely
that any specific personal form is intended by the scribe
(any more than in modern times it is felt in `arís'). In
consequence of the general confusion of unstressed final
-e, -i the final when retained is often written -e ( doridise :
50glé SR 1412 ). The original meaning of the phrase is lost
sight of, and mere repetition is commonly expressed.
(a) in the reverse direction, back (to the same place),
used with verbs of motion: no forcongrad furre co n[d]igsed
ar cúlu doridisi cosin corp ... asar escomloi LU 2251 ( FA
55 31 ). for a chulu ... ni thanic doridise SR 2556 . toi forsna
heochu ... dofrithisi turn the horses back LU 5667 . dothoet
ina frithlurg afri[t]hisi i tir nU., Trip.² 412 (= convertit
iter suum ad regiones U. Arm. 5a ). dolotar ... dochum
nErind doridis fora culaib, Lec. Facs. 276ra42 . tecait ...
60secht srotha ... dorís isin topur, Met. Dinds. iii 288 . Similarly
with other vbs. to denote a reverse process: in Rí dorósat
a chrí | ro fuirim a frithisi, Met. Dinds. iv 242 = hi f. ¤ BB
410a46 . Cf. doeth [impers.] chucai hi f. ¤ TBC Eg. ( ZCP
ix 148.4 = a f. ¤ TBC² 1126 , a fridisi LU 5607 ; cf. 5700 cited
65at end of I).
(b) again, once more (of repetition) : dodilgfitis dō ... a
chinta doridise SR 1412 . robamar ni fecht co cátaid acut
┐ no bemmís dorisi dia mbad ail duit LU 3917 ( SC 43 ).
nocon imbēra som for Ultu a cles sin dorísse LU 5136
70(doríisi Y doridisi Eg.). dosrimchell aridisi fa thrí in cruth
sin 6511 . samail in catha catharda ro gníead etir M. & S.
do gnim doridisi, CCath. 912 . co ro hathcumdaiged Hieru-
salem ... doridise les, Lec. Facs. 25vb38 = co ro chumtaiged
... aridisi, Rawl. 74a10 .
75(c) again i.e. subsequently, afterwards: conid uaithib
sin rogeineastair tri saerclanda Erind doridisi (after they
had been nearly exterminated), Lec. Facs. 186ra21 . doriṅgni
in tres gním isin bliadain ar cind doris TBC 1069 . dorinneth
Papa ... don treas Bonefacius ... don cethrumad Bone-
80facius aris ZCP xiii 184.18 . gach ní atchluinim ... fá bhfui-
ghinn guais ... arís anything ... which might be dangerous
to me afterwards
Dán Dé ix 6 .
Passing into sense in addition: tri bliadnai xxx tri mís
┐ ix lathi dorís ... soegal Meic De LB 146 marg. inf. Cf.
85 is mór a lobra ... Mad a máthair ... is lobru sidi doridisi
she is even feebler (than her daughter) Trip.² 269 .
With added implication of in return, in requital: romarb
Aed Sláini Suibne, ro fhácaib sen mac .i. Conall ... conad
é sin romarb Aed S. doridisi SG 75.2 = YBL 171b44 . mar-
baid side a brathair ... ┐ romarb a mac side doridhise (i.e.
5his brother's son killed him) Lec. 36b40 .

? frithlacht n (frith-tlacht ?) a coiffure, mode of hair-
dressing (?): is ed bai ar a cenn f. ¤ mná .i. folt fada fath-
mandchaol ... fo cléith a chinn, Anecd. i 76 . glan a f. ¤ osin
lind (of a woman) Acall. 7241 n .

10 ? frithled ind (-leth ?) in tan rathaigset an gobaind ... ina
ndiaidh, ceim frithledh (-leid v.l.), Anecd. i 65 § 130 . Line
defective; Meyer emends: céne frithfledh ZCP xi 157 .

frithlorg n o,m. a return-track, a reverse course or direction ;
generally after prep. I N- with poss. pron. (of subject) or gen.
15(cf. frithissi). Also without prep. as advb. acc.: doronsam
f. ¤ ferrdha (of a rally in battle), Duan. Finn i 6.15 (= leanomar
filelorg, Duan. F. ii 358 , which spoils the metre). ni rosoí
nech dib aiged in eich in f. ¤ did not turn the horse's head back
LU 2954 ( SG 234 ). imsoí ... ┐ dothoet ina frithlurg a
20frit[h]isi, Trip.² 412 . dia tisat na f. ¤ in conair cétna, O'Dav.
789 . ro snighsit srotha fola as a frithlorgc na mbiailed
back along the axes Lorg. an tS.N. 3213 . Cf. ma docuaidh
in mil leo ┐ tainic uaidhib ina fri lorg no inafriheol (of cattle
escaping from the drover), O'C. 2329 ( Eg. 88, 25c ).
25 On the track of, after: luid a frithlorcc na maigdine, Lorg.
an tS.N. 2776 .

frithmius (mess) n u,m. (a) a counter-judgement; doubt,
apprehension: ci o morfrithmius (gl. quantoque de futuris
suspicio) Ml 96b10 .
30(b) a valuation or estimate (? counter-valuation): ni mac
bradas finntiga | fine fri fod frithmeasa | munab neasa
fircoibneas | mathair athair in orba `it is not a son that
obtains the property of a tribe in ground to be valued unless
the title to the land be nearer to his mother than to his father
'
35 Laws iv 44.3 , with gloss: .i. o fir-meisemnaigter fine maithri
beth a faitchius ris ib. 20 (where as usual in such glosses
frith- is equated with fír-); `a son does not take family land
even to land which is restorable to the fine
' Ir. Law 150 [when
there is caution as regards conflicting judgements
(?)]. The
40parallel passage in H 3.18, p. 388a-b ( O'C. 858 ): fri fot
frithmesa .i. cein mbes innfine ina mathar oc frith[t]omus
frisin mac, suggests that fot frithm. may be = sod of con-
tested valuation
, the ownership of which is open to question.
The gloss in Laws iv however suggests that `fod' here
45belongs to 2 fót `watchfulness' and perh. the line means
roughly with (= when there is) caution lest the fine should
reverse the decision
.

frithmuime n f. a foster-mother: Suamach ... sencaidh Cormaic
Caindlech ... ba si sin a fri[th]buime, Bodl. Dinds. § 45 =
50 rithmuime LL 166b13 .
Here frith- expresses correspondence, corollary; acc.
to the prose Suamach was `aite' of Cormac and Caindlech
C.'s muimme. Cf. frithoide.

frithmúr n o,m. (múr) a counter-wall , apparently a wall
55projecting at an angle from a main wall: na frithmūir on
dūn immach | inna nhuili n-airfortach SR 413 = na frith-
muir filet on mur mor amach hi timchell na n-airportach
LB 109a30 ( McCarthy 40.3 ).

? frithnas n (nós ?) irritation; altercation (?): tohruid frith-
60nois fuigill etorro ┐ Murchad, Cog. 142.21 (= tarla frith-
roscc, etc. 144 n. 4 ). fithnos [sic] 144.15 . Cf. frithneas
`anger, fret, passion', P.O'C. friothnas `chagrin, fretfulness'
O'R.

frithnasach adj o-ā (frithnas) irritable, irascible (?): feiníd
65fergach frithnusach RC v 198 w . Cf. frithneasach `angry,
peevish
' P.O'C. friothnásach `fretful, morose' O'R.

frithnocht adj o-ā bare, uncovered (?), only of weapons; the
notion bared towards may be intended: ro nocht a chlaideb
┐ dothaet istech ... ┐ a chlaideb f. ¤ leis drawn and aimed (?)
70 RC xiv 424.16 ( LL 111a ). bar [n-airm] faona f. ¤ fuibh
ITS v 112.26 , cf. a arm ... friothnocht fiartharsna, Todd
Lect. iv 104.2 v.l.; in latter two exx. seems used adver- bially.

frithnoíll n (noíll) a counter-oath, an oath to disprove or rebut
75another: trí noíll do ná dlegar f. ¤ , [frithnáill v.l.] noíll mná
fri húaitni, noíll fir mairb, noíll díthir, Triads 165 (with
gl.: .i. ... mionna nach cóir mhionnughadh 'na n-aghaidh, p. 40
). cen [ḟ]rithnaoill ... mas eisinnraic ni dligenn frith-
noill dibh .i. ni dlegar firnaoill ..., O'C. 2582 ( Eg. 88, 49b ).

80 frithoibrigid v g works against, counteracts (?): ? 3 pl. pres.
dogniter iei (no dei) duib nofrithoibrigid sindi adnedgiud
a airbert ┐ a ṡomainiu BB 498b42 ( IT ii2 106 ), cf. Alex.
927 ; the passage seems to be corrupt.

frithoide n io,m. (aite) a co-tutor or sub-tutor, instructor (cf.
85 frithmuime): M. ... f. ¤ Conaill, ... ┐ F. a ardoide, Fen.
318.4 . do digail a frithoide ib. 2 .