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2 fath ind .i. urnaide, Stowe Gl. 377 .

3 fath n heat (?): f. ¤ tes ┐ fath (fat v.l.) anál heat...breath Met.
Gl., Ff. 68 . faith .i. teas, O'Cl.

fáth n u,m. (W. gwawd. Orig. n. ? n s. fáth ngle LL 17a9 ).
5 fáth (ó dhá chéill) m. IGT, Decl. § 38.12 (g s. n p. fáith,
fátha. See fáith). (a) cause, reason; with subjective
sense motive, object , oft. with gen. or folld. by explanatory
clause with or without prep.: in cetadbar ... fath ele PH
7429 . in cétadhbar ... indara fath, Aisl. Tund. 110.4 .
10 fer cotnic brāth ... is les cach fāth, cech forcenn every cause
(i.e. origin) and end MacCarthy 24.18 . huair nach toracht
trēn in fiach ... is hé fāth in choluim glē | iar sain ro faīdi
Noë the reason why N. sent out the dove SR 2599 . cethardai
condagar da cech elathain .i. locc ┐ aimser ┐ persa ┐ f. ¤ airicc
15 the cause of composition Fél. p. 2 ( LB 75a ). fath airic,
Laws i 26.9 . fāth airicc a dēnma .i. do dichor in luin craeis,
Aisl. MC 3.3 . isse fath a denma (of a poem) Thes. ii 323.4
( Hy iv pref .). más é is f. ¤ molta ... dóibh if that be their
matter for praise
TD 8.20 . cidh fodera ... ? is é in f. ¤ fodera
20... this is the reason why ... Laws iv 84.14 Comm. isse fath
fodera fochainn an tedma sin `the "causa causans" of
that pestilence
' RC xvii 416.25 (Tig.). fath fotruair ZCP
vii 305.27 . ro innisemmar in fath ar nách and roadnacht
Cormac the reason why C. was not buried there LU 4087 .
25 in f. ¤ forar crochad Ísu PH 2877 . ga f. ¤ 'ma ra molais in fer
sain ? why did you praise that man? TBC 3343 . ga f. ¤ 'ma
ra thogais 3367 . cá f. ¤ risi raibe ac fir bunaidh hí for what
purpose the owner had it
Laws iii 150.8 . ca f. ¤ nach filet na
demnu fomamaigti? PH 2798 . cred in f. ¤ ara feithim ? why
30do I wait ?
YBL 401a20 ( Dán Dé xxii 4 ). ná habair ...
m'ainm nó f. ¤ mo shloinnte, Dánta Gr². 95.14 . co nadh
fuil fáth h'íca there is nothing to heal thee (no possibility of
healing) TBC p. 625 St [cf. under (c) below]. fáth oirbhire
ret folt gcas | ní háil re Dia go ndearnas God did not will
35me to cause reproach to
Studies 1928, 674 . ba fiú leis na
fátha sin d'ḟuasaoid orra ML 86.11 . fá hé f. ¤ Bhlánaide ris
sin, go mbeidis ... B.'s motive Keat. ii 3505 . With prep.:
ar fath loitiche ind feoir for the purpose of injuring the grass
Laws i 174 Comm. is ar an ḟ. ¤ sin onoraighther in sollamain-
40sea PH 5425 . ar díb fát[h]aib dorigset a carnd LU 7034
( BDD 68 ). ar dá fáthaib ro hordaigedh in tegdais ZCP iv
239.7 . is fāilidh fiach dā fāth because of them ZCP viii
227.31 . isin fubtadh fo fath marbtha `for scaring for the
purpose of killing
' Laws i 178.3 Comm. his e Crimthann
45cinnes dar cach | fri fath fuilech for ends of bloodshed Rawl.
85b35 ( RC xxxvi 263 ). gach f. ¤ asa bhfuighbheam neamh
`all things by which I may reach heaven' Dán Dé xxvii 33 .
ár bhf. ¤ tnúidh the cause (i.e., object) of our emulation TD 25.6 .
Cf. aile dáilemhain ... fáth bris a ainm, Ériu xiii 41.8 .
50 cf. bruis .i. soais, ut est fath bruis a ainm, O'Dav. 248 .
(b) subject-matter (of a composition) and in general sense
subject, matter, affair: fri fileda fāth | fīu dā macc ḟīal
Fedelmthe `a worthy theme for poets' Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 14
( Rawl. 124a30 . Meyer compares Welsh gwawd). Freq. in
55chevilles: fath cen chlith SR 6879 . f. ¤ ngle LL 17a9 . f. ¤ co
ngail 299a4 ( SG 368.4 ). f. ¤ cen dochta an inexhaustible theme
Met. Dinds. iii 20.1 . fath gin gheis ZCP viii 107.16 . f. ¤ ro
feas `a fact well-known' ML 92.3 .
(c) prophecy, prophetic wisdom (the earliest meaning,
60according to O'Rahilly, Ériu xiii 171 ); skill: fath .i.
fogluim, unde dicitur faitsine .i. faith, Corm. Y 602 . fath
.i. foglaim, ut est ní acrat filid acht a firaib fer fath, O'Dav.
860 (= Ériu xiii 17.26 .) sruaim [sic leg.] co fathaib feith,
O'Mulc. 537 (cf. fath .i. fis, ut est sruaim co fathaib feith,
65 O'Dav. 916 ). Cf. fithcill .i. fath-ciall .i. fath ┐ ciall oca
imbirt, Corm. Y 607 . The following seem to belong to this:
cétdruí in domuin ri fath fiss LL 143a50 . co fáthaib fiss
`mit Weisheitssprüchen' (maxims of wisdom) ZCP xi 82 § 24 ;
fri fáthaib is fri fogail `prepared against ruses and pillage'
70 Met. Dinds. iii 110.18 . fath ... .i. gliocas, O'Cl. dán ...
as fuamḟoirfe fáth whose meaning is perfected in sound (i.e.,
perfectly expressed) O'Gr. Cat. 392.13 . pl. bam-sa heól,
fri fecht fatha, | do sceól chert in chlíath-átha `through
lore of battles
' Met. Dinds. iii 314.3 . furiud fáth `succouring
75sciences
' RC xxvi 24 § 88 , cf. fiad fath `food of learning'
16 § 17 . tochmarc fáth `wooing science' 22 § 61 . ? Eocho
flaith na fáth LL 18a3 .
(d) a composition (?); a maxim, apophthegm (?): fath .i.
aisde, O'Cl. Eg. Gl. 308 . `airbhe 'is `fáth 'da ainm d'aside,
80 Met. Gl., D 52 . cf. ar mo fath .i. ar m'aisti RC xxvi 24 n. 15 .
In composition, gen. in sense (c) with nouns: fáithbéim (a
feat of Cú Chulaind) RC xxix 128.5 . Probably a scribal
transformation of táithbéim ( LU 5973 . 9293 . 10343 ). ¤ bert
crafty deed (?): ag feithem ar ḟáthbhertuib Féidlim ALC i
85582.1 = faithbertaib, Ann. Conn. 1316 § 3 (ref. to the pro-
ceedings of an enemy). ¤ chomairle wise counsel: fathcho-
mairledha fellsam MR 296.30 . ¤ foghloim: (labrait) iarsin
rath ┐ iarsin f. ¤ , Anecd. v 25 n. 22 . ¤ foras: fáthfhoras focal
`mystic import of words' (?) Ir. Review 1913, 595 § 11 .
¤ gleó: f. ¤ feichemnais `recriminating quarrel' MR 298.13 .
5 ¤ imbert: ag fáithimirt ar fi[d]chill, Acall. 1387 . ag
fathimirt fithcille, Ériu iii 162.10 . ¤ rann `a witty stave'
(a quatrain constructed with art ?) Triads 89 (.i. rann fáthach,
gl.). ? ¤ réim (a feat of Cú Chulaind): fáithréim andiaigh
do rannaibh slegh RC xxix 128.6 . Probably corrupt, cf.
10 fonaidm níad for rindib sleg LU 10344 . ¤ rún figurative,
mystical meaning: gurab é is f. ¤ di (sc. a dream), TSh. 66 .
With adj.: ¤ bertach: do roinn sé go f. ¤ cách `with fore-
sight
' (cleverly ?) Duan. Finn i 13.27 . ¤ chomhairlech wise
in counsel
MR 214.20 . ¤ rannach: ar mo cheird bfath-
15rannaigh (i.e. my poetical calling) ZCP xii 384.5 = Dán Dé
xvi 14 . ¤ rúnda mystical, figurative: Eochairsgiath 28.10 .
do-ní Dia bagar go f. ¤ san .29. caibidil ag Ieremias, TSh.
7802 .