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50 1 fuidir n f. With the possible exception of the dubious
fuither LL 216b39 ( Met. Dinds. iv 318 : `tenant') no exx.
are recorded from the literature. In Laws Comm. frequently
glossed fo-daer. Other expls. are: fuider .i. fo deirge ...
desero latine .i. dergim, O'Mulc. 589 , (where deirge is evi-
55dently vn. of DO-ÉRIG `abandons.' Cf. O'Dav. 1052 cited
below). fuidhir .i. fodháor .i. fear tuarastail, O'Cl. fuidhre
.i. lucht friothoilte servants ib. f. ¤ .i. dochonaich, Lec. Gl.
314 , Stowe Gl. 366 (.i. om.). Thurn., Ir. Recht 61 (cf.
Cóic Conara 76 , footnotes) accepts the etym. `fo-dír,' inter-
60preting it as `in the tribe but not of the blood,' or `belonging
to the lower grades of the kindred.' The following forms
are found in Laws Text as printed: n s. fuidir, pass., but
fuider Laws iv 38x (= fuidir, Ir. Recht 63 n. 7 ; 70.12 ). [fuidir
Laws v 360.14 is taken as g s. in transl., and this is supported
65by the reading cacha fuidri H 3.18, 392a29 . but evidently
nom. is required, see Ir. Recht 65 § 7 ]. g s. meth cacha
fuidre , Ir. Recht 66 § 10 (= fuidri, H 3.18, 392a35 ) mas ar
scath fuidri tucustair he ... mas ar ḟocraic `if it is for
fuidir- ship he has given it (the land) ... if it is for reward'
70 Laws v 36.31 Comm. mas a rath ḟuidhri ... mas ar focraic
`as fuidir- stock ... ; for reward' ib. 5 . fognum do denum
d'ferund fuidri ib. 38.27 . cuic samhuisce doberar a rath
fuidhre the stock lent to a fuidir is five heifers Ir. Recht 68
Comm. pl. fuidre, Laws iii 10.16 . fuidri iv 282.11 . fuidire v
75360.13 . teora fuidre ib. 10 (= Ir. Recht 65 § 7 ). A member
of an inferior class in the early Irish social organization.
A concise and authoritative description of the f. ¤ is given
by Binchy in his edition of Críth Gablach: acc. to him
the f. ¤ is a `tenant at will,' settled by the lord (flaith) on a
80portion of the latter's land; his services to the lord are
always undefined. `Although his condition is semi-
servile, he retains the right to abandon his holding on
giving due notice to the lord and surrendering to him two
thirds of the products of his husbandry.' Cr. G. p. 93 .
85A f. ¤ who has for nine generations occupied the same lord's
land thereby ranks as a serf and his descendants are also
serfs (see Cr. G. 327 , cited below). The lowest grades of f. ¤
were not entitled to `díre' for damage to their property
nor were they responsible for guilt or debts incurred by
their kinsmen ( Laws v 512.1 ff . = Ir. Recht 63 ; Laws iv 38x = Ir.
5Law 148 ). In Laws v 360.13 (= Ir. Recht 65 ) they are
divided into seven classes; in the Comm. they are fre-
quently classed as `doerfuidri' and `soerfuidri,' the former
being virtually unfree, the latter having the right of separat-
ing from their lord (see Thurneysen, Cōic Conaire 76
10and especially Ir. Recht 61 ff . where the relevant passages
from the Laws are assembled and discussed): fuidre flatha,
doermanaig eclaise (persons unqualified for forming con-
tracts except when authorized by their guardian or superior)
Laws iii 10.16 . f. ¤ [fuithir LB] .i. fo thir .i. intí dobeir tir
15fo na deoraig anechtair, is do is ainm f. ¤ he who takes land
under an immigrant settler, it is he who is called
`f. ¤ ' (`who
gives land to a stranger
' Corm. Transl.) Corm. Y 610 .
Thurneysen, Ir. Recht 61 n. 4 , takes the original reading
to be that in the Bk. of Hy Many: in ti dobeir tir fon
20deoraith anechtair is do <is> fuithir he who [ = if one]
gives land to an immigrant the latter is a `f.' to him.' dligid
fuider (fuidir v.l.) frithfolta, Anecd. iii 13 (fudir LL 345d16 ;
fuidhir YBL 411d12 ). f. ¤ crui ┐ gola, O'Dav. 1052 (one
of the subclasses of `fuidre,' of which a list is given in Ir.
25Recht 65 = Laws v 360.13 f .). ma beith fognum diib co
nómad náo it bothaig, it fuidri, Críth G. 327 ( Ir. Recht 81 ).
atait da cenel for daerfuidir, d. ghaoidhealach ┐ d. tar muir,
Ir. Recht 68 Komm. III . Cf. also: cach f. ¤ .i. daer a athair
┐ a senathair, Laws v 512. 10 = macc fuidre ┐ ua aroile ┐
30f. ¤ fein, SM Facs. 2a . in saerfuidir .i. fri re triir, Cōic Conara
21 §14 Comm.
See fuidrius.

2 fuidir n a word (?) : fuidhair briathar baile bann, Met. Gl.
Ff. 10 ( LL 395a15 ; v.l. fuighioll; fuithir) fuidhir .i. briathar,
35O'Cl. No exx. recorded.

3 fuidir n a cloak: fuidhir .i. brat, O'Cl. Cf. faiderán.

fuidlech n o,m. (fuidell) in later MSS. generally fuiglech.
(a) a remainder or remnant , used much like fuidell: roind
míle bliadan ar nai randaibh dég ┐ is é is fuidleach do sin
40dá bliadain dég divide a thousand ... by nineteen and the
remainder is twelve
O'Gr. Cat. 307x . in f. ¤ [fuigheall, fuiglech
v.l.] fuil acainn d'ar n-armuibh what is left to us of our
weapons
. RC xiv 34 . fuiglech na nār `the spoils left by the
nobles
' Met. Dinds. iii 360 . fuighleach a lachta, Content.
45 xxviii 13 . fuighleach na bpeacadh .i. na peacaidh nar
chuimhnigh do chur a bhfaoisidin, Luc. Fid. 138 . fuigh-
leach chāigh muna chognam the leavings of others Aithd.D.
46.9 . fuigh leach aoigheadh a n-ionnmhas their wealth is
what guests have left
DDána 102.4 . gan boin ... muna
50bfoil d'fuighlech airgne `a survivor from the raid' Quiggin,
Proleg. V 28 n . ( Aithd.D. 40.31 : `overlooked in ... plunder-
ing
'). Freq. in the phr.: f. ¤ áir survivors of battle; all that
are left: fuighleach áir chathslóig ua gCuinn `the last
survivor
' O'Gr. Cat. 449 . a mar uirre d'fhuighleach áir
55 the survivors that remain in it Dán Dé iii 32 . Cf. fuighleach
caoire ar gceardchain-ne `wrought in the metal of our smithy
Dán Dé vi 37 (of the Saviour; for the metaph. cf. x 9 ).
See fuidel (d). Rare in pl. dá chliab déc dia fuidlechaib
SR 7628 ( Joh. vi 13 ). rofaccaibsit fuidhlidhi aidhbli dibh
60cen tomailt, Lorg. an tS.N. 1606 .
(b) the latter part of winter (also in pl. Cf. fuidhle `the
days in January' P.O'C. ): ro cí F. isin fhuigleach ag
iarraidh samhaidh BNnÉ 29w . g s. gacha fuighligh 30.2 .
pl. sméra 'sna fuighleachaibh 128 § 25 . See fuidell (b) and
65 faílech (some scholars have taken the latter as a late form
and spelling of fuidlech, but such a phenomenon would be
without parallel in the literature. On the other hand
fuighleach, etc. could well be in some cases a late scribal
mis-spelling of faílech. Cf. sméra sind fulliuch LU 9725
70( ZCP iii 218 ).

? fuidlecht : n co fuidlechtaib fuili fir sceo eich im laim
doi Lugdach LL 122a18 ; leg. fuillechtaib ?

fuidrech n o,n. (?) (fo-di-reg-, Meyer ZCP xviii 333 ) the act
of
stripping or baring: fuidhreach .i. fodhérach .i. nochtadh,
75O'Cl. Cf. fil f. ¤ for a glinni fil leind ndeirg ndrolaig immi
TBC² 61 ( LU 4552 = fil f. ¤ fora ghlaini, Eg. his jaw is stripped,
laid bare
? Cú Chulainn's appearance is described) = fail
fuidrech for a rinne `es ist Entblössung auf seinen Speer-
spitzen
?' TBC 261 = foil foidreach for a glinde, St, Add.
80The follg. gloss seems to refer to this ex.: fuidhre .i. ainm
do lic oidhre, ut est fil oidhre for a nglaine, Ériu xiii 71
( H 3. 18, p. 625 ).

1 fuidrecht : x see SM Facs. 2a cited s.v. fuidríus.

2 fuidrecht n .i. folomrad catha .i. ... sloghadh fuidrechta
85`a fugitive host' Laws i 176.24 Comm. (`a host of fuidir-
tenants '? Atk.). The translation is based on H 3.18,
p. 243b3 ( O'C. 457 ) : sloighe fuidhrechta .i. foderach uadha
as a sloigid iar techt lais (= abandoning him when his army
has gone with him
?). Cf. fuidrecht .i. frith ut est dina
fornocht [ = fairnecht ?] f. ¤ .i. dona airnechta fir nochta
5[sic leg. ?] innte which seems = f. ¤ i.e. waif , ut est wherein
stripped (despoiled) men were not found
Ériu xiii 54 ( H 3.18,
61a ) (airnechta looks like pass. pl. perf. of ar-icc. Meyer
( ZCP xviii 333 ) took f. here to be pass. pret. of a verb *fo-
dírig. See fuidrech). Cf. Ir. Recht 61 n.3 , where Thurn.
10dismisses Atk.'s expl. of fuidrecht as an abstract and says
fuidrechta in Laws i 176 Comm. belongs to `dī-rig,' the
`fo' being added to agree with the lemma (folomrad).
But the word can hardly be an ad hoc compd. Meyer's
expl. seems more likely.