Print Edition

A B C D1 D2 E F G H I L M N O P R S T U

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492


1 fuirmech adj o-ā doluid coíca fer furmech ... do acallaim
na ríg rúbnech LL 163a40 = fuilngech ... ruibnech, Met.
85Dinds. ii 4 (where two other MSS. also read furmech).
in fomhóir fuirmhech `the guarding (?) giant' Duan. F. i
43.10 .

2 fuirmech subst. f. ¤ .i. foraimh no senfasach, ut est ... dān
asa ndirenar cach f. ¤ filed, O'Dav. 917 . atait cetheora
[idna] ara beir gach file f. ¤ a dire dorirthar, idna lanamnuis,
5 etc. O'Don. 2217 ( Nero A vii f. 149a ) = f. ¤ for dire dorirter ,
H 3. 17, c. 438.9 ( O'Don. 555 ).

fuirmed : x see fuirmiud.

fuirmel : x see furmiáil.

fuirmid n m. (nom. agentis from fo-ruimi ?) huasal dóel diasnēti
10... co foclaib fáthacdaib | f. ¤ nach tlāith (of Colum Cille),
Arch. iii 218 ( Rawl. 107a48 ; v.l. fuirmit, Laud 615, 48 ).
Cf. fuirmiud (e).

fuirmigthe adj io-iā fixed, settled (?) : leibhionn dlúith forasda
fuirmighthe ML 86.4 .
15 Cf. next.

fuirmithe adj io-iā (part. of fo-ruimi) ainm f. ¤ cindtech `a name
imposed
' Laws iii 96y .
See fuirmiud.

fuirmiud, -med n u,o,m. (vn. of fo-ruimi) The m is occasionally
20shown lenited ; O'Cl. distinguishes between fuirmeadh .i.
toirneamh ; fuirmeadh .i. foreimniughad no siubhal, and
fuirmheadh .i. cur (see below) but there is no reason to
doubt that all these represent the same word.
(a) in primary sense setting down, placing, depositing:
25 fuirmedh .i. indell no cur, O'Dav. 932 . fuirmheadh .i.
cur, O'Cl. delba clochda ... cen sigin na crochi do f. ¤ indib
PH 754 . a fuirmidh a ngradh to place him (the pupil) in a
grade
Laws ii 348.21 Comm. aithne fuirimiudu (.i. fuirmither
for dealgan aithgin ind ...) SM Facs. 55b . aithne fuirmidha
30.i. in aithne fuirmither a n-inad airithe (one of the seven
deposits which are to be restored even though there has
been no pledge), Laws v 196.3 (14) . But cf. tri aithne na
dlegat taisec ... aithne fuirmeda, Triads 157 , glossed in
the 18th cent. copy : .i. do fūigfidhe gan aithne do thabhairt
35go cinnte i ccumhdach acht go héccinte air p.40 (i.e. a
deposit left without proper security ?). ro laoi fiadhnuise
fair fuirmhedh, Ériu xiii 15.10 (= ro le, etc. .i. gugudh fiadnise
tiscaidh dire n-aire, O'Dav. 1344 ). See furmada.
(b) transf. of inflicting, imposing (a punishment, obligation,
40 etc.) : co f. ¤ na sraigell ... foraib plying the scourges on them
FA 30 (LB), where local sense is still implicit ; cf. la furmed
in mátan fair belaying him with the cudgel LU 8546 ( FB 40 ).
co f. ¤ in rechtasa Adamnáin imposition FA 32 (LB). In
fig. sense : noco tabair in scel f. ¤ doridhissi furri never touches
45on (alludes to) her
Acall. 6437 .
(c) laying low, prostrating, overthrowing: is ainm fuirmh-
eadh ... do turnadh is d'ísliúgud LL 395a11 = Met. Gl.
Ff. 7 . fuirmeadh .i. toirneamh nó ísliughadh, O'Cl. fer
fora ndernadh fuirmheth .i. a lagadh ┐ a laighdiugud,
50 Cóir Anm. 31 . cing catha ri furmiud fer LL 238a5 ( TTr.
1561 ; `for laying low men'). iar fuirmed Bili Tortan
` felling ' Met. Dinds. iv 244 . flaithe re fuirmeadh princes to
be laid low
ML 86.3 .
(d) a violent aggressive effort, blow, thrust, tug, etc. dobeir
55fuirmidh dia sāil ina cenn `tramples them with his heel'
CCath. 3665 . ba bec leisiom fuirmed a llām na laech co
mbeth fuirmed a cos mar aen ris ML 164.22 ( YBL 330a21 ).
dorat A. furmiud fortren ... fair ... don lágin LL 244a33
( TTr. 2041 ). dorat ... fuirmed niad don urd iarnaige LB
60 157a 52 . tuc fuirmed fedma ... do gae ... air `an
effective thrust
' TTebe 2817 . tug fuirmeadh feadma ...
fuirre (of a stone fixed in the earth) ML 2.21 . ni hoirchios
fuirmedh fedhma for fhlaithibh `to put service upon (?
use violence towards) kings' 116.25 . ba diulaing dīn ar a
65ndianbullíb ri fortressi a fuirmiuda LL 238a33 ( TTr. 1583 ).
pl. nachasrostis airm nā hilḟáebair ... nā thendfurmiuda
túag ib. LL 238a 18 . g s. as attrib. : ana n-oireadaib firmora furmid
`very great burdens requiring great effort' TTebe 3991 .
a heire forbheadha [fuirmedha v.l.] ... do bhiadh ┐ do dhigh
70fuirre, Ériu v 84.20 . (See furmada). ail fuirmedha (compli-
mentary epithet of a chieftain) ML² 1579 .
Perhaps gs. in the expression : mac fuirmid (fuirmeda),
the name given to a bardic pupil of the second year , although
this is probably to be read as a compd., maccfuirmid.
75 mac fuirmeda occurs at least once. Cf. cidh díre Mac-
ḟuirmidh, Ériu xiii 25.27 . díre mar mac ḟuirmhidh 22.26 - 27 .
maccfurmid ┐ fochloc irchruachait doib LL 29a col. e (3664) .
triar for fecht feili dofhidh | dam thoga do mac furmidh,
Auraic. 2248 . tri seoid don macfuirmid YBL 198a13 (= Laws
80 v 60 ). in macfuirmid da ba a eniclann ib. YBL 198a 21 . la mac
fuirmid moín soer setrotha senamain ... , O'Mulc. 537 .
muccairbi .i. mac fuirmid .i. is mac dán do fuirem a dána,
Bodl. Corm. = ... do fuirmed a dana .i. no is macdan
du fuirim a dana, Corm.Y 855 [leg. mac dan dū f. ¤ ?] m.
85fuirmida IT iii 31.16 . mac fuirmid .i. mac fuirmither re
dān ōs mac .i. is mac da [ = maccda ?] a dān `who is set
to learn an art from his boyhood
' (who is intended for ... ?)
Laws iv 360.5 . Cf. mac airbi ib.
(e) arranging, composing ; inventing (?) : is f. ¤ filed
romidair ina hanmand sa dona airc[h]etluib ... ni haicned
5romīdir leo (i.e. the names are arbitrarily invented by
poets), Corm. Y 41 s.v. anair = fuirmedh poetarum romidhair
haec nomina , etc. H 3.18, 63aw ( Phil. Soc. 171 ). cf. fer fuirmid, supra, col. F 371.61.
(f) in gramm. name given to a subst. preceded by the
prep. oc (probably an extension of sense a) : oc fir a furmiud
10`depositive' Auraic 1521 . oc feraib a fhuirmed ilair 1776 .
(g) in gramm. the ordinary application or use of a word,
oppd. to `inde' its etymological or inherent sense : f. ¤
foucal, Auraic. 3393 (e.g. the Lat. word lapis, analysed as
id quod laedit pedem [cf. Isidore, Etym. xvi 3 ] its `inde,'
15is used in restricted sense of a stone, its `fuirmed').
`bonus,' is comforlethan a fuirmed et a inde, ar ni
habar `bonus' acht bail a mbí cáil bonitatis the applic-
ation and the etymology of bonus are co-extensive, for bonus
is not said save where the quality of bonitas is
Auraic. 3400 .
20(h) in concrete sense, in pl. : fuirmighi [furmedha, Eg.]
a leaptha d'ór ┐ do safír, Maund. 249 corresp. to `the forme
of his bedd is of fyne saphires bended with gold
' EETS 153
(O.S.) 183 . ` framework, setting ' = Abercromby, RC vii
361 , comparing O'Dav. 932 , cited above (a). Cf. fuirmeadh
25` seat, foundation ' O'R.
(i) fuirmeadh .i. foréimniughadh no siubhal, O'Cl. No
exx. from lit., but cf. fo-ruimi (d).