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feidm n n, n. later m. n s. féidm n -úag SR 6837 . g s. ind ḟedma
TBC 2967 . d s. fedmuim, Laws v 488.35 Comm. n p. fedman
AU 821 . fedmand LU 10816 (M). a p. fedma LL 216a31 .
45 g p. fedmand LL 146a5 . feidhm, m. g s. n p. feadhma IGT,
Decl. § 41 . pl. also fedhmanna (canamain) ib. ex. 1134 .
1143 . The primary meaning seems to be load, stress, strain,
passing into the senses of utmost effort, effort, exertion;
burden, service, function . The transition may be illustrated
50by such an example as: buí f. ¤ cuinge sesrige ina samthaig
there was the load of a plough-team in its handle = it would
take a plough-team to move
... LU 9191 ( FB 91 ). carraig ...
a roibi f. ¤ seisrigi do tharraing, TTebe 942 . Cf. fri ētnu
dam bátár fedmand la firu Herend cosin n-aidchi sin. co
55n-aicces la lucht in tsíde fora formnaib. dogníth samlaid
la E. ... is aice toísech tucad cuing for muinélaib dam LU
10816 . is leis doradadh cuing for muinélaibh damh ar tús,
ar is fria n-édnu na ndamh do bhíth a feidm gó sin, Cóir
Anm. 103 . dam ro boí fon feidm LB 60by . a n-ingeilt fo
60fedmu[i]m (of oxen) grazing while at work, under the yoke
Laws iii 266.23 . .x. damu dagfedma ten oxen able for a
heavy load
(?) Ériu ii 4.7 . ba he feidm toisech doriacht an
eclais a fh. ¤ his (ox-drawn) load (of timber) was the first to
reach the church
Lism.L. 2558 . co ructha graige ┐ eti ┐
65fedman iarmaib so that steeds and flocks and loads could be
brought along them
(of frozen streams and lakes) AU 821 .
[doghniat] fedmunna ramhōra do thinol ... cu nach lugha
inās in cnoc ... in dumha chonnaid fil aca they are gathering
together great loads (of firewood
) RC xliii 106.13 .
70(a) strain, stress, effort, exertion, undertaking: f. ¤ as mo,
| comrac re Coin Culainn TBC 3117 St. adfét scéla in
mórfedma atconnairc enterprise (i.e. labor of constructing a
causeway) LU 10826 . fri deiscin ind feadma dobertatar do
dénam an tochair `the effort they put forth' Ériu xii 178.7 .
75 Cf. TBC 758 St cited under feirtche. bíd féidm ferrda ocaib
be of good courage PH 6504 . tresim fedma strongest
of effort
Auraic. 5556 . fedmanna ós niurt `exertions
beyond one's strength
' Tec. Corm. § 21 . da mbe in
corp athach san uaig | a dhēchsain (sic leg.) is f. ¤ firchruaid,
80 Arch. iii 239 § 27 . beg a f. ¤ da degbois De | deilb dā
tegdais small the effort for God's hand (?) 236 § 8 . ba f. ¤
adbal d'oeinfer ... triall cosnama na cruinne, CCath. 4740 .
tucsat f. ¤ ferrda cacha fir furri cor chuirset assa tuinide in
tromchloch, Acall. 2810 . tucsat a lāma ... chum na cloiche
85da tarraing ... ┐ ni raibe tarba issin trenfeidm ór nir ḟētsat
a becc di 2754 . briathra forránta, f. ¤ tim `violent verbiage
followed by feeble effort' O'Gr. Cat. 556.17 . dol re [a] gcosg
... fa feidhm ós cionn a bhfuluing, Content, xviii 71 . Folld.
by qualifying subj. gen.: f. ¤ cēt and do nirt he has the
strength of a hundred
TBC 1006 (= atā nert cēd ann, St).
5 gegnaid banb ... ┐ nusberaid leo dia fuini ┐ a ḟ. ¤ uili ann
it was as much as they all could do = it took the whole of them
(to carry it)
Im. M.D. xiii Harl.
(b) work, service, duty, function (cf. d): ro forcongair ...
for dam n-allaid ... in f. ¤ sin do denam `ordered a stag to
10do that work
' (i.e. to take the place of an ox at the plough)
Fél. 72.28 . imāin na ndam dochom a fedhma dlighthi[gh]
budein .i. a n-oibre, Laws v 136.15 Comm. ni f. ¤ flatha nā
fīrlaich duitsi aiscc feicheamnais do thabhairt ... `it is
not the act of a prince in thee
' MR. 284.15 . na grāda do
15c[h]othugud | is f. ¤ uasal mor aonfir ZCP x 45. 4 . atá f. ¤ ar
leith ac cach aenḟer acaind a separate function Acall. 5460 .
cret t'ḟeidm-si what is thy service ? 5465 . drong ... ic na bia
f. ¤ aili san cath acht a ngaire catha do tabairt, CCath. 5514 .
bídh a ḟis ac [gach] aenduine díb cred is f. ¤ dó, Maund. 202 .
20 gach fear ag freagra a fheadhma, GF, Ir. Monthly 1919, 106 .
no geibhdis betha gan f. ¤ ndaonda leó acht ernaigthe ...
BNnÉ 320.22 . gan feidhm ndaor ar mhnaoi servile occupation
Content. v 77 . do rinneas ... feidhm díbh I have done you
a service
xxix 4 . déanaidh feidhm don Tighearna = servite
25Domino TSh. 6767 . is é feidhm do-níodh an coileach dó,
iarmhéirghe ... do choimhéad, Keat. iii 1120 . gurab con-
trárdha na feadhma iarras Dia ar na daoinibh ┐ an feidm
iarras an saoghal (comm. on non potestis Deo servire et
Mammonae) TSh. 9881 . do fedhmaim anmcharat function
30(obligations) of a confessor YBL 408a marg. sup. fer fedma
steward (?): Finn .h. C., fer fedma ┐ ferannuis moir do righ
Connacht ` agent ' ALC 1223 (p. 266z) .aes, lucht fedma
soldiery; servitors, attendants: dochuir a glaslaith ┐ a aes
fedma ... d'argain Aeda g. SG 66.28 . IT ii2 135. 325 .
35 Oss. iii 162.7 . lucht fedhma an dunaigh, L. Chl. Suibhne 11 .
Folld. by defining gen.: denasa f. ¤ gabunn act as smith
Lism L. 3783 . f. ¤ a ngreagh uatha orra | longa lūatha ...
on the swift ships they impose the function of their steeds (?)
IGT, Decl. ex. 2140 . feidhm na gcogthach re cois long, |
40feidhm teanchaire i dtigh ghabhonn | ... tarla oraibh
`god airdrígh TD 19.16 . do bhamur ... a bhfeidhm ollamh
in the capacity of ollaves KMMisc. 56 § 5 . ní fili ... | hí f. ¤
eoluis ilcrothaigh in the practice of various kinds of knowledge
ZCP iv 237. 11 = BR 236 . ni faict[h]e ise fri f. ¤ a lēiginn
45┐ a grēsa, Arch. iii 308 , VI 12 . f. ¤ n-eclastacda YBL 166b5 .
i bfeidhm na súiste `wielding the flail' O'Gr. Cat. 532.7 .
(c) of a warlike effort or strain (often in broad sense of attack,
onset, defence, etc.): cach f. ¤ catha ┐ comlaind ... dingebatsa
díb uile sin, Acall. 5462 (corresp. to: eigen catha v.l.). do
50réidhighedh láithir iombuailte dona ... miledhibh sin ar go
bhfesdís fein f. ¤ comhlainn a chéile, B iv 2, 146b19 . feidhm
na leirge a aonar air, GF, Ir. Monthly 1919, 104 . ar a
angbaigheacht i n-ionadh fedhma `his valour in the field
of conflict
' FM v 1778.15 . lá feadhma day of stress, battle
55 Ir. Monthly 1927, 552 ( 23 L 17, 81b ). an bhuidhean ...
bhíos iomad i n-am ḟeadhma `in time of stress' TD 21.6 .
re hinnarba cach fedma ┐ cach foreigne `to repel every
attack and violence
' MR 160.23 . f. ¤ catha `exertion of battle',
duty of service of a warrior in battle: dober-sa m'ḟ. ¤ catha
60... la P. I will exert my battle-strength with P. CCath. 1121 .
do tabairt a fedma catha ┐ comluind leo `to give them their
help in battle
' Cog. 74.24 . rogabsat ... a ffedhmanna catha
forra ZCP xiv 231.16 . ro ba cruaidh in comthuargain ...
doronsat ... ic gabail a fedmann catha forru, CCath. 5907 .
65 ro láa ... fortocbhail a fedhma catha forru 2016 .
mongur na curad ac comghabail a bḟedhmann catha, Marco
P. 61 . (for gabáil fedma cf. co ngabad feidm fois that it
should undertake the duty of stillness
(?) Ériu iii 14 , but in
the instances above there may be the notion of standing
70up to the stress of battle, taking punishment). cia dib
no laccadh a fedm catha whose battle force was weakening
CCath. 5975 . roba gairit in caill comarchi uathaib iat, ┐
a feidm catha forro, ┐ a ndruim riu, Cog. 176.23 . ro-ordaigh
C. a ffedhmanna catha for na curadaibh assigned to the
75warriors their duties
ZCP xiv 240.4 [or does this belong to
(b) ?]. Cf. cur fedma: ní lamh cách ... luadh cogaidh ná
cur feadhma TD 21.39 . cur feadhma dóibh risan druing |
sluagh T. ní budh tualuing 2.11 . g s. as attrib.: nertlia do
chloich ḟedhma ZCP viii 543.8 . bertais a eire fedma leis
80da trelamh ghaisgidh (i.e. as much as he could carry) TBC
p. 303 n. 5 . tuc fuirmed fedma do gae ... air `a strenuous
thrust
' TTebe 2817 . tuc fuirmeadh feadhma ... fuirre
(lifting a heavy stone) ML 2y . is fis fedma `a labour it is
to learn
' Met Dinds. ii 62 . pl. tucad leo fedmanda fillti
85for bogadaib bending strains (i.e., they strained bows
to test them ?) TTebe 1275 . re haidhbhliu na fedmann no
fuilngitis of the stresses CCath. 5872 . ag airiúghadh an
ḟeadhma sin perceiving their labor (of men lifting a stone)
ML 2.20 . Common in chevilles: f. ¤ n-úag SR 6837 . f. ¤ as
uaisliu, Fél. Jan. 21 . f. ¤ ngle BB 51a30 . f. ¤ as détlu, Arch. iii
5297 § 52 . f. ¤ ngialla MR 204 . Transf. of persons: in Congen-
chnesach ..., in f. ¤ nach fuiliṅgther TBC² 2205 . gurab
é an feidhm nach fuloingther ... .i. Fer Diadh ZCP x
276.7 .
(d) use; efficacy, cf. (b): mór a bhfeidhm i n-aimsir the
10| d'fionnḟuaradh ceathra is daoine (of rivers), Content. vi
71 . Cf. ní feidhm do an Ghaoidheilg do léaghadh ... gan
a bfios do bheith aige do mheabhair `without having them
by heart it is a vain effort for him to attempt
[he will not be
able for] the reading of Irish' O'Gr. Cat. 630.24 . bíd drong
15... doitheagaisg ann, ionnus nach bí feidhm ... an bás do
bhagar orra so that it is no use threatening them TSh. 554 .
dogní f. ¤ de (re), makes use of: is é feidhm do-nídís do
sheicheadhaibh na dtarbh, Keat. ii 5441 . nachar bhfer
feadhma do dhéanamh re clogat é the man to use a helmet
20 O'Gr. Cat. 510.26 .
benaid f. ¤ de makes use of; causes to work: ag buain
fheadhma dá eachraidh RC xlix 173 § 33 .
atá f. ¤ ar there is use for; need of: ní ḟuil feidhm ar th'iomar-
bháigh your arguing is needless (useless) Content. xxii 31 .
25 dá mbeadh f. ¤ ar .ae. do leathnughadh if it were needful to
broaden `ae'
IGT, Decl. Introd. 7.6 . ní haige an muinntir
a tá slán a tá feidhm ar an líaigh, Matt. ix 2 . ort o nach
bfuil a bfeidhm since they have no use for thee Carswell 24.11 .
an uair nach roibhe f. ¤ ar chlogat ag énduine, agus dá mbiadh
30nach aigesion do bhiadh f. ¤ riu, O'Gr. Cat. 510.24 . fuair
feidhm ar a ghuidhe `he found his prayer efficacious' A.
O'Dálaigh 50.28 . Without AR: is móide ata féidhm againn
Dia do ghuidhe, Eochairsgiath 17.21 . d'ḟ. ¤ of use, needful
(with AR of pers.): go bhfoighe an ghloir ṡiordhaidhe ┐
35gach ní atá d'ḟeidhm air dochum a faghala, O'Hussey
T.C. 224.10 . na neithi do bhí df. ¤ orra do bhreth leo, Mac
Aingil 64.17 . éin-rí ... dob ḟearr d'ḟ. ¤ d'Éirinn ná Niall of
greater service to
Content. v 70 . Cf. má do chuireas d'ḟ. ¤
orra cuaird ... if I have constrained them to search xiv 19 .
40Hence with obj. gen. need, necessity, occasion: ní bhí feidhm
lóirghníomha air, Mac Aingil 303.13 . do gach duine do
beith 'na feidhm who might need it BCC p. 132.16 . Cf.
mainnear i bhf. ¤ a faire adhbha an anma in need of guard (?)
Studies 1931, 81 . ag so an fáinne i bhfeidhm na ndrol ib.
45 cor faesma .i. in cor curtar risin mac faesma ... ┐ ní ar feidm
gaire o geilfíne, Laws iv 62.4 .
Compds. ¤ láidir strong of effort, energetic: fuirmeadh
feidmlaitir TBC p. 95 n. 1 St. fer foirtill feidhmláidir FM
vi 2258.9 . gluasacht ... go foisdineach f. ML 64.17 . -nert-
50mar id.: a fhlaith ... fedmnertmhar `mighty in enterprise'
Aen. 1850 . a fiodhbhacaibh ... feidhmnertmara FM vi
2130.5 .