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feorus n (< ferus, a by-form of erus ?) g s. fersen ? Cf. O'Dav.
80 931 cited below. Name of a tree or plant, probably the
spindle-tree: gl. acirus (= acerus < acer "maple" or
acorus `galingale' ?) Ir. Gl. 582 . feorus ` spindle-tree,
sweet flag, galingale ' Hog. Luibhl. feorus (one of the `fodla
feda' or `shrubs') Laws iv 146.26 . Auraic. 1155 ; also called
85`oir' 1196 . sruithium aicde .i. feirius (a kenning for the
Ogham diphthong oi), Anecd. iii 44 ; cf. sruitem aicdi .i.
o[i]r, Auraic. 5602 . feirius .i. fiar-ses .i. do fēri in chraind
from the twisted form of the tree Corm. Y 578 . Cf. co fríth
herus [ferus; ierus, v.l.] chuca ... asin muine mesta, Met.
Dinds. iv 214.57 ( Dinds. 117 ). fersen .i. feorus .i. set in
5dire fersen .i. samaisc a dire, O'Dav. 931 ; cf. samaisc ┐
dairt ... ┐ dartaid ... tri diri na fodla feda, Laws iv 150.23
Comm.

feósach adj o-ā bearded, hairy (cf. fés) (?), or aged, withered,
spent, drooping (cf. feo) (?); the former may be the orig.
10sense. torathar firgrana feosach [feosagach v.l.] `bearded'
TTebe 2389 (= anguicomam monstri effigiem Theb. vi 495 ).
cath na bhfear bhfeósach `the battalion of the middle-aged
men
' (? veterans) Oss. iv 104.21 . atáim-se faonlag feosach,
Keat. Poems 181 . ? smól-mhala ... is géire scríob ...
15feothanach feosach mar scéith an daoil ib. 98 . buidhne
féosacha faonmharbhtha ML 134.25 . cladhaire feidhmleisc
feósach, Hackett xxvi 41 . In Mod. Ir. gaunt, wasted .

feóthan n a breeze . Also feóithne, see Sc. G. Studies iii 67 .

feóthan(n) n m. a thistle: feothán, Hog. Luibhl. feothann
20.i. fobhthannán, O'Cl.; Eg. Gl. 630 .

feóthan(n)ach adj o-ā breezy, gusty (?): earrach ... frasach
flichḟuar feóthannach, ` thistly ' Timthiridh vi 38 § 15 (from
Baothalach Mac Aodhagáin, 16th cent.). smól-mhala ...
is géire scríob | feothanach feosach mar scéith an daoil,
25 Keat. Poems. 98 (` raven-black ?' Ed., comparing feochuine;
hirsute, shaggy,cf. feóthan(n) `thistle' ?).

fer n o,m. n s. fer Sg 190b3 , Wb 10b23 , 11c17 , 22c9 . fear IGT,
Introd. § 151 . v s. fir Wb 10a10 . a s. fer 9d16 ; 31 . 10a3 ; 9 .
fear IGT, Introd. § 75 . g s. fir Wb 13a12 . LU 3453 . 7085
30 IGT, Decl. § 65 . d s. fiur Wb 3c8 . 10b22 . 22c9 . Ml 34d6 .
Sg 66a6 . (in MSS of the Mid. Ir. period often spelt fir:
LU 8722 . Hib. Min. 14.472 . PH pass. IGT. Decl. § 65 .
Early Mod. fior IGT, Introd. § 73 . §81 . Keat. iii 2535 . TSh.
pass. ) n p. fir Wb 22c10 . IGT, Decl. § 65 . a p. firu Sg 28a6 .
35 LU 7529 . fira YBL 123ay . IGT, Decl. § 65 . fiora IGT,
Introd. § 78 , § 151 . BNnÉ 104.36 . TSh. 7248 . g p. fer
LU 7084 . d p. feraib Wb 12d40 . LU 7524 . fearaib IGT,
Decl. § 65 . (feir n s. Wb 13a6 , a s. 13a20 , g p. 22c10 is merely
an odd spelling). (a) a man (as opp. to a woman): gl.
40 mas Sg 156b3 ; gl. vir Ir. Gl. 395 . f. ¤ a uiro , O'Mulc. 519 .
is e in duine cómlan in f. ¤ ┐ in ben PH 5720 . corp na mna
no in fhir 7425 . eter fhir ┐ mnai 564 . iter mnai ┐ firu
2796 . bása mac la maccu; ba fer la firu LU 9336 . in
n-uair ropo thressiu flaith firu when ale proved stronger than
45men
(acc. for dat.) LL 173a29 ( CRR 13 ). dorochair coíca
láech lais ┐ dorochair f. ¤ cach ḟir dia muntir a man for each
man
(i.e. the same number) TFerbe 675 . regaid f. ¤ dar f. ¤
Sc.MMD § 15 . edhbrais é féin, fioru, macca, mna do Dhia
BNnÉ 292.33 . notmuirfider fein feraib macaib mnaibh,
50 Eriu v 154. 133 . cu ro aīnitis uile feraib maccaib mnaib
PH 6309 . Used of Deity: F. ¤ cotnic brath, MacCarthy 24.16 .
don fhir do cum neam ┐ talma[i]n ZCP vi 87.15 . a Fhir
na ndúl, Dán Dé xxix 30 .
Often taking the place of a pronoun: faith cach f. ¤ dinaib
55feraib hí siu each of these men was a prophet Wb 12d40 .
etarcertar oinfer in chrudsin (gl. unus interpretatur) 13a6 .
is f. ¤ a ddiis one out of two (explaining Lat. uter) Sg 75b7 .
gabaid cach f. ¤ díb rind a claidib ... LU 7089 . da brathair
... f. ¤ díb for Temraig ┐ f. ¤ for Lagnib one of them ... the other
60 TBC 50 . f. ¤ is deichnemor diop eleven of them Fl. Earls 96.24 .
ocht rígh 's ceithre fichid fear eighty-eight kings TD 7.49 .
(b) a husband (opp. to ben `wife'): a f. ¤ dligid her lawful
husband
Wb 3c7 . do fiur indligid 3c8 . mad co techt di co
fer `if it comes to her going to a husband' 9d32 . dorat
65Hiruath grád di, intan ba beo a f. ¤ fen PH 832 . tuccastair
a mac fein cuíce d'fir as husband MacCarthy 288.22 . aoighe
mná nach mair a fear TD 11.32 . Possibly in this sense in
poetry folld. by gen. of place-name in addressing a chief e.g.
a ḟir Eithne TD 1.45 (see note), but cf. end of (c). (c) freq.
70folld. by a gen. of definition or description: Find f. ¤ Umaill
(= Umall's son) Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 14.8 (cf. Aenfer Aife,
Ériu i 124 ). co f. ¤ ṅDe the man of God PH 1363 . fir nime
┐ soscela Crist (i.e. churchmen ) Laws iv 210.7 . f. ¤ fine a
tribesman, relative (within a certain degree) ii 282.7 . f. ¤
75fiadhnaisi rígh one entitled to be in the king's presence Acall.
2362 . f. ¤ gualann righ one entitled to sit beside the king 2361 .
f. ¤ leptha ríg a king's bedfellow 7752 . f. ¤ lethlamha rígh
(expl. of patric = patricius), CCath. 63 . f. ¤ lāime `per-
petrator' (operator) Laws i 244.1 Comm. With abstr.
80noun: is tú f. ¤ aurbága fil la Ultu LU 8147 ( FB 11 ). f. ¤
comtha a companion PH 2630 . v s. a fir chumtha KM
Miscell. 242 . rem fear cadaigh ┐ cumainn my confederate
and comrade
TBC 3115 St. f. ¤ comlainn cet a match for a
hundred
3883 St. f. ¤ in braith the traitor PH 5131 . f. ¤
85éicne a man of violence 7600 . f. ¤ na sáinnte the covetous
man
7727 . Esp. to denote an occupation or calling (often in
stereotyped phrases, the pl. being formed by áes or lucht):
f. ¤ tige sáet [ = sét] (gl. arcarius) Wb 7c9 . fear aire a watchman
Kirk s. fīs ( Eg. Gl. 299 ). f. ¤ altrama a fosterer , see Laws ii
184.14 . fear bratuighe a standard-bearer FM vi 2272.4 .
5 Isa. x 18 . f. ¤ cerdda a craftsman RC xxvi 44.2 . f. ¤ dána
a poet CRR 30 . fear dlighidh lawyer Titus iii 13 . f. ¤ eclasa
churchman Laws v 132.4 . f. ¤ fiadaig a hunter Fianaig. 56.31 .
f. ¤ fognama serving-man Laws ii 390z . f. ¤ forcsi spy LU 5404 .
fear friotuil, mînighte `an Interpreter ' Kirk ( Eg. Gl. 278 ).
10 f. ¤ grād a man in orders Laws v 132.4 . f. ¤ inaid a deputy;
d'fior ionaid a bprionnsa FM vi 2116.16 . f. ¤ léighinn a
professor , one of the six officers of a monastery ZCP iv 234 .
coibnius hi fer léighinn ib. ` lector ' AU 1034 , 1040 , 1042 ,
etc. f. ¤ uird rainne dispenser, butler TBC 134 . f. ¤ suic plough-
15man Laws i 194.26 . f. ¤ suirge a lover RC xxxii 134 . fer
tecuisc a teacher , one of the six officers of a monastery ZCP
iv 234 . f. ¤ tige a husbandman, house-holder: fear tighe
(synon. with túathannach), Kirk s.v. criadhaire ( Eg. Gl.
111 ). fear an tighe host TD 12.8 . is cóir dona fearaib
20tighe ... a mbeangáin do scathadh husbandmen Corp. Astron.
46.20 . Folld. by vn. phrase: f. ¤ brithe lésboiri a candle-
bearer, acolyte Wb 25d3 . f. ¤ dénma bairgine (gl. pistor)
Sg 184b3 . do fir fert[h]ana na cneidhe the inflicter of the
wound
Laws iii 368.5 . fear a furtochta her deliverer TD
25 1.39 . fear tabhartha an dlighe lawgiver Numb. xxi 18 .
In sense of owner, possessor: ig fir in craind ... ig fir na
mbeach, Laws iv 188 Comm. Cf. Fer baile na gcerd .i.
Maoilre Búrc; Fer baile úi Bharra .i. Séfrún, Caithr.
Thoirdh. i 161 . (d) in pl. folld. by gen. of place, inhabitants:
30 fir betho Ml 16c5 . di feraib Herend nach di feraib betha
BDD 94 . rí fer Fáil LU 2811 . tar cenn fer in betha, Fél.
Ep. 414 . fir domain PH 1074 . fir in airthair ... fir in tuais-
cirt 5381 . f. ¤ in tside men of the sídhe, elves BDD 3 . fir
hÉrenn, Hy ii 52 , cf. TBC 499 ; 659 . cethra fer nAlban
35 IT i 74.2 . la firu Herend fri firu Alban BDD 106 . fir Ulad
IT i 138.1 . fir Saxan TD 16.2 . Commonly used to form
tribal names (often applied to territory as well as people,
the word fir being inflected), e.g. Fir Bolg, Fir Domnand.
Fir Galeoin, Fir Manach, etc.; Fir Ól n-écmacht. See
40Hog. Onom. s.v. Fir; Rawl. Index. (e) transf. of things
or animals; f. ¤ fidchilli chessman LU 9073 ( FB 82 ). cindas
gontar ind fir ? how are the men taken ? (at chess) Ériu
v 32.19 . Of a drinking-horn: f. ¤ uaine, corn do bhí ac Finn
... f. ¤ tuillidh corn Glais, Acall. 151 ; 154 . Of a bird: f. ¤
45fann ... focain aird ucht RC v 202.10 . Of a fish: cend fir
tuinde (glossed caput piscis) Hib. Min. 47.19 . Cf. fer tuinn[e]
.i. brattan a salmon O'Dav. 1014 . ceol ... fer n-eidin ` ivy-
men' (some kind of bird ? see eidenn) ZCP xiii 8 . Excep-
tionally of animals to denote sex: ar geig on fir torrach
50in banēn, Hy Many 103 vb24 . bainéan ... ┐ dias ḟear a hen-
bird and two cocks
TD 15.26 . Humorously applied to
butter, ib. 37.6 . (f) in gramm., person: cētfear illda
sumus .i. atamait first person plural Auraic. 307 = ceud-
persa 2675 . (g) With follg. gen. or adj., forming n.pr.
55 e.g. Fer báeth: LU 6024 . i ndegaid Fir Baíth 6025 . voc.
a Fir Baith 6023 . As name of a horse, Acall. 271 . F. ¤ bend
(`man of horns' ? See Heldensage 94 ), gen. Fir bend TBC
2149 . 2164 . F. caille (`man of the forest,' cf. Lat. Syl-
vanus, Silvaticus) BDD 39 . voc. a Fir chaille 110 . ¤ cethar-
60raid: gen. Fir cetharraid, Rawl. 144a30 , 162d44 . F. ¤ coctha
(see cocad): gen. Fir choctha, Rawl. 159b35 . F. ¤ corb,
Fianaig. 12.13 . gen. Fir chorb, Rawl. 128b33 . d'Fior
corb mac Modha Cuirb FM A.M. 4727 . F. ¤ da chrích:
Fer da chrích, Trip. 520. 8 ; 542.30 ; AU 767 . Rawl.
65 146f43 . gen. Fir da crich AU 746 . Rawl. 127b45 . Fer dá
liach, Rawl. 149a43 . F. ¤ dét (cf. Lat. Dentatus): do Fir
dét TBC 2147 . F. diad (`man of smoke') TBC² 2215 . TBC
3004 etc. ra Fer ṅdiad 3231 . 3979 . gen. Fir diad LU
6707 . TBC² 2210 . TBC 3217 . voc. a Ḟir diad 3111 . F. ¤
70febe. (cf. feb) gen. Fir Febe TBC² 159 = Fir aba TBC 393 .
F. ¤ filed (see fili), Rawl. 156b2 . gen. Fir ḟiled ib. 3 . Lism. L.
p. 342.1 . F. ¤ glan, gen. Fir glain, Rawl. 158.40 . F. ¤ gráid:
Fer graidh ri Caisil AU 960 = Fer graidh mac Cléirigh FM
958 ; 959 . Cf. Fer Graid mac Ailgenain (a king of Munster)
75 ZCP xix 94.1 (Synchr.). F. ¤ le (lé): BDD 9 (om. LU)
cf. BDD² p. 73 . F. ¤ lí, Fianaig. 68.28 . gen. Fir lí 74.22 . F. ¤
Lugdach (`son of Lugaid' ?): gen. Fir Lugdach, Rawl.
119a23 . F. ¤ mara (`m. of the sea'), gen. sil Fir mara, Rawl.
130b12 . F. ¤ mór gen. Fir moir RC xvi 135 ( Dinds. 131 ).
80 F. ¤ raith: gen. Fir raith, Rawl. 144a31 ; cf. Fir roith 119a26 .
F. ¤ rogain RC xv 421 . BDD 46 . F. ¤ rogein 9 . voc. a Fir;
Rogain 66 ( LU 7006 ). gen. Fir rogain BDD 79 . F. ¤ taí, Fianaig.
68.27 . gen. Fir tái 70.19 . Fir thái 70.26 . F. ¤ Techet:
gen. Fir Thechet, Rawl. 158.40 . See Rawl. Index . Compds.
85 (1) to denote sex, fer is prefixed to the name of an animal
or to a nomen agentis which may be used of both sexes;
rarely with a subst. exclusively masc. in application,
e.g. fermac; (2) with adjectival force = pertaining to a
man or men, intended for a man, manly , etc. fer-amus
a mercenary: feramus, Rawl. 113a9 ( ZCP xv 310 ). fer-
5amus no ban-amus ` man-servant ' Ériu ii 204.22 . ¤ bol-
cum draught for a man: cethri fichit ferbolcumm as much as
eighty men will drink
Aisl. MC 101.7 . ¤ bratán: in fear-
bradan, Hy Many 103vb13 . ¤ chara a male friend CCath.
1137 . ¤ chend a man's head TBC² 1453 . ¤ chland: eitir
10ferchloinn fhinn `the fair children of men' (or of Finn ?)
Buile S. 24.17 . ¤ choic a man-cook Arch. iii 241 § 7 . ¤ chol
sodomy Ériu vii 144.16 . ¤ chrécht a wound: pl. na ferch-
rechta , Fianaig. 94.5 . ¤ chubat, ¤ chumat a man's length:
fercubat fir, Trip.² 2992 . fercumat LU 5858 . See separate
15article below. ? ¤ chur a warrior, champion: fearchur .i.
curaidh no gaisgeadhach feardha, O'Cl. ¤ dál: dá céad
feindidh ferdhála `of manly encounter' Duan. Ḟinn i 90.28 .
¤ dam a bull Laws iv 100.21 Comm. ¤ dord: canaid ...
f. do contuli friss LU 6312 ( TBC² 1810 ). ¤ dorn a man's
20 fist Ériu iv 32.3 . As measure: med ferdor ceachtar n-ai
YBL 118a40 . tri ferdhuirnn ar airdi three hands in height
Maund. 186 . ¤ druí a druid: n du. dá ferdrai RC xliii 24.7 .
¤ ech a stallion: in feirech ┐ in baineach, Acall. 256 .
¤ échtus a manly attack Laws i 64.13 (see ZCP xviii 102 ).
25 ¤ fuine baking or kneading done by a man: damna teora
mbairgen ferfuine ┐ a sé do banfuine, Laws ii 176.18 Comm.
cf. iv 116.6 . v 30.23 . ¤ gaiscedach warrior: cona seisser ...
bangaiscedach ┐ cona seisser ... fergaiscedach, Acall. 5128 .
¤ glac a man's hand, grasp: (as measure): cainnel cethri
30ferglac, Cáin Ad. § 2 . ag teora fer-glacc, Aisl. MC 3.14 .
¤ glond a manly exploit , pl. ferghlonna MR 264.7 . ¤ gním
a man's act; a brave deed: (of Cú Chulainn :) is áes ingini
macdacht ... ┐ ní thángatár a fergníma beus LU 4851 . ben
cédmuinterais ... ar as i bfeirghniomha gaibhther, Ériu xiii
3531.30 . cf. ara fen fergnima (apparently = gníma a fir),
O'Mulc. 327 ( Ériu xi 217.1 ). tri fergnima Conaild, Fél. 70.35 .
fri coibled fergním LU 10268 , cf. ZCP iii 235.2 . Hence
adj. fergnímach manly in action: cóic ingena ... bátar
fergnímaig forthriúin, Met. Dinds iii 88 . ¤ gnúis a man's
40 face: nā bānaiter fergnúsi LU 8426 ( FB 29 ). ¤ insce,
¤ innsgne masculine gender: ferinnsci lasin nGaidel .i.
mascul ... lasin Laitneoir, Auraic. 521 . ainm feirinnsgne
IGT, Introd. § 157 . ¤ lá `a man's day,' a day lucky for
men: tri ferlae .i. dardáin, áine, domnach, Triads 217 .
45 ¤ lám a man's arm, hand (as measure): fot ferlama da
crund, CCath. 5604 . ¤ leó a lion PH 3439 . ferléo ┐ bainleo
BNnÉ 84.27 . ¤ les(s) a man's thigh (?): feraid fodil di
ferlessaib ar óenathib Ulad strews warriors' limbs (?) LU
6122 ( TBC² p. 61 n. 7 ). ¤ mac a male child: cach f. ¤ aros-
50loice broind a mathar, Laws iii 38.8 . v s. a ḟermeic (of a
hound), Acall. 5578 . n p. fermaicc, Fél. Nov. 5 . cf. fear-
mhaic .i. fir neartmhara, O'Cl. ¤ míl a male animal: cach
fermil (.i. cach mil fearda), Laws iii 38.11 . ¤ mug a male
slave: fermogh, Acall. 7222 . noenbar banmhogad ┐ triar
55fermhogad 954 . caoca fermhogh, Buile S. 104.31 . ¤ óclach
a warrior: fertraig feroclaig LU 8400 ( FB 27 ). sliasait
ferócclaich, CCath. 191 . gérsat calma na ferogláigh, Acall.
40 . ¤ thincur the property brought by a man when marrying:
ben for fertincur, fer for bantincur, Laws ii 356.7 . lanamnus
60mná for ferthinucur, 380.23 ( SM Facs. 42b ). See Ir. Law
83 ; 126 . ¤ thraig a man's foot (as measure): fertraig
LU 8400 ( FB 27 ). comla ... i mbatár tri fertraigid dia
tiget LU 1443 ( MU² 915 ). tricha ferrthraiged LL 265b28 ( MU²
508 ). tricha fertraighed ZCP viii 545.30 . se fichit fertraigh
65 RC xliii 80 § 82 . ¤ thraigthech a foot-soldier: ic fosugud
na ferthraigthech, Ériu viii 38.28 . See also ferbolg, —chú,
—chubat, —chuitred, —doman, —gnia, —scál.