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feraid v ā O. Ir. forms: imperat. s. 2 fer, Thes. ii 47.16 .
pres. s. 3 ferid Wb 4b19 . —fera, Thes. ii 294.15 . (with ro-)
rofera 24b15 , 29b13 . pl. 3 rom ferat Ml 22d5 . pres. subj.
s. 3 ɔdinroirea Wb 29b16 . cf. condiroira (for condid-roírea),
5 Ériu vii 140.32 . pl. 3 conroíret Wb 29a9 . pret. s. 3 ferais
Hy v 30 . SR 3033 . In Mid. Ir. beside the normal fer— are
found the stems: (1) fir—: impf. s. 3 nofired LU 10137 .
fut. s. 1 firfeasa TBC² 1023 = firfassa LU 5504 . 3 firfid
SR 8203 . Trip. 120.6 . rel. firfes LU 4546 . fhirfes, Baile
10in Scáil § 32 . pret. s. 3 firis TBC 3388 . ra ḟírastar LL 262b1 .
Pass. fut. s. firfaider 46b9 ( Ériu i 130 ). pl. firfitir LU 10379 .
(2) fiur— (fur—), esp. in sense `suffices' or `supplies':
impf. s. 3 no fiurad LL 258b15 . noḟurad 115b6 fut. s. 3
rom-fiurfu-sa, Ériu iv 142.14 . sec. fut. s. 3 con fiurfadh
15 IT iii 188.2 = furfadh BB. Rarely foir—, sec. fut. s. 3
—foirfed, Acall. 3946 . nosfórfed LU 2059 (cf. fo-fera)
With suff. pron.: fertom ... feartot `serves me', `serves
thee
' Auraic. 1618 , 1619 (?) = 4691 ff . (see ZCP xvii 293 ).
ferthos pays them (acc. pron.), Laws iv 328.3 . 330.14 (Críth
20Gablach).
The primary sense of the vb. is grant, afford, supply , and
this is implicit in later development; the distinction below
between I and II is mainly for convenience of reference.
I Grants, supplies . (a) suffices, furnishes enough for;
25in Glosses with perfective ro— (lit. `is able to grant');
with pers. obj. (see ZCP xiii 105 § 5 ): coimsetu biid et áetich,
ní rofera tantum just what suffices (gl. cum sufficientia) Wb
29b13 . is suail romfera it is little suffices me 24b15 . mod ɔ
dinroirea `the way that He supplies us' 29b16 . romferat
30 they can suffice me Ml 22d5 . co n-im[m]im rofera with suffi-
cient butter
Laws ii 254.3 . O'Dav. 947 . Cf. dofargaid arro-
fera offers what suffices (?) O'Dav. 979 (cf. Laws v 502y ).
ól nguala, issí nofired Ultu uli LU 10137 . nos-fiurad in
ballán the cup used to suffice them (?) LL 370cx . ni taprad
35acht ēn-trian ┐ nofiuradh an sluaigh [sic] on trāth co 'role
it used to suffice the host RC xii 70.1 . proinn cēd nosferud
(nó fiuradh) BNnÉ 300.14 (feradh v.l.). nir bo bec immorro
in biathad .i. muc ... do cach ḟir. No bítis fir istaig ...
nach ferad sain whom that did not suffice LL 106b20 = Ériu
40 iv 26.6 . rusfirfi min gainme will suffice them ZCP x 344.2 .
nosfoirfed do biud boltnugud the smell would suffice them
for food
FA 13 LB = nosfórfed LU 2059 . nom-firraidh do
ascadhaibh satisfy me (imperat. pl. 2) ZCP xii 245 § 7 .
roḟerastar torad in aen-méich bracha iat o Chaplait co
45Minchaisc eis ... abundauit Lat. Lives 72 (= co ro urthastar
LB 64b5 ). Lism. L. 1361 . fúrfait bar cuirp coin your bodies
will glut dogs
Alex. 224 . confoirfed secht lanamna, Acall.
3946 (would be enough for ?). gilla ... usce innḟuar roḟoiread
1196 . ní nosfhiúrfadh in fhoirenn what would suffice the
50crew
Hugh Roe² 4.16 (f. 2b) . (b) with acc. of thing supplies,
provides: ɔroíret a mbethid that they may provide their
livelihood
(gl. subministret illis) Wb 29a9 . Cf. an cach rí
ro fes follan fera [ = rofera f. ¤ ?], O'Dav. 887 . rofherasdar
mil ┐ fíon ... doibh BNnÉ 110.19 . rofertha fer cacha maitne
55do fhuined muicci a man was told off every morning to cook
a pig
RC xiv 245 . ferdair a n-othrusa uile (i.e. they all get
sick-maintenance) Laws iii 356.3 . O'Dav. 887 (`all their
sick-maintenances are provided
' BCrólige p. 90 ). In wider
sense gives, yields, pays: gach call (= coll) ... go bferfa
60lán dabhcha dhe will yield a vat-full KMMiscell. 168 § 3 .
rosferastar Lasar di á cill L. bestowed her church on her
Lism. L. p. 328y = Ir. Texts i 16 (= obtulit Tertia V. c. 44 ).
in tī nād mbī arbur feruid a lōgh do saimbiud he who has
no corn supplies its complement of summer food
BCrólige §
6527 . feraid a lōg a rēir breitheaman pays Laws v 466.8 .
fertair al-lōg di pennait 390.8 . fertair a focruic a imcomus
fer arocuile otrus `the fee for them is given in proportion' etc.
BCrólige § 33 . muna rofeara (.i. muna eirne) flaith seotu,
Laws ii 264.1 . (for: ro-era, as in 262.14 . 264.15 ? See
70 ernaid). ferdair collna set in aithcuir are returned 322.5
( ZCP xiv 387 ). ferthar .i. ērnithar, O'Dav. 979 . (c)
brings (?): drongtar fir, fertar mná are carried off (?) LU
5466 ( TBC² 990 , rhet.). Cf. feraid .i. atairgid, ut est:
feraid insci di na rochar arra, O'Dav. 887 .
75 II Gives forth, pours . (a) in lit. sense pours, showers,
sheds, esp. of natural phenomena (rain, etc.). Orig. trans.
and used impersonally or with refl. pron., later often in-
trans.: ferais snechta mór forru it snowed heavily on them
LU 4777 . feraid snechta mór foroib 10576 . feraid dertain
80 IT iii 67 § 2 . tech innā fera flechod, Thes. ii 294.15 . nocar
ḟer banne ina gort-si not a drop (of rain) fell Lat. Lives 85 .
Cf. A mu Buach | feras in tond frisin mbruach, Anecd. i
12.21 (cf. aiges in tond ib. 19 ). Of blood, etc.: is ḟort raḟer
mh'fuil was shed TBC 3955 . forfaidh [leg. ferfaidh ?] cru
85dar cuiged C. anocht aigi he will make blood flow ZCP viii
529.28 . fearaid ... déara aithrige ón inghin, A. O'Dálaigh
li 22 . Pól ... fearais cioth déar, Ir. Monthly, 1928, 437 .
secht n-aithsceanmanda feardu (= ferte) fuil that shed blood
Laws v 156.11 . do láim Find ferad a fuil `by the hand of
F. her blood was spilt
' Met. Dinds. iii 234.20 . (but feraid v.l.).
5 in ferfat ... frasa mo dēr dar mo gruaidh ? ZCP x 46 § 6 . ilar
fule firfitir LU 10384 = firfaidtir ZCP iii 256.22 (cf. d below).
do fearadh an díle dóibh ... gur báitheadh iad, Keat. i p.
140.13 . Of other things than liquids: atchíu don bláth
fertha fort ... bat fornocht `the bloom that bedecked thee' Met.
10Dinds iii 96.3 [doubtful reading; v.l. fort(h)a]. Cf. fiaich
fotha firfitir LU 10379 . (b) by extension pours out (cries,
lamentations, etc.), vents, gives expression to (a feeling, etc.):
ní ferae [fera MSS.] coíni lament not Ériu i 198.8 . feraid
guba makes lamentation Met. Dinds. iii 42.36 . in gair ┐ ind
15gubha ferfuidit [ferfaidid YBL 137a34 ] fir ┐ mna hoc coīned
a macan ZCP iii 227.13 (cf. d below). ferdais nual SR 7209 .
no feartais coin ... ualla mora, CCath. 884 . rofhersat a
nguth raised their voices Buile Ṡ. 176.32 . ... feras amran
frim, O'Mulc. 350 = LL 275a3 . lin a fer fir ferdais feirg
20 SR 4981 . ferfaid feirg will pour out his wrath KMMisc.
156.120 . Folld. by fri of pers.: ferais fáilte fris welcomed
him
BDD 39 (see fáilte). ferid itge frissin deacht Wb 4b19 .
fermaid-ni nemeli fri rig nime, Mon. Tall. § 1 . nā fer mol |
frisin marb ... pour not praise upon the dead LL 275a9 ( Mór
25Muman § 6 ). roḟer surge ... fri mnaí coím paid court Met.
Dinds. ii 18 . rimsa na fer do ṡaebe `ply not thy perversities
on me
' Mart. Tall. 118.4 . (c) esp. with obj. like cath,
comlonn, etc., of giving battle: ní math d'ḟerus bāig I did
not well to fight
TBC 3962 . nā fer bāig TBC² 953 . Feradach
30ferad catha, Met. Dinds. iii 268 . firfid secht catha C., Baile
in Scáil 10 ( ZCP xx 221 ). firfid gle ib. Baile in Scáil 16 . magen i ferfaithe
in cath LL 170a24 ( Dinds. 158 ). ba brigach dano roferad
in cath sin ib. LL 170a 31 . ro ferad cath croda ... do dib lethib etarro,
Ann. Conn. 1256 § 6 . im-mís Iuil ... | iss ann ferass [in
35grian] a lāngleō SR 246 . o rofersat a ṅgriss ṅglain | a
ndíss oca n-impressain 1881 . isé in mac sa ferfas bar ngresa
ZCP v 504.4 . gur ḟeradar gleic ferrdha ... ┐ rofersat com-
lann cruaidh, Ériu iii 166x . firfaider int imm[ḟ]orrán, i
130.38 . gae ... feras fechtu IT iii 61.13 . gach ágh ┐ gach
40acais ┐ gach iomarcaigh do fearadh 'na cheann ML 100.4 .
With obj. omitted: in feraim-sea for galaib aenḟir no ar
līnaib fer whether I am to fight in single combat or against
many
Ériu i 116.27 . (d) in wider sense with abstr. or vn.
as obj., does, performs, executes (cf. fer airli, gl. age ( Ecl.
45 viii 17 ), Thes. ii 47.16 ): ferait a n-aittreb isin glind make
their abode
LU 2157 ( FA 22 ). rufer āmaill in cech cāin
`has made sport' Hail Brigit § 12 ( LL 49b42 ). fer ... firfes
chless LU 4546 (sic leg. TBC² 58 ). firfassa ardchless ar
bélaib eirred LU 5504 (firfeasa TBC² 1023 ). fearfad a chluiche
50caointe IT ii2 146z . ni fertar cluichi fair hi tig no games are
played in the house in which he is
(= he is not annoyed by
games) BCrólige § 61 . is é céad-duine ag ar fearadh a chluiche
caointe, TSh. 5570 . Cf. ferait a fert...i rRos na Ríg they make
his grave in R.
LU 4067 . roferad comarli oca áes gráda ┐
55iss ed ro chinset ... LU 4062 . aimsir in lucair ... firfes a com-
rama who will achieve his triumphs BNnÉ 305.29 . tegh an fir
ro ferustar in cneid `who has inflicted the wound' BCrólige § 23
Comm. nā fer finga[i]l 'mot ēnmac, Ériu i 118.7 . ni fertar
scannail `no brawls are made' BCrólige § 61 . feraiset graf-
60aind `held a horse-race' RC ix 466 = agat g., Anecd. i 54.3 .
firfid graphainn gergaile SR 8203 . in grafand rofersam
`the race that we have run' Fél. Ep. 73 . rofersam ar n-iarair
we have made our search ib. Ep. 2 (glossed: doronsam
iarraid , O'Dav. 1356 . feraid for n-aigidacht innocht and
65 get your entertainment there to-night LU 8864 ( FB 66 ).
o rofersat tri aidchi aigidechta when they had spent three
nights of guesting
LU 1861 ( RC x 50 ). aonach no fertha lais ... in
gach bliadhain, Corm. Y 796 . fertha óenach la hUltu LU
3228 ( SC 2 ). a rogu ro fer .i. ro ferastar a rogu `his choice
70he made
' ACC 135 ( RC xx 410 ). is cian mār ria C. roferad
táin bo Cuailnge, O'Mulc. 779 . do ferad mór d'ulc ré lá
much ill was wrought in his time Cog. 100.19 (poem). Folld.
by FOR (AR) of pers. inflicts (on), deals (to): bean for a fertar
ainim, Laws v 294.18 Comm. nā fer aithber form TBC²
75 1215 . nā ros[f]hera brón fuirri, Aisl. MC 97.6 . gac[h]
fer fora ferthar fuil, BCrólige § 10 Comm. masa beocned
roferad air, Laws iii 288.17 . ferais M. tri crechta ... fair,
TFerbe 422 . iarsin mórḟingail rofersat for soerchlannaibh
Erend ZCP xi 63.11 . is alaind feras al-luad | gabair Baetain
80for in sluagh bears his course against AU 562 (but: gobhar
... rés an tsluagh FM 555 ). With direct obj. omitted:
fear, a Chríost, ar lucht na mbréag take vengeance on Dánta
Grádha² 9.36 . Cf. flesc maith Moisi ... rofer for aesa a
Egept SR 4330 (corresp. to: barr flesci Moysi ór chuirestar
85plága ┐ piana for illtuathaib Egeipti LB 121a28 ). for slig
frisndringtiss, conclistiss for a rind, na ferad for a fonnib
RC xi 444.28 . In follg. exx. feraid ar (of thing) may mean
spends one's energies on, enjoys: lāntol menman di cech
maith, nī ara feram, Arch. iii 296 § 42 . Rathan na náemh
ro charsam, | sosadh sáer ar ro fhersam BNnÉ 313.24 .
5 f. ¤ fo: in follg. ex. the obj. of the prep. is uncertain: flaith
dan cóire Teach D. ... | gach glóir fa dheoidh fearfaidh faoi
| leathfaidh a ghnaoi do dheoin Dé, Ir. Monthly 1927, 470 .

feraige n (abstr. of 1 ferach): an fhearuighe (`pearsa lóir'
of fer IGT, Introd. § 151 .

10 feraigid v g (fer): do fhearuigh an baile IGT, Introd. § 151
(dénmhus neith i.e. `active verb' of fer).

féraigthe adj grass-grown (?): Dún Sobairche ... helad f. ¤
Ulad LL 17b3 .

feraise ? ind cach leth ro bae ro fertad f. ¤ LL 122b51 (Siabur-
15chobra Con Culaind).

feramail adj i (fer) manly: band f. ¤ RC xiv 408.10 . triar fer fortrén
f. ¤ BDD 130 . an dream bhíos fearamhail ré fulang gach feadh-
ma, TSh. 10866 . roslaided in cath co ... f. ¤ RC xxii 324n. 4 .

feramla n iā, f. manliness; vigour, spirit: re f. ¤ ┐ fertsigi ┐
20fortressi ceimmi inna hechraide TBC 1341 .

feramlacht n ā, f. manliness, courage: a ferg . . . a fearam-
lacht MR 154.12 . fearamhlacht an fhomóis do bhí ag
Críost dá Athair manly obedience TSh. 10861 .

ferán n o,m. (dim. of fer) a little man, a mannikin: gl. mas-
25culus Sg 46a1 . cech deidbli ... is —ān no —ēne dofuarusccuib,
ut est ferān, Corm. Y 1301 . f. ¤ eidinn a ring-dove (see eidenn).
g s. cuchairecht fhéráinn (ferain v.l.) eidhinn, Buile Ṡ. 152.4 .
n a du. dā fhearán eighne, Duan. Ḟinn i 20.26 .

féránach adj o-ā (fér) grassy, verdant: fót feránach CRR 6 .

30 ferann n o,n., m. land, domain, territory, of a definite area, large
or small; gen. of land possessed or occupied by an
individual, tribe or nation . Only once in Glosses: gabáil fer-
ainn (= entering on an estate, of an heir) Wb 19d3 . ferand
(gl. ager) Ir. Gl. 390 . ro rannsat Albain eturru hi feranna,
35 Bodl. Corm. s.v. mug eme (ferannus LB). dorat trian a
feraind dar cend a mna LU 240 . isind erund dianid ainm
Gorthigernian 243 . dorat in feronn sin do P. (= agrum)
Lat. Lives 61 . i ferond arole óclaig (= agellulo) 110 . boí
in drui oc iarraid feraind i lLaignib for C. ar rofitir combad
40i lL. no beth a chomarbus. Dobeir C. a thoga tíri dó LU
3140 . nipu du thír na ferund dó a fuirec dorigni acht do
thorud a dá lám LU 4977 . dorigni timna dia rigi ┐ da
ferann iter a da mac RC xxvi 132.5 . ní cóir a ndiulta ar
son gan ferann ruidhles do beth acadh, O'D. 677 ( H 3.17,
45 496 ). dobéra Día bendachtain ... fora tegdaisi ┐ fora
ferunna, Ériu ii 196.12 . rop ē fed a feraind, o Corrsliab...
co Caelusce, Ann. Conn. 1307 § 10 . ní dlig feronn [fer]
gan treoir no man without ability deserves land ZCP ii
225.9 . f. ¤ cerda `the potter's field' PH 3235 . Essuria .i.
50ferand fil isin Aissia Bicc 694 . Arabecdai ... do gairm dib
iar ḟerund ┐ ciniud land and race LB 198b24 ( PH 6969 ).
ro selbsat feranna imda isinn Asia LU 28 . is iat gabait
ule feranna na Indiae 104 . dogníter na tíre ┐ na ferunda
... co na taircet torad PH 4232 . isna ferannaib-se (= regioni-
55bus) 4471 . tria ḟerannaib na cathrach imach (outlying
fields, etc., belonging to the city) LB 134a52 ( Todd Lect. vi 42 ).
rí ..., tri ciniudha a f. ¤ three tribes were his domain CCath. 66 .
na fearinda ḟoghnaid Caisil `the lands which serve C.' BR
62.5 (cf. f. ¤ fognama, below). tuccadh feranna iomdha do
60eccailsib ┐ cléircibh ó ríoghaibh FM ii 952.16 . tóranna
d'ḟearann Oirghiall TD 9.35 . aisigidh dhóibh ... a
bhfearuinn, a bhfíneamhna ... ┐ a ttighthe, Nehem. v 11 .
Transf. and fig.: mairg dia mba dognas díles in ferand sin
(i.e. hell) LU 2231 ( FA 30 ). re ríchtain a ḟerainn (i.e.
65Heaven), Fél. Mar. 12 . ar ferand forglas fírdomain (i.e.
the sea) LL 224b8 ( TTr. 535 ). f. ¤ buird mensal land Fl.
Earls 106.3 . fearann cairte charter-land, lawful estate Keat.
Poems 1006 . f. ¤ claidib sword-land (i.e. gained by force of
arms): f. ¤ cloidhimh TD 17.1 ; ii p. 255 . cia an tír nar mhaith
70leatsa sinn do dhéanamh fearainn cloidhimh? Keat. ii
5641 . co ndernsat [na Danmarccaig] f. ¤ creiche ┐ cloidim
┐ forgabhala, Cog. 40.23 . f. ¤ fochreca: see fochraic. f. ¤
fognama land assigned to a particular purpose; land for
the support of a monastery, etc.: in cathair ... cona ferand
75fognuma service-land Fél. 46.6 . don mainistir ... cona
fearonnaibh foghnamha ` glebe-lands ' FM vi 2148.15 .
f. ¤ gaiscid land won by prowess: f. ¤ g. is diles don ti nos cosna
sech cach n-aen isin tuaith .i. is amlaid gaibter a comlonn
aenfir, no tre cath .i. la n-aenaig, O'C. 2093 (< H 4.22,
8073a ). f. ¤ pósta: lethbhaile da fearond phosta dowry-land
FM iii 298.14 = do f. ¤ phusta ALC (Ann. Conn.) 1239 . f. ¤ ríg-
domna(chta) land for the support of the King's heir: dia mboí
Cathair ... i rrigi Temrach ┐ Cond ... hi Cenandos, hi ferand
rigdomna LU 3138 . ferann rigdamnachta RC xxvi 132.7 .
85Compd.: ¤ mag a field, enclosed plain: feartmhagh .i.
fearannmagh, O'Cl.