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fertad n (1 fert) making a burial-mound: ferta[d] do flatha,
Laws v 306.5 (glossed : beth oc denam ulaid cumhdachta
imat flaith 308.8 ; fertad [fertud v.l.] do flatha .i. ulad
cumdachta do denam imot flaith, O'Dav. 961 ). fertadh
5flatha, Laws ii 102.3 Comm. g s. im nemthairecc fertad do
flatha `for not erecting the tomb of thy chief' i 184.6 (this
may be for ferta, g s. of 1 fert, or a dental g s. of the by-form
fertae). f. ¤ fénned keening (?) : (of the slaughter of the
Innocents :) bātar ... oc māithrechaib ... gola trōga ... fuilt
10scaílte, crideda tuarcthi, ferta fēnned LB 140b55 ( Hog.
Nenn. 81 ) = fertadh feineadh, Ferm. 103b .

fertaid ? ind cach leth robae rofertad feraise LL 122b51 (Siabur-
chobra Con Cul.). Cf. fertad.

fertaigid v g (fiurt ?) endows with miraculous power (?) :
15 robai Mīdi aen do lā fora raith ┐ roḟeartaig Dia hi nodorei-
thistair mōr ngalar do daínib troga in domain, Lec. 336b44 .
Cf. ro fortachtaig Dia di nó ro reithistar ... in corresponding
passage in Fél., n. Jan. 15 .

fertán n o,m. (dim. of 1 fert) a grave-mound: f. ¤ Carmain,
20cia ro chlaid? Met. Dinds. iii 8.77 . f. ¤ Dubthaig 228.37 .
f. ¤ in laích, Acall. 1078 . fertan Airt ┐ Eogain 3180 . Feartan
Crimthaind RC xxiv 180.1 (= Fert C. 178.24 ).

1 fertas n ā, f. (cf. 2 fert ?) in late Mid. Ir. by metathesis also
fersat, —aid ; mod. fearsaid ` spindle .' n s. fertas LU 5250 =
25 fertais TBC² 773 . g s. feirtse, Laws iv 108.6 Comm. a du.
eter di fertais LU 5066 . n p. fertsi LU 8595 . TBC² 2512 .
feirsti, Mart. Don. 154.14 . fersde TBC² 2580 . a p. fertse
LU 5260 . fertsi 5252 . feirtsi TBC² 2506 . feirstte ZCP
x 283.21 . g p. fertas LU 5251. 5258 . fersad ZCP viii 539y .
30 d p. feirtsib, Alex. 232 . fersib TBC² 2549 . A pole or stake ,
esp. (a) a shaft attached to a chariot and possibly also a
spoke ; occas. translated `axle,' a rendering based on
O'Mulc. 524 (cited below) and on Lat. axis in Colgan's
Trias Thaum. p. 390a , corresponding to feirsti an carpait,
35 Mart. Don. 154.14 ; but the word is pl. in the latter passage,
and in the majority of exx. `fertas' is used in dual or plural
of a single chariot. The word may have been used both
of shaft and axletree . The f. ¤ could be of holly-wood : na
fertse cuilinn TBC² 784 . Cf. cuilenn ? fer for araili inn sin,
40┐ feirse carpaid, Laws iv 150.2 ; of [plated with (?)] metal :
co ḟeirtsib ... óir ┐ argaid, Alex. 232 . in carpat co fersib
credumaib TBC² 2549 . Cf. 2331 . a charpat ... cona ḟeirtsib
findruine RC xliii 62.25 . In the follg. exx. the word seems
used of a chariot-shaft projecting either in front of the
45chariot or more often behind : ech ... fil do desḟertais in
charpait LU 10207 (obviously a front-shaft). The f. ¤ was
attached to the chariot-frame : (all that remained of a
chariot :) bass dina fertsib immon creitt TBC 6070 (but
cf. the parallel passages : bas dona fertsaibh im in roth,
50H, Add. ; dorn dona fersib imon droch TBC² 3639 ; the
prep. imm may mean here `on both sides of' or `including').
fertsi crúadi colgdirgi (dist. from droch, roth, all, sithbe,
cuing) LU 9261 . A person could sit on it : co n-accai ...
in n-aenmnaí for fertais in charpait TBC 202 (but the sense
55is not clear). It could be detached and used as a pole for
other purposes : domroched f. ¤ mo charpait co ro ḟromur
in n-áth give me the shaft ... that I may test the (depth of the)
ford RC xiv 422.17 . cid nach srengai feirtsi in charpait
fom thaib ┐ mo ḟogaimen fom chind co rocodlaind colleic?
60 TBC² 2506 (where the `feirtsi' and `fogaimen' seem con-
verted into a kind of litter) = scaroidh feirstte ┐ forgeime
mu charboitt fum ZCP x 283.21 . scar dam fortcha ┐ forge-
men mo charpait fóm TBC 3285 . Animals could be attached
to the `fertse' behind : gebis da n-ag ... ceṅglais d'fertsib
65┐ d'ithisib ┐ d'iallaib in charpait TBC 1324 (= cumraigis
itir dia ḟeirt TBC² 690 , see 2 fert). teilcid [in ngai] a ndiaid
A. co ndechaid tresin milco[i]n bui eter da fertas in carpait,
Death-tales 34.10 . Further exx. : forrurim a láim eter di
fertais in carpait, co mmebaid in carbat LU 5066 . ar
70samailtur nime [ = ar insamlaiter nemed, SMFacs. 5b ] fri
beusa carpuit (.i. cach tuidme tuidhmes nech docum in
carpait do dul ind is uad uatuasluices feirtsi in carpuit ┐ a
rothae), O'Don. 508 (< H 3.17, 413 ; cf. Laws iv 374.27
Comm. ). da n-impōind m'aigid ... noragdais fersde charpait
75triam chūlmuinēl TBC² 2580 . rogab in cú fertais in charpait
fo Ailill ... is and donáraill F. ara Aililla ... corrala a cholaind
for leth ┐ co ro an a chend i fertais in charpait IT i 106.1
( ScMMD 19 ). is mo chend-sa ... imcoicertár ... eter fertsib
[ferstib v.l.] carpat BDD 81 . cor ránic [in snechta] ... co
80fertsib carpat LL 264a33 ( MU² 307 ). Acall. 3510 . gia ra-
thiasmáis i ndib carptib and ... ní rossed crú nā roth nā fonnud
nā f. ¤ dib [lár] TBC 5865 . in tan romebsat da fhertais in car-
pait, Lism. L. 3498 = fracte sunt due rote currus V. Sanct. Hib.
i 102.32 . brisitt feirsti an carpait do bí faoi, acus gach uair
85da ndaingnighthi iad an tan do teigheadh P. is in carpat
do brisdis doridhisi, Marl. Don. 154.14 . The gloss : fertais
carpuit quia uertitur cum rota , O'Mulc. 524 (= spoke ?)
may be due to freq. association of the word with `roth,'
cf. TBC 5865 and TBC² 3639 quoted above. Or does it
imply that the word was applied to an external projection
5of the axle? Fig. of a hero ? f. ¤ búada for a blai `chariot-
pole of victory
' Met. Dinds. ii 80 (but the expression may
refer to the rath of Alend, cf. Acall. 4114 quoted s.v. 2 fertas).
(b) a stick used for winding or spinning yarn, etc. a spindle:
f. ¤ snimae quia uertitur digitis , O'Mulc. 524 . fersad (gl.
10 fusus), Ir. Gl. 568 . feartas n-olla (n s.) `a spindle full of
woollen yarn
' Laws v 214.18 Comm. ni tabair acht ...
fertais, ii 378.28 Comm . damna feirtse `the makings of a
spindle (of wool
)' iv 108.6 Comm . damna teora fertas
116.9 Comm . (c) of other objects : a spike projecting from
15a horizontal cooking-spit (?) : Fulacht na morrigna ... tricha
bir do bid ass ┐ tricha drol ┐ tricha fertas ` spindles ' Celt.
Rev. viii 74 = Mackinnon Cat. 133 . A rung (of a ladder) :
a ḟeartais āraid (leg. feartas : cleachtus) IT iii 85 § 84 .
a ḟeartais abraind 102 § 189 (fertas Zu Ir. Hss. u. Lit. i 70 )
20= Bruchst. i § 83 , 86 (where Meyer reads : a f. ¤ a broinn.
Used contemptuously of a person). COMPD. ¤ lorg a mace,
club: fertas-lorcc iaraind TBC 5529 St. Cf. lorg-fertas.